Canadian Social Research Links

Welfare in Canada 2012

December 11, 2013

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Welfare in Canada 2012 - December 11
(Caledon Institute of Social Policy)

Welfare in Canada 2012
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/Detail/?ID=1031
News Release
December 11, 2013
This report focuses on the incomes of four different households living on social assistance, commonly known as “welfare.” It is a continuation of the welfare incomes series published regularly by the now-defunct National Council of Welfare [ http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ncw.htm ].
- includes highlights of the report.

The complete report:

Welfare in Canada 2012
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1031ENG.pdf (PDF - 256K, 92 pages)
By Anne Tweddle, Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman
December 2013

Table of contents:

Introduction
What is welfare?
Assets
Income
Welfare incomes
Welfare incomes over time
Adequacy of welfare incomes
Poverty measures
Low income cut-offs
Market Basket Measure
Income measures
After-tax average incomes
After-tax median incomes
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Tables:
* Liquid Asset Exemption Levels as of January 2012 : Provisions for Applicants and Recipients
* Monthly Earnings Exemption Levels as of January 2012 : Provisions for Applications and Recipients
* Comparison of 2012 Welfare Incomes with After-Tax Low Income Cut-offs (LICOS)
* Comparison of 2012 Welfare Incomes with Market Basket Measure (MBM)
* 2012 Welfare Incomes as a Percentage of After-tax Average Incomes
* 2012 Welfare Incomes as a Percentage of After-tax Median Incomes
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Appendices:
* 2012 Welfare Incomes, by Household Component
* Total Welfare Incomes Over Time, in Constant 2012 Dollars, by province/territory

Source:
Caledon Institute of Social Policy
http://www.caledoninst.org/
The Caledon Institute is a social policy think tank. Established in 1992 as a private, nonprofit organization, it performs high-quality research and analysis. It seeks to inform and influence public opinion and to foster public discussion on poverty and social policy.

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Historical/Contextual information:

In 2012, the federal government announced – with no warning – that it was dismantling the National Council of Welfare and terminating all of its reports, including Welfare Incomes. After some deliberation, Caledon decided that it was important to keep alive this vital source of information. Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman had developed the original methodology back in the mid-1980s, so it was a logical next step that they should repatriate the project after the Council's demise, and to update the report to cover estimated welfare incomes in 2012. It was also logical to hire Anne Tweddle (Gilles Seguin's spouse - proactive disclosure) to help update the report, given her participation in the project in past years.

Ensuring the Welfare of ‘Welfare Incomes’ (PDF - 60K, 10 pages)
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1009ENG.pdf
By Sherri Torjman
April 2013
This paper is the text of a speech on the “Role of Evidence in Policy-Making” delivered at the 2013 Queen’s Policy Forum held in Kingston on April 26, 2013. The paper discusses the importance of the Welfare Incomes reports and why the Caledon Institute decided to step in to save this work when Ottawa announced the dismantling of the National Council of Welfare

Saving Welfare Incomes and Poverty Profile (PDF - 44K, 6 pages)
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/989ENG.pdf
By Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman
June 2012

In September 2013, Caledon launched a fund-raising campaign to cover costs related to the production of the 2012 Welfare Incomes report.
Watch this related two-minute video by Sherri Torjman:
Data Rescue - Caledon Rescues Welfare Incomes (duration 2:32)
http://youtu.be/8Ql46baO0dg
When the crowdfunding campaign ended later in the fall, Caledon had not only reached its goal of $20,000 --- the target was exceeded by over $5,000!

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Earlier editions of Welfare Incomes:

2011 Welfare Incomes by province/territory
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/welfare_incomes_2011.htm
The 2011 edition of Welfare Incomes consisted mainly of an update to the numbers from the previous (2009) edition.

Publications Canada search results page for "Welfare incomes"
http://goo.gl/dnp4O
This is a collection of links to the complete Welfare Incomes series of reports.

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Welfare in Canada : The Tangled Safety Net
(PDF - 2.7MB, 131 pages)
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/1987_tangled_safety_net.pdf
1987
This was the first report of the National Council of Welfare that presented interprovincial welfare rate comparisons (for 1986). All information was vetted by provincial/territorial officials before finalizing the report. The model and the methodology have remained constant for every subsequent edition of the report (with the exception of the Person with a Disability category, which was added in as of the 1989 edition.

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