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Canadian Social Research Newsletter

May 14, 2017

Welcome to the weekly Canadian Social Research Newsletter,
a listing of the new links added to the Canadian Social Research Links website in the past week.

You can find the online version of this (May 14, 2017) newsletter at this link:

The e-mail version of this week's issue of the newsletter is going out to 2864 subscribers.
Scroll to the bottom of this newsletter to see some notes and a disclaimer.


1. Ten Things to Know About Social Assistance in Canada- May 8 (Nick Falvo, Calgary Homeless Foundation)
2. Ontario Cutting Electricity Bills by 25 Per Cent - May 11 (Ontario Ministry of Energy)
3. Welfare recipients see boost in asset limits in Ontario budget - April 27 (Ontario Ministry of Energy)
4. Social Assistance Use in Canada: National and Provincial Trends in Incidence, Entry and Exit - May 2005 (by Ross Finnie, Ian Irvine and Roger Sceviour)
5. Basic Income: A Critical Reader - 34 articles and studies (Hammerhearts)
6. Media & Policy News : May 5 (Jennefer Laidley, Income Security Advocacy Centre - Toronto)
7. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]:
--- 2016 Census of Agriculture - May 10
--- Study: Centre and peripheries: Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver metropolitan areas - May 10
--- Study: Young men and women without a high school diploma, 1990 to 2016 - May 4
--- Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs data for 2015/2016 - May 4
8. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit
9. Child Rights Information Network - CRIN

* NOTE : Links to selected 2017 provincial, territorial and federal budget analyses can be found on this page:

Have a great week!

Gilles Séguin
Canadian Social Research Links


1. Ten Things to Know About Social Assistance in Canada - May 8
(Nick Falvo, Calgary Homeless Foundation)

Ten Things to Know About Social Assistance in Canada
May 8, 2017
By Nick Falvo, PhD

[Nick Falvo is Director of Research and Data at Calgary Homeless Foundation.]

Here are 10 things to know:

1. Every Canadian province and territory has its own social assistance system—that is, its own legislation, its own regulations and its own policies.
2. There aren’t enough jobs to go around, and it’s well-known that Employment Insurance benefits provide only temporary coverage (and only cover a small percentage of jobless persons).
3. In Canada, social assistance coverage expanded in the post-World War II era; it then contracted in the 1980s and 1990s.
4. Most people agree that social assistance benefit levels are insufficient to live on.
5. Very few immigrants (relative to Canada’s general population) receive social assistance.
6. In recent years, there’s been a substantial increase in persons with disabilities receiving social assistance.
7. The inadequacy of social assistance puts a strain on other parts of Canada’s social welfare system.
8. Many landlords discriminate against tenants who report social assistance as a source of income.
9. Social assistance administrators do not track what happens to people who are denied coverage.
10. A modest increase in social assistance benefit levels would likely reduce homelessness.

Calgary Homeless Foundation

Also by Nick Falvo (this was Nick's PhD thesis):

Three Essays on Social Assistance in Canada:
A Multidisciplinary Focus on Ontario Singles
(260 pages, e_Pub format)

2. Ontario Cutting Electricity Bills by 25 Per Cent - May 11
(Ontario Ministry of Energy)

Ontario Cutting Electricity Bills by 25 Per Cent
Province Introduces Legislation to Provide Lasting Relief for Households Across Province
News Release
May 11, 2017
Ontario has introduced legislation that would, if passed, lower electricity bills by 25 per cent on average for all residential customers to provide significant rate relief and ensure greater fairness. The proposed Fair Hydro Act, 2017 would result in lower electricity bills for all residential consumers and as many as half a million small businesses and farms, starting this summer. Lower-income Ontarians and those living in eligible rural communities would receive even greater reductions, as much as 40 to 50 per cent. As part of this plan, rate increases for four years would be held to the rate of inflation.

