Canadian Social Research Links

Minimum Wage / Living Wage

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

Salaire Minimum / Salaire minimum

Updated September 18, 2017
Page révisée le 15 septembre 2017

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Canadian minimum wages

Canadian Living Wage links
***** UPDATED August 7, 2016 *****
.
U.S. and international minimum wage and living wage links
(Many of the international studies include Canada)

 


From the Labour Program of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada:

Current and Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates for Adult Workers in Canada
(this is the best resource for info on current and upcoming minimum wage levels)

Minimum Hourly Wages for Canadian Adult Workers from 1965 to 2024
NOTE: this information is broken up into five files - one for each decade. The above link takes you to the latest decade; click the decade links at the top of the page to open pages for earlier periods.

Source:
Minimum Wage Database
- also includes links to:

* Minimum Wage Database Introduction
-
Info on minimum wages in Canada - history, current situation, legislation, boards, special categories of workers, etc.

* Current and Forthcoming Minimum Wage Rates
in Canada for Young Workers and Specific Occupations

* Customized Search for Minimum Wages in Canada
Extensive information on minimum wages in Canada - historical and current rates for each jurisdiction in Canada for experienced workers and special categories of workers. This database lets you customize a search for minimum wages in any given jurisdiction from 1965 to date.

Source:
Minimum Wage Database
[ Employment Standards Legislation in Canada ]
[ Labour Program, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada ]


Complementary resources concerning minimum wage levels in Canada:

Current Minimum Wage Levels By Province/Territory - from CanadaOnline
- updated whenever minimum wages increase in any jurisdiction

------------------------------

Minimum wage (International) - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
This resource is worth viewing --- it contains information on minimum wages in 17 countries (including Canada), along with some objective information on the debate over consequences of minimum wage laws, costs and benefits of minimum wage legislation, recent trends in the U.S., policy alternatives to the minimum wage and much more.
TIPS:
1. See "Arguments FOR and AGAINST Minimum wage laws"
2. See "References" and "External Links" (at the bottom of the table of contents) for links to dozens and dozens of free online resources!

-------------------------------

Minimum wage vs
cost of living in 1975 and in 2007
(PDF - 251K, 1 page)
How living costs have outgrown the minimum wage
- compares how much work time it would take, working at the prevailing minimum wage in 1975 and 2007, to pay for ordinary purchases such as a loaf of bread or a dozen eggs.

Source:
The Toronto Star



Pause for reflection...


The links below are mostly organized in reverse chronological order.


Assessing the Economic Impact of Ontario's Proposed Minimum Wage Increase
http://www.fao-on.org/en/Blog/Publications/minimum_wage

September 12, 2017
As part of Bill 148, the Fair Workplaces, Better Jobs Act, 2017 [ http://www.ontla.on.ca/web/bills/bills_detail.do?locale=en&Intranet=&BillID=4963 ] , the government proposes raise Ontario’s general minimum wage from its current rate of $11.40 per hour to $14 per hour on January 1, 2018 and $15 per hour the following year. The government’s proposal to raise Ontario’s general minimum wage to $15 per hour will dramatically increase the number of minimum wage workers from just over 500,000 currently to 1.6 million in 2019. As well, under a $15 minimum wage, adults and those with full-time jobs would represent the majority of minimum wage workers.

Source:
Financial Accountability Office of Ontario (FAO)
http://www.fao-on.org/en/

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Losing Ground : Income Inequality in Ontario, 2000–15
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/losing-ground
By Sheila Block
August 15, 2017

Abstract:
This paper examines 15 years of income inequality for families raising children in Ontario (2000 to 2015), comparing it with national data for context, and finds several disturbing trends. The data reveal that Ontario is becoming more polarized as middle and working class families see their share of the income pie shrinking while upper middle and rich families take home even more.
[Click the link above to read the rest of the abstract.]

Complete report (PDF - 820 KB, 32 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/Ontario%20Office/2017/08/Losing_Ground.pdf

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
[ https://www.policyalternatives.ca/ ]
CCPA Ontario Office [ https://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/ontario ]

---------------------------------------

Related link from the Government of Canada:

Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=eng

---------------------------------------

Related links from the CBC:

Big changes considered for Ontario workplaces
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-changing-workplaces-review-labour-law-1.3994571

Hard At Work: This woman claims company fired her after she complained about unpaid wages
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/sandra-starr-hard-at-work-1.4042767

Poor Ontario families getting poorer: new report
New research says bottom half of families Ontario are earning less, while richer families earn more

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/income-inequality-report-ccpa-1.4246874
By Trevor Dunn, CBC News Posted: Aug 15, 2017

Too much, too fast, too soon? Minimum wage hike under debate as amendment deadline draws near
Business lobbyists release a report damning $15 minimum wage while critics raise eyebrows
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/bill-148-analysis-critics-1.4246428
By Malone Mullin
August 14, 2017

Ontario becomes 2nd province to go ahead with $15 an hour minimum wage
Premier Kathleen Wynne says Ontario will bring in $15 wage by 2019, a few months after Alberta does same

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-minimum-wage-announcement-1.4137339
Posted May 30, 2017

Ontario's minimum wage hike draws mixed reaction from workers, employers
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-minimum-wage-increase-1.4138342

How a $15 minimum wage would affect Ontario
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/ontario-15-minimum-wage-1.4136245

Could $15 wage and paid sick days eliminate jobs?
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/could-15-minimum-wage-and-paid-sick-days-eliminate-jobs-yes-say-small-business-stakeholders-1.4115810

Getting by on minimum wage in Canada's biggest cities
http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/minimum-wage-economic-success-1.3792225

Calculating a living wage in Canada
http://www.livingwagecanada.ca/index.php/about-living-wage/calculating-living-wage-your-community/

Why some businesses favour raising the minimum wage
http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/alberta-minimum-wage-business-support-1.3773162

- Go to the Ontario Municipal and Non-Governmental Sites (A-C) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk2.htm

June 2017 media coverage : Minimum Wage
By Jennefer Laidley
Income Security Advocacy Centre (ISAC)
http://www.incomesecurity.org/

For minimum wage or low-income workers, Ontario’s minimum wage hike is life changing
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/personal-finance/genymoney/for-low-income-employees-ontarios-minimum-wage-hike-is-a-good-start/article35199613/?click=sf_globefb

Labour law changes help workers and business:
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/06/05/labour-law-changes-help-workers-and-business.html

Business owner: Yes, it is possible to pay your workers a high minimum wage:
http://ottawacitizen.com/opinion/columnists/carpinone-yes-it-is-possible-to-pay-your-workers-a-high-minimum-wage

Debunking: “If you raise the minimum wage, it will cause inflation”:
https://medium.com/@discomfiting/debunking-if-you-raise-the-minimum-wage-it-will-cause-inflation-c0db32f579f8

Ontario minimum-wage hike expected to squeeze restaurant owners:
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/small-business/ontario-minimum-wage-hike-expected-to-squeeze-restaurant-owners/article35199089/?click=sf_globefb

Minimum wage the right thing to do, labour minister says:
https://www.therecord.com/news-story/7359265-minimum-wage-the-right-thing-to-do-labour-minister-says/
Manitoba premier criticizes minimum wage increases in Ontario, Alberta: http://globalnews.ca/news/3501811/manitoba-premier-criticizes-minimum-wage-increases-in-ontario-alberta/

Minimum wage hike will force some restaurants to close:
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/06/15/minimum-wage-hike-will-force-some-restaurants-to-close.html

Will a $15 minimum wage be good for Ontario? Two experts debate
http://www.cbc.ca/beta/news/opinion/minimum-wage-debate-1.4143772

For low-income workers, Ontario’s minimum wage hike is life changing
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-investor/personal-finance/genymoney/for-low-income-employees-ontarios-minimum-wage-hike-is-a-good-start/article35199613/?click=sf_globefb

Labour law changes help workers and business:
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/06/05/labour-law-changes-help-workers-and-business.html

Business owner: Yes, it is possible to pay your workers a high minimum wage: http://ottawacitizen.com/opinion/columnists/carpinone-yes-it-is-possible-to-pay-your-workers-a-high-minimum-wage

Debunking: “If you raise the minimum wage, it will cause inflation”:
https://medium.com/@discomfiting/debunking-if-you-raise-the-minimum-wage-it-will-cause-inflation-c0db32f579f8

Ontario minimum-wage hike expected to squeeze restaurant owners:
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/small-business/ontario-minimum-wage-hike-expected-to-squeeze-restaurant-owners/article35199089/?click=sf_globefb

Minimum wage the right thing to do, labour minister says:
https://www.therecord.com/news-story/7359265-minimum-wage-the-right-thing-to-do-labour-minister-says/

Manitoba premier criticizes minimum wage increases in Ontario, Alberta:
http://globalnews.ca/news/3501811/manitoba-premier-criticizes-minimum-wage-increases-in-ontario-alberta/

Minimum wage hike will force some restaurants to close:
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/06/15/minimum-wage-hike-will-force-some-restaurants-to-close.html

Food industry concerned by minimum wage increase:
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/kitchener-waterloo/andrew-coppolino-minimum-wage-1.4152124

Ontario’s minimum wage hike will cause chaos:
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/letters_to_the_editors/2017/06/11/ontarios-minimum-wage-hike-will-cause-chaos.html

Minimum wage plan is faulty:
http://oshawaexpress.ca/minimum-wage-plan-is-faulty/

Minimum wage increase doesn’t add up for businesses:
https://www.waterloochronicle.ca/opinion-story/7366898-minimum-wage-increase-doesn-t-add-up-for-businesses/

Minimum wage hike sparks debate over replacing human workers with machines:
http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/ontario-minimum-wage-hike-sparks-debate-over-replacing-human-workers-with-machines-1.4160763

Minimum wage hike threatens small business: Owner:
http://www.torontosun.com/2017/06/11/minimum-wage-hike-threatens-small-business-owner

Minimum wage increase not all doom and gloom:
https://www.thestar.com/opinion/letters_to_the_editors/2017/06/13/minimum-wage-increase-not-all-doom-and-gloom.html

Wage increase to help newcomers:
http://cciottawa.ca/minimum-wage-change-benefit-newcomers/

Minimum wage hike won’t bankrupt the economy:
https://www.ottawacommunitynews.com/opinion-story/7349138-minimum-wage-hike-won-t-bankrupt-the-economy/

Higher minimum wage leads to better public health in Peterborough:
http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/06/13/higher-minimum-wage-leads-to-better-public-health-in-peterborough

$15 and Fairness shakes up Ontario:
https://socialistproject.ca/bullet/1428.php

Ontario’s minimum wage jumping to $15 in 2019
https://www.thestar.com/news/queenspark/2017/05/30/ontarios-1140-minimum-wage-jumps-to-14-next-year-says-premier-kathleen-wynne.html
Premier Kathleen Wynne made the announcement Tuesday as part of a major overhaul of provincial laws. Minimum wage will jump from $11.40 an hour to $14 next year. (...) The wage will rise to $14 an hour on Jan. 1, 2018 — six months before what is expected to be a hotly contested Ontario election — and then to the $15 mark that labour groups have long demanded on Jan. 1, 2019. After that, wage increases will again be tied to the rate of inflation.


January 24, 2017
New study blows another hole in the Fraser Institute's false claims about raising the minimum wage
https://www.pressprogress.ca/new_study_blows_another_hole_in_the_fraser_institute_false_claims_about_raising_the_minimum_wage
What does the Fraser Institute have against positive economic benefits?
Although the right-wing think tank has pulled every trick in the book trying to scare Canadians about what will happen if you raise the minimum wage, a new academic study suggests a $15 minimum wage has a "positive effect" on workers and businesses instead. That's a far cry from the Fraser Institute's fears of "large job losses" for the millions of "affluent" teenagers the right-wing think tank falsely claims make up the majority of low-wage workers.

Source:
Press Progress

https://www.pressprogress.ca/

Don't Believe Claims $15 Minimum Wage Will Cost Jobs
Both research and BC experience support NDP's plan to boost it over four years.

http://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2016/06/30/15-Dollar-Minimum-Wage/
By Paul Willcocks
30 June 2016
The minimum wage is a good test of political core principles. We've mostly agreed the state has a role in setting minimum pay. Just because someone can only command $10 a day in the marketplace doesn't mean an employer should be able to pay that little. The question then becomes what's a fair, pragmatic minimum wage.

Gordon Campbell's government froze the minimum wage for a decade, effectively rejecting the whole concept. Clark introduced a big increase, and then did stood by as the province once again came to have the lowest minimum wage in Canada at $10.45. (Increases planned for Sept. 15 this year and in 2017 will take the rate to $11.25.)

NDP leader John Horgan's promise of a $15 minimum wage is sound policy -- and a way to stake out an approach starkly different from the Liberal record over four terms in government.

Source:
TheTyee.ca
http://thetyee.ca/

Who's Earning Minimum Wage? (Hint: Ontarians)
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2016/05/31/minimum-wage-canada-ontario_n_10223826.html
When it comes to employees earning the minimum wage, Ontario is Canada’s undisputed champion. Fully 11.6 per cent of all employees earned the province’s minimum wage last year, according to numbers crunched by Canadian Labour Congress (CLC) senior economist Angella MacEwen. That’s more than twice the share seen in British Columbia, Alberta or Saskatchewan.

