Canadian Social Research Links

Canadian Universities and Colleges

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

Universités et collèges canadiens

Updated November 24, 2017
Page révisée le 24 novembre 2017

[ Go to Canadian Social Research Links Home Page ]

NOTE : For links to education resources not focusing specifically
on post-secondary education , see the Education Links page of this site:


To search the complete
Canadian Social Research Links website ,
use the text box below:

To search ONLY the page you are now reading,
use Ctrl + F to open a search window.


Sign up to receive this free weekly newsletter by e-mail or read it online
(including archives back to January 2005).
Each issue includes all links added to this site during the previous week.
(2800+ subscribers in January 2017)

Links to Universities and Colleges

Canadian universities and Colleges
- Here you will find an overview of Canadian universities by province, the number of students enrolled, tuition fees, links to the university websites and more.
University of Waterloo

Canadian Universities by Province
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada

Directory of Canadian Universities and Colleges
University of Lethbridge

Universities Worldwide
Links to 9,052 universities in 204 countries (as at Feb. 28, 2013)
- includes 145 institutions in Canada

Open Colleges - Australia's leading online educator

New Online Learning Portal (Open Colleges Partner India)

Online Universities - Review colleges nationwide including available scholarships.

"The World's most complete Education-Index"
- Over 13,000 links to higher educational institutions in 194 Countries

U.S. Post-Secondary:

The Education Index at is the Internet’s premier source of updated, clear educational data about undergraduate and graduate programs in the United States. We use publicly available numbers from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), and strive to present them in a simple and easy-to-digest way.
- covers 19,079 programs at 2,240 US universities

Cheap Online Colleges - a comprehensive and informative resource that allows you to search for colleges and their respective tuition.

Online College Courses - a free and comprehensive resource that is a collection of open college course that spans videos, audio lectures, and notes given by professors at Harvard, Princeton and MIT. It aggregates the best available open courseware for students and professionals, all in a conveniently searchable online courseware platform.

Best Colleges - information on 7,595 schools to help you with your search for the best schools.

Schools of Social Work - Écoles de travail social

(37 universities)

- includes direct links to social work program and admission information for universities in every Canadian jurisdiction - here's a selection from the above list::

* Memorial University
* Université de Moncton
* Université Laval
* Collège de Sherbrooke
* McGill University
* Université du Québec en Outaouais
* Formation collégiale en travail social
* Lakehead University
* University of Toronto
* Ryerson University

* University of Ottawa
* Renison College School of Social Work (University of Waterloo)
* Carleton University
* McMaster University
* Wilfrid Laurier University
* University of Manitoba
* University of Regina
* University of Calgary
* University of Victoria
* University of British Columbia

NOTE: This is a partial list of the larger universities only.
See the complete list of 37 university schools of social work across Canada.

Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE)

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada
As the national voice for Canadian universities, we represent 95 public and private not-for-profit universities and university degree-level colleges.

Further down on the page you're now reading:

High tuition costs in post-secondary education:
A debate between Nick Falvo and Alex Usher

Online Courses
From Steve Hick of Carleton University:
* Canada's Unique Social History

Other online courses
Hyperhistory online
An Introduction to Social Policy
- Robert Gordon University, Scotland


From the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

MIT's OpenCourseWare
"...a free and open educational resource (OER) for educators, students, and self-learners around the world. MIT OpenCourseWare (MIT OCW) supports MIT's mission to advance knowledge and education, and serve the world in the 21st century."

Complete list of free MIT courses
* Aeronautics and Astronautics * Anthropology * Architecture * Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation * Biological Engineering * Biology * Brain and Cognitive Sciences * Chemical Engineering * Chemistry * Civil and Environmental Engineering * Comparative Media Studies * Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences * Economics * Electrical Engineering and Computer Science * Engineering Systems Division * Foreign Languages and Literatures * Health Sciences and Technology
* History * Linguistics and Philosophy * Literature * Materials Science and Engineering * Mathematics * Mechanical Engineering * Media Arts and Sciences * Music and Theater Arts * Nuclear Science and Engineering * Physics * Political Science * Science, Technology, and Society * Sloan School of Management * Special Programs * Urban Studies and Planning * Women's Studies * Writing and Humanistic Studies


Financial Assistance for Students

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada

* Canada Student Loans and Grants

* Canada Learning Bond
The Canada Learning Bond (CLB) is a grant offered by the Government of Canada to help parents, friends, and family members save early for the post-secondary education of children in modest-income families. (...) The Government of Canada will make a one-time payment of $500 into the RESP of children who qualify for the Canada Learning Bond and a $100 deposit each subsequent year the child’s primary caregiver receives the National Child Benefit Supplement, to a maximum of $2,000. offers more information regarding the amount of CLB the child could receive.

* Canada Education Savings Grant
When you, as a parent, friend or family member, open a Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) on behalf of a child and apply for the Canada Education Savings Grant (CESG), the Government of Canada will deposit a percentage of your own contribution directly into the RESP. To date, more than three million children have benefited from the Canada Education Savings Grant.


Registered Education Savings Plans (Canada Revenue Agency)
* How an RESP works * Who can be a subscriber? * Contributing to an RESP *
Who can become a beneficiary? * Canada Education Savings Programs (Canada Education Savings Grant, Canada Learning Bond) * Provincial Education Savings Programs * Payments from an RESP * Special Rules


Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE)
(formerly the Canadian Association of Schools of Social Work - CASSW)

The Canadian Association for Social Work Education (CASWE) is a voluntary, national charitable association of university faculties, schools and departments offering professional education in social work at the undergraduate, graduate and post-graduate levels.
A site providing support for student loan problems!
"Student loans are meant to be paid back. Help should be available for those who have an unmanageable debt burden. A higher level of service should be provided by administrators. Bankruptcy is not the answer to student debt! If you are seeking ways to avoid paying back your loan, please do not post on this site. If you have good intentions of paying your loan and are experiencing hardship and need help, you are most welcome to post here."

Education statistics from Statistics Canada: ]

Tables by Subject : Students

Tables by Subject: Education finance

Tables by subject: Education, training and learning



Maclean's Ranking of Canadian Universities

"How grads grade their schools
More than 12,000 recent graduates delivered a report card on their university experience for our new survey."
- incl. overall rankings, profiles, graduate survey, helpful tools (University planner, RESP calculator, financial goal calculator), articles and utilities (RESPs, etc.)
Macleans on Campus
[ Maclean's Magazine ]

The content on the rest of this page is arranged in reverse chronological order, for the most part...

Ontario Breaking Ground in Indigenous Postsecondary Education
News Release
November 23, 2017
Ontario is taking a historic step in recognizing the unique role Indigenous Institutes have in the province's postsecondary education system with the introduction of new legislation that, if passed, would transfer key functions and oversight to Indigenous people.

Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development

News Release:
More than One-Third of College and University Students Receiving Free Tuition
September 11, 2017
Ontario is Making Life More Affordable for Students
This school year, more than one-third of all full-time college and university students in Ontario are receiving free tuition thanks to the new Ontario Student Assistance Program (OSAP).

Ontario Government Newsroom

How Ottawa Spends
Carleton University School of Public Policy and Administration
How Ottawa Spends is he annual review of the federal government’s spending and public policy by the Carleton University School of Public Policy and Administration. Since 2015, How Ottawa Spends has been available at no cost and in digital formats only.

Two latest issues of How Ottawa Spends:

How Ottawa Spends 2016-2017:
The Trudeau Liberals in Power
(PDF - 5MB, 292 pages)
September 2016
Edited by Bruce Doern and Christopher Stoney
Ten chapters, various authors, peer reviewed

How Ottawa Spends 2015-2016:
The Liberal Rise and the Tory Demise
(PDF - 10.2MB, 445 pages)

Browse the table of contents from
selected earlier issues of How Ottawa Spends

More issues of How Ottawa Spends


- Go to the Canadian Universities and Colleges Links page:

From Statistics Canada:

April 12, 2017
Study: Which Families Invest in Registered Education Savings Plans and does it Matter for Postsecondary Enrolment? - 1999 and 2012
Registered Education Savings Plans (RESPs) are an important savings vehicle for many Canadian families. A new study and accompanying summary article document trends in the characteristics of RESP savers and examine the relationship between RESP savings and postsecondary enrolment.

April 10, 2017
Study: Youth postsecondary attendance by parental income and province of residence, 2001 to 2014

October 20, 2016
Study: International students in Canadian Universities, 2004/2005 to 2013/2014
The international student population at Canadian universities almost doubled in the decade from 2004/2005 to 2013/2014, rising from 66,000 students to 124,000. In 2013/2014, international students represented 11% of all students on Canadian campuses, up from 7% in 2004/2005.
To put this growth in perspective, the international student population at Canadian universities grew 88% from 2004/2005 to 2013/2014, while the comparable growth rate for Canadian students was 22%.

July 29, 2016
Spending on research and development in the higher education sector, 2014/2015
Total expenditures on research and development (R&D) in Canada's higher education sector edged up 0.6% to $12.9 billion in 2014/2015, after declining in 2013/2014. The gain was attributable to higher spending in the natural sciences and engineering field, as expenditures in the field of social sciences and humanities were unchanged.

Barista or Better?
New Evidence on the Earnings of PostSecondary Education Graduates:
A Tax Linkage Approach
(PDF - 3.9MB, 75 pages)
July 26, 2016
By Ross Finnie et al.

Overall, 2005 bachelor’s degree graduates had average annual earnings of $45,200 (in 2014 dollars) in the first year after graduation, growing by 66% to reach $74,900 eight years out.
Nothing less than a new policy research model, which brings together policy makers, data providers, researchers, and other stakeholders in order to move forward on a broad skills-focused research agenda in a timely manner, is required.

Funded by
Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)

Undertaken in partnership with
Statistics Canada

Related links:

EPRI-ESDC Tax Linkage Project
The Education Policy Research Initiative (EPRI) is a national research organization based at the University of Ottawa. EPRI engages in research aimed at informing policy discussions focused on education, skills, and the labour market. EPRI is perhaps the most comprehensive ever undertaken in Canada. It looked at tax records for about 340,000 students from 14 Canadian colleges and universities and tracked earnings over eight years.

Education pays: New study shows average salaries by degree, diploma
By Josh Dehaas
July 26, 2016
New research shows that Canadian post-secondary education pays off big time -- even for the much-maligned arts graduates -- although there are huge differences in salaries depending on the credential.


2016 Queen’s International Institute on Social Policy (QIISP):
Social Canada Revisited: Is Canada’s social policy architecture fit for contemporary purpose?
August 22-24, 2016
Holiday Inn, Kingston Waterfront Hotel
2 Princess Street, Kingston, ON
Canada has entered a new period of social policy interest at both the federal and provincial levels, with significant resources committed to social policy renewal
QIISP will explore the forces shaping social conditions, how these have shifted, and how Canada compares to its peers. It will examine persistent and/or new social fault-lines and ask where new approaches and new thinking are needed.

NOTE : (1) Click the conference home page link above, (2) scroll halfway down the next page and (3) click the "Agenda" link for an expanded list of sessions at this conference.


From StatCan:

March 11, 2016
Study: Earnings of postsecondary graduates by detailed field of study, 2010
Management sciences and quantitative methods graduates were the top earners among bachelor's degree holders in 2010. A new study also found that earnings varied considerably across specific fields of study within broader disciplinary categories.

2015 State of the Federation : Canadian Federalism and Infrastructure (small PDF file, 3 pages)
June 4-6, 2015
Donald Gordon Conference Centre
Kingston, Ontario
(...) The focus of the conference will be on the intergovernmental dimensions and implications of the massive infrastructure investments required to be made by all three orders of government.