Background Information:

Ontario's Fair Hydro Act, 2017
[ ]

Learn about Ontario’s Fair Hydro Plan
[ ]

Read Premier Wynne’s statement announcing Ontario’s Fair Hydro Plan
[ ]
March 2, 2017

Ministry of Energy
[ ]


- Go to the Ontario Government Links page:

3. Welfare recipients see boost in asset limits in Ontario budget - April 27
(Ontario Ministry of Energy)

Welfare recipients see boost in asset limits in Ontario budget
The four-year $480 million investment will raise asset limits, boost exemptions for cash gifts and increase monthly benefits for more than 900,000 Ontarians who rely on Ontario Works (OW) and the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP.)

Related coverage in the Toronto Star:
(all dated April 27, 2017)

Ontario Liberals unveil balanced budget that features free youth pharmacare plan

Highlights from the 2017 Ontario budget

Winners and losers from the 2017 Ontario budget

A pre-pre-election budget to bolster Liberal fortunes: Cohn

Toronto Star


- Go to the Asset-Based Social Policies Links page:

- Go to the Ontario Government Links page:

4. Social Assistance Use in Canada: National and Provincial Trends in Incidence, Entry and Exit - May 2005
(various authors)

An historical gem (2005) that I found by accident:

Social Assistance Use in Canada: National and Provincial
Trends in Incidence, Entry and Exit
(PDF - 43 pages)
by Ross Finnie, Ian Irvine and Roger Sceviour
May 2005

Government of Canada Publications

[ ]
Statistics Canada
[ ]
School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University
[ ]
Concordia University
[ ]
How to obtain more information :
National inquiries line: 1 800 263-1136
E-Mail inquiries:
May 2005

5. Basic Income: A Critical Reader - 34 articles and studies.

Basic Income: A Critical Reader
April 29, 2017

This critical reader compiles articles and studies looking at the broader political and economic issues, but also specific analyses of real-world Basic Income proposals in Ontario and Finland.

* NOTE : Each of the items below points to one of the 34 articles and studies
that you can access by clicking the "Basic Income" link above.

The Politics of Basic Income

Basic Income and the Left: Political and economic problems by David Bush

Basic Income as a Neoliberal Weapon by John Clarke

What Basic Income means for disabled people by Aj Withers and John Clarke

Basic Income: Libertarian wedge or a plank towards a socialist future by Christo Aivalis

Who wants a universal basic income? by Leigh Phillips

How progressive is a basic income? left and labour perspectives by Toby Sanger

Basic Income by What’s Left

The Conversation About Basic Income is a Mess. Here’s How to Make Sense of It by Yves Smith

The False Promise of Universal Basic Income by Alyssa Battistoni

Basic Income: A Sellout of the American Dream by David H. Freedman

Basic income: Progressive dreams meet neoliberal realities by John Clarke

The Economics of Basic Income

A policy maker’s guide to Basic Income by David MacDonald

Beware of Basic Income by Michal Rozworski

Basic income – too basic, not radical enough by Michael Roberts

Universal Basic Income May Sound Attractive But, If It Occurred, Would Likelier Increase Poverty Than Reduce It by Robert Greenstein

Ontario and Basic Income

The Basic Income debate by Pam Frache

The scheming Liberals’ Basic Income plan by Nora Loreto

Ontario’s Austerity Government Sets Basic Income Trap by John Clarke

Looking the Basic Income Gift Horse in the Mouth by John Clarke

In opposition to the Ontario Liberal government’s “Basic Income Guarantee” by What’s Left

Four (more) arguments against real-world basic income by Michal Rozworski

Understanding Basic Income: OPSEU position paper by OPSEU

Basic Income and Finland

The UBI Bait and Switch by Matt Bruenig, Antti Jauhiainen, and Joona-Hermanni Mäkinen

Finland’s Basic Income experiment: A step backward disguised as progress by Edmund Schluessel and Sosialistinen Vaihtoehto

Universal basic income ‘useless’, says Finland’s biggest union by Raine Tiessalo

Even in Finland, universal basic income is too good to be true by Declan Gaffney

History and Future of Basic Income

The Failure of a Past Basic Income Guarantee, the Speenhamland System by Yves Smith

Why We Need a Federal Job Guarantee by Mark Paul, William Darity Jr, & Darrick Hamilton