Source:
Huffington Post
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/

Raising the Minimum Wage : Misguided Policy, Unintended Consequences (PDF - 1.9MB, 76 pages)
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/raising-the-minimum-wage-misguided-policy-unintended-consequences.pdf
By Robert P. Murphy, Charles Lammam, and Hugh MacIntyre
March 2016

Executive summary (small PDF file, 2 pages)
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/raising-the-minimum-wage-misguided-policy-unintended-consequences-exec-summary.pdf
Proposals to increase the minimum wage have re-emerged in provinces across the country. For instance, the Alberta government recently pledged to hike the provincial minimum wage from $10.20 to $15 per hour by 2018, already taking the first step with a $1 hike effective October 1, 2015. There has been a similar movement to raise the minimum wage to $15 in various jurisdictions in the United States.

Minimum wage earners in Canada : Not who you think.
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/file/minimum-wage-earners-in-canada-infographicjpg
Infographic
March 2016
NOTE : The URL for this infographic is missing a dot before the "jpg" extension, and some browsers may not be able to autocomplete the link. If this is the case for you (i.e., Error 404), simply add a dot before the jpg extension in the Address line and hit Enter.

Raising the Minimum Wage : Misguided Policy, Unintended Consequences (PDF - 1.9MB, 76 pages)
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/raising-the-minimum-wage-misguided-policy-unintended-consequences.pdf
By Robert P. Murphy, Charles Lammam, and Hugh MacIntyre
March 2016

Executive summary (small PDF file, 2 pages)
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/sites/default/files/raising-the-minimum-wage-misguided-policy-unintended-consequences-exec-summary.pdf
Proposals to increase the minimum wage have re-emerged in provinces across the country. For instance, the Alberta government recently pledged to hike the provincial minimum wage from $10.20 to $15 per hour by 2018, already taking the first step with a $1 hike effective October 1, 2015. There has been a similar movement to raise the minimum wage to $15 in various jurisdictions in the United States.

Source:
Fraser Institute
https://www.fraserinstitute.org/

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Rebuttal from PressProgress:

Sorry, Fraser Institute: people working minimum wage are not "affluent" teenagers
http://www.pressprogress.ca/sorry_fraser_institute_people_working_minimum_wage_are_not_affluent_teenagers
March 6, 2016
Here's a tone-deaf argument for not giving Canada's lowest-paid workers a raise. According to a new report from the Fraser Institute, a right-wing think tank full of experts who doubt climate change science and want to drive down wages for first responders who "go running into burning buildings," Canadians should reject proposals to raise the minimum wage because it will help teenagers from "affluent families."

Source:
Press Progrress

http://www.pressprogress.ca/

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Related link --- a perennial favourite of the Canadian Social Research Links Guy:

Graham Steele, Nova Scotia Finance Minister, Slams 'Political' Fraser Institute
http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2011/09/13/ns-finance-minister-acc_n_960957.html
Excerpt:
Graham Steele accused the Vancouver-based group on Tuesday of being a political organization that "produces junk."
(...)
...Nova Scotia Finance Minister (in 2011) was asked to comment on a Fraser Institute study of fiscal performance of the 10 provincial premiers :
"It's crap. I'm sorry, are ministers not supposed to say that?"

Ya gotta love those candid zingers!

Yet another study confirms raising the minimum wage doesn't hurt the restaurant industry
http://www.pressprogress.ca/yet_another_study_confirms_raising_the_minimum_wage_doesnt_hurt_the_restaurant_industry
By Christopher Boone and Michael Lynn
January 15, 2016
Business lobbyists won't like this.
A new study from researchers at Cornell University looking at 20 years of data blows yet another hole in the claims of right-wing business groups that raising the minimum wage will have a negative impact on the restaurant and hospitality industry.

----------------------------------------------

"Proposals to increase the minimum wages have been opposed by the restaurant industry on the grounds that such increases would require restaurants to cut hiring, raise prices, or both," says the report authored by economist. In Canada, similar opposition has been articulated [ http://goo.gl/qBQ91G ] by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business, warning "increases in the minimum wage tend to hurt not only small employers, but the very people they are supposed to help: the low-skilled and low-income workers, by reducing the capacity of businesses to hire and retain them."

But Boone says "while we don't see strong impacts on employment, we do find consistent evidence that raising the minimum wage increases the total earnings of the restaurant workforce."

Source:
Press Progress
http://www.pressprogress.ca/
PressProgress is editorially independent. It operates under the Broadbent Institute's [ http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/ ] mandate and focuses on issues that fall broadly within the following categories: social and economic equality; green economy; and democratic renewal.

Complete study:

Have Minimum Wage Increases Hurt the
Restaurant Industry? The Evidence Says No!
(PDF - 15 pages)
http://scholarship.sha.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=chrreports
Michael Lynn
Cornell University School of Hotel Administration
https://sha.cornell.edu/

Minimum wage vs. living wage: How Ontario’s cities stack up:
http://tvo.org/article/current-affairs/shared-values/minimum-wage-vs-living-wage-how-ontarios-cities-stack-up
November 7, 2015

------------------------------------------

Minimum wage rises in 5 provinces today
Increases in Alberta and Saskatchewan make New Brunswick the lowest-paying province
http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/minimum-wage-rises-in-5-provinces-today-1.3251126
October 1, 2015
Effective Oct. 1, the minimum wage goes up in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and Newfoundland and Labrador.

Source:
CBC News

http://www.cbc.ca/news/

------------------------------------------

Ontario raises minimum wage but not enough to pull workers above poverty line:
Minimum wage may have gone up but a new report says the increase isn't enough to help low-wage workers.
http://www.metronews.ca/news/toronto/2015/10/01/ontario-raises-minimum-wage-but-not-enough.html
October 1, 2015
Ontario’s minimum wage creeps up today, from $11 an hour to $11.25. But the boost won’t give much relief to the province’s growing number of precarious and low-wage workers, according to a new report. That’s because current minimum wage levels would have to increase by a full 25 per cent in order to meet the standard set in 1976, when a minimum wage job lifted a worker above the poverty line.

Source:
Metronews.ca

http://www.metronews.ca/

-----------------------------------------

Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=eng

-----------------------------------------

Hourly Minimum Wages in CANADA for Adult Workers, 1965 to 2024
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt2.aspx?lang=eng&dec=5

Source:
Minimum Wage Database
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/menu.aspx?lang=eng

Labour Program
http://www.labour.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml

Minimum Wage Rates in Canada: 1965-2015
http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1083ENG.pdf (small PDF file, 30 pages)
By Ken Battle
September 2015
Minimum wages are among Canada’s oldest and most important social programs. Contrary to what some would have us believe, though, minimum wages are not on the decline. This report finds that minimum wage rates have improved substantially in recent years in all provinces and territories – with the exception of Nunavut, which has frozen its rate since 2011 and so caused a small but steady decrease in value.

The recent increase in minimum wages across Canada is likely due in part to the creation of poverty reduction strategies, which have focused attention on minimum wages. Starting in Quebec and then Newfoundland and Labrador, poverty reduction strategies – comprehensive and far-reaching plans to reduce, prevent and eliminate poverty – have been launched by all provinces and territories except British Columbia. While the minimum wage is only one tool among many required to build an effective poverty reduction strategy, it is crucial to the task.

Most jurisdictions do not protect the value of their minimum wages by indexing them to a social indicator such as the change in the cost of living or average earnings. Currently only five jurisdictions index their minimum wage rates – Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Alberta and Yukon.

The report also compares minimum wages in Canada to other countries. Canada ranks in the top one-third of US jurisdictions and of OECD countries. But it sits in the bottom third when comparing minimum wages to average wages.

Source:
Caledon Institute of Social Policy
http://www.caledoninst.org/

---

Related links from
Statistics Canada:
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html

Minimum wage in Canada since 1975
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/11-630-x/11-630-x2015006-eng.htm
June 29, 2015
In this edition of Canadian Megatrends, we look at minimum wage in Canada and how it has changed since 1975.
Contents:
* Unionization rates falling
* Canada goes urban , 1851 to 2011
* Pensions: The ups and downs of pension coverage in Canada, 1900 to 2011
* Lone-parent families: The new face of an old phenomenon , 1931-2011
* Canada's crime rate: Two decades of decline

Source:
National Household Survey (NHS)
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/index-eng.cfm
NOTE (by Gilles) : The National Housing Survey is the voluntary questionnaire that replaced the former compulsory Census questionnaire in the 2011 Census.
Yes, that's the same National Housing Survey that inspired the former Chief Statistician of Canada, Munir Sheikh, to tell the Harper Government™ to take that job and shove it. Good on you, Mister Sheikh!

More info on the NHS:
http://canadiansocialresearch.net/2011_census_questionnaire.htm

Found in:
Canadian Megatrends
http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/olc-cel/olc.action?ObjId=11-630-X&ObjType=2&lang=en&limit=0

Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi vows to take ‘leadership’ on basic income guarantee issue
http://leadersandlegacies.com/2015/05/09/calgary-mayor-naheed-nenshi-vows-to-take-leadership-on-basic-income-guarantee-issue/
May 9, 2015
Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi called for “brave steps” in the fight against inequality and vowed to take leadership on pushing for a basic income guarantee.
Speaking to a National Poverty Reduction Summit in Ottawa on May 7
*, Nenshi told a capacity crowd that it’s up to Canada’s mayors to take leadership on important issues, like reducing poverty.
“The frustrating thing is that we know what the answers are.”
Bringing up the idea of a guaranteed annual income (or basic income guarantee) – and noting that this is just an extension of the Child Tax Credit, except that it would be for all Canadians who might drop below the poverty line – he called for courage from politicians to take steps to deal with poverty.
---
*
National Poverty Reduction Summit spotlights inequality
May 11, 2015
http://leadersandlegacies.com/2015/05/11/national-poverty-reduction-summit-spotlights-inequality/

Ontario Ministry of Labour Minimum Wage - Revised March 19, 2015
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pubs/guide/minwage.php

Source:
Ontario Ministry
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/

-----

Ontario to raise minimum wage starting Oct. 1
http://www.cp24.com/news/ontario-to-raise-minimum-wage-starting-oct-1-1.2287558
March 19, 2015
Ontario's minimum wage will rise to $11.25 an hour starting Oct. 1, making it the second-highest rate in the country after the Northwest Territories.
The Liberal government enacted legislation in the fall that tied minimum wage to inflation, so every year the new rate will be announced by April 1 to take effect that October.

Source:
CP24
http://www.cp24.com/

Related link:

Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=eng
Source:
Canada's Labour Program
http://www.labour.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml

---

- Go to the Minimum Wage / Living Wage Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/minwage.htm

- Go to the Ontario Government Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk.htm

From the
Ontario Government Newsroom:

Province Passes Legislation to Increase Minimum Wage:
Ontario Strengthening Protections for Vulnerable Workers
http://news.ontario.ca/mol/en/2014/11/province-passes-legislation-to-increase-minimum-wage.html
November 6, 2014
Today, Bill 18, the Stronger Workplaces for a Stronger Economy Act, 2014 [ http://goo.gl/NqDY2j ], passed third reading with all party support in the Ontario legislature. The new act supports Ontario's Poverty Reduction Strategy [ http://goo.gl/4y5y2o ], and is designed to further increase protections for vulnerable workers.

The act will help workers by:
* Tying future minimum wage increases to the Consumer Price Index for Ontario which will be announced by April of each year, and come into effect on Oct.1
* Ensuring Occupational Health and Safety Act coverage for unpaid co-op students and other unpaid learners , which will give them protection under the OHSA such as the right to know about workplace hazards and the right to refuse unsafe work
* Eliminating the $10,000 cap on the recovery of unpaid wages through Ministry of Labour orders to pay and increasing the period of recovery to two years
* Expanding employment protections to cover all foreign employees who come to Ontario under an immigration or foreign temporary employee program
* Holding temporary help agencies and their employer clients accountable for certain employment standards violations, such as failure to pay regular wages, overtime pay, and public holiday entitlements.

---

Related link:

Report and Recommendations to the Minister of Labour:
2014 Minimum Wage Advisory Panel

HTML version : http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pubs/mwap/index.php
PDF version (2.3MB, 91 pages) : http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pdf/mwap_report.pdf
January 27, 2014

Source:
Ontario Ministry of Labour
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/

2014 Minimum Wage Advisory Panel
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pubs/mwap/index.php

---

Current and Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates for Adult Workers in Canada
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=eng

Minimum wage hike does not kill jobs: report
Raise does not boost the jobless rate, according to a study by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
http://www.thestar.com/business/2014/10/20/minimum_wage_hike_does_not_kill_jobs_report.html
By Madhavi Acharya-Tom Yew
October 20, 2014
Increasing the minimum wage does not result in higher rates of unemployment, according to a study released Tuesday by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Instead, the report found, employment levels are largely driven by purchasing power in the economy.