Registration, accommodations and agenda

Conference archives (back to 1997)

Measuring Student Debt and Its Performance (PDF - 405KB, 21 pages)
Student debt has been in the news lately, and for good reason. Student debt more than doubled between 2004 and 2012, increasing from about 350 million dollars to just shy of one trillion dollars. In 2008, student debt was the smallest of household debts. Today, among household debt, student debt is second only to mortgages, and it has surpassed credit cards. What happened? This Staff Report from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York susses out the details of this extremely complicated and far reaching problem. The twenty page report will be of use to policy makers, university administrators, guidance counselors, and anyone who is interested in the economics of student debt in America.

The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout 1994-2015.

From Statistics Canada:

November 25, 2014
Canadian postsecondary enrolments and graduates, 2012/2013
Over 2 million students were enrolled in Canadian postsecondary institutions during the 2012/2013 academic year, up 1.1% from the previous year. Enrolments were up in six provinces in 2012/2013, ranging from 1.0% in Saskatchewan to 1.8% in Ontario. Enrolments were down in the three Maritime provinces, British Columbia and the territories. International student enrolments increased 6.9% in 2012/2013 to 199,836.
In 2012, 478,737 students received a certificate, diploma or degree from a postsecondary institution, up 3.0% from the previous year. Over half of postsecondary graduates (57.2%) had successfully completed a program at the bachelor level or above.

- includes the following tables:
Table 1 : Postsecondary enrolments by province of study
Table 2 : Postsecondary enrolments by field of study
Table 3 : Postsecondary graduates by province of study
Table 4 : Postsecondary graduates by field of study

Related CANSIM Tables:
* Table 477-0019 :
* Table 477-0020 :
* Table 477-0029 to 477-0036 :
* Table 477-0044 :
* Table 477-0045 :


September 11, 2014
University tuition fees, 2014/2015
Canadian full-time students in undergraduate programs paid 3.3% more on average in tuition fees for the 2014/2015 academic year this fall than they did a year earlier. A similar increase was observed in 2013/2014.

Helping Make Postsecondary Education More Affordable
Ontario Encouraging Students to Apply For 30% Off Tuition Grant
News Release
August 29, 2014
Ontario is helping college and university students save 30 per cent off their tuition for the 2014-15 school year.
The value of the grant has increased annually to keep pace with tuition costs. This year, students in degree programs will save $1,780, while those in diploma or certificate programs will save $820. Over 230,000 undergraduate students received the grant in the 2013-14 school year and most students who receive the grant pay less in net tuition than they did a decade ago.

More info on 30% off Ontario Tuition

Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities

Hennessy's Index: A number is never just a number -- Child care costs vs. university tuition
6 Aug 2014 | Canada
By Trish Hennessy
Hennessy's Index for August 2014 compares child care costs and university tuition across Canada.

Found on the website of the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA)
The Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives is an independent, non-partisan research institute concerned with issues of social, economic and environmental justice.
Trish Hennessy is the director of the Ontario Office of the CCPA.

It’s Complicated : An Interprovincial
Comparison of Student Financial Aid
(PDF - 2MB, 50 pages)
By Jordan MacLaren
July 2014
This report compares eligibility for student financial aid by examining the amount of funds (both repayable and non-repayable) that a student would be eligible to receive in each province, based on their income group (low-, middle- and high-income). Provincial administration of part (or all) of financial aid has resulted in great variability in the type, quantity, and availability of resources offered to students.

Author Jordan MacLaren is a Master of Social Work student studying at Carleton University.

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

The Progressive Economics Forum (PEF) at the Canadian Economics Association meetings
The Progressive Economics Forum holds its annual meetings at the Canadian Economics Association (CEA) conference, which we thank for its financial support. Thanks also to Nick Falvo for organizing the following lineup of sessions from May 30 through June 1, 2014, at SFU Vancouver.

NOTE : Click the link above for the schedule of sessions and participants.

Progressive Economics Forum

New interactive tool on tuition fees in Canada
CCPA's latest research innovation is an interactive map that shows you how paying for full-time undergraduate university has changed since 1975, across provinces, and across faculties.
The Tuition Map Project invites you into the data wheelhouse and steer your way from questions to answers. The graphics animate the trends and comparisons. You can also dig deeper by downloading spreadsheets. Whether you're in university or not, we're hoping to unleash your curiosity about the country we live in; how it's changing; and how we could shape change.

The Tuition Map:
Explore tuition for full-time undergraduate programs across Canada
Search tuition by province or by degree, compare average tuition by jurisdiction and over time (1975 to 2013)

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

Post-secondary education : A debate on the distributional effects of
tuition reductions versus those of targeted grant programs
May 2014

NOTE: This battle of the blogs focuses on the distributional effects of tuition reductions versus those of targeted grant programs in post-secondary education. It began as a blog post in early May (2014) by Alex Usher (President of Higher Education Strategy Associates and Editor-in-Chief of the Global Higher Education Strategy Monitor and a few days later, a rebuttal by Nick Falvo, Ph.D. candidate at Carleton University in Ottawa. The May 20 link below will take you to the latest Salvo by Falvo (!), but if you wish to catch up on the whole parry and thrust of the debate - including allegations of drinking neoliberal Kool-Aid and dubious choices of model jurisdictions (gettin' snarky!)

Alex Usher is the President of Higher Education Strategy Associates and Editor-in-Chief of Global Higher Education Strategy Monitor.

Nick Falvo is a Ph.D. candidate at Carleton University in Ottawa. His area of research is social policy, with a focus on poverty, housing, homelessness and social assistance. He has a budding interest in post-secondary education policy.


Who’s Progressive?
May 9, 2014
By Alex Usher
To the extent that finances act as a barrier to higher education, they are an obstacle to those without resources – that is, those who tend to come from lower-income backgrounds. It is, therefore, simply common sense that if you want to relieve financial barriers, you concentrate resources among those with the fewest means. Except, it doesn’t seem to be common sense among many of those who consider themselves “progressive” in Canada. “Progressives”, for reasons that are almost incomprehensible, prefer solutions that give far more money to students from high-SES backgrounds. Why? Good question...

Higher Education Strategy Associates
Higher Education Strategy Associates believes that plotting the right strategy is the key to ongoing success in the higher education market.


Alex Usher is Wrong on Tuition Fees
By Nick Falvo
May 12, 2014
One of Canada’s best-known post-secondary education pundits, Alex Usher, recently wrote a blog post [ ] suggesting that Canada’s status quo system of high tuition fees (and means-tested financial aid for students) is in fact progressive. Specifically, he argued that lowering tuition fees would reward higher-income earners rather than lower-income earners. Ergo: no government that wants to help lower-income households should seriously consider trying to reduce tuition fees.

Here are five reasons why I think Mr. Usher is wrong:

1. Administrative Costs.
2. Marginal Tax Rates.
3. Lack of Perfect Information.
4. Smoke and Mirrors.

Academic Matters


Responding to Nick Falvo on tuition fees
May 15, 2014
By Alex Usher
Recently, on my daily blog, I wrote an analysis of distributional effects of tuition reductions versus those of targeted grant programs and concluded that the latter were far more progressive in their impact than the former.


Alex Usher Needs to Consider Taxation
May 20, 2014
By Nick Falvo
To put it bluntly, Mr. Usher appears to have drunk the neoliberal Kool-Aid. To read his recent posts, one would think that Canada’s federal government has no choice but to offer means-tested financial assistance to only some students.
I beg to differ...


April 28, 2014
Study: Wages and full-time employment rates of young high school graduates and bachelor's degree holders, 1997 to 2012
The oil boom of the 2000s, increases in real minimum wages and strong growth in the relative number of those earning bachelor's degrees contributed to a narrowing of wage differences between young high school graduates and bachelor's degree holders over the last decade. The findings, contained in a new study, focused on graduates between the 2000-to-2002 and the 2010-to-2012 period. Over that time, average real hourly wages of male high school graduates aged 20 to 34 employed full-time increased by 9%, while women in the same demographic had an 11% rise.

The complete study (PDF - 620K, 37 pages)

Statistics Canada

Canada-EU Workshop Series: Opening Up Canadian Federalism
The University of Victoria (UVic) European Union Centre of Excellence (EUCE), the Department of Political Science, and the Canada-Europe Transatlantic Dialogue (CETD) invite social policy practitioners from government and NGOs, experts, academic researchers, and the interested public to participate in a series of workshops being held across Canada that compare Canadian and European Union (EU) approaches to governing social policy.

Montreal May 9, 2014
Toronto May 12, 2014
Ottawa May 13, 2014
Halifax May 16, 2014

Two workshops in the series have already been held: in Vancouver April 14 and Edmonton April 16. These resulted in very productive discussions about some of the problems of coordinating employment, pensions, research, and postsecondary education policy in the Canadian federal system, as compared to more effective approaches in the European Union.

More information on the key messages from these workshops can be found here:

The upcoming Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa workshops will focus on social inclusion/poverty/homelessness/children's policy (including how NGOs and citizens can influence policy-making), while the Halifax workshop will focus on health care.

More information about the workshop series and how to register is available here:
Although the workshops are free, registration is required as space is limited.

Free post-secondary education in Canada: It's not so radical
By Sanita Fejzic
March 31, 2014
Barrier-free access to higher education is urgently needed in Canada. In 1988, 12 per cent of university revenue came from students' pockets via tuition fees. Fast forward some two decades later and by 2012, 41 per cent of university revenue was generated by tuition fees. That's an average 1.2 per cent increase in tuition fees per year. At this rate, tuition fees will cover 100 per cent of university costs by 2061.


University Governance
y Nick Falvo
February 27, 2014
This afternoon I spoke on a panel on university governance at a conference titled Future U: Creating the Universities We Want, organized by the Ontario Confederation of University Faculty Associations.

Future U: Creating the Universities We want
My speaking notes
(Powerpoint presentation):

* The Basics. Typically in Canada, a university has both a board of governors (BoG) and a senate. The former has responsibility for both “administrative and fiscal matters,” while the latter has responsibility for “academic matters.”

* Internal vs. External Members. Approximately one-third of a university’s BoG members usually consists of “internal” members (i.e. students, faculty and staff). The other two-thirds of a BoG’s members typically come from outside the university community, and are sometimes referred to as “external” members.

* External Members. One advantage of having external members on a BoG is that they often bring expertise on various topics, including finance, auditing, capital projects and communications. However, a drawback of external members (in my opinion) is that they sometimes are quite distant from some of the day-to-day concerns of a university.

* Information Flow. As Robert F. Clift has pointed out, a university’s president (i.e. the university’s most senior staff person) is very much in control of what information makes its way to a university’s BoG. It is therefore important for BoG members to make a presence on campus, read campus newspapers, and talk to students, staff and faculty.

* Access to Board Members. Many BoGs in Canada feature very basic information about their members online. However, in many cases, contact information is not available for BoG members at a university’s web site.

* Inner Boards. If a BoG is not careful, an ‘inner board’ (consisting of, say, four or five BoG members) can emerge, effectively relegating the rest of the BoG to the status of an advisory committee. This appears to be what happened at Concordia a few years ago.

Meeting Minutes. Any university BoG that is serious about board transparency has a rather clear path it could take: it could simply direct its recording secretary to produce a detailed version of minutes of each meeting.

Progressive Economics Forum Blog

What's new from The Daily:

[Statistics Canada ]


February 27, 2014
Study: The long-term labour market premiums associated with a postsecondary education, 1991 to 2010
A new study that followed a group of men and women for two decades reports that over the study period, men who had obtained a bachelor's degree by 1991 had earned, on average, $732,000 more than those whose education ended at a high school diploma. For women, the difference between the two groups was $448,000.