Job Guarantee Versus Basic Income Guarantee by Yves Smith

Basic Income or a reduced work week? An old labour debate by David Bush

Automation and the Basic Income: Beyond the hype by David Bush

Workers Hold the Keys by Vivek Chibber

If robots took our jobs, could they do them? by Joseph Choonara



- Go to the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page:

6. Media & Policy News : 05 May 2017
(Jennefer Laidley, Income Security Advocacy Centre - Toronto)

Media & Policy News : 05 May 2017
By Jennefer Laidley, Income Security Advocacy Centre - Toronto

Click the link immediately above to access any of the articles in the list below.

Top Stories

On International Workers Day, migrant workers are still precarious and unsupported
Montreal May Day rallies call for a $15 minimum wage, end to capitalism
Ground handlers at Pearson Airport rally for $15 minimum wage
Federal Liberals suspend tax audits of political charities
Case for Canada’s infrastructure bank not compelling, researchers warn
Aboriginal approach to child welfare brings results
Canadian minimum wage workers say they’re surviving rather than living
Judge certifies minimum wage lawsuit against Ontario Hockey League
These 3 groups are at high risk of mental health issues in Canada. Here’s why.
Ontario gets a C in gender wage equality; Canada ranks low on income inequality, poverty and social cohesion
Parkdale tenants organize rent strike to protest rent increases at MetCap buildings
Toronto tenants threatened with eviction amid rent strike
GoFundMe: Support the Parkdale Tenants Strike
Ontario landlords must pay one month’s rent or offer new unit to tenants they evict for own use
Why I love taxes – and so should you

Top Stories – Ontario Budget

Little help for workers laid out in Ontario budget
Families get free prescription drugs for children, more aid for students
Welfare recipients see boost in asset limits in Ontario budget
No new cash for fixing social housing stock
New funding for Toronto transit, social housing left out of Ontario budget
John Tory is right to raise hell with province, but most also find a way to fix social housing
How Ontario’s proposed pharmacare plan could improve employee benefits
Winners and losers from the 2017 Ontario budget
The 2017 Ontario budget at a glance

Budget Response and Analysis

Association of Ontario Health Centres
CCPA: Ontario budget is balanced, but province still in a straightjacket
CMHA-Ontario: Hopeful of more funding for mental health and addictions
Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada
Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care: Child care can’t wait
Ontario Non-Profit Housing Association: A missed opportunity
OMSSA - Ontario Nonprofit Network
Pooran Law
Put Food in the Budget
Conference Board of Canada
Opposition statements
Ontario PC Party Ontario NDP
Ontario Green Party


Ontario’s Fair Housing Plan fails to identify the real offenders
Federation of Metro Tenants’ Associations responds to Ontario’s Fair Housing Plan
OFL statement on the 2017 Day of Mourning
Ontario Electricity Support Program to benefit more consumers, increase credits by 50%
Racial profiling occurs at Ontario airports, malls, and schools, report says
$110 million lawsuit targets Ontario wait lists for developmentally delayed adults
Ontario vows to act on solitary confinement limits in new report
Government release: Ontario taking action to reform correctional system

Government news releases

Providing a helping hand to those caring for loved ones
Ontario boost mental health supports
Ontario’s unemployment rate lowest in 16 years

Reports, Events, Campaigns and Other Good Things

May 11: CLC and OFL host Street Party for a Fair Future
June 1: Workers’ Comp is a Right! Injured Workers’ Day Rally and March at Queen’s Park
CLEO’s new “how to” resource: Using social media effectively
Stats Can Study: Young men and women without a high school diploma, 1990 to 2016
Basic Income: A Critical Reader

Around the Province

Not tracking mental health and addictions waitlist in the North has the potential to reach a crisis situation
Guelph’s Out of Poverty Society hits the streets
Agencies in Orillia keeping an eye on the province’s Basic Income pilot
Leeds Grenville doesn’t get Ontario’s basic income pilot
Ontario running a basic income pilot project.