The Abstract:
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/dispelling-minimum-wage-mythology
By Jordan Brennan Jim Stanford
October 21, 2014

The complete study: (PDF - 697K, 26 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National%20Office/2014/10/Dispelling_Minimum_Wage_Mythology.pdf
October 2014
This report conducts a wide empirical study of Canadian employment data in search of any evidence that higher minimum wages reduce employment or increase unemployment. It examines the relationship between minimum wages and employment in all ten Canadian provinces between 1983 and 2012, and finds no consistent evidence that minimum wage levels affect employment in either direction. Instead, the research concludes that employment levels are overwhelmingly determined by larger macroeconomic factors.

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

Found in
The Toronto Star
http://www.thestar.com/

Related articles in The Toronto Star:

Ontario’s minimum wage jumps to $11
http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2014/05/31/ontarios_minimum_wage_jumps_to_11_sunday.html
May 31, 2014

Ontario minimum wage workers on the rise, study finds
http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2013/10/08/ontario_minimum_wage_workers_on_the_rise_study_finds.html
October 8, 2014

Delicate politics mark Tom Mulcair’s minimum wage gambit: Walkom
http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2014/09/16/delicate_politics_mark_tom_mulcairs_minimumwage_gambit_walkom.html
September 16, 2014

The benefits of a federal minimum wage
http://www.nationalnewswatch.com/2014/09/08/the-benefits-of-a-federal-minimum-wage/#.VA35QPldWo0
By Andrew Jackson
September 8, 2014
The Leader of the Opposition, Tom Mulcair, is to be congratulated for his proposal to re-introduce a federal minimum wage.

Abolished in 1996, the federal minimum wage applied to the approximately 8% of all employees who work in federally regulated industries. It also used to set a national benchmark for provincial minimum wages. Mr. Mulcair’s proposal is in line with the 2006 Federal Labour Standards Review that was appointed by the Minister of Labour and led by Harry Arthurs, a distinguished labour law expert who was Dean of Osgoode Hall Law School and, later, President of York University. Professor Arthurs, who recommended that a federal minimum wage be re-introduced, argued that “the government should accept the principle that no Canadian worker should work full-time for a full year and still live in poverty… this is an issue of fundamental decency that no modern prosperous country like Canada can ignore.”

Tackling poverty and income inequality isn’t just about redistributing wealth, but also ensuring a fairer pre-distribution of market incomes – something a federal minimum wage could help do.

Source:
National Newswatch

http://www.nationalnewswatch.com/

From Statistics Canada:
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/start-debut-eng.html ]

July 16, 2014
Study: The ups and downs of minimum wage, 1975 to 2013
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/140716/dq140716b-eng.htm
In 2013, the average minimum wage in Canada was $10.14 per hour. The 1975 minimum wage translated into 2013 dollars was almost identical at $10.13.

Related subjects:

Income, pensions, spending and wealth
http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/subject-sujet/result-resultat.action?pid=3868&id=3868&lang=eng&type=DAILYART

Labour
http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/subject-sujet/result-resultat.action?pid=2621&id=2621&lang=eng&type=DAILYART

Hours of work and work arrangements
http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/subject-sujet/result-resultat.action?pid=2621&id=311&lang=eng&type=DAILYART

Wages, salaries and other earnings
http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/subject-sujet/result-resultat.action?pid=2621&id=238&lang=eng&type=DAILYART

NOTE : The English version of the following appears below the French.

---

Du nouveau du
Front commun pour la justice sociale
du Nouveau-Brunswick inc.:

Le salaire minimum au Nouveau-Brunswick devrait être de 10,30 $ l’heure en 2014 (fichier PDF de petite taille)
http://frontnb.ca/uploads/file/Communique%20de%20pressse-salaire%20minimum-final.pdf
Communiqué de presse
Le 9 mai 2014
« La dernière augmentation du salaire minimum était en avril 2012. Depuis, les travailleurs à salaire minimum ont vu leur pouvoir d’achat diminuer en raison de l’inflation. Si nous voulons qu’ils maintiennent le même pouvoir d’achat que celui qu’ils avaient à ce moment-là, il faut une augmentation de 0,30 $ cette année », souligne Rod Hill, professeur d’économie, University of New Brunswick, dans un rapport sur le salaire minimum préparé pour le Front commun pour la justice sociale.

Le rapport complet:

Le salaire minimum au Nouveau-Brunswick:
Rapport préparé pour le Front commun pour la justice sociale
http://frontnb.ca/uploads/file/Salaire%20minimum%20au%20NB-Final.pdf
Par Roderick Hill, Ph. D.
Le 1er mai 2014
(...)
Le rapport décrit d’abord le salaire minimum et les employés rémunérés à salaire minimum au Nouveau-Brunswick. Il examine ensuite les données d’études récentes, menées par des économistes, et portant sur les répercussions des augmentations du salaire minimum, pour finalement justifier les deux principes

L'auteur est professeur d’économie à l'Université du Nouveau-Brunswick
et associé de recherche au Centre canadien de politiques alternatives (Bureau de Nouvelle-Écosse)

Source:
Front commun pour la justice sociale du Nouveu-Brunswick

http://frontnb.ca/Default.asp/fr

---

Liens connexes:

Taux courants et futurs du salaire horaire minimum au Canada pour les travailleurs adultes qualifiés
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=fra

Source:
Service Canada
http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/

---

Le salaire minimum fait partie du mandat du
Programme du travail d'Emploi et Développement social Canada.
http://www.labour.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

English version:

From the
New Brunswick Common Front for Social Justice:

The New Brunswick minimum wage should be $10.30 an hour in 2014 (small PDF file)
http://frontnb.ca/uploads/file/News%20release-Minimum%20Wage-Final.pdf
News Release
May 9, 2014
Workers at minimum wage last had an increase in April 2012. Since then, they have lost purchasing power because of inflation. If we want them to keep the same purchasing power as they had then, they need a $0.30 increase this year.’’ says Rod Hill, Professor of Economics at the University of New Brunswick in a report on the Minimum Wage in New Brunswick prepared for the Common Front for Social Justice.

To prevent the continual erosion by inflation of the purchasing power of the minimum wage, Mr. Hill recommends that New Brunswick follow the lead of many other provinces and adjust the minimum wage annually. This would make year-to-year changes relatively small and predictable; it would be better for both workers and businesses than the current ad hoc approach.

Complete report:

The Minimum Wage in New Brunswick:
Report Prepared for the Common Front for Social Justice
(PDF - 344K, 15 pages)
http://frontnb.ca/uploads/file/NB_Min_Wages_May2014_FINAL.pdf
By Roderick Hill, Ph.D.
1 May 2014

The author is Professor of Economics at the University of New Brunswick and
Research Associate with the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives - Nova Scotia

Source:
N.B. Common Front for Social Justice, Inc.

http://frontnb.ca/Default.asp/en

---

Related link:

Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Experienced Adult Workers in Canada
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=eng
Source:
Service Canada
http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/

---

The minimum wage is part of
Employment and Social Development Canada's Labour Program.
http://www.labour.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml

From Jennefer Laidley of the
Income Security Advocacy Centre:
[
http://www.incomesecurity.org/ ]
February 7, 2014

Yalnizyan: Four key reasons why the minimum wage debate won’t go away
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/economy/economy-lab/why-the-minimum-wage-debate-isnt-going-to-go-away/article16710873/

Goar: Indexing the minimum wage to the CPI keeps people stuck in poverty
http://www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2014/02/04/ontarios_minimum_wage_plan_locks_many_into_poverty_goar.html

Shapcott: The new minimum wage still won’t pay for a one bedroom in Toronto
http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/housing/new-minimum-wage-about-half-affordable-housing-wage/

Richard Florida says the minimum wage should be determined geographically as urban workers need more than $11
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/globe-debate/urban-workers-need-more-pay/article16745742/#dashboard/follows/

Two columns on why there’s been no position from the NDP on the minimum wage:
Michael Laxer in Rabble:
http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/michael-laxer/2014/02/where-ondp-on-14-hour-minimum-wage-ontario
Martin Regg Cohn in the Star:
http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2014/02/05/ndp_risks_maximum_wedge_on_minimum_wage_cohn.html

On the sins of wages — when set by governments
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/business/sins+wages+when+governments/9436507/story.html
By Andrew Coyne
January 27, 2014
... here we are again, with proposals to raise the minimum wage sweeping the continent. More than 30 states are considering legislation of some kind to that effect, while the president is set to make the issue the centrepiece of his State of the Union address. And where Ontario goes, the other provinces are sure to follow. It’s progress that the inequality debate is now focusing on raising up the poor, rather than tearing down the rich. But there could hardly be a less effective, more ill-targeted way to go about it.
(...)
If we really want to help the poor, here’s a radical idea: Give them more money. Only do so directly, using the tax and transfer system, rather than fixing wages and hoping some of it reaches them. Take from the rich and give to the poor, and at least you have some idea of who is paying, and who is benefiting, with less room for the former group to evade their responsibilities to the latter. And you leave wages to get on with the job for which they were intended, which is to see that all available labour is employed.

Whether or not this goes as far as a universal income guarantee, or builds on the success of existing support programs like the Working Income Tax Benefit, the Guaranteed Income Supplement, or the National Child Tax Benefit, the principle is the same. It’s a minimum income that should be our objective, not a minimum wage.

Source:
Ottawa Citizen
http://www.ottawacitizen.com/

---

Comment (by Gilles):
Andrew Coyne says "Give the poor more money."
Andrew Coyne says we should strive for "a minimum income, not a minimum wage".
In other news...
* http://goo.gl/2XUEyk
* http://goo.gl/JrqqQq
* http://goo.gl/G3Wpbo

---

- Go to the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/gai.htm

Consultation on Ontario's Minimum Wage
by the Ontario Minimum Wage Advisory Panel
Summer/Fall 2013

[Links below are in reverse chronological order.]

Provincial advisory panel calls for annual minimum wage hikes pegged to inflation
http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2014/01/27/panel_calls_for_annual_minimum_wage_hikes_pegged_to_inflation.html
By Laurie Monsebraaten
January 27, 2014
A provincial advisory panel says Ontario’s minimum wage should be increased annually by inflation, the Star has learned. But the panel’s report, to be released by the government Monday, doesn’t address the thorny issue of what today’s rate should be, sources say. Ontario’s minimum wage has been frozen at $10.25 since 2010. (...) The report also recommends businesses get four months notice before any increase takes effect and that the government review the scheme in five years.

Source:
Toronto Star

http://www.thestar.com/

The complete report:

Report and Recommendations to the Minister of Labour:
2014 Minimum Wage Advisory Panel
HTML version :
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pubs/mwap/index.php
PDF version (2.3MB, 91 pages) : http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/pdf/mwap_report.pdf
January 27, 2014

Table of Contents:

Note to the Minister
Executive Summary
Section 1: The Minimum Wage Advisory Panel
Section 2: Minimum Wage in Ontario: Profile and Trends
Section 3: The Economic Impact of Minimum Wages
Section 4: Discussion of Minimum Wage Policy Options for Ontario
Section 5: Summary of Recommendations
Section 6: Conclusion and Reflections
Appendix 1: Terms of Reference
Appendix 2: List of Panel Members and Biographies
Appendix 3: A Consultation Paper on Ontario's Minimum Wage
Appendix 4: Minimum Wage Rates
Appendix 5a: Number of Consultations
Appendix 5b: Minimum Wage Regional Consultations – List of Organizations
Appendix 6: Summary of Stakeholder Consultations
References

Source:
Ontario Minimum Wage Advisory Panel

http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/advisorypanel.php
- includes information about the panel:
* Membership * Terms of reference * Regional consultations * Consultation paper

The Ontario Minimum Wage Advisory Panel is part of the
Ontario Ministry of Labour:
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/

---

Related links:

Consultation Paper on Ontario's Minimum Wage
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/consultation.php
July 17, 2013

---

Worker’s Action Centre
http://www.workersactioncentre.org/
The Workers’ Action Centre is a worker-based organization committed to improving the lives and working conditions of people in low-wage and unstable employment. We want to make sure that all workers have a voice at work and are treated with dignity and fairness.

---

More related content:
Go to the Minimum Wage section of the Ontario NGO Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk.htm#minwage

Ontario workers buoyed by U.S. minimum wage hikes
http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2014/01/23/ontario_workers_buoyed_by_us_minimum_wage_hikes.html
By Laurie Monsebraaten
January 23, 2014
A $14 minimum wage in Ontario doesn’t seem like much when some American workers are winning $15 minimum wages.
---
Ontario’s minimum wage has been frozen at $10.25 for four years, allowing inflation to drive full-time earnings 25 per cent below the poverty line, said Deena Ladd, of the Worker’s Action Centre [ http://www.workersactioncentre.org/ ]. (...) The Wynne government is expected to introduce an increase this year based on recommendations of an advisory panel it appointed last summer (See "Ontario Minimum Wage Advisory Panel" http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/advisorypanel.php ]
(...)
Minimum wages in the U.S. are set by cities, states and the federal government. Washington state’s is one of the highest and is indexed to inflation. On Thursday, a state lawmaker introduced a bill to increase it further to $12 within three years. [ http://goo.gl/KxAtmL ]

Source:
Toronto Star

http://www.thestar.com/

---

Related links:

Ontario Minimum Wage Advisory Panel
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/advisorypanel.php
- includes information about the panel:
* Membership * Terms of reference * Regional consultations * Consultation paper

Consultation Paper on Ontario's Minimum Wage
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/consultation.php

Source:
Ministry of Labour

http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english

--- Go to the Minimum Wage Links section of the Ontario Government Links page of this site:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk.htm#minwage

Are Higher Minimum Wages Un-Canadian?
http://www.progressive-economics.ca/2014/01/16/are-higher-minimum-wages-uncanadian/
Guest blog by Michal Rozworski
January 16, 2014
The debate over increasing the minimum wage, so clearly necessary to lift working incomes above the poverty line (not to mention boost consumer spending power), is heating up in many provinces. Predictably, free-market theorists are pushing back (as they have since the concept of minimum wages was first invented over a century ago). Here is a useful summary of recent evidence assembled by Michal Rozworski, an economist and blogger based in BC.