[ Complete study : ]

The Political Economy of Post-Secondary Education in Canada:
Do High Tuition Fees Make for Good Public Policy?
February 6, 2014
By Nick Falvo
This afternoon I gave a presentation to graduate seminar course on higher education in Carleton University’s School of Public Policy and Administration. The link to my slide deck, titled “The Political Economy of Post-Secondary Education in Canada,” can be found here: (Microsoft Powerpoint file)

Points I raised in the presentation include the following:

* Tuition fees have been rising in Canada for roughly the past three decades. Yet, individuals in the 25-44 age demographic have the highest levels of household debt in Canada.
* Post-secondary participation has increased quite significantly in the past half century. Yet, not all groups participate in post-secondary education (PSE) to the same extent.
* In the aggregate, the ‘return on investment’ from PSE is favourable to students. But, again, not all people fare equally well.
* Over the past decade, there has been a significant rise in enrollment from international students at Canadian universities (especially for students coming from China and India. I believe that the major reason for this increase stems from the considerably higher tuition fees paid by international students at most Canadian universities.
* Research looking at the British Columbia context (done by Iglika Ivanova) suggests that, as a group, university students more than ‘pay back’ to the public treasury the cost of their university education through taxation after graduation.
[Click the link above to read Nick's complete post.]

Progressive Economics Forum Blog

From Statistics Canada:

December 16, 2013
Financial information of community colleges and vocational schools, 2011/2012
Data for the 2011/2012 academic year from the Financial Information of Community Colleges and Vocational Schools Survey are now available. The survey provides financial information (income and expenditures) on all community colleges and public vocational schools in Canada.

From the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives:

Cost of university education to rise 13% over next four years: study
News Release
September 11, 2013
OTTAWA—The average cost of tuition and compulsory fees for Canadian undergraduate students will rise by almost 13% over the next four years, from $6,610 this fall to an estimated $7,437 in 2016-17, says a study released today by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA).

The complete study:

Degrees of Uncertainty
Navigating the changing terrain of university finance
(PDF - 952K, 42 pages)
By Erika Shaker David Macdonald
September 11, 2013
This study looks at trends in tuition and compulsory fees in Canada since 1990, projects fees for each province for the next four years, and ranks the provinces on affordability for median- and low-income families using a Cost of Learning Index.

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

An American model for Canada?

A Debt-Free Degree? Oregon's New Plan Would Eliminate Upfront College Costs
August 7, 2013
Everyone agrees that the $1 trillion in student debt carried by Americans is a problem. Yet on a national level, Congress has only managed a deal that will keep interest rates low for new loans this year, but let them go up in the future.Now, one state, Oregon, is looking at broader, more far-reaching changes. On July 1, the state legislature unanimously passed a bill that could dramatically alter how public education in Oregon is funded.

Huffington Post

More media coverage:

Funding Cuts to Alberta’s Post-Secondary Education Sector: There Are Alternatives
y Nick Falvo
August 7, 2013
It has recently been reported that the University of Alberta wants to “reopen two-year collective agreements” with faculty and staff “to help the university balance its budget…”

This appears to be in direct response to Alberta’s provincial government announcing in its March budget that there would be a “7% cut to operating grants to universities, colleges, and technical institutes.”

This strikes me as a curious turn of events, for several reasons.

- Alberta’s top income tax rate (10%) is the lowest of any Canadian province or territory.
- Alberta’s corporate tax rate (10%) is also among the lowest in Canada.
-There is no provincial sales tax in Alberta (making it the only jurisdiction without a sales tax.)
- Compared to workers in the rest of Canada, Alberta workers have not been earning their fare share of productivity increases.

If Alberta’s provincial government is having trouble balancing its books, why doesn’t it increase taxes?

Progressive Economics Forum

Impact Newsletter - Summer 2013 issue (PDF - 1.7MB, 12 pages)
In this number:
--- Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship Award
--- Province-wide Evaluation of the Differentiated Instruction Professional Learning Strategy (DIPLS)
--- How Helping Results in Engaged Communities
--- CRECS data gathering service
--- Profil: Julie Gosselin
--- 4th Edward F. Kelly Conference, a Success!
--- Knowledge Mobilization on the road
---Pour guérir, il faut d’abord un chez-soi
--- Évaluation en/in action
--- Experience, Skills and Knowledge (Mobilization)
--- Psychologie hors des sentiers battus
--- CRECS Open House
--- Noon-hour Colloquium Series

Links to all 20 issues of the newsletter (back to the Winter of 2001)

Liens vers les 20 numéros du bulletin (débutant en hiver 2001):

Centre for Research on Educational and Community Services
CRECS is an interfaculty research centre under the auspices of the Faculties of Education and Social Sciences at the University of Ottawa.
CRECS is part of:
Faculty of Social Sciences
Part of:
University of Ottawa

From Statistics Canada:

July 8, 2013
Spending on research and development in the higher education sector, 2011/2012
Spending on research and development (R&D) in Canada's higher education sector increased by 3.4% on a fiscal year basis between 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 to $11.6 billion. The higher education sector comprises universities and affiliated research hospitals, experimental stations and clinics. Provincially, R&D spending by higher education institutions increased in every province except Prince Edward Island and Saskatchewan.

June 2003
Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program, May 2013
The Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP) provides a statistical portrait of the elementary, secondary and postsecondary education systems through the following products:

– These tables update or add to those published in previous issues of Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program.

Fact sheets
– This series provides an "at-a-glance" overview of particular aspects of education in Canada and summarizes key data trends in selected tables.

An International Perspective
– This annual report combines international statistics from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) with comparable provincial and territorial figures. The first report was published in September 2009.

Handbook for the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program
– This handbook provides brief, general descriptions of the data sources and methodology behind the indicators.

June 18, 2013
2011 National Household Survey announcement: Education and Labour
On Wednesday, June 26, 2013, Statistics Canada will release the second set of data from the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS). The release focuses on education, labour, place of work and language of work. It also features two analytical reports.

The first report will provide a descriptive profile of education in Canada including level of educational attainment, field of study and location of study. The report will examine post-secondary educational achievement across a spectrum of variables such as gender, age and geography.

The second report will provide a descriptive portrait of the Canadian labour force. It will feature an industry profile, the most common occupations for men and women, as well as an overview of employment by level of educational attainment. The report will briefly touch on workers aged 55 and over and interprovincial mobility.

Three companion reports will also be available. They will analyze the educational attainment of Aboriginal peoples, commuting to work and language used in the workplace.

National Household Survey Home page

June 17, 2013
Financial information of universities and colleges, 2011/2012
The Canadian Association of University Business Officers (CAUBO) report is now available for the 2011/2012 academic year. Aggregated data for degree-granting institutions that are not members of the CAUBO organization are expected to be released in July.

January 23, 2013
Public postsecondary enrolments and graduates, 2010/2011
Just over 1,955,300 students were enrolled in Canadian public postsecondary institutions during the academic year 2010/2011, a 2.7% increase from the previous year. Canadian students made up 91.5% of total enrolments and international students 8.5%. Enrolments increased in every province except New Brunswick and Saskatchewan, where they remained relatively stable.

New from
John Stapleton, Open Policy:

Stop wondering about under-subscription of benefits:
Getting the Learning Bond and Education Savings Grants is really hard for low-income parents
By John Stapleton - Open Policy Ontario

January 22, 2013
A blog about why it is hard for low-income parents to receive the benefits of an RESP, Education Saving Grant or Canada Learning Bond for their children's education.
In this blog post, John encounters, along with four single parents, eight of the significant barriers facing low-income parents in the course of the application process for these education-related assistance programs.


From Statistics Canada:

January 8, 2013
Financial information of universities and colleges, 2010/2011*
Final data for the 2010/2011 academic year from the Financial Information of Universities and Colleges Survey are now available.
*By Gilles:
All you have to do to obtain this info is to self-identify.
For the life of me, I can't understand WHY StatCan doesn't just post this info to their site.
It's NOT fair to require interested parties to self-identify in order to obtain a copy of this info!

Related subjects:

Education, training and learning

Education finance

From the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

How affordable is a university education in your province?
September 11, 2012
A new report from the CCPA’s Education Project tracks the affordability of university education across Canadian provinces. The study looks at trends in tuition and compulsory fees in Canada since 1990, projects fees for each province for the next four years, and examines the impact on affordability for median- and low-income families using a Cost of Learning Index.

The report:

Eduflation and the High Cost of Learning (PDF - 1.5MB, 42 pages)
By David Macdonald and Erika Shaker
September 2012

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives - CCPA

What's new from
Statistics Canada:

September 12, 2012
University tuition fees, 2012/2013
Canadian full-time students in undergraduate programs paid 5.0% more on average in tuition fees for the 2012/2013 academic year this fall than they did a year earlier. This follows a 4.3% increase in 2011/2012.

The Daily:
[Statistics Canada ]

Canada Social Transfer Project : Accountability Matters
Canadian Association of Social Workers
March 2012


First, some context:

The Canada Social Transfer (CST) is the primary source of federal funding in Canada that supports provincial and territorial social programs, specifically, post secondary education, social assistance, social services, and programs for children. In 2007, legislated funding for the CST was extended to 2013-2014, putting it on the same long-term predictable legislative track as the Canada Health Transfer (CHT). As both 2014 and the review of the CHT and CST are fast approaching, conversations have begun at the federal level about the Canada Health Transfer. The Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW), a national organization that has adopted a pro-active approach to addressing issues pertinent to social policy and social work practice in Canada, calls for a similar approach of review of the Canada Social Transfer (CST) to be undertaken at the federal level.
While the Canada Health Transfer is attached to a set of conditions through the Canada Health Act, the Canada Social Transfer is a largely unconditional transfer, a fact that has come into question over time by scholars, policy-makers and activists.
[Source: Excerpt from report background, p.6]

Canadian Association of Social Workers Report on Social Transfer
News Release
March 19, 2012
The Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW) today issued a comprehensive report aimed at bringing attention to the lack of accountability inherent in the receipt and delivery of the Canadian Social Transfer. Entitled Canada Social Transfer Project - Accountability Matters, the Report outlines recommendations on renewing accountability for the billions transferred annually from the federal to provincial governments in support of social services, childcare and post-secondary education.

Complete report:

Canada Social Transfer Project:
Accountability Matters
(PDF - 440K, 79 pages)

Version française:
Étude sur le Transfert canadien en matière de programmes sociaux :
La reddition de compte, c'est important
(PDF - 536K, 82 pages)

Selected contents:

* Background to the Project
* Importance of Social Programs in Canada
* Financing of Social Services in Canada : Cost-Sharing & Block Funding
* Federal and Provincial/Territorial Relations
* Jurisdictional Landscape of Social Service Delivery:Past and Present
* Social Union Framework Agreement
* Changing Funding Models and Commitments
* Changes in Roles and Relationships
* Issues with the Current Canada Social Transfer : Accountability Issues - Role and Relationship Issues - Financing Issues
* Transfers and Social Citizenship Rights
* Potential Future Roles for Federal Government
* Key Informant Interview Findings (Current Approach to the CST - Federal and Provincial Roles - Attaching Conditionality to the CST - more...
* Recommended Federal, Provincial, Territorial Leadership and Collaboration
* Action Plan for Moving Forward on Recommendations

Canadian Association of Social Workers (CASW)

Related link:

An end to the perpetual welfare trap?
Guaranteed incomes debated
By: Mary Agnes Welch
August 22, 2012

Bringing back a discarded government program could save taxpayers millions in health-care and bureaucracy costs and dramatically shrink poverty, just as it did in Dauphin almost 40 years ago.
The problem is, even the province's left-leaning NDP government likely doesn't have the political will to use it.
That was the feeling Tuesday at a standing-room-only lecture about a hot public-policy idea -- a guaranteed annual income that would replace welfare.
It's an idea with roots in Manitoba. Nearly 40 years ago, Dauphin was the site of an experiment on the effects of a guaranteed income. Every low-income person in town, including the working poor and people not eligible for welfare, got a top-up to ensure a basic level of income.
At a discussion hosted by Winnipeg Harvest, University of Manitoba researcher Evelyn Forget said the results were remarkable: People had much better health, far more children graduated from high school and people didn't stop working just because they were guaranteed an income.
Guaranteed annual income had a rebirth as an interesting, if seemingly radical, policy alternative to the confusing, expensive hodge-podge of welfare systems in Canada. We've already adopted some targeted elements of a GAI, such as the national child benefit and the guaranteed income supplement for seniors. Yukon toyed with a version of the GAI in 2007, and there was an international conference focused on the idea in Toronto in May of this year.
- includes an overview of the Mincome Manitoba experiment of the mid-1970s, specifically in Dauphin Manitoba.