Across the Country

“I’m not a heartless person”: Saskatchewan social services minister says cuts to funerals a tough decision
Everyone Counts: St. John’s Point-in-Time Count 2016
Nova Scotia NDP unveils plan to raise minimum wage to $15 an hour
Discussion on poverty reduction being held in Truro
Canada Without Poverty workshops coming to Yellowknife this week
Manitoba hints at raising minimum wage after freeze
Manitoba NDP leadership candidate Wab Kinew pledges a $15 minimum wage
Quebec’s minimum wage increases to $11.25 an hour
PEI Minister says province cannot adopt universal income pilot without federal dollars
B.C. homeless advocates call for ‘death review panel’ as fatality figures spike
Number of homeless deaths in BC hits record high: Report
Another tent city springs up in Vancouver as homeless rates rise
BC renters form new union to protect against evictions
Advocacy groups in BC launch constitutional challenge over legal aid
Single mothers sue BC government over access to legal aid after drastic cuts
BC’s inequality gap widens – and shapes the election campaign
BC responds to suit over fees to welfare recipients for methadone treatment
BC Greens want to experiment with basic guaranteed income


The introduction and evolution of child benefits in Canada
Drowning in debt is the new normal in Canada
Financial outlook for millennials bleak unless the government steps in now
Widow takes feds to appeals tribunal after CPP benefits denied due to her age
Multiculturalism isn’t bad for women – but racism is
In an aging Canada, women need to save more than men, even if they make less


Australia’s government announces crackdown on welfare “cheats”
Welfare cheats to be targeted in upcoming Australia federal budget
Australia urged not to target welfare recipients to improve budget woes
Australia’s cashless welfare card trial costs up to $18.9M, data reveals
Lunch-shaming in US schools has no place in the battle against child poverty
Poverty in Seattle is now largely a suburban challenge
It’s time for a US $15 national minimum wage
UK welfare reform is not only cruel but chaotic. Theresa May must address this.
116-year old Mexican woman denied welfare for being too old
Irish Minister overstating welfare fraud problem
Why a $15 minimum wage is good economics


By Jennefer Laidley
Policy & Research Analyst
Income Security Advocacy Centre (ISAC)

Check the ISAC Media and Policy News archive:
April 2012 to date


Subscribe to ISAC's Latest Media and Policy News mailing list:

Subscribe to the main ISAC E-List (to receive info on ISAC's law reform work, the social assistance review, and other OW / ODSP -related information):

7. What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]
--- 2016 Census of Agriculture - May 10
--- Study: Centre and peripheries: Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver metropolitan areas - May 10
--- Study: Young men and women without a high school diploma, 1990 to 2016 - May 4
--- Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs data for 2015/2016 - May 4

What's New in The Daily [Statistics Canada]

What's new from The Daily:

Past issues of The Daily
Select day / month / year to access issues of The Daily going back to 1995.


2016 Census of Agriculture
May 10, 2017
Farm operators are slightly older and there are fewer farms in Canada than in 2011, but farms are on average larger and more area is devoted to crop production according to the results from the 2016 Census of Agriculture.Over the next six weeks, articles digging deeper into different aspects of Canadian agriculture will be published with further analysis of census results.


Study: Centre and peripheries: Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver metropolitan areas
May 8, 2017
From a residential standpoint, it is well known that highly urbanized population centres are home to the majority of immigrants. In 2011, 63% of the immigrant population in Canada was living in one of the country's three largest census metropolitan areas (CMAs): Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver.


The Survey of Maintenance Enforcement Programs data for 2015/2016 are now available.
May 4, 2017


Study: Young men and women without a high school diploma, 1990 to 2016
May 4, 2017
In 2016, 340,000 young Canadians aged 25 to 34 had not completed high school. More than two-thirds of young Canadian men without a high school diploma were employed. For women in the same age group without a diploma, just over 40% had a job.


StatCan Blog


- Go to the Federal Government Department Links (Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs) page:

8. What's new from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):

May 14 , 2017
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

WIEGO child care initiative literature review
10 May 2017 | International
Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) a global network whose focus is to secure sustainable livelihoods for the working poor in informal economies, has conducted a literature review to examine the role of child care in allowing women to work and achieve financial security. The paper examines evidence linking child care to women's earnings and empowerment as well as to international examples of robust child care policies and provision.