Recommended reading --- includes links to 15+ studies and articles in the media on the subject of the minimum wage

Source:
Progressive Economics Forum
http://www.progressive-economics.ca/relentless/

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Minimum Wage:
January 17 (2014) media scan by Jennefer Laidley of the
Income Security Advocacy Centre:
http://goo.gl/Dn3Jgv
Click this link to access all 20 articles below.

A huge push was made for a $14 minimum wage in Ontario on Jan 14.
The campaign reflects on the success of the day
The Current’s special programming on the minimum wage included:
----- A day in the life of a minimum wage worker
----- Debating a minimum wage increase – Trish Hennessy at CCPA Ontario vs Charles Lammam at Fraser Institute
----- Earning below the poverty line
----- Walmart Canada
----- Ralph Nader on increasing the US minimum wage
----- Time for a global minimum wage?
----- How an increase can hurt small business
----- Poll: Should the minimum wage be increased?
----- Commentary from Wellesley’s Jo Snyder on the CBC debate
----- Health Providers Against Poverty held a press conference on raising the minimum wage
********* Press release
********* Star coverage
********* Doctor’s Orders: Raise the minimum wage
- Wellesley report of Oct 2013 shows who is making the minimum wage
- Ottawa restaurant owner says minimum wage increase would hit him hard
- Hepburn: “Ontario’s working poor need the government’s help now”
- Guest post at CCPA debunks arguments against minimum wage increase

---

Current and Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates for Adult Workers in Canada
http://srv116.services.gc.ca/dimt-wid/sm-mw/rpt1.aspx?lang=eng
Source:
Labour Program
http://www.labour.gc.ca/
The Labour Program is part of
Employment and Social Development Canada
http://www.hrsdc.gc.ca/eng/home.shtml

Raise the Minimum wage to $21.90 an hour? Just like 100 years ago…
http://openpolicyontario.com/raise-the-minimum-wage-to-21-90-an-hour-just-like-100-years-ago/
By John Stapleton
December 29, 2013
(...)
On January 5, 1914, Henry Ford called reporters to the Ford Plant in Dearborn Michigan to hear an important announcement. He said: “The Ford Motor Company, the greatest and most successful automobile manufacturing company in the world, will, on January 12, inaugurate the greatest revolution in the matter of rewards for its workers ever known in the industrial world.”

He explained the details: not only would the plant switch from two nine-hour shifts to three eight-hour ones, allowing it to run around the clock, but each man over 22 would receive the minimum wage of $5 a day, and men under 22 would qualify if they had dependants. “The commonest labourer who sweeps the floor shall receive his $5 per day,” Ford told the reporters. We believe in making 20,000 men prosperous and contented rather than follow the plan of making a few slave drivers in our establishment millionaires.”

Henry Ford had, in effect, breathed life into the new social policy of the minimum wage.
(...)
Ford’s 114% increase in base wages in 1914 is the rough equivalent of an increase of Ontario’s $10.25 minimum wage to $21.90 an hour.
One hundred year celebrations are usually big deals when people indulge grand dreams yet for most, a $21.90 an hour minimum wage is unthinkable. But let’s not squelch grand dreams. Let’s remember that 100 years ago, the unthinkable was implemented.

Source:
Open Policy Ontario
- John Stapleton's website
http://openpolicyontario.com/

Ontario Minimum Wage Advisory Panel
http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english/es/advisorypanel.php
- includes information about the panel:
* Membership * Terms of reference * Regional consultations * Consultation paper
Source:
Ministry of Labour :

http://www.labour.gov.on.ca/english

---


NOTE : For all Ontario minimum wage links , go to the
minimum wage section of the Ontario Government Sites page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/onbkmrk.htm#minwage

 

 


 

New Brunswick

Minimum wage reversal splits opinion
N.B. may have lowest minimum wage in Atlantic Canada on Oct. 1
July 21, 2011
The Progressive Conservative government's decision to postpone the minimum wage increase planned is creating a rift in opinion between business owners and those who were banking on the upcoming raise. New Brunswick's minimum wage was set to increase to $10 from $9.50 per hour on Sept. 1, but Labour Minister Martine Coulombe announced that hike is being shelved until April 1, 2012.
Source:
CBC News New Brunswick

Related links from the
New Brunswick Common Front for Social Justice :

Increases in Minimum Wage are not the culprit!
Small and Medium size business analysis is wrong
(PDF - 28K, 2 pages)
New Release
August 17, 2011
[ Version française ]
(...)The main argument put forth by small and medium size business owners are that a higher minimum wage will trigger job losses. The numbers presented in our brief seriously question their affirmation.

The Brief:

The Need for Sustained Increases in the Minimum Wage:
A Brief prepared for Members of the Minimum Wage Board
By The New Brunswick Common Front for Social Justice Inc.
(PDF - 355K, 123 pages)
August 2011
[ Version française ]
(...) The Common Front for Social Justice is worried about the possible delay in bringing the minimum wage up to $10, as was recently announced by the N.B. government. This would have an extremely negative impact on the working poor. With the cost of basic necessities such as shelter, food, electricity and home heat heating, one wonders how these people will survive the hardships of winter.

Source:
New Brunswick Common Front for Social Justice (NBCFSJ)
[ Version française du site ]
The Common Front for Social Justice is one of the largest democratic and popular organizations in New Brunswick, with close to 75,000 group and individual members. The Common Front brings together individuals as well as local, regional and provincial organizations to work towards the eradication of poverty.

---

Reaction from the
NB Media Co-Op:

Minimum wage earners subsidizing employers
August 22, 2011
By Jody Dallaire
I know it’s a tough economic year but you would think this would be when we protect the working poor--put them last on the list of those who will be asked to make a sacrifice. You would think we would not target them first. Those at minimum wage in New Brunswick have been asked to subsidize their employers for a few months more. Meanwhile, the corporate tax rate as well as the tax rate of New Brunswickers earning between $74,000 and $121,000, for example, is decreasing by another 1%, and the small business tax rate is set to drop by 0.5%. Instead of the expected wage increase in September, minimum wage workers will not get the promised additional 50 cents per hour until, we are told at this point, next April when, hopefully, it will finally reach $10 per hour, which was the goal awhile back because it was the average in the Atlantic provinces.
Source:
NB Media Co-Op
Independent media by and for New Brunswickers
More now than ever, we need media to be a tool of accountability and democracy. This is impossible when the province's media is almost entirely controlled by one company, which has its own corporate interests at heart, rather than those of the public. We wish to fill that void by making independent media widely accessible to all.
[ About NB Media Co-Op ]

Related links:

Hourly Minimum Wages in CANADA for Adult Workers, 2005 to 2014
- includes links to comparable information for all Canadian jurisdictions back to 1965.
Source:
Minimum Wage Database <=== Click for more minimum wage resources
[ Employment Standards Legislation in Canada ]
[ Labour Program, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada ]

- Go to the New Brunswick Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/nbkmrk.htm

Restoring Minimum Wages in Canada
By Ken Battle
April 2011
Abstract
Full document (PDF - 217K, 50 pages)
A severe recession with its tight fiscal aftermath is not a time when one expects improvements in social policy. But there is a bright spot for one of Canada’s oldest social programs – minimum wages, which have risen substantially in recent years in every province and territory except one (British Columbia). And BC just announced an end to its lengthy freeze on the minimum wage, starting with an increase on March 16, 2011.
Source:
Caledon Institute of Social Policy

---

Raising the minimum wage to reduce poverty
By Andrew Jackson
April 8, 2011
Ken Battle of the Caledon Institute has written a very useful report: Restoring Minimum Wages in Canada. It contains a wealth of data on minimum wage trends by province since 1965 and their changing relationship to average wages and to the low income line.
Battle shows that, in almost all provinces and territories, with the notable exception of B.C., minimum wages rose from the early years of the past decade, restoring a lot of lost ground. He suggests that further progress will require general agreement on a minimum wage standard (e.g. 50% of average earnings), and indexing of minimum wages (to prices or to average wages) once they reach that level.
Source:
rabble.ca

Similar articles from rabble.ca:

* Excellent Data on Minimum Wage in BC
* A reason to celebrate: Ontario's minimum wage rises to $10.25
* $16 living wage?
* Making the minimum wage a living wage
* "Official Restaurant" of the Olympics pays $6.35 per hour in Vancouver

The Non-Simple Economics of the Minimum Wage
By Jim Stanford
February 22, 2011
Canadian Auto Workers Economist and renowned author Jim Stanford vs the Fraser Institute on the subject of minimum wage.
"(...) Gradual increases in minimum wages, within reasonable bounds, have virtually no impact on employment at all, in either direction. So long as levels are set realistically relative to productivity and profitability, minimum wages can be increased with no measurable damage to employment."

More PEF postings on minimum wage - links to 20+ postings

Source:
Progressive Economics Forum (PEF) - blog
[ The Progressive Economics Forum ]

Related link:

Does hike in minimum wage cut poverty? Findings say no
By Stephen Gordon
March 18, 2011
The British Columbia government’s decision to increase its minimum wage to $10.25 an hour from $8 - an increase of more than 25 per cent - by May 1, 2012 is apparently based on its government’s stated desire to help lower-income families. The NDP opposition’s position is that the measure is long overdue, and is only a "first step" towards reducing poverty. These are noble sentiments, but if the B.C. Liberals and the B.C. NDP believe that the minimum will help reduce poverty and inequality, then they are likely to be disappointed.

[ 83 comments ]

[ Related article : Clark increases B.C. minimum wage after decade-long freeze, March 16, Globe and Mail ]

Source:
Globe and Mail

From the
Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB):

Minimum wage hike in
New Brunswick will hurt more than help

Moncton, February 16, 2011
In spite of government's promise to re-examine planned minimum wage hikes, it just confirmed small businesses' worst fear - the minimum wage will increase on April 1st by 50 cents and then on September 1st by another 50 cents to finally reach $10 per hour. This total jump of 10 per cent in one year alone will put New Brunswick in second place tied with the oil-rich Newfoundland and Labrador among all provinces.

-------------------------------------------------

From the CBC:

The Other Side of the Minimum Wage Coin (audio podcast interview)
February 15, 2011
"Kevin Steen, president of Damascus Coffee in Riverview, and Real Robichaud, Executive Director of Tourism Industry Association of New Brunswick, talk about the increase of minimum wages and how it will affect the province."
[ Also included in this clip, but curiously omitted from the CBC's description in the above blurb, is a brief exchange with Jean-Claude Basque, Co-chair of the Common Front for Social justice.

-------------------------------------------------

From the
Common Front for Social Justice:
[ Front commun pour la justice sociale ]

The Common Front for Social Justice is fighting to build a more humane society based on the respect and dignity of all. We want a New Brunswick without poverty. We want a society which gives each and everyone a decent living, in particular by having a minimum wage and social income on which citizens can live on and not just exist.

Press conference following World Day of Social Justice:
Minimum wage in New Brunswick is keeping thousands of workers in poverty
(PDF - 191K, 6 pages)
February 21, 2011
February 20th was proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations as World Day of Social Justice in 2007. By unanimously adopting this day of reflection about “opening up our tents”, the 192 members of the UN recognize that the objective of social development is social justice, solidarity, harmony and equality within and among countries. (...) On this day following World Day of Social Justice, we at the Common Front for Social Justice wish to publicly state that in New Brunswick (N.B.), thousands of workers are living in poverty. Indeed, poor people are getting poorer and rich people are getting richer. The Common Front for Social Justice is concerned about three proposals [concerning the minimum wage] coming mainly from employers in the business sector:
1. Proposal for a different minimum wage for workers in training.
2. Proposal for a lower minimum wage for the food service sector.
3. Proposal for a lower minimum wage for workers under the age of 18.

Related links:

Current and Forthcoming Minimum
Hourly Wage Rates for Adult Workers in Canada

Source:
Labour Program, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada

---

Minimum Wage : Reframing the Debate (PDF - 4.5MB, 36 pages)
February 2011
(...) This report attempts to quantify the number of Canadian jobs affected by minimum wage increases. CFIB estimates that a 10% increase in the minimum wage across all provinces costs between 92,300 and 321,300 jobs. These job losses can take the form of hiring freezes, slower employment growth or direct job cuts during economic downturns.Not only minimum wage earners are affected by these job losses, but also those workers earning more than the minimum wage. (...) This report is intended to spark public debate on minimum wage policy and to ensure that governments explore alternatives (...) rather than focus on a blunt tool that leaves low-income earners behind. It is time to reframe the debate.
Source:
Canadian Federation of Independent Business

Counterpoint
by Andrew Jackson:

Flogging a Dead Horse:
The Canadian Federation of Independent Business (CFIB) on Minimum Wage

February 10, 2011
The CFIB have a new study out attacking minimum wages. Their estimate of job losses from a 10% increase in minimum wages is based on elasticities from studies which found significant negative impacts on employment and discounts the many studies which have found very small impacts. The OECD - which is more impartial - has found the effect of minimum wage increases on adult employment to be very small. Moreover, they have found that minimum wage increases reduce the gap between lower and middle income workers, promoting greater equality.
---
Here's a sample of the 13 readers' comments
( scroll down past the end of the posting ):

By Paul Tulloch:
" I have yet to read a study by the Cfib that is not charged with politically beaten numbers. Every study done by that org is twisting up the numbers the way the Cfib wants to make it’s point on. Not an ounce of unbiased research has ever come from that place. They are the worst abusers of numbers I have witnessed. In fact I have a very difficult time labeling their research departments output as ’studies’. Truly they are a loud propaganda machine for small business, and stronger than most unions, but do you ever hear of small business bashing? "
Source:
Progressive Economics Forum (blog)
[ The Progressive Economics Forum ]

More PEF postings on minimum wage - links to 20+ postings

---------------------------

Related link to a recent
U.S. study on minimum wages:

Combining Minimum Wage and Earned Income Tax Credit Policies to
Guarantee a Decent Living Standard to All U.S. Workers
(PDF - 1.4MB, 64 pages)
October 2010
By Jeannette Wicks-Lim & Jeffrey Thompson
This study advances proposals to substantially strengthen minimum wage laws and the federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) program in the United States, so that, in combination, they can guarantee decent living standards for all full-time U.S. workers and their families. By considering minimum wage laws and the EITC as complements, we show how these measures can operate most effectively to achieve this guarantee and, crucially, how any possible negative unintended consequences of each measure can be minimized.
Source:
Political Economy Research Institute
University of Massachusetts

Alberta

Alberta Employment Minister Lukaszuk
urged to up basic wage by two bits
[Expired link]
By Karen Kleiss
September 16, 2010
Albertans earning minimum wage will get a 25-cent-an-hour raise and the province will implement a poverty reduction strategy if the government accepts new recommendations from an all-party committee. The standing committee on the economy voted Wednesday to recommend Employment Minister Thomas Lukaszuk quickly raise the minimum wage to $9.05 and that he take steps to implement a provincewide poverty reduction strategy similar to the 10-year plan to end homelessness. The current minimum wage of $8.80 an hour and has not changed since April 1, 2009. Alberta is one of three provinces that does not have a poverty reduction strategy.
Source:
Edmonton Journal

On the same topic, from
the Calgary Herald:

Alberta MLAs reopen minimum wage debate; is $8.80 too much to pay? [Expired link]
Alberta dropping to second-lowest rate in Canada
By Renata D'Aliesio
September 15, 2010
Alberta's minimum wage -- frozen earlier this year -- is set to sink to the second lowest in Canada as a group of provincial politicians weigh possible changes that would affect how much low-paid workers make. An all-party MLA committee meets today to hash over about a half-dozen draft recommendations on the future of the province's base pay after Employment Minister Thomas Lukaszuk requested a review in February.
Source:
Calgary Herald

Related links:

Success! WOW!
September 15, 2010
Yesterday was a great day for the entire Vibrant Communities Calgary family. We would like to thank all of the volunteers and community partners that make it possible for us to do the important work of addressing the root causes of poverty in our community. With the help of Dave Taylor, Independent MLA for Calgary Currie we were able to help motivate the Standing Committee on the Economy to unanimously recommend a Poverty Reduction Strategy for Alberta.
Source:
Vibrant Communities Calgary

Women Together Ending Poverty:
Submission to the Minimum Wage Policy Review
(PDF - 86K, 7 pages)
June 23, 2010
(...) WTEP believes that the minimum wage should be a living wage thereby providing someone who works full time access to a standard of living that is at least over the low income cut off line. We believe that such a policy is good for women, and good for the economy.
Source:
Women Together Ending Poverty
WTEP is a diverse, grassroots women’s group that was formed in Calgary in February 2008, to educate and empower ourselves and other women to take action on the root causes of poverty.

Recent release from
The Daily
[Statistics Canada]:

From the March 2010 online edition of
Perspectives on Labour and Income:

Minimum wage
* HTML
* PDF
(170K, 9 pages)
Abstract: All provinces and territories set minimum wages in their employment standards legislation. This update uses the Labour Force Survey to examine the characteristics of those who work at or below the minimum wage for experienced adults in each jurisdiction. The incidence of working for minimum wage has increased each year since 2006 but remains concentrated among youth, particularly young women.

British Columbia

November 26, 2010
Vulnerable BC Workers

On November 1st, 2001,BC's minimum wage was set at $8.00 an hour. It is now the lowest minimum wage in Canada. Labour Minister Iain Black announced that he has asked senior ministry staff to meet with key business and labour stakeholders to discuss employment standards, including minimum wage. (...) A myth advanced by critics of a higher minimum wage is that it kills entry level jobs for young people...
Source:
StrategicThoughts.com

Related link:

Labour Ministry to Gather Input on Employment Standards
November 25, 2010
VICTORIA — Labour Minister Iain Black today announced that he has asked senior ministry staff to meet with key business and labour stakeholders to discuss employment standards, including minimum wage. (...) Black said staff will have focused discussions with organizations that represent the interests of employees and employers, as well as independent experts, over the next two to three months.
Source:
Ministry of Labour

-----------

Related links from the
Progressive Economics Forum Blog:

The Economics of the Minimum Wage
By Andrew Jackson
January 27, 2007

Revisiting the minimum wage disemployment effects
By Iglika Ivanova
August 6, 2008

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Going for gold on minimum wages [Expired link]
By Marjorie Griffin Cohen and Iglika Ivanova
January 20, 2010
As we prepare to cheer for our athletes during the upcoming Olympic and Paralympic Games, it's worth remembering the fields in which B.C. isn't going for the gold. Ensuring that work is a guaranteed way out of poverty, for example. It's a little-known fact, but "the best place on Earth" is now home of the lowest minimum wages in Canada. Our minimum wage has been frozen at $8 per hour (and an embarrassingly low $6 for the first 500 hours of work) since 2001, and there is little indication that this is about to change any time soon.
Source:
Vancouver Sun

[ more Vancouver Sun articles on the minimum wage ]

How does that compare
with other Canadian jurisdictions?

Current And Forthcoming Minimum Hourly Wage Rates For Adult Workers in Canada
(this is the BEST resource for info on current and upcoming minimum wage levels by province/territory)

Minimum Hourly Wages for Canadian Adult Workers since 1965
This information is presented in five files - one for each decade.
The link above takes you to the latest decade (2005 to 2014);
click the date links at the top of the page for pages for earlier decades.

NOTE: In addition to Ontario, several other jurisdictions have either recently increased their minimum wage level or will be doing so in the coming months.
Click the link above to see who changed when...

Source:
Minimum Wage Database
[ Employment Standards Legislation in Canada ]
[ Labour Program, Human Resources and Social Development Canada ]

- Go to the Non-Governmental Sites in British Columbia (D-W) page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/bcbkmrk3.htm

British Columbia

The Case for Increasing the Minimum Wage
What does the academic literature tell us?

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/case-increasing-minimum-wage
By David A. Green
April 14, 2015

Economist David A Green, a professor and former chair of the Vancouver School of Economics at UBC and an International Fellow at the Institute for Fiscal Studies in London, conducted a thorough review of academic research on the economic impacts of minimum wages, and in this report he concludes that bold increases to the minimum wage make good economic sense.

Complete report:

The Case for Increasing the Minimum Wage
What does the academic literature tell us?
(PDF - 775KB, 12 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2015/04/CCPA-BC-Case-for-Incr-Minimum-Wage.pdf
This paper reviews the significant body of academic research about the economic impacts of minimum wages to assess the likely costs and benefits of an increase in BC’s minimum wage to $15 per hour. It was completed shortly before the provincial government announced a near-inconsequential 20-cent increase to $10.45 per hour.

Source:
BC Office

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/bc
...of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives:
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

What's New from The Daily [Statistics Canada]:

Minimum wage
* Full article: HTML | PDF
Abstract:
Most minimum-wage workers are women and young. The incidence of working for minimum wage declines sharply with age before rising slightly among those 55 and older. The latter could reflect some of the low-wage occupations in which a number of working seniors tend to be concentrated. This fact-sheet also contains information on other characteristics of minimum-wage workers.
Source:
Perspectives on Labour and Income, January 2009 issue
January 23, 2009

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:
Minimum wage (International)
This resource is worth viewing --- it contains information on minimum wages in 17 countries (including Canada), along with some objective information on the debate over consequences of minimum wage laws, costs and benefits of minimum wage legislation, recent trends in the U.S., policy alternatives to the minimum wage and much more.
TIP: See "References" and "External Links" (at the bottom of the table of contents) for links to dozens and dozens of free online resources!

WorkRights.Ca
WorkRights gives you a chance to access the latest information on the labour codes to your province, and to compare practices in your region with those of other provinces and territories in Canada.
HINT: for info on Canadian minimum wages, click on "Getting Paid" in the left margin of the page, then on "minimum wages"

Does a higher minimum wage mean fewer jobs?

The Economics of the Minimum Wage
February 5, 2007
"(...) Predictably, the growing momentum for a higher minimum wage has generated cries from business and employer-friendly governments that such a move is an “inefficient” way of fighting poverty, and will come at the cost of jobs. (...) With respect to the job loss argument, individual studies by economists can be and are endlessly cited on one side or other of this endless debate. However, the consensus of even the impeccably orthodox and mainstream economists at the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is now that minimum wages set at “reasonable” levels do not have significant negative impacts on the employment of so-called lower-skilled adults

Source:
Canadian Labour Congress

Raise the Minimum Wage
April 17, 2007
Some things are as reliable as Pavlov's dog. The NDP issued a news release calling for the minimum wage to be increased to $10 an hour and the salivating dogs, in this case the BC Chamber of Commerce and Retail BC, promptly countered with criticism of the idea. Retail BC argued that most businesses already pay more than the minimum wage. By contrast, the Chamber's release argued that an increase would impose an increase in "labour costs of over $450 million" on small businesses.

Source:
David Schreck, StrategicThoughts.com

Thirty Years of Dwindling Minimum Wages in Canada
Nov 6, 2006
The campaign for living wages has gathered momentum with bills sponsored by NDP members in both the federal Parliament and the Ontario legislature to increase the minimum wage to $10/hour. The just-released report on Federal Labour Standards also strongly recommended that the federal minimum wage be reintroduced at a level that would allow full-time workers to live above the poverty line. Federal and provincial politicians claim that we can’t afford it. But as Commissioner Harry Arthurs stated in this report, "This is an issue of fundamental decency that no modern, prosperous country like Canada can ignore." The real value of the minimum wage everywhere in Canada is now not just far below the poverty line, but also far below what it was thirty years ago, as the following CUPE Economic Brief shows. And contrary to what some politicians and low wage employers claim, increasing the minimum wage tends to have few negative economic impacts and is often positive. We can afford it and we should do it.

Complete report:

Thirty Years of Dwindling Minimum Wages in Canada (PDF file - 147K, 2 pages)
November 2006

Source:
Canadian Union of Public Employees

FastFacts: Manitoba's Minimum Wage? Be Realistic! - PDF file - 32K, 2 pages)
August 4, 2005
"A job at $10.00 per hour, with benefits and opportunities for advancement, would draw many into the labour force. Such jobs provide dignity and respect. A wage of $7.25 does not. Nor does it make economic sense."

Source:
Manitoba Office Publications
[ Manitoba Office ]
[ Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives ]

Income Redistribution in Canada: Minimum Wages versus Other Policy Instruments
Nicole M. Fortin and Thomas Lemieux
Revised December 1998
Complete report (PDF file - 56 pages, 419K)
Source : Centre for Research on Economic and Social Policy (University of British Columbia)


Annual Minimum Wage Income* by Province, 1976 and 1995
(constant 1995$)
 
1976
1995
% Change
Notes:
Newfoundland
14,615
9,880
-32%
* Assumes earners were employed 40 hours per week, 52 weeks of the year. In 1995 and 1996, the minimum wage was increased in Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia.These increases are reflected in the table.
Source: Appendix B of
Benefiting Canada's Children: Perspectives on Gender and Social Responsibility 
Christa Freiler and Judy Cerny
Child Poverty Action Group 
March 1998
Prince Edward Island
14,031
9,880
-30%
Nova Scotia
14,615
10,712
-27%
New Brunswick
14,569
10,400
-29%
Quebec
16,573
12,480
-25%
Ontario
15,210
14,248
-6%
Manitoba
16,065
11,232
-30%
Saskatchewan
16,368
11,128
-32%
Alberta
15,851
10,400
-34%
British Columbia
 
 
17,537
14,560
-17%

.International Minimum Wage / Living Wage links (in reverse chronological order)

Yet another study confirms raising the minimum wage doesn't hurt the restaurant industry
http://www.pressprogress.ca/yet_another_study_confirms_raising_the_minimum_wage_doesnt_hurt_the_restaurant_industry
By Christopher Boone and Michael Lynn
January 15, 2016
Business lobbyists won't like this.
A new study from researchers at Cornell University looking at 20 years of data blows yet another hole in the claims of right-wing business groups that raising the minimum wage will have a negative impact on the restaurant and hospitality industry.