- Go to the Canada Assistance Plan / Canada Health and Social Transfer / Canada Social Transfer Resources page:

- Go to the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page:

Canadian Review of Social Policy
The Canadian Review of Social Policy/Revue canadienne de politique sociale is a scholarly and bilingual journal of progressive social policy. It aims to promote the exchange of ideas amongst a network of people involved in education, the public sector and social movements in the field of Canadian social policy and administration. CRSP/RCSP publishes analyses of historical and current developments, issues, debates, and reviews of recent publications.

Sample content:

Stretched Beyond Human Limits: Death By Poverty in First Nations (PDF - 240K, 16 pages)
June 2012
By Pamela D. Palmater
“Indian” policy in Canada has been historically based on the objective of assimilating the Indigenous population. There has been recent movement to create policies that support First Nations’ self-governance, yet, the Indian Act and its related policies have not been amended to reflect this change. Thus federal policy now hovers between the two conflicting objectives. The result is chronic poverty in First Nations, a worsening problem that has stymied federal policy-makers.

Issue No. 65-66 (2011) of the
Canadian Review of Social Policy (CRSP)
NOTE: The above article is a free sample of the type of content that you'll find in CRSP.
To access other articles in this issue and in the archives, click the "Subscription information" link below.

Archives - back to 1993

Subscription information

What's new from The Daily:
[Statistics Canada: ]

June 4, 2012
Financial information of universities and colleges, 2010/2011
The interim Canadian Association of University Business Officers (CAUBO) report is now available for the 2010/2011 academic year and includes financial data for all CAUBO member institutions except those in Quebec. A full final report will be released as soon as the Quebec data become available.

Related subjects:

* Education, training and learning

* Education finance

From the
Progressive Economics Forum:

Canada’s Self-Imposed Crisis in Post-Secondary Education
Posted by Nick Falvo
June 7, 2012
On June 7, Nick Falvo gave a keynote address to the Alberta Union of Provincial Employees Education [ ] Sector Conference.
Click the link above to see the main points he raised in the address (selected points below).

His PowerPoint presentation (with full references) can be found at this link (Microsoft Powerpoint file):

Selected points from Nick's
Progressive Economics Forum blog posting:

- the federal government will collect $48 billion less than it would have if taxation rates remained at the same level as in 2000.
- fully one-quarter of that $48 billion figure can be attributed to the two-percentage-point cut in the Goods and Services Tax, brought in by the Harper government.
- with just 10% of that $48 billion, tuition fees could be eliminated for all students currently enrolled in Canadian universities.
- in the late 1970s, funding from senior levels of government typically covered 80% of the operating budget of a university or college in Canada; today, such funding typically covers just 50% of a university or college’s operating budget (the precise amount varies depending on the province). The remaining amount must usually be raised by increasing tuition fees (read: Quebec student protests) or by fundraising from private sources.
- more (click the top link in this section for Nick's complete posting).

Progressive Economics Forum blog

Seven reasons why you should support a move to low tuition fees for higher education
May 29th, 2012
By Iglika Ivanova
Much of the media coverage on Quebec’s student protests has dismissed the students as cranky middle and upper-middle class children clinging to the advantages they already have. But the fact that the vast majority of today’s university students come from relatively well-off families indicates that we have a serious problem with access to education. A problem that would only be exacerbated by tuition hikes. (...) Here are seven reasons why we would all be better off if we increased public investment in higher education and reduced the burden that high tuition fees pose of students and their families.

1. The notable absence of students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds from university campuses raises serious questions of fairness and social justice.
2. Financial barriers to education impact Canada’s economic well-being.
3. Questions of access to education are more important today than ever before because higher education is increasingly becoming a standard job requirement.
4. Student loans don’t make up for high tuition fees.
5. An educated society benefits everybody, not just the people who go to university.
6. The fact that individuals gain from having higher education is not sufficient reason to rely on user fees (aka tuition) to finance education.
7. Education is a great investment for our public dollars: students repay the full cost of their education through taxes over their working careers.

Policy Note

BC Office:
of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives:


From The Media Co-op:

Ten Points Everyone Should Know About the Quebec Student Movement
May 14, 2012
By Andrew Gavin Marshalll

This article was originally published at:

The student strikes in Quebec, which began in February and have lasted for three months, involving roughly 175,000 students in the mostly French-speaking Canadian province, have been subjected to a massive provincial and national media propaganda campaign to demonize and dismiss the students and their struggle. The following is a list of ten points that everyone should know about the student movement in Quebec to help place their struggle in its proper global context.

The ten points:

1) The issue is debt, not tuition
2) Striking students in Quebec are setting an example for youth across the continent
3) The student strike was organized through democratic means and with democratic aims
4) This is not an exclusively Quebecois phenomenon
5) Government officials and the media have been openly calling for violence and “fascist” tactics to be used against the students
6) Excessive state violence has been used against the students
7) The government supports organized crime and opposes organized students
8) Canada’s elites punish the people and oppose the students
9) The student strike is being subjected to a massive and highly successful propaganda campaign to discredit, dismiss, and demonize the students
10) The student movement is part of a much larger emerging global movement of resistance against austerity, neoliberalism, and corrupt power

The Media Co-op

2012 Queen's (University) Institute on Social Policy ("QIISP 2012")
Where Are We Going? The Changing Social Model in Canada
August 20-22, 2012
Kingston, Ontario
The Canadian social model is changing. In recent decades, shifting economic and social pressures and changing political priorities, have led to the restructuring of important social programs. What is the new trajectory in Canadian social policy? How different is the Canadian social model today from that in the past? Have we established a new balance in the roles of the market, families, the voluntary sector and governments in meeting the social needs of Canadians? How sustainable is the current model in fiscal and political terms? What are the implications for the priorities and challenges in the years to come?

QIISP 2012 examines the trajectory of change in social policy over the last 20 years. It places the Canadian trajectory in international perspective, comparing our experience with that of other OECD countries. The aim is to identify the principles underpinning the emerging social model, and the implications for the future agenda in social policy.

Conference program (PDF - 416K, 3 pages)

Register online for this event
General Conference Participant : $600.00
Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Participant : $300.00

Quebec student fight gains international attention [expired link]
April 26, 2012
By Stefani Forster
What began as a provincial policy spat over tuition hikes in Quebec has transformed, in just over a year, into a movement of broader student unrest now receiving some international attention. In the last few days, Quebec's student protests have received coverage in French news outlets like Le Monde and Agence France-Presse, in Australia, in New Zealand, and in the U.S., including on CNN.
The annual tuition for a private university in the U.S. is over $30,000 a year, with collective student debt poised to reach $1 trillion — which is even more than all the credit-card debt in that country. So why should Quebecers be complaining about a comparably measly $1,625 hike? Protesters say it's because they want their education system to move in the other direction — away from the U.S. model and closer to a system like Sweden's, where post-secondary education is free.

The opposition has grown steadily, ever since the Quebec government announced its $325-a-year, five-year increases in the March 2011 budget. While the move would still leave Quebec with some of the lowest tuition rates in the country, protesters say they're fighting for principles. Activists overseas are also joining in on the discussion about Quebec's tuition hikes, framing it as part of a larger historic fight.

The Canadian Press

From Nick Falvo in
Progressive Economics Forum:

Quebec Students: “Faire Leur Juste Part”
By Nick Falvo.
April 28, 2012
Simon Tremblay-Pepin, an emerging social policy scholar, has recently blogged here (in French : ) about Quebec tuition fees. He points out that, when one adjusts for inflation, Quebec tuition fees are headed into uncharted territory. Indeed, contrary to some recent spin from the Charest government, Tremblay-Pepin makes two important observations:
1. When one takes an average of Quebec tuition fees over the past45 years (using constant dollars), current Quebec tuition fees are significantly higher than the 45-year average.
2. The tuition-fee increases being proposed by the Charest government would bring Quebec’s tuition fees to their highest levels ever.
The above observations call into question what the Charest government actually means when it asks today’s generation of Quebec students to “pay their fair share.” Or, as they say in French, “faire leur juste part.”


Discussing Quebec Student Protests on Ottawa Talk Radio
By Nick Falvo
April 26, 2012
Last Friday, I blogged here [see the "Rex Murphy" link below] about the Quebec student protests.
Subsequently, I was invited to appear on 580 CFRA News Talk Radio, with hosts Rob Snow and Lowell Green.
[By Gilles:]
Click the link above for Nick's summary of the points that he raised during the interview.
Click the link below to listen to the full 24-minute audio clip:


Rex Murphy’s Naive Take on the Quebec Student Protests
By Nick Falvo
April 20, 2012


Progressive Economics Forum:


NOTE: For extensive coverage of the student strike against the tuition fee hike, go to the forum:
The link takes you to the first of three pages of a forum dedicated to the student protest.
Each of the three pages contains 100 links to articles and photos related to the student protest.
At the bottom of each of the first two pages, you're given a link to the next page.
[Kinda clunky interface, IMHO, but very comprehensive and compelling.]
The last posting on the third page is just a few days old.

When a University Recruits Abroad, Who’s in Charge?
By Nick Falvo
April 20, 2012
A few years ago, I wrote an opinion piece on “pathway colleges” [ ] —i.e. private companies that recruit students from other countries and then ‘bridge’ them into Canadian universities by providing pre-university courses, including English as a Second Language.

A recent CBC News article [ ] underlines how perilous such recruitment of post-secondary students from abroad can be, and why it is important that lines of accountability be clear. The article reports on how a “University of Winnipeg recruitment agent” overcharged students who had recently been recruited from China. The students were charged as much as $3,000 per month for room and board.

The students in this case attended the University of Winnipeg Collegiate, which appears to be the high school version of a pathway college. It is located on the campus of the University of Winnipeg. The CBC article states that it is “part of the University of Winnipeg.”

Two quotes from the article really struck me. The first is from the senior adviser to the President of the University Winnipeg, who said: “Their parents entered into a relationship that was outside of the purview, and a contract outside of the institution’s awareness and purview—and in that sense, legal responsibility.”

The second is from Elizabeth Saewyc, a University of British Columbia professor who has done research on students staying in similar ”homestay programs.” In reference to the issue of who’s responsible for the overcharging in this case, she says: “This lack of sort of figuring out who’s in charge really creates the opportunity for kids to fall through the cracks.”

I think this story underlines the importance of clear lines of accountability when Canadian universities recruit students from abroad. When private actors enter into “partnerships” with Canadian universities, who’s actually in charge?