Access to child care is fundamental to women's economic security in Canada: What needs to happen
10 May 2017 | Canada
In this brief, Martha Friendly emphasizes key connections between women's access and ability to pay for child care, participation in the labour force and economic security for women. Friendly points out that progress on women's equality hinges on significantly more public spending on child care and more robust policy at the provincial and federal levels.

Understanding “failed” markets: Conflicting logics and dissonance in attempts to price the priceless child
10 May 2017 | Europe
Recent article examines the deregulation and marketization of child care in the Netherlands and its ultimate failure. It includes a focus on the persistent tensions between ideas about quality versus the market's prioritization of profit.

Census Profile, 2016 Census
3 May 2017 | Canada
Statistics Canada has released the second round of data - concerned with age and gender - from the 2016 Census.

2017 Ontario Budget: A stronger, healthier Ontario
3 May 2017 | Ontario
2017 Ontario Budget, among other investments, has committed to helping families access child care better through new spaces, fee subsidies and support for licensed child care in schools.

MORE research, policy & practice

2. Child care in the news
Use the keyword search below for searching child care in the news in the online documents database.

Mayor proposes early childhood education for all three-year-olds in city
3 May 2017 | United States

You must be kidding: Confronting key myths about Quebec’s childcare system
26 Apr 2017 | Canada

Finance Canada was cautious on linking child care to women at work: documents
26 Apr 2017 | Canada

6,700 Finnish families to gain free access to early-childhood education
26 Apr 2017 | International

Ontario budget to pump millions into child care subsidies
26 Apr 2017 | Ontario

MORE child care in the news

Child Rights Information Network - CRIN

Child Rights Information Network - CRIN
CRIN is a global children’s rights advocacy network. Established in 1995, we press for rights - not charity - and campaign for a genuine shift in how governments and societies view and treat children. We link to nearly 3,000 organisations that between them work on children’s rights in every country in the world and rely on our publications, research and information sharing.

Our Vision
CRIN envisions a world in which every child enjoys all their human rights guaranteed by the United Nations, regional organisations and national governments.


Latest issue of CRINMAIL:

11 May 2017 --- CRINmail issue 1530

In this issue:
Latest news and reports
- Abuse in institutions
- Sexual abuse
- Violence against children
- Refugees and migrants
- Civil and political rights
Upcoming events
Also in this issue:

Upcoming events
World news
Challenging violations
Take action


To see a large collection of issues of CRINMAIL going back to 2011,
click the link below to the period you wish to examine:

Gilles' CRINMAIL Archive I (2014-2015- 2016)
- includes a table of contents for each issue in 2014 and 2015, as per the above latest issue..

Gilles' CRINMAIL Archive II (2011-2013)
- includes a table of contents for each issue of the newsletter for 2011, 2012 and 2013

CRINMAIL Archive (from the CRIN website)
- incl. links to the complete collection of CRINMAIL newsletters right back to #1 in July 2006
BUT there's no table of contents, so you must click each link to see the content of each issue.


Subscribe to CRINMAIL English
NOTE : In addition to CRINmail English, you can subscribe to the following newsletters:
* Armed Conflict CRINmail
* Child Rights at the United Nations
* Children in Court CRINmail
* CRINmail Francais
* CRINmail in Arabic
* CRINmail in Russian
* Violence CRINmail


CRIN News Archive


CRIN Country Pages : CANADA


Children's rights Wiki - from CRIN
The Children's Rights Wiki assembles all information about children's rights in every country in one place. The purpose of the project is to make the huge volume of information that exists on children's rights more accessible, assist children's rights advocates in identifying persistent violations, and inspire collective action. This is a web-based, multi-lingual and interactive project.


Canada and Children's Rights
- from the Children's Rights Wiki

---- Go to the Children's Rights Links page:


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Links presented in the Canadian Social Research Newsletter point to different views about social policy and social programs.
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