"Proposals to increase the minimum wages have been opposed by the restaurant industry on the grounds that such increases would require restaurants to cut hiring, raise prices, or both," says the report authored by economist. In Canada, similar opposition has been articulated [ http://goo.gl/qBQ91G ] by the Canadian Federation of Independent Business, warning "increases in the minimum wage tend to hurt not only small employers, but the very people they are supposed to help: the low-skilled and low-income workers, by reducing the capacity of businesses to hire and retain them."

But Boone says "while we don't see strong impacts on employment, we do find consistent evidence that raising the minimum wage increases the total earnings of the restaurant workforce."

Source:
Press Progress
http://www.pressprogress.ca/
PressProgress is editorially independent. It operates under the Broadbent Institute's [ http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/ ] mandate and focuses on issues that fall broadly within the following categories: social and economic equality; green economy; and democratic renewal.

Complete study:

Have Minimum Wage Increases Hurt the
Restaurant Industry? The Evidence Says No!
(PDF - 15 pages)
http://scholarship.sha.cornell.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=chrreports
Michael Lynn
Cornell University School of Hotel Administration
https://sha.cornell.edu/

Los Angeles Lifts its Minimum Wage to $15 per Hour
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/20/us/los-angeles-expected-to-raise-minimum-wage-to-15-an-hour.html
By Jennnifer Medina and Noam Scheiber
May 20, 2015
(...)
The effect is likely to be particularly strong in Los Angeles, where, according to some estimates, almost 50% of the city's workforce earns less than $15 an hour [ http://goo.gl/6ILm8u ] will be the biggest by far.A Fascinating Minimum-Wage Experiment Is About to Unfold
http://www.newyorker.com/news/john-cassidy/a-fascinating-minimum-wage-experiment-is-about-to-unfold
By John Cassidy
May 21, 2015
In a 14-1 City Council vote, the nation's second-largest city approved an increase from $9 an hour over five years, and gave the push to raise wages across the country a major lift.

---

How The Minimum-Wage Debate Moved From Capitol Hill To City Halls
http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/05/20/408026095/how-the-minimum-wage-debate-moved-from-capitol-hill-to-city-halls
By Danielle Kurtzleben
May 20, 2015
Once upon a time, minimum-wage debates were mostly the province of Congress and statehouses. These days, you're more likely than ever to hear these debates in your city hall. The trend continued this week, when the Los Angeles City Council voted to raise the city's minimum wage to $15 per hour.
NOTE : Click the link above and then scroll two-thirds of the way down the next page for a list of 25 American towns and cities that have increased their minimum wage levels (or plan to), the new amount and when that new amount came (or will come) into effect.

---

Los Angeles Raises Hourly Minimum Wage to $15
http://time.com/3889882/los-angeles-minimum-wage/
By Jack Linshi
May 19, 2015

---

More info about the LA minimum wage campaign
(links to Google search results)
https://goo.gl/4Ymjnt

How to Raise Wages in New York
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/08/opinion/how-to-raise-wages-in-new-york.html
Editorial
January 7, 2015
New York is one of 29 states with a minimum wage that exceeds the meager federal minimum of $7.25 an hour. But, with an hourly minimum of $8.75, rising to $9 next year, it still lags nine states — including California, Connecticut, Maryland, Massachusetts, Oregon and Washington — and the District of Columbia, which have or soon will have hourly minimums higher than $9.Gov. Andrew Cuomo says that New York’s minimum is too low. But he is reluctant to face down the restaurant industry and other low-wage employers that oppose an increase.

Source:
New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/

London (England)

London Living Wage increases by 35p to £9.15 per hour
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-29871300
3 November 2014
The living wage - the amount needed to cover the basic costs of living - has increased by 4% on the current £8.80. Outside London, the Living Wage will rise 20p to £7.85. In the capital, more than 400 companies have been accredited and have signed up to the voluntary scheme. About 634,000 people employed in London earned less than the new rate in 2013, a report by KPMG [ http://goo.gl/UZkp51 ] estimates.

Related links
from the BBC:

'Living wage' raised by 20p an hour
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29873409

Thousands of low paid set for pay rise
http://www.bbc.com/news/business-29870309

Cinema company backs down over cuts
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-29838641

Source:
BBC News
http://www.bbc.com/news/

---

See also:

The Living Wage Foundation (London)
http://www.livingwage.org.uk/

The Living Wage - from KPMG (U.K.)
http://www.kpmg.com/uk/en/issuesandinsights/articlespublications/pages/living-wage.aspx

United States

From the
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities:
http://www.cbpp.org/

Policy Basics:
The Minimum Wage

August 27, 2014
Minimum wage laws set the lowest hourly rate an employer can legally pay workers covered under the law. The federal minimum wage is currently $7.25 per hour. Where states and municipalities have enacted their own, higher, minimum wage laws, employers must pay at least the state or local minimum. As of August 1, 2014, 23 states and the District of Columbia have minimum wages above the federal minimum wage.

This Policy Basic explains various aspects of the minimum wage, including:

Who Is Covered by the Minimum Wage?
Who Is Paid the Minimum Wage?
History of the Minimum Wage
Economic Effects of Raising the Minimum Wage
Current Proposals

View the full Policy Basics:
HTML :
http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=4192
PDF : http://www.cbpp.org/files/PolicyBasics_MinimumWage.pdf (3pages)

Source:
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
http://www.cbpp.org/

How to avoid another Wall Street tsunami*
http://fortune.com/2014/08/04/how-to-avoid-another-wall-street-tsunami/
By Jeff Furman (Chair of the Board of the Ben & Jerry’s corporation)
August 4, 2014
---
*
The short answer:
1. Raise minimum wages;
2. Enact a new financial transactions tax(a.k.a. "The Robin Hood Tax".

---
(...)
Our experience has proven that fair wages are good for business and good for communities. And so I’m encouraged to see that 10 states and the District of Columbia have enacted minimum wage increases this year. [See "Related links" below.] But as we learned during the financial crisis in 2008, high-road business practices are not enough to protect workers and communities from the destructive capacity of a reckless financial sector. A decent paycheck can only stretch so far when friends, family and neighbors lose their homes and livelihoods.
(...)
One tool that would help steer us in the right direction is a financial transaction tax. Through a fee of a fraction of a percent on each trade of stocks, bonds, and derivatives, we could encourage longer-term, productive investment. More than 30 countries currently have such taxes on particular financial instruments. (...) Europe is now moving ahead to adopt the first regional financial transaction tax.
(...)
A financial transaction tax would not solve all the problems with the financial industry. But as we work to build high-road business practices, we should see it as a bit of insurance against future Wall Street tsunamis.]

Source:
FortuneMagazine

http://fortune.com/

Related links:

2014 Minimum Wage By State
http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/state-minimum-wage-chart.aspx

Financial Transaction Tax: Myth Busting
http://stampoutpoverty.org/wf_library_post/financial-transaction-tax-myth-busting/
Hillman D. and Ashford C.
2012
Stamp Out Poverty [ http://stampoutpoverty.org/ ] have created an extremely useful ‘FTT Myth-Busting’ paper which covers 12 common ‘myths’ concerning the impact of the FTT which continue to be peddled by our opponents. All of which can be shown to be false.

7 Companies That Aren't Waiting For Congress To Raise The Minimum Wage
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/26/companies-minimum-wage_n_5530835.html
June 26, 2014
Ikea workers scored a big victory Thursday when the purveyor of inexpensive Scandinavian furniture announced it's raising its minimum wage at all U.S. stores starting next year. The average base pay for an Ikea employee will increase to $10.76 an hour, the company said. The announcement comes at a time when businesses large and small are rethinking what they pay their workers. President Barack Obama has proposed raising the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 an hour, but Republicans in Congress are stalling the measure, arguing that businesses can't afford the added cost.
(...)
So some businesses, like Ikea, are taking matters into their own hands and raising wages without a federal mandate telling them to do so. The move doesn’t just reflect a concern for workers’ quality of life -- it’s also a shrewd business tactic that helps retailers attract top talent, an economic analyst told The Huffington Post earlier this week.

Although Ikea's move appears to be a powerful endorsement of a higher federal minimum wage, Rob Olson, chief financial officer and acting president of Ikea U.S., was quick to distance himself from party politics. "We're not advocating for a federal or state movement," Olson told HuffPost. "We're more focused on our co-workers and doing the right thing for them."

Here are seven major companies taking that philosophy to heart:

1. Ikea
2. Gap Inc. http://domore.gapinc.com/
3. Costco
4. In-N-Out Burger
5. Shake Shack
6. Ben & Jerry’s
7. Whole Foods

---

Obama Administration, Allies Push For Minimum Wage Hike
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/06/16/obama-administration-minimum-wage_n_5500718.html
June 16, 2014

---

25 Really Engaging Images About Minimum Wage in the U.S.
https://www.upworthy.com/25-really-engaging-images-about-minimum-wage-5

---

Who Works at Minimum Wage?
https://www.upworthy.com/the-reality-of-who-actually-works-for-minimum-wage-will-shock-you-5

75% of minimum wage earners are adults.
70% have at least a high school degree, and some have had at least a year or two of college.

---

Raising The Minimum Wage. It's Not As Simple As You Think.
https://www.upworthy.com/heres-the-most-simple-argument-against-raising-the-minimum-wage-its-not-as-simple-as-you-think-2

---

The Minimum Wage, Women and the Glass Ceiling
http://www.upworthy.com/just-one-more-very-good-reason-to-raise-the-minimum-wage

From
The Scout Report:
May 10, 2014

Fast food workers set to strike across the world on May 15
Exclusive: Fast food strikes in 150 cities and protests in 30 countries planned for May 15
http://www.salon.com/2014/05/07/exclusive_fast_food_strikes_in_150_cities_and_protests_in_30_countries_planned_for_may_15/

Fast-food worker strike about to go global
http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2014/05/07/fast-food-worker-strike/8803193/

Fast-food Workers Plan Massive Global Protest
http://www.businessinsider.com/fast-food-workers-plan-global-protest-2014-5

Did the fast-food industry play these Nobel economists for suckers?
http://touch.latimes.com/#section/-1/article/p2p-79649857/

National Restaurant Association: Minimum Wage Overview
http://www.restaurant.org/advocacy/All-Issues/Minimum-Wage/Overview

Home economics: Fast food v. homemade food
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/expert-blog/fast-food/bgp-20056162

Labor organizers have always had a tough time corralling the hearts and minds of fast food workers. For some, it can be a part-time position as they attend school or as they transition to a better paying job. Increasingly, it has become a way of life for many without extensive formal education or skills. On May 15th, a coalition of fast food workers are planning to mount one-day strikes in 150 cities around the world, including Casablanca, London, Detroit, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Bangkok. Their demands include a $15 hourly wage and the chance to form a union. This is not the first time that such workers have attempted such an action, and it remains to be seen whether this will be more effective than previous industrial actions. On a related note, the mayor of Seattle, Ed Murray, has committed to raising the minimum wage to $15 per hour over the next three to seven weeks, which has raised eyebrows in some quarters and led to applause in others. [KMG]

The first link will take visitors to a Salon piece from this Wednesday about the upcoming strike. The second link will whisk visitors away to another piece on this proposed action, courtesy of USA Today. Moving on, the third link will take interested parties to a piece from Business Insider, complete with a list of what specific strike actions will be taking place in different countries. The fourth link leads to an intriguing piece from the Los Angeles Times that explores a curious letter regarding a proposal to increase minimum wage for fast food workers. Next up is the National Restaurant Association's official homepage offering its own thoughts on minimum wage. Finally, visitors will find a link to the Mayo Clinic's Nutrition-wise blog, offering up some thoughts on whether it is cheaper to make fast food-style items at home or to eat out.

Source:
The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout 1994-2014
https://www.scout.wisc.edu/

Minimum wage: Congress stalls, states act
http://money.cnn.com/2014/04/28/news/economy/states-minimum-wage/
By Jeanne Sahadi
April 28, 2014
NEW YORK --- Odds remain low that Congress will raise the $7.25 federal minimum wage anytime soon. But the issue will be revisited in coming days as the Senate takes up a bill to increase it to $10.10 an hour. And President Obama and congressional Democrats plan to push the issue on the campaign trail ahead of the November mid-term elections.
In the meantime, many states have made moves to raise their own minimum wages over the next year.

Source:
CNNMoney
http://money.cnn.com/

From
The White House:
http://www.whitehouse.gov/

Raise the Wage
http://www.whitehouse.gov/raise-the-wage
Minimum Wage : It will lift wages for 28 million Americans. It will give businesses customers with more spending money. It will grow the economy for everyone — and we can do it right now.
*
In his State of the Union address, President Obama called on Congress to raise the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 an hour, and announced he would issue an Executive Order to raise the minimum wage to $10.10 for the individuals working on new federal service contracts. Raising the minimum wage nationwide will increase earnings for millions of workers, and boost the bottom lines of businesses across the country.

---

The Economic Case for Raising the Minimum Wage
http://www.slideshare.net/whitehouse/the-economic-case-for-raising-the-minimum-wage
By the Council of Economic Advisers (The White House)
February 12, 2014
The minimum wage helps support family incomes, reducing inequality and poverty, but as a slide deck from the Council of Economic Advisers shows, as the real value of the minimum wage has been allowed to erode, it has stopped serving this important purpose.

Source:
Council of Economic Advisers (The White House)
http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/eop/cea

---

Related link from
The New York Times:

Business and the Minimum Wage
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/28/opinion/business-and-the-minimum-wage.html
February 27, 2014
Much of the discussion about the Democratic proposal to raise the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour by 2016 has rightly focused on the workers who will clearly benefit from the move. But what about businesses? How would higher wages affect them? The answer — contrary to a great deal of reflexive hand-wringing by some conservative think tanks and politicians — is surprisingly positive.

Source:
New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/

The Case for a Higher Minimum |Wage
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/09/opinion/sunday/the-case-for-a-higher-minimum-wage.html
February 8, 2014

Source:
New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/

New from
The White House:

Remarks by the President on Minimum Wage
Video (duration 21:18) : http://www.whitehouse.gov/photos-and-video/video/2014/01/29/remarks-president-minimum-wage
Transcript : http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/01/29/remarks-president-minimum-wage-lanham-md
January 29, 2014
Excerpt:
(...) But what I talked about last night (in the State of the Union Address) was a simple but profound idea -- and it’s an idea that’s at the heart of who we are as Americans: Opportunity for everybody. Giving everybody a fair chance. If they’re willing to work hard, take responsibility, give them a shot. The idea that no matter who you are, where you come from, what you look like, what your last name is, if you work hard, you live up to your responsibilities, you can succeed; you can support a family. That's what America should be about. Nobody is looking for a free lunch, but give people a chance. If they’re working hard, make sure they can support a family.

Source:
The White House
http://www.whitehouse.gov/

---

Related link from
Mother Jones:

Why Did Obama Go to Costco?
Our Wage Calculator Explains

http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2014/01/costco-vs-walmart-how-many-hours-do-you-need-work-survive

By Tasneem Raja and Jaeah Lee
January 29, 2014
This morning, President Obama visited a Costco in suburban Maryland to reemphasize the theme of income inequality he sounded in the State of the Union speech last night. Our calculator shows why Obama chose the home of the giant pickle jar and behemoth TP package: Even at the relatively low wages paid by big-box retailers, slightly better pay can mean the difference between inescapable poverty and a modest living.

Click the link above to use the calculator to check how many hours it would take you to make a living working at Costco vs. Walmart.
NOTE : The calculator compares Costco and Walmart wages in the U.S. only, but it mirros the situation in Canada.

---

From Poverty Dispatch - U.S.
- links to news items from the American press about poverty, welfare reform, child welfare, education, health, hunger, Medicare and Medicaid, etc.

January 10, 2014
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2014/01/10/
* December 2013 US Unemployment Rate (4 articles)
* Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Cuts and Health Risks (2 articles)
* Poverty Measurement in the US (3 articles) *
* Youth Unemployment

State Minimum Wage Increases
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2014/01/02/
January 2, 2014
(Click the link above for links to the following articles)
* 13 states raising pay for minimum-wage workers, By Paul Davidson, December 29, 2013, USA Today
* Minimum wage hikes in 14 states, but most fall short of Obama’s goal, By Mark Trumbull, December 30, 2013, Christian Science Monitor
* As Florida’s minimum wage goes up, so does political debate over low pay, December 31, 2013, Miami Herald
* Washington’s minimum wage rises to $9.32 an hour in 2014, By Phuong Le (AP), December 31, 2013, Seattle Times
* As N.J. prepares to hike minimum wage, experts still disagree on advantages, By Brent Johnson, December 30, 2013, Star-Ledger:

The Campaign for a Bigger Paycheck
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/02/opinion/the-campaign-for-a-bigger-paycheck.html
Editorial Board
January 1, 2014
Aided by a vast flow of corporate and right-wing money, Republicans have spent years persuading the public that the deficit is the nation’s biggest financial problem and that austerity is the answer to it. Their success in making that argument — keeping taxes and government investment low — has helped increase American income inequality to crisis proportions: 95 percent of the income gains since 2009 have gone to the top 1 percent. The majority of the country has stagnated or lost ground, leaving the economy sluggish.

Democrats have largely been passive or defensive as all the wage increases flowed upward, but they have vowed to take a more aggressive stand this year. Last week, they announced a nationwide campaign in 2014 for a higher minimum wage [ http://goo.gl/u3mKCW ], showing how it would help the economy and reduce inequality, while highlighting the cost of the adamant Republican opposition to the idea.

[ Includes links in the text to 10 related articles.]

Times Topics: Minimum Wage
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/subjects/m/minimum_wage/
News about minimum wage, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times

Source:
New York Times

http://www.nytimes.com/

Conservative Leads Effort to Raise Minimum Wage in California
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/26/us/conservative-leads-effort-to-raise-minimum-wage-in-california.html
By Jennifer Medina
November 25, 2013
LOS ANGELES — Ron Unz, a Silicon Valley millionaire, rose to fame by promoting a ballot initiative that essentially eliminated bilingual education in California. He went on to become publisher of The American Conservative, a libertarian-leaning magazine. But after decades in the conservative movement, Mr. Unz is pursuing a goal that has stymied liberals: raising the minimum wage.

Source:
New York Times
http://www.nytimes.com/

November 12, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/11/12/
Federal and State Minimum Wages (5 articles)
*** Raise minimum wage? One answer to income disparity, advocates say
*** States moving beyond U.S. minimum wage as Congress stalls
*** $10 minimum wage proposal has growing support from White House
*** Gallup Poll says 3 out of 4 Americans favor raising the minimum wage
*** Missouri to raise minimum wage in 2014

Source:
Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP)

http://www.irp.wisc.edu

University of Wisconsin-Madison
http://www.wisc.edu/

The U.S. and minimum wage
Now that the Democrats have regained power in the U.S. Congress, they're planning quick action
on legislative priorities that include boosting both the minimum wage and stem cell research.
(The link takes you to a Google.ca search results for "U.S., minimum wage")

From the
Joseph Rowntree Foundation:

A Minimum Income Standard for the U.K. in 2013
By Donald Hirsch
28 June 2013
What income do people need to achieve a socially acceptable standard of living in 2013? This year's updated figures show a continuing squeeze on incomes relative to rising costs, only partly alleviated by increased tax allowances.

Complete report (PDF - 768K, 33 pages):
http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/income-living-standards-full.pdf
This is the 2013 update of the Minimum Income Standard (MIS) for the United Kingdom, based on what members of the public think people need for an acceptable minimum standard of living.

Summary:
HTML :
http://www.jrf.org.uk/publications/MIS-2013
PDF (260K, 4 pages) : http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/income-living-standards-summary.pdf
(Scroll partway down the page for the link to the PDF summary.)

More research on Minimum Income Standards
from t
he Joseph Rowntree Foundation:
http://www.jrf.org.uk/topic/mis

---

More research on poverty from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation:
from t
he Joseph Rowntree Foundation:
http://www.jrf.org.uk/category/themes/welfare

---

Joseph Rowntree Foundation Blog
http://www.jrf.org.uk/blog

---

Source:
Joseph Rowntree Foundation
http://www.jrf.org.uk/
We are two charities (see below), working together for social justice, and sharing trustees and directors.
We are independent, but we are not neutral: we are on the side of people and places in poverty.
---
Joseph Rowntree Foundation is an endowed foundation funding a UK-wide research and development programme.
Joseph Rowntree Housing Trust is a registered housing association and provider of care services managing around 2,500 homes.

United States

The Pay is Too Damn Low
http://www.newyorker.com/talk/financial/2013/08/12/130812ta_talk_surowiecki
By James Surowiecki
August 12 (2013) issue of The New Yorker
A few weeks ago, Washington, D.C., passed a living-wage bill designed to make Walmart pay its workers a minimum of $12.50 an hour. Then President Obama called on Congress to raise the federal minimum wage (which is currently $7.25 an hour). McDonald’s was widely derided for releasing a budget to help its employees plan financially, since that only underscored how brutally hard it is to live on a McDonald’s wage. And last week fast-food workers across the country staged walkouts, calling for an increase in their pay to fifteen dollars an hour. Low-wage earners have long been the hardest workers to organize and the easiest to ignore. Now they’re front-page news.

The workers’ grievances are simple: low wages, few (if any) benefits, and little full-time work. In inflation-adjusted terms, the minimum wage, though higher than it was a decade ago, is still well below its 1968 peak (when it was worth about $10.70 an hour in today’s dollars), and it’s still poverty-level pay. To make matters worse, most fast-food and retail work is part time, and the weak job market has eroded what little bargaining power low-wage workers had: their earnings actually fell between 2009 and last year, according to the National Employment Law Project.

Source:
The New Yorker
http://www.newyorker.com/

How Many Minimum Wage Hours Does It Take To Afford A Two-Bedroom Apartment In Your State?
http://www.upworthy.com/how-many-minimum-wage-work-hours-does-it-take-to-afford-a-2-bdrm-apartment-in-yo
Ever wonder how people manage to get by on minimum wage? Oftentimes, they don't...
(Sorry, I couldn't find a comparable chart for Canada)

Related article in the New YorkTimes:
http://takingnote.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/05/30/paying-rent-on-minimum-wage/



Minimum Wage Laws in the States
- revised annualy
- map of the U.S. ---click on any state or jurisdiction to find out about applicable minimum wage laws.
Source:
United States Department of Labour

---

U.S. Minimum Wage Legislation
Source:
SourceWatch

---

List of U.S. minimum wages - from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

---

U.S. Minimum wage history, 1938-2008
Source:
Oregon State University


[U.S.] Divergent views on the minimum wage in the U.S. - February/March 2013
(Heritage Foundation and the Employment Policy Institute)

The context:

[U.S.] Minimum Wage Increases for 2013
http://jobsearch.about.com/b/2013/03/05/minimum-wage-increases-for-2013.htm
By Alison Doyle
Updated March 5, 2013
[ NOTE : includes current minimum wage rates for each state.]

President Obama has called for an increase in the federal minimum wage - to $9 an hour. In addition, President Obama has also proposed indexing the minimum wage to inflation, so it would increase when the cost of living increases.

The Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2013 [ http://goo.gl/S9YPn ] has been introduced in the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives. If passed, it would raise the federal minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 per hour by 2015, and adjust it each year after that to keep up with the rising cost of living. The legislation would need to be passed by both the Senate and the House for the increases to go into effect.

Source:
About.com Job Search
http://jobsearch.about.com/

---

The divergent views:

Who Earns the Minimum Wage? Suburban Teenages, Not Single Parents (PDF - 2.1MB, 4 pages)
http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2013/pdf/ib3866.pdf
By James Sherk
March 1, 2013
In his State of the Union address, President Obama called for raising minimum wage to $9.00 an hour. He argued that “no one who works fulltime should have to live in poverty.” Most minimum-wage workers, however, are not poor. (...) Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau show that most minimum-wage earners are young, part-time workers and that relatively few of them live below the poverty line. Their average family income is over $53,000 a year. A hike in the minimum wage primarily raises pay for suburban teenagers, not the working poor. If Congress and the President seriously want to help the working poor, they should look elsewhere.
Source:
The Heritage Foundation
http://www.heritage.org/
The Heritage Foundation is a research and educational institution—a think tank—whose mission is to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense.

---

Declining Value of the Federal Minimum Wage is a Major Factor Driving Inequality (PDF - 600K, 9 pages)
http://www.epi.org/files/2013/minimum-wage.pdf
By Lawrence Mishel
February 2013
(...)
Contrary to some political rhetoric of late, wage stagnation for American workers and rising inequality is not due to lack of effort; the broad middle class has increased its productivity, upgraded its educational attainment, and worked more hours (Mishel 2013). Rather it is due to certain policies that have weakened the bargaining position of low- and middle-wage workers. Among these policies is the refusal to set the minimum wage at a level where it establishes a well-enforced wage floor at 50 percent of the average wage. This paper reviews the history of the minimum wage over the last 50 years and the role of a lowered value of the minimum wage in rising wage inequality

Source:
Economic Policy Institute

http://www.epi.org/
The Economic Policy Institute’s mission is to inform and empower individuals to seek solutions that ensure broadly shared prosperity and opportunity.
About EPI. The Economic Policy Institute (EPI), a non-profit, non-partisan think tank, was created in 1986 to broaden discussions about economic policy to include the needs of low- and middle-income workers. EPI believes every working person deserves a good job with fair pay, affordable health care, and retirement security.