Progressive Economics Forum

What's new from
Statistics Canada:

March 19, 2012
Public postsecondary enrolments, 2009/2010
Data on public postsecondary enrolments for the academic year 2009/2010 are now available.
Both university and college enrolments are included in this release.
Available without charge in CANSIM (table 477-0019):

See also:

Tables by Subject : Students

Tables by Subject: Education finance

Tables by subject: Education, training and learning

Look what I found!

Undergraduate tuition fees for full time Canadian students, by discipline, by province


March 19, 2012
Public postsecondary graduates, 2009
Data for students receiving qualifications from public postsecondary institutions for 2009 are now available. Both university and college students receiving qualifications are included in this release.
Available without charge in CANSIM (table 477-0020):


The Daily:
[Statistics Canada ]

Affordability of Post-Secondary Education (Powerpoint [.PPT] presentation - 560K, 23 slides)
By Nick Falvo
February 9, 2012
* Rising Inequality Meets Rising tuition
* Less Funding, More Students
* Class Sizes Getting Bigger
* Student debt Rising
* More...

[Nick Falvo is a Ph.D. Candidate in Public Policy at Carleton University in Ottawa.]

From the Senate of Canada:

Opening the Door : Reducing Barriers to
Post-Secondary Education in Canada
(PDF - 1.2MB, 130 pages)
December 2011
In Canada, education falls under provincial jurisdiction. Section 93 of the Constitution Act, 1867, states that “[i]n and for each Province the Legislature may exclusively make Laws in relation to Education”. As a result, each province and territory is responsible for organizing, delivering and evaluating education within its borders, from primary to post-secondary levels. However, pursuant to section 91 of the Constitution, the federal government is responsible for the education of First Nations people on reserve, members of the armed forces and their families, and inmates of federal correctional institutions, among others.

The federal government’s role for primary and secondary education is limited to these specific groups (e.g., education of First Nations on reserve), but is more flexible with regard to PSE. For example, the federal government is involved in PSE by indirectly funding the provincial PSE systems through transfer payments, financing research through granting councils, and supporting students through the Canada Student Loans Program. Federal involvement in PSE is based on the government’s significant responsibility for national economic policy, human resource development and citizens’ mobility between provinces.

Partial table of
contents for the report:

Order of Reference
List of Recommendations
Barriers to Post-Secondary Education in Canada
--- Non-financial barriers
--- Financial barriers
Specific under-represented groups
Gender differences
Aboriginal People and Post-secondary Education
Post-secondary Funding Mechanisms
---Student financial assistance
--- Tax measures
--- Savings incentives
--- Canada Summer Jobs
--- Financial support for apprentice training
Research at Post-secondary Institutions
The Role of the Federal Government
--- The Canada Social Transfer (CST)
National strategy on the accessibility of post-secondary education

Senate Standing Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology

Senate Committees:

Parliament of Canada


Government of Canada makes education more affordable for part time students
News Release
December 21, 2011 — Today, the Government of Canada announced a new measure to improve access to post-secondary education. Beginning January 1, 2012 new and existing loans for part-time students will be interest-free during study. Dr. Kellie Leitch, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Human Resources and Skills Development, made the announcement today at the University of Toronto, on behalf of the Honourable Diane Finley.
Canada News Centre

From the
Centre for Research on Educational and Community Services (U. of Ottawa):

IMPACT : Winter 2011/2012
(PDF - 1.1MB, 19 pages)
December 14, 2011

Table des matières / Table of Contents
* Comparaison de la stabilité de logement au sein d’une population itinérante diversifiée
* Evaluation Capacity Building in India Moves to Second Cycle
* Students who use AWHC (Academic Writing Help Centre ) and SASS (Student Academic Success Service) services enjoy higher level of academic success and retention rates
* New Sounds of Learning Project : Examining the parameters of educational music?
* SHARP-E: Supported Housing Addiction Recovery Program Evaluation
* Outcomes from an evaluation of the Bon Appétit!: University of Ottawa’s food bank
* Nouvelles et Évenements Récents/Recent News and Events
* Sommes-nous sur la bonne voie? Résumé d'une évaluation de l'évaluabilité d'un cours de conduite pour adultes âgés
* Cultural Competence Evaluation and Health Equity Needs Assessment for Work with Ethno-Cultural Minority Clients at Centretown Community Health Centre
* Personnel List
* List of Senior & Affiliate Researcher

Earlier issues of IMPACT
- links to 17 issues of the newsletter back to the Winter of 2001

Liens vers les 17 numéros précédents du bulletin:

Centre for Research on Educational and Community Services
Part of:
Faculty of Social Sciences:
Part of:
University of Ottawa

Comparing Modes of Governance in Canada and the European Union: Social Policy Engagement across Complex Multilevel Systems

On October 14-15, 2011 the University of Victoria hosted a successful conference entitled Comparing Modes of Governance in Canada and the European Union: Social Policy Engagement across Complex Multilevel Systems. Almost 100 people (representing academia, practitioners, students, NGOs, business and citizens) heard 32 presentations from leading Canadian and European scholars and practitioners on:
* why compare Canada and the European Union;
* how multilevel governance in Canada and the European Union actually work;
* Canadian and EU experiences with employment and training, postsecondary education and social inclusion governance; and
* the courts as arbiters of multilevel governance.
Those who attended noted that they found the EU comparison and the ensuing conversation about similarities and differences to Canada useful as a way of reflecting on Canadian governance practices.

The conference website has now been updated with a summary of proceedings, the powerpoints/presentations, as well as video clips from selected presenters, see

Summary of Proceedings (PDF - 276K, 18 pages)

Links to presentations and reports
- 27 papers and presentations organized by panel and by presenter's name
NOTE : The names each of the seven panels and the titles of presentations don't appear in the list - only names of presenters.
You can click each of the 27 links to check its content,
You can open the conference program:

... where you'll find the names of the participants on each panel and the title of all presentations.
Select a paper or presentation, then return to the 27 Presentations page to click the link to that item.

Panels include:
Panel A : Conceptualizing Multilevel Governance and Federalism. Why Compare Canada and the European Union (EU) and How?
Panel B : The Practice of Governance in Canada and the European Union
Panel C : Managing Shared Governance in Employment and Training Policy
Panel D : Managing Shared Governance in Post-secondary Education Policy
Panel E : Managing Shared Governance in Social Inclusion Policy
Panel F : Managing Shared Governance in Social Inclusion Policy
Panel G : The Courts as Arbiters of Multilevel Governance

Speakers/presenters include (to name but a few) : Amy Verdun - André Juneau - Harvey Lazar - Donna E. Wood (conference organizer) - Thomas Townsend - Sheila Regehr - Keith Banting - Terrance Hunsley - many more...

Comparing Modes of Governance in Canada and the European Union:
Social Policy Engagement across Complex Multilevel Systems
Conference (October 14-15, 2011)
University of Victoria

Federal Post-Secondary Education Act
By Nick Falvo
November 6, 2011
Last month, the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS) released a document entitled Public Education for the Public Good: A National Vision for Canada’s Post-Secondary Education System (PDF - 1.5MB, 28 pages). I found the document to be quite informative, filled with a lot of useful statistics.
For example:
- Enrolment is rising in colleges and universities across Canada.
- Federal funding for post-secondary education (PSE) in Canada has decreased very substantially since the late-1970s.
- In light of rising tuition, substantially more university students work during the academic year today than 30 years ago.
- Class sizes are getting bigger.
- The Canada Social Transfer, which transfers funding to provinces, does not require provinces to actually use federal funding for PSE for PSE purposes.

Progressive Economics Forum
The Progressive Economics Forum aims to promote the development of a progressive economics community in Canada. The PEF brings together over 125 progressive economists, working in universities, the labour movement, and activist research organizations.

Mad Students Society (MSS) is a free peer support and advocacy group for students who are attending institutions of post-secondary or adult education and have past and/or present experiences with the psychiatric and/or mental health systems. MSS meets on the second Saturday of every month in downtown Toronto and maintains an email discussion listserv (open to anyone, regardless of geographic location). Please pass on this information to people you are supporting who may find this group a useful resource. If you are working with someone who wants support to join the group, please get in touch.
For more information or to request brochures for your office, please email
The MSS website is currently being updated.

What's new from
The Daily
[Statistics Canada]:

September 16, 2011
University tuition fees, 2011/2012
Canadian full-time students in undergraduate programs paid 4.3% more on average in tuition fees for the 2011/2012 academic year this fall than they did a year earlier. This follows a 4.0% increase in 2010/2011.
- includes four tables:
--- Average undergraduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students, by province
--- Average graduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students, by province
--- Average undergraduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students by faculty
--- Average graduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students by faculty

Related subjects:
* Education, training and learning
* Education finance

McGuinty Proposes Undergraduate Tuition Grant
By Nick Falvo
September 14, 2011
[NOTE : Read the Comments section at the bottom of the article for clarification of the Liberal tuition grant promise (the Devil's in the details...) and links to further information.]

An Ontario election is slated for October 6, and the reigning Liberal Party will attempt to pull off a third consecutive majority government. In that vein, the Liberals have recently made a slew of campaign promises in the post-secondary education (PSE) sector. Notably, they’ve committed to reducing undergraduate tuition for “middle-class Ontario families” by 30 percent, amounting to “$1600 per student in university and $730 per student in college.” According to a September 5 Toronto Star article: “The tuition break would be available only to students from families with a gross household income of $160,000 or less a year — about 86 per cent of the 360,000 students currently enrolled — and would take effect Jan. 1.”

Progressive Economics Forum

- Go to the Political Parties and Elections Links in Canada (Provinces and Territories) page:


Also by the same author:

Post-Secondary Education in Newfoundland and Labrador
By Nick Falvo
September 16, 2011
Last March, Keith Dunne and I wrote an opinion piece on Danny Williams’ post-secondary education (PSE) legacy in Newfoundland and Labrador. Among other things, we pointed out that average undergraduate tuition fees (for domestic students) in Newfoundland and Labrador are $2,624/yr., compared with $5,138 for Canada as a whole and $6,307 in Ontario. With a provincial election slated to take place in Newfoundland and Labrador on October 11, Newfoundland and Labrador’s NDP is proposing to take the province even further down the path of PSE affordability.

Progressive Economics Forum

Comparing Modes of Governance in Canada and the European Union:
Social Policy Engagement across Complex Multilevel Systems

Conference (October 14-15, 2011)
University of Victoria
On October 14-15, 2011 the University of Victoria, Canada is hosting an international conference, Comparing Modes of Governance in Canada and the European Union (EU): Social Policy Engagement across Complex Multilevel Systems, featuring over 30 EU and Canadian scholars and practitioners expert in comparative federalism and/or multilevel governance. The conference provides a unique opportunity to compare how we govern social policy with the European Union, and assess whether best practice lessons from the EU might improve social policy governance in Canada. (...) ‘Soft’ governance tools through the Open Method of Coordination (OMC) - including voluntary coordinated action, exchange of best practices, benchmarking, codes of conduct, and comparative analysis - help EU member states work towards pan-European goals and policy convergence while respecting their differences.

[Although there is no fee for the conference, registration is required.]

Program at a glance (impressive list of topics, speakers and presenters; more detailed program to come)

University of Victoria

Statistics Canada

August 24, 2011
Study: University completion by parents' educational attainment, 2009
People who have parents with a university degree remain more likely to get a university education than children whose parents do not have a degree, although the gap between the two groups has narrowed over time. In 1986, 12% of Canadian-born people aged 25 to 39 whose parents did not complete university had graduated from university. By 2009, this proportion had almost doubled to 23%.

Canadian Social Trends - Product main page*
This publication discusses the social, economic, and demographic changes affecting the lives of Canadians
[ * Click "View" for the latest issue of this periodical;
click "Chronological index" for earlier editions. ]

Related subjects:

* Education, training and learning
* Fields of study
* Outcomes of education

* Educational attainment
* Ethnic diversity and immigration
* Education, training and skills
* Families, households and housing
* Family history

Education Indicators in Canada: Fact Sheets - Product main page*
The fact sheets in this series provide an "at-a-glance" overview of particular aspects of education in Canada and summarize key data trends in selected tables published as part of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program (PCEIP). The PCEIP mission is to publish a set of statistical measures on education systems in Canada for policy makers, practitioners and the general public to monitor the performance of education systems across jurisdictions and over time.
[ * On the product main page,click "View" to see the latest issue of this report online; click "Chronological index" for earlier issues. ]

45th Annual Conference of the Canadian Economics Association
June 2 - 5, 2011
University of Ottawa
- includes links to conference program (see below), registration details, travel and accommodation information, etc.

Conference program - includes all speakers & presenters, locations and times

Canadian Economics Association

Related link:

Progressive Economics Forum at the
Canadian Economics Association meetings

Here's a selection of Progressive Economics Forum sessions scheduled for the Canadian Economics Association conference on June 3-5 at the University of Ottawa:
* Debt Wall? Trends in Canadian Household Debt ?
* Financial Literacy: Where are We and Where Should We be Going
* Philosophy of Money and Finance
* The European Debt and Currency Crisis: Causes, Consequences, and Implications for North America
* Dissecting the Fiscal Issues Facing Canada
* Canadian Provincial Budgeting Priorities and Risks
* Measuring the Credit Union Difference: The Economic Consequences of Credit Unions.
Progressive Economics Forum

Reforming Ontario’s Universities
By Nick Falvo
March 31, 2011
I have just finished reading a 2009 book entitled Academic Transformation: The Forces Reshaping Higher Education in Ontario. The book (...) has received a fair bit of attention among post-secondary (PSE) wonks. While I find it informative, I am uncomfortable with the book’s central feature: a proposal to reform Ontario’s PSE sector with the main goal of bringing about substantial cost savings.
Progressive Economics Forum

Danny Williams’ Post-Secondary Education Legacy
Last December, Danny Williams stepped down as premier of
Newfoundland and Labrador. When he did, he was the most popular premier in Canada.

March 18, 2011

By Keith Dunne and Nick Falvo
While Williams will be remembered by most as a fighter who brought his province from have-not to have status, one of the best-kept secrets in Canadian social policy is that he was also one of Canada’s greatest champions of affordable post-secondary education. (...) Since 2003, the Williams government has increased funding for post-secondary education in Newfoundland and Labrador by about 82 per cent. (...) Today, average undergraduate tuition fees in Newfoundland and Labrador are $2,624 per year for a domestic student, compared with $5,138 for Canada as a whole, $5,318 in oil-rich Alberta, and $6,307 in Ontario. (...)
When Premier Williams stepped down, Angus Reid’s vice-president stated that Williams’ popularity was “extraordinary by Canadian standards.” By contrast, Ontario Premier Dalton McGuinty is behind in the polls by a considerable margin as university students in his province pay the highest tuition fees in Canada.
As McGuinty tries to differentiate himself from other party leaders, he’d be well advised to look at Danny Williams’ record on post-secondary education. If making a post-secondary education affordable worked on the Rock, it can work in other provinces too.
Keith Dunne is Newfoundland and Labrador Organizer for the Canadian Federation of Students (CFS). Nick Falvo is a PhD candidate at Carleton University’s School of Public Policy and Administration and Vice-President Finance of Carleton’s Graduate Students’ Association.]
Academic Matters


Related link:

From the
Québec Budget 2011-2012
(March 17, 2011):

Tuition hike sparks anger among Que. students
Budget sets out increases of $1,625 over five years

March 18, 2011
Quebec university students angry about five years of tuition hikes are planning to show the province's finance minister their opposition in person on Friday. The Quebec Federation of University Students (FECQ) is planning a noon-hour rally outside a downtown Montreal hotel where Finance Minister Raymond Bachand will speak to business leaders. Bachand, in his provincial budget tabled Thursday, announced that post-secondary tuition will be going up $325 per year for each of the next five years to help cash-strapped universities deal with funding shortfalls.
CBC News

New and recent
from Statistics Canada:

January 6, 2011
Study: Labour market outcomes of Canadian doctoral graduates, 2007
In 2005, about 4,200 candidates earned a doctorate degree in Canada, roughly one-tenth of the 43,400 doctorates awarded in the United States. By 2007, 12% of doctoral recipients who had graduated from a Canadian university in 2005 were living in the United States. The majority of those graduates were planning to return to Canada.

The study:

Expectations and Labour Market Outcomes of Doctoral Graduates from Canadian Universities
By Louise Desjardins and Darren King
January 2011
HTML version
PDF version
(429K, 60 pages)
The study provides a profile of doctoral holders two years after graduation by examining their demographics and program characteristics as well as their expectations at the time of graduation. It also analyses their mobility patterns, with a particular focus on graduates who moved to the United States. Finally it examines the graduates' labour market outcomes, including employment rates, income, industry and the prevalence of over-qualification as compared to the graduates' expectations.

Related subjects:
* Education, training and learning
* Fields of study
* Outcomes of education
* Labour
* Employment and unemployment

Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics: Research Papers

[Click "View" to see the latest research paper online;
click "Chronological index" for earlier research papers.]


December 13, 2010
Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada - December 2010
This issue of Statistics Canada's free online publication, Education Matters: Insights on Education, Learning and Training in Canada, contains two articles.

Trade qualifiers in the skilled trades in Canada: An overview draws a profile of "trade qualifiers" in 2007, using data from the Registered Apprenticeship Information System. A trade qualifier is a person who has not completed an apprenticeship program, but has acquired enough practical work experience to pass exams leading to a certificate of qualification in their trade.

The second article, Trends in the age composition of college and university students and graduates examines changes in the age composition of college and university students and graduates over time. It also examines these changes by other student characteristics, including sex, status as an international student, and program level.

This issue also provides links to a series of new tables on population size, low income, public and private expenditure on education, elementary-secondary school enrolments and educators, enrolments and completions in postsecondary education, university educators, and transitions to postsecondary education and to the labour market, all part of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program. Also included are updates to the Handbook for the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program, which outlines the methodology for this set of indicators.

Education Matters - main product page*
This free online periodical provides summary information on issues and gives access to education indicators and Canadian education analysis. It presents information, statistics and analysis in a non-technical, highly readable format for teachers, students, parents, education associations, researchers and policy makers [ This free online periodical provides summary information on issues and gives access to education indicators and Canadian education analysis. It presents information, statistics and analysis in a non-technical, highly readable format for teachers, students, parents, education associations, researchers and policy makers
[ * On the product main page,click "View" to see the latest issue of this report online; click "Chronological index" for earlier issues. ]

Related products:

* Education Indicators in Canada: Report of the Pan-Canadian Education Indicators Program
* Education Indicators in Canada: Fact Sheets
* Statistics by Subject : Education, Training and Learning
* Education finance

Statistics Canada

A New Minister Should Offer Students a New Deal
December 3, 2010
By Nick Falvo
While the McGuinty government showed interest in post-secondary education in its first term, under Colleges, Training and Universities Minister John Milloy, it’s been coasting in neutral, to put it mildly. (...)
Milloy hasn’t just demonstrated that he won’t stand up for students, he’s made a case for the fact that Ontario universities don’t even recognize him as the minister in charge. Premier McGuinty should demonstrate that he really is the “education premier,” willing to offer students a new deal. And he should start by replacing John Milloy as minister.
Nick Falvo is vice-president finance of Carleton’s Graduate Students’ Association. ]
Academic Matters
Academic Matters explores issues of relevance to higher education in Ontario, other provinces in Canada, and globally. It is intended to be a forum for thoughtful and thought-provoking, original and engaging discussion of current trends in post-secondary education and consideration of academe’s future direction.

Two recent items in the media on
post-secondary education in Canada
by Nick Falvo:

The Big Five Proposal: Why We Shouldn’t Pick Winners
October 2010
Just over a year ago, a debate emerged in Canada over the so-called “Big Five” proposal for Canadian universities. While it succeeded in grabbing headlines, I wouldn’t put my money on it ever seeing the light of day. At best, the proposal represents ill-advised and overly-simplistic thinking. At worst, it’s a shameless attempt by five university presidents to bring more prestige to their respective schools, irrespective of the impact on the broader post-secondary education system. Last year, the presidents of the universities of Toronto, McGill, UBC, Alberta and Montréal requested an interview with MacLean’s. Paul Wells summed up the interview as follows: “An hour into our conversation, the five presidents had called for more research money, the ability to concentrate more on graduate education, fewer undergrads, more international students, and the right to charge higher tuition in return for increased financial assistance to the least affluent students.”
Academic Matters


Give Carleton funds to recruit foreign students (dead link - try a Google search)
October 14, 2010
Letter to the editor (see the link below)
Re: Foreign-student plan stirs Carleton debate
First-year of university program would be privately run
I enjoyed reading Matthew Pearson's very informative article about Navitas, a for-profit company wanting to both recruit and teach international students at Carleton University. However, there is an alternative to allowing a private company such a role in university teaching. To be sure, Carleton University could easily do on its own what Navitas is proposing to do -- but, due largely to insufficient funding from the McGuinty government, Carleton lacks the up-front money needed to recruit on the same scale as Navitas...
Ottawa Citizen

Related link:

Re: Foreign-student plan stirs Carleton debate
First-year of university program would be privately run
By Matthew Pearson,
October 7, 2010
Ottawa Citizen

Selected content from
The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

September 29, 2010
Study: Employment patterns of postsecondary students, 2010
Employment patterns for postsecondary students who work during the school year changed significantly during the recent economic downturn. During the 2009/2010 school year, about 542,000 postsecondary students aged 15 to 24 held jobs. This represented an employment rate of 45%, down from 48% in 2007/2008, just before the economic downturn. Nevertheless, these rates were well above those during the 1970s when 25% of students were employed.
* Study Highlights
* Full article:
--- HTML
--- PDF
(214K, 13 pages)
Perspectives on Labour and Income - product main page
This publication brings together and analyzes a wide range of labour and income data. Topics include youth in the labour market, pensions and retirement, work arrangements, education and training, and trends in family income.
* On the product main page, click "View" to see the latest issue of this report online; click "Chronological index" for earlier issues.

Should Students Pay One Flat Fee for a Degree?
By Nick Falvo
September 29, 2010
Yesterday afternoon, Alex Usher–who regularly blogs for the Globe and Mail on post-secondary education–blogged about an innovative concept proposed by the (now ousted) Liberal Party in New Brunswick’s recent provincial election campaign. The proposal is for universities to charge students one flat fee for the cost of a degree. Usher argues in favour of this move on the basis that it would give students and their families “more certainty in pricing.”...
Blog : Relentlessly Progressive Economics
Part of:
Progressive Economics Forum

Also by the same author:

The Pathway College Concept:
One more step towards corporatizing our universities

By Nick Falvo
September 18, 2010
Those who spend a good deal of their lives on university campuses have been hearing a lot lately about companies such as Navitas and Study Group International, companies that promote the “pathway college concept.” The jury is still out on what they will mean for post-secondary education in Canada. At best, a healthy level of concern is in order. At worst, they represent the next step in the ongoing “corporatization” of Canadian campuses. (...) For faculty associations representing professors, pathways colleges threaten to erode the quality of teaching at Canadian universities. Indeed, some detractors of the pathways concept believe the profit motive will inevitably result in international students being misled into believing their chances of gaining entry into the university are greater than they really are.
Academic Matters

Willingness to Pay for Postsecondary Education
Among Under-represented Groups
(PDF - 1.3MB, 66 pages)
By Boris Palameta and Jean-Pierre Voyer
Table of Contents:
* Introduction
* Design
* Implementation
* Demand for Student Financial Aid
* The Determinants of Price Sensitivity
* Loan Aversion
* Conclusions
* References

The executive summary (PDF - 1.2MB, 22 pages)

(research tools used in this study):
(published separately)
Appendix A: Choices
(PDF - 971K, 48 pages)
Appendix B: Surveys (PDF - 396K, 45 pages)

Social Research and Demonstration Corporation
The Social Research and Demonstration Corporation (SRDC) is a non-profit research organization, created specifically to develop, field test, and rigorously evaluate new programs. SRDC’s two-part mission is to help policymakers and practitioners identify policies and programs that improve the wellbeing of all Canadians, with a special concern for the effects on the disadvantaged, and to raise the standards of evidence that are used in assessing these policies.

From Statistics Canada:

September 16, 2010
University tuition fees, 2010/2011
Canadian full-time students in undergraduate programs this fall paid 4.0% more on average in tuition fees for the 2010/2011 academic year than they a year earlier. This increase is slightly higher than the one for 2009/2010, when tuition fees rose 3.6%.
- incl. four tables:
* Average undergraduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students, by province
* Average graduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students, by province
* Average undergraduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students, by discipline
* Average graduate tuition fees for Canadian full-time students, by discipline

Related subjects:

* Education, training and learning
* Education finance

July 14, 2010
University enrolment, 2008/2009
Just over 1,112,300 students were enrolled in Canadian universities during the academic year 2008/2009, up 3.7% from the previous year.
- includes three tables:
* University enrolment by registration status, program level and gender
* University enrolment by field of study and gender
* University enrolment by province and registration status

Related subjects
o Education, training and learning
o Fields of study
o Outcomes of education
o Educational attainment
o Students

July 14, 2010
University degrees, diplomas and certificates awarded, 2008
In 2008, 244,380 students received a degree, a diploma or a certificate from a Canadian university, up 0.7% from 2007. The increase was entirely due to the attribution of university status to five colleges in British Columbia. If there had been no changes in the number of universities surveyed between 2007 and 2008, the number of graduates would have decreased by 2.5%. In 2008, 60% of qualifications, or 146,721, were awarded to women. Women were awarded 56.4% of the qualifications in 1992.

All Students Should Benefit from Innovation
June 17, 2010
By Nick Falvo
Stephen Harper’s minority government has been making much of its “innovation strategy” in recent months, especially in regard to how it plays out in post-secondary institutions. In this year’s federal budget, for example, the government boasted that “Canada’s investment in higher-education R&D as a proportion of the economy is the highest among G7 countries.” In theory, we should all be able to benefit from innovation. But judging from the way this strategy has been carried out across Canada’s universities in recent years, it is clear that it has created winners and losers. To be sure, some students have received top dollar to help further the government’s agenda on this front, but university students in general are graduating with considerably more student debt than when this strategy was first put in place.
Academic Matters
Academic Matters explores issues of relevance to higher education in Ontario, other provinces in Canada, and globally.

Student Aid Meets Social Assistance
March 11, 2010

This series of five commentaries on post-secondary education derives from an in-depth study entitled Student Aid Meets Social Assistance (PDF - K, 72 pages) published by the Caledon Institute in September 2009. Each commentary deals with a core theme linked to easing access to post-secondary education for low-income students, including welfare recipients.
Sherri Torjman prepared all four reports, and each report is a small PDF file two or three pages in length dated March 2010.

* The Power of Post-Secondary Education
* Le pouvoir de l’éducation postsecondaire
* Barriers to Post-Secondary Education
* Obstacles aux études postsecondaire
* Welfare Rules and Post-Secondary Education
* Les règles de l’aide sociale et l’éducations postsecondaire
* Welfare Routes to Post-Secondary Education
* Les divers parcours de l’aide sociale à l’éducation postsecondaire
* Proposed Reforms to Post-Secondary Education
* Réformes proposes en matière l’éducation postsecondaire

Related link:

Student Aid Meets Social Assistance (PDF - 278K, 77 pages)
By Sherri Torjman
September 2009
This study explores the interaction between student aid and social assistance - the two main systems in Canada that provide financial support to post-secondary students. Both systems are complex in themselves because they are governed by a wide range of rules and regulations. Their complexity is exacerbated by the constitutional nature of Canada . This paper focuses on the interface issues because of an overriding concern: Students from low-income households are under-represented in the post-secondary educational system - particularly at the university level. They face multiple barriers, including information and motivational factors, to participation. Another major problem, not surprisingly, is their limited income and assets relative to the cost of post-secondary education.
Caledon Institute of Social Policy
The Caledon Institute of Social Policy does rigorous, high-quality research and analysis; seeks to inform and influence public opinion and to foster public discussion on poverty and social policy; and develops and promotes concrete, practicable proposals for the reform of social programs at all levels of government and of social benefits provided by employers and the voluntary sector.

Social Science Research: Dark Age Ahead?
The importance of social science research
to Canada's innovation and competitiveness

E-dialogue (online panel discussion)
February 2nd (2010)
Social science research is seriously underfunded in this country. Listen in as researchers across the country engage in a critical real-time discussion on the contributions the social sciences have made and are making in Canada.

Dr. Ann Dale, Canada Research Chair on Sustainable Community Development, Royal Roads University

* Caroline Andrew, former Dean of Social Sciences, Professor, School of Political Studies and Director of the Centre for Governance, University of Ottawa
* Chad Gaffield, President of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
* Noreen Golfman, Professor and Dean of Graduate Studies, Memorial University and President, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences
* Professor John Robinson, Member of the International Panel on Climate Change, University of British Columbia
* Giselle Yasmeen, Vice-President of Partnerships, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
[ Biographical notes on all panelists (scroll down the page for bio notes) ]

E-dialogues for sustainable development
[ Community Research Connections ]
[ Royal Roads University - Victoria, British Columbia ]

Selected content from
The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

January 29, 2010
Study: The financial impact of student loans
As tuition fees have risen, more students have relied on student loans to help finance their postsecondary education and debt loads have gone up. This situation in turn has had an impact on individual students' financial positions after graduation. This study, based on data from three different surveys, found that well over one-half (57%) of the graduating class of 2005 had student loans, up from 49% 10 years earlier. Average student debt on graduation rose from $15,200 to $18,800 during the same decade. Also, the proportion of borrowers who graduated with debt loads of at least $25,000 increased to 27% in 2005 from 17% in 1995.

The financial impact of student loans
* Highlights
* Full article:
(220K, 14 pages)

January 2010 issue of
Perspectives on Labour and Income

Related subjects:
* Education, training and learning
* Fields of study
* Outcomes of education
* Income, pensions, spending and wealth
* Household assets, debts and wealth
* Household, family and personal income
* Labour
* Employment and unemployment
* Students


July 13, 2009
University enrolment, 2007/2008
Just over 1,066,000 students were enrolled in Canadian universities during the academic year 2007/2008, up 0.6% from the previous academic year. This is a much slower rate of growth than the annual average increase of 2.9% since 1998/1999.
- includes three tables:
* University enrolment by registration status, program level and gender
* University enrolment by field of study and gender
* University enrolment by province and registration status

Related subjects
o Education, training and learning
o Fields of study
o Outcomes of education
o Students


July 13, 2009
University degrees, diplomas and certificates awarded, 2007
About 241,600 students received a degree, diploma or certificate qualification from a Canadian university in 2007, a 6.9% increase from 2006. Over 80% of the increase occurred in Ontario. Nearly 61% of qualifications, or 146,700, were awarded to women, continuing a long-term trend in which female graduates outnumber their male counterparts and their proportion continues to increase.
- includes two tables:
* University qualifications awarded by program level and gender
* University qualifications awarded by field of study and gender


April 22, 2009
National Graduates Survey, 2007
More than 80% of college and university students who graduated in 2005 and did not pursue further studies had found full-time employment by 2007. In general, earnings increased by level of study. In 2007, two years after graduation, just over one-quarter of those who owed student debt at the time they graduated had paid it off.
[ Graduating in Canada:
Profile, Labour Market Outcomes and Student Debt of the Class of 2005

February 12, 2009
Study: Persistence in postsecondary education in Atlantic Canada, 2001/2002 to 2004/2005
Not all postsecondary students in Atlantic Canada remained at the same university or college until they graduated. Many of these students moved between institutions, and many others appeared to have temporarily suspended their postsecondary education for short periods.

Moving Through, Moving On: Persistence
in Postsecondary Education in Atlantic
Canada, Evidence from the PSIS

Executive summary (HTML)
Complete report (PDF - 604K, 91 pages)
By Ross Finnie and Theresa Qiu
February 2009
This report provides new and unique empirical evidence on Postsecondary Education (PSE) pathways in Atlantic Canada based on the Postsecondary Student Information System (“PSIS”).

Spending on students makes sense
Nick Falvo, vice-president of the Graduate Students’ Association,
says Drop Fees campaign crucial to ensuring education for all
By Nick Falvo, Vice-president (academic) of the Graduate Students’ Association
November 7, 2009
Students from across Ontario took to the streets Nov. 5 to fight for a fairer deal for post-secondary education. This is a struggle that students must fight to win, as decreasing government funding, rising tuition fees and a slumping economy continue to place university education out of reach for a growing number of Canadians. (...) Over the past several decades, senior levels of government in Canada have decreased funding for post-secondary education. Indeed, government grants as a share of university operating revenue in Canada decreased from 80 per cent to less than 57 per cent between 1986 and 2006. As a result, the share of university operating budgets funded by tuition fees has more than doubled during the same period (increasing from 14 to 29 per cent). To be sure, tuition has been rising at the same time that the economy has nosedived. This year, roughly 80 per cent of post-secondary students in Canada said they plan to work while in school. And 70 per cent of high school graduates who do not pursue post-secondary education cite financial reasons as the main factor.
The Charlatan - Carleton University's newspaper since 1945
[ Carleton University ]

Related link:

DROP FEES for a Poverty-Free Ontario
The Drop Fees campaign calls for changes to be made to current government post-secondary education policy that will positively benefit students and the sector in general.

Institute of Intergovernmental Relations
The Institute of Intergovernmental Relations at Queen's University is Canada's premier university-based centre for research on all aspects of federalism and intergovernmental relations, both in Canada and in countries around the world.
1. The IIGR launched a 2009 working paper series on the Federal Dimensions of Reform of the Supreme Court of Canada.
2. The Institute is proud to announce that all IIGR publications since 1976 have now been made freely available in PDF format in the Publications Archive.

Publications Archive
* Aboriginal Peoples and Constitutional Reform Series
* Annual Reports
* Bibliographies
* Books
* Chronologies
* Dean's Conference on Law and Policy
* Discussion Papers
* Reflection Papers
* Research Papers
* Social Union Series
* State of the Federation Series
* more...


The Olivia Framework Concepts for Use in
Finely- Grained, Integrated Social Policy Analysis
(PDF - 474K, 41 pages)
November 2008
By Peter Hicks
Working Paper #45
[Friendly warning : Economists, life-course policy analysts and MPA students will no doubt tremble with excitement as they pore through these 41 pages dealing with a set of standard concepts that they can use in describing and assessing the many dimensions of human resources and social development policies. If you don't speak Policy-Wonkese, though, you may find it a bit of a challenging read. And Olivia is not Newton-John, but rather a fictitious individual, a case study developed to assist in the analysis of social and labour market conditions and policies and their impacts on people.]

Social Policy in Canada - Looking Back, Looking Ahead (PDF - 233K, 40 pages)
Peter Hicks
November 2008
Abstract: This paper discusses recent policy trends, the changing role of the various actors in the system, international comparisons and a range of other social policy topics. The paper does this by examining the author’s thoughts on trends and future directions as they were set out in a paper written in 1994. It then fast forwards to 2008 and examines what actually happened in the intervening years, pointing out areas where earlier forecasts were reasonably accurate and, where they were not, the reasons for this. The immediate purpose of the paper is to examine the reasons why social policy analysts need to look into the future, and to explore ways of managing the inevitably large risks associated with such future-looking exercises. The underlying purpose, however, is simply to introduce a range of important Canadian social policy topic to students and others who are interested in social policy, but without much previous background in the area.

Recommended reading!
- includes a senior federal government insider's view of the tumultuous period of the mid-1990s, notably the Social Security Review of 1994. As an insider myself during that decade (if only on the social program information side of the Department where author Peter Hicks was an Assistant Deputy Minister), I found this paper quite interesting and enlightening, notably in its retrospective look at social policy in Canada in the mid-1990s and thirteen years later, in 2008

Queen's University School of Policy Studies

January 25, 2008

Learning to Save, Saving to Learn: Early Impacts of the learn$ave Individual Development Accounts Project, a new report released by SRDC, presents the 18-month results of learn$ave, a project designed to demonstrate how Individual Development Accounts can encourage low-income adults to save in order to increase their human capital by participating in education or training, or starting a small business.

Download the full report (PDF file - 525K, 115 pages)
January 2008
Download the executive summary (PDF file - 1.9MB, 12 pages)

Find out more about learn$ave
The learn$ave project was conceived and implemented in 2000 by Social and Enterprise Development Innovations (SEDI), and is being funded by Human Resources and Social Development Canada. The evaluation of learn$ave is being conducted by SRDC.

Social Research and Demonstration Corporation (SRDC)
SRDC’s two-part mission is to help policy-makers and practitioners identify social policies and programs that improve the well-being of all Canadians, with a special concern for the effects on the disadvantaged, and to raise the standards of evidence that are used in assessing social policies and programs.

Canadian Education Association (CEA)
The Canadian Education Association (CEA) is a cross-Canada network with a strong membership base of leaders in the education, research and policy, not for profit and business sectors. We are committed to education that leads to greater student engagement; teaching that inspires students and teachers and that causes all students to learn; and schools that ensure both equity and excellence in pursuit of the optimal development of all students.
- incl. links to : * About Us * Video * Blog * Bulletin * Awards * Events * Education Canada *
Transforming Education * Programs & Initiatives * Research & Publications * Get Involved

Social Policy in Canada
September 2002
Ernie Lightman (University of Toronto)
Social Policy in Canada is a "core text for upper-level undergraduate courses on Canadian social policy in social work and sociology departments. Also check for courses in economics, political science, public administration, and health administration departments. [This textbook] provides and important and timely examination of the past, present, and future of Canadian social policy. In particular, Lightman looks closely at how social benefits are allocated, and explains in detail the mechanisms and tools of income transfer and redistribution that are central to all aspects of social policy. What makes the book unique is its central organizing premise: not merely that social policy should be understood in juxtaposition to economic policy, but that economic policy is in fact a subset of social policy. The result is a comprehensive overview of key issues in the realm of social policy that highlights commonalities and differences in such pivotal areas as privatization, user fees, and universality."
- I don't generally include links to products that cost money, but I'll definitely make an exception for the work of Ernie Lightman.
(And besides, he promised me a beer...)

Centre for Research on Community Services
(part of the University of Ottawa's Faculty of Social Sciences)
"The mission of the Centre for Research on Community Services (CRCS) is to conduct research and provide training that will contribute to the development of effective health and social services for vulnerable populations living in the community."
- incl. links to : About the Centre - What's New? - Personnel - Research Projects - Conferences and workshops - Online Publications - Newsletters - Internet Links
Faculty of Social Sciences
[ University of Ottawa ]

Social Policy Research Unit (SPR) (Faculty of Social Work, University of Regina)
Established in 1972, the unit receives funding from the University and through various research contracts and grants. SPR conducts critical analytic research to promote social justice and enhance individual, family and community development.
- incl. links to: About SPR - What's New - Research Associates - Research Projects - Research Resources - Events - Publications

Related Links - dozens of links to various community-based, non-profit organizations, research and academic institutes and government departments.

Online Publications
Here are a few sample reports:

Social Policy as a Determinant of Health and Well-Being:
Lessons from Québec on the Contribution of the Social Economy
(PDF file - 260K, 26 pages)
Yves Vaillancourt, François Aubry, Louise Tremblay and Muriel Kearney (Université du Québec à Montréal),
and Luc Thériault (University of Regina)
September 2003

Current Issues Surrounding Poverty and Welfare Programming in Canada : Two Reviews (PDF file - 371K, 43 pages)
("Race to the Bottom: Welfare to Work Programming in Saskatchewan and its Similarities to Programming in the United States and Britain")
By Garson Hunter, Ph.D & Dionne Miazdyck, Research Assistant
August 2003
- interesting comparison of recent welfare reforms in Saskatchewan, Canada, the U.S. and Britain
- includes a ten-page article entitled Low Income Cut-Offs (LICO) and Poverty Measurement (LICO, Market Basket Measure, etc.)
TIP===> the appendix to this report (pp 27-31) presents a detailed comparison of the main features of the Saskatchewan Assistance Plan (the old Saskatchewan welfare program) and the new Transitional Employment Allowance.

12th Biennial Canadian Social Welfare Policy Conference:
Forging Social Futures: Canadian and International Perspectives

A joint initiative of the University of New Brunswick and the Canadian Council on Social Development
June 16-18, 2005
Fredericton, New Brunswick
This is an opportunity for scholars, analysts, policy makers and activists to share ideas about building equitable communities. The bilingual forum is a diverse mix of the practical and the theoretical. It will highlight what works, what doesn't work and what could work. Participants will come away with new information and ideas about how theories can be turned into responsive policies and programs. The conference will feature a mixture of keynotes, plenaries, workshops and roundtables to maximize opportunity for presentation and discussion. Most sessions are to be held at the Wu Conference Centre at the Fredericton campus of the University of New Brunswick in the stimulating context of this bilingual and bicultural province."

Canadian Council on Social Development
University of New Brunswick


Here are links to two earlier conferences in this series:

11th Canadian Social Welfare Policy Conference - It's Time to Act!
June 15, 16 and 17, 2003
Presented by the University of Ottawa and the Canadian Council on Social Development
"This conference brings university and voluntary sector researchers and advocates together with municipal, provincial and federal policymakers to put ideas into action. This year the role of the voluntary sector in policy-making will be highlighted..."

Tenth Biennial Conference on Canadian Social Welfare Policy : 
Wealth, Health and Welfare: Tensions and Passions
- [version française]
June 17-20, 2001
University of Calgary is what we hope will become the primary portal site for Canadian political education.
- excellent content - great site for political and social studies, covering a wide range of topics and offering all kinds of interactivity like chat rooms, forums, online polls and more
- national and provincial coverage (special focus on BC and Alberta), election watch, current news and events, website reviews, interviews, electoral reform, links to political and election sites, and much, much more.

Country Indicators for Foreign Policy (CIFP)
- includes country rankings, on-line presentations and a mapping component.
- provides on-line access to measures of domestic armed conflict, governance and political instability, militarization, religious and ethnic diversity, demographic stress, economic performance, human development, environmental stress, and international linkages. Initiated by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) and the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs in 1997, CIFP represents an on-going effort to identify, assemble and analyze open-source information. The CIFP database currently includes statistical data in the above issue areas, in the form of over 100 performance indicators for 196 countries, spanning fifteen years (1985 to 2000) for most indicators. These indicators are drawn from a variety of open sources, including the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, and the Minorities at Risk and POLITY IV data sets from the University of Maryland..
Principal Investigator : David Carment
Norman Paterson School of International Affairs

(Carleton University, Ottawa)

Welfare to Work Study
King's College (University of Western Ontario)
Carolyne A. Gorlick, Ph.D/Associate Professor, King's College, is the principal investigator of this research project and Guy Brethour is the research associate/coordinator.
"The National Welfare to Work Study funded by Social Development Partnerships (Human Resources Development Canada) has 3 main objectives:
- to produce an inventory of the different types of welfare to work programs emerging across the country
- to analyze the dynamic relationship between program design, community resources and individual/family capacities
- to assess the impact of the linkage between program design, community resources and individual/family capacities on program success.
The first objective has been completed with the collection of comprehensive information on all provinces/territories' welfare to work programs. Both the National Inventory on Welfare to Work in Canada and an accompanying discussion paper entitled National Welfare to Work Programs: from new mandates to exiting bureaucracies to individual and program accountability was published and disseminated by the Canadian Council on Social Development in the fall of 1998. The other objectives were addressed in Phase 2 of the study which included data collection in six Canadian communities. All the communities had experiences with welfare to work program implementation. Phase 2 also involved updating the original National Inventory on Welfare to Work in Canada. The final report will be disseminated in the winter of 2002."

Welfare to Work Phase 2 Update - reports for every province and territory are now available on the site. They contain detailed information about welfare-to-work programs and services --- eligibility, supports, funding, assessment and review, planned program changes and much more - all revised to reflect what was happening at the end of 2001 across Canada.

Canadian Libraries with Government Information Web Pages
- from the University of Victoria Library Gateways
- from this launchpad, you can access thousands of pages of content in Canadian university libraries

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada
As the national voice for Canadian universities, we represent 95 public and private not-for-profit universities and university degree-level colleges.

Institute of Intergovernmental Relations [IIR] (Queen's University)

"The Institute of Intergovernmental Relations at Queen's University is Canada's premier university-based centre for research on all aspects of federalism and intergovernmental relations, both in Canada and in countries around the world."

OPIRG.ORG - Ontario Public Interest Research Groups
- includes links to PIRGs at the following Ontario universities : Brock - Carleton - Guelph - Kingston - McMaster - Ottawa - Peterborough - Toronto - Waterloo - Windsor - York

McGill Institute for the Study of Canada
McGill University

Canadian Federation of University Women - Founded in 1919, the Canadian Federation of University Women is a voluntary, nonpartisan, non-profit, self-funded bilingual organization of 10,000 women university graduates. CFUW members are active in public affairs, working to raise the social, economic, and legal status of women, as well as to improve education, the environment, peace, justice and human rights.

Subject Resources for Social Work
- includes almost 100 links to articles, associations, societies, lists and newsgroups, websites, reference tools, current awareness, newspaper sources, and more...

Subject Resources for Political Science/International Relations

University of British Columbia Library

Data Liberation Initiative (Wendy Watkins, Carleton U.)

International Social Science Information Gateway (UK)

Related Links:
- See the Education Links page of this site.



To search the complete
Canadian Social Research Links website ,
use the text box below:

To search ONLY the page you are now reading,
use Ctrl + F to open a search window.


Sign up to receive this free weekly newsletter by e-mail or read it online
(including archives back to January 2005).
Each issue includes all links added to this site during the previous week.
(2800+ subscribers in January 2017)

Site created and maintained by:
Gilles Séguin (This link takes you to my personal page)