---

Why Does the Minimum Wage Have
No Discernible Effect on Employment?
(PDF - 556K, 30 pages)
http://www.cepr.net/documents/publications/min-wage-2013-02.pdf
John Schmitt
February 2013
(...)
The employment effect of the minimum wage is one of the most studied topics in all of economics. This report examines the most recent wave of this research – roughly since 2000 – to determine the best current estimates of the impact of increases in the minimum wage on the employment prospects of low-wage workers. The weight of that evidence points to little or no employment response to modest increases in the minimum wage.

Source:
Center for Economic and Policy Research
http://www.cepr.net/
The Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) was established in 1999 to promote democratic debate on the most important economic and social issues that affect people's lives. (...) An informed public should be able to choose policies that lead to an improving quality of life, both for people within the United States and around the world.

-----------------------------------------

< Begin gratuitous "Website Evaluation 101 tip" >

Whether you work in government, in the NGO sector or in academic research, you should always evaluate any research website that you're visiting for the first time.

Website evaluation is all about techniques you can apply & questions you should ask when you visit a site that's new to you. Here's a link to an interesting guide from the University of California at Berkeley:
http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/Evaluate.html
Most website evaluation guides, including the Berkeley link above, urge you to look for a link to "About us," "Philosophy," "Funding", "Background" or something similar. That's where you should find a mission statement or other text laying out the philosophy of the organization and more.

To illustrate, I've included a short blurb from each of the three U.S. think tanks whose views appear above. The socially- and fiscally-conservative Heritage Foundation promotes "conservative public policies" based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense. (No reference to people or quality of life here...)

On the other hand, the mission statements of the Economic Policy Institute and the Center for Economic and Policy Research both refer to a people-centred focus on informing and empowering individuals and ensuring broadly shared prosperity and opportunity, and quality of life..."

Given my socially- progressive bias, I'm firmly in the people camp.
Even if you're not, though, you should still check the About Us section of any new research site to determine "where they're coming from...".

< /End gratuitous "Website Evaluation 101 tip" >

State of the Union Address

From The White House:
http://www.whitehouse.gov/

February 12, 2013
Remarks by the President in the State of the Union Address
http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/12/remarks-president-state-union-address
(...)
Tonight, thanks to the grit and determination of the American people, there is much progress to report. After a decade of grinding war, our brave men and women in uniform are coming home. After years of grueling recession, our businesses have created over six million new jobs. We buy more American cars than we have in five years, and less foreign oil than we have in 20. Our housing market is healing, our stock market is rebounding, and consumers, patients, and homeowners enjoy stronger protections than ever before.
(...)
[Bolding added below]
We know our economy is stronger when we reward an honest day’s work with honest wages. But today, a full-time worker making the minimum wage earns $14,500 a year. Even with the tax relief we put in place, a family with two kids that earns the minimum wage still lives below the poverty line. That’s wrong. That’s why, since the last time this Congress raised the minimum wage, 19 states have chosen to bump theirs even higher. Tonight, let’s declare that in the wealthiest nation on Earth, no one who works full-time should have to live in poverty, and raise the federal minimum wage to $9.00 an hour. We should be able to get that done.
This single step would raise the incomes of millions of working families. It could mean the difference between groceries or the food bank; rent or eviction; scraping by or finally getting ahead. For businesses across the country, it would mean customers with more money in their pockets. And a whole lot of folks out there would probably need less help from government. In fact, working folks shouldn’t have to wait year after year for the minimum wage to go up while CEO pay has never been higher. So here’s an idea that Governor Romney and I actually agreed on last year -- let’s tie the minimum wage to the cost of living, so that it finally becomes a wage you can live on.
(...)

Related links:

Why Does the Minimum Wage Have
No Discernible Effect on Employment?
(PDF - 556K, 30 pages)
http://www.cepr.net/documents/publications/min-wage-2013-02.pdf
John Schmitt
February 2013
(...)
The employment effect of the minimum wage is one of the most studied topics in all of economics. This report examines the most recent wave of this research – roughly since 2000 – to determine the best current estimates of the impact of increases in the minimum wage on the employment prospects of low-wage workers. The weight of that evidence points to little or no employment response to modest increases in the minimum wage.

Source:
Center for Economic and Policy Research
http://www.cepr.net/

---

From the
New York Times:
http://www.nytimes.com/

Raise That Wage
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/18/opinion/krugman-raise-that-wage.html
By Paul Krugman
February 17, 2013
President Obama laid out a number of good ideas in his State of the Union address. Unfortunately, almost all of them would require spending money — and given Republican control of the House of Representatives, it’s hard to imagine that happening. One major proposal, however, wouldn’t involve budget outlays: the president’s call for a rise in the minimum wage from $7.25 an hour to $9, with subsequent increases in line with inflation. The question we need to ask is: Would this be good policy? And the answer, perhaps surprisingly, is a clear yes.

More columns by, and information about, Paul Krugman:
http://topics.nytimes.com/top/opinion/editorialsandoped/oped/columnists/paulkrugman/index.html

February 14, 2013
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch/2013/02/14/
Federal Minimum Wage
--- Raising minimum wage would ease income gap but carries political risks
--- The impact of a $9 minimum wage
--- Minimum wage in Europe offers ammunition in U.S. debate
--- Obama’s call for higher minimum wage could have ripple effect
--- Reaction mixed to Obama’s bid to hike minimum wage

Source:
Poverty Dispatch (U.S.)
http://www.irp.wisc.edu/dispatch

[U.S. Minimum Wage] And at the Bottom of the Wage Scale ...
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/05/opinion/meanwhile-at-the-bottom-of-the-wage-scale.html
January 4, 2013
Editorial
Nearly a million low-wage workers in 10 states will get a modest raise this year. (...) By contrast, the federal minimum wage has been stuck at $7.25 an hour since 2009. In all, 19 states and the District of Columbia set their minimums above that level, providing a much needed lift for the lowest-paid workers. But state efforts are no substitute for a higher federal minimum because the ability to earn a minimally acceptable income should not depend on where a worker lives.
(...)
Raising the minimum wage is always a fight. Congress has approved legislation to do so only three times in the last 30 years. President Obama promised to take on this fight back in 2008, when he called for a federal minimum wage of $9.50 an hour by 2011, indexed to inflation. It is past time to keep the promise.

Source:
New York Times

http://www.nytimes.com/

Minimum wage
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/minimum-wage
Special collection of links

Source:
The Guardian (U.K.)

http://www.guardian.co.uk/

Hong Kong passes first-ever minimum wage law [dead link]
Rate could be at least $3 (U.S.) an hour in rare departure from financial hub's free-market philosophy
July 17, 2010
Hong Kong passed its first-ever minimum-wage law Saturday, a rare departure from the wealthy Chinese financial hub's free-market philosophy. The move was hailed by union workers as a victory for the territory's underpaid working class.No rate has yet been set, but it appears employers will be required to pay at least $3 (U.S.) an hour — well short of the rates in the West and low for one of the most expensive cities in the world. Thousands of foreign live-in domestic workers also will be excluded from the deal. But legislator and union organizer Lee Cheuk-yan said it was symbolic, showing that the city was saying “goodbye to shameful wages and embraced social justice for workers."

Source:
The Globe and Mail

The Past, Present, and Future of Minimum Wage
By Stan Raybern
December 31, 2009
The U.S.federal minimum wage was established at $.25 per hour in 1938 and has increased over the years, in theory, to keep up with inflation, cost of living, and many other factors. Although the federal minimum wage is currently set at $7.25, each individual state ultimately has the ability to set their own minimum wage. Residents of Kansas are keenly aware of this fact, where the state minimum wage is set at an astonishing $2.65. Check out where your state stands against the rest of the country, as well as other thought provoking facts as we take a look at the past, present, and future of minimum wage across America
Source:
Shrinkage is Good (Blog)

A minimum income standard for Britain in 2009 (PDF - 401K, 34 pages)
By D. Hirsch, A. Davis and N. Smith
April 2009
Source:
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, London

Fiscal effects of minimum wages : An analysis for Germany (PDF - 1MB, 32 pages)
November 2008
By T. K Bauer and alii,
RWI, Essen

Minimum wages and their alternatives : A critical assessment (PDF - 356K, 31 pages)
December 2008
BY A. Knabe and R. Schöb,

CESifo, Munich

From the (U.S.) Employment Policies Institute:

Minimum Wages and Poverty:
Will the Obama Proposal Help the Working Poor?
(PDF - 3.1MB, 28 pages)
September 2008
As this year’s economic crisis hit everyone’s pocketbooks, some advocates called for another increase in the federal minimum wage (from the current $6.55 to $9.50) . (...) Economists at American University and Cornell University conclude this high minimum wage would fail to improve our nation’s poverty rate because (1) over 60 percent of the benefits would go to families with incomes more than 2 times the federal poverty level, and (2) the job loss suffered by the lowest skilled employees could range from 450,000 to 4 million. The study also shows that the last minimum wage hike also fell short of achieving any poverty reductions, again because of poor target efficiency and resulting job loss.

Source:
Employment Policies Institute (EPI)

---------------------------------------------------------------

<Begin reality check.>

Lies, Damn Lies and The Internet

I enthusiastically encourage open dialogue between supporters of differing viewpoints.
What I object to is the misrepresentation of mission and objectives and the wilful omission of important contextual information, such as the fact that the Big Daddy at EPI is a Washington lobbyist for the restaurant, hotel, alcoholic beverage and tobacco industries, all of which stand to gain from low minimum wage standards.

Here's an excerpt from what SourceWatch*
has to say about the Employment Policies Institute:

The Employment Policies Institute (EPI) is one of several front groups created by Berman & Co., a Washington, DC public affairs firm owned by Rick Berman, who lobbies for the restaurant, hotel, alcoholic beverage and tobacco industries [bolding added]. (...) EPI has has been widely quoted in news stories regarding minimum wage issues, and although a few of those stories have correctly described it as a "think tank financed by business," most stories fail to provide any identification that would enable readers to identify the vested interests behind its pronouncements. Instead, it is usually described exactly the way it describes itself, as a "non-profit research organization dedicated to studying public policy issues surrounding employment growth" that "focuses on issues that affect entry-level employment." In reality, EPI's mission is to keep the minimum wage low so Berman's clients can continue to pay their workers as little as possible [more bolding added]. EPI also owns the internet domain names to MinimumWage.com and LivingWage.com, a website that attempts to portray the idea of a living wage for workers as some kind of insidious conspiracy."
Source:

[ *SourceWatch is a collaborative project of the Center for Media and Democracy to produce a directory of the people, organizations and issues shaping the public agenda. A primary purpose of SourceWatch is documenting the PR and propaganda activities of public relations firms and public relations professionals engaged in managing and manipulating public perception, opinion and policy. SourceWatch also includes profiles on think tanks, industry-funded organizations and industry-friendly experts that work to influence public opinion and public policy on behalf of corporations, governments and special interests. Over time, SourceWatch has broadened to include others involved in public debates including media outlets, journalists and government agencies." ]

CAVEAT:

The "About..." page of any website should *always* include clear statements concerning who is 'behind' the site, whether they're called sponsors, funders partners, supporters or whatever, and what the site hopes to accomplish. In the case of the EPI, there's no mention on their About Us page of the vested interests of the industries that stand most to gain from the information that EPI disseminates. To say that "EPI sponsors nonpartisan research..." is a blatant falsehood.

The Bottom Line:

Beware of websites that misrepresent themselves.
Use SourceWatch.

</End reality check .>

If you want to read some *credible* U.S. research
on the American minimum wage, see this site:

Minimum Wage
Source:
Economic Policies Institute
The Economic Policy Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan think tank that seeks to broaden the public debate about strategies to achieve a prosperous and fair economy.

[ "The Employment Policies Institute deliberately attempted to create confusion in the eyes of journalists and the general public by adopting a name which closely resembles the Economic Policy Institute, a much older, progressive think tank with ties to organized labor." - SourceWatch ]

Minimum wage (International)
This resource is worth viewing --- it contains information on minimum wages in 17 countries (including Canada), along with some objective information on the debate over consequences of minimum wage laws, costs and benefits of minimum wage legislation, recent trends in the U.S., policy alternatives to the minimum wage and much more.
TIP: See "References" and "External Links" (at the bottom of the table of contents) for links to dozens and dozens of free online resources!
Source:
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

---------------------------------------------------------------

Minimum wage (U.S.)
- links to over 600 news articles about minimum wage,
including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times.

The impact of minimum wage increases on single mothers - U.S. (PDF file - 604K, 31 pages)
By J. J. Sabia
September 2007
"(...)Taken together, the 1990s and early 2000s saw important economic changes for single mothers. Employment rates, work hours, and wage income rose, while poverty rates and welfare use declined. The evidence presented in this study suggests that while pro-work welfare reforms, a growing macro-economy, and expansions in the Earned Income Tax Credit program may have each played a role in these positive economic trends, that minimum wage increases reduced less-educated single mothers’ employment, hours worked, and wage income, while failing to alleviate poverty. The results of this study should serve as a caution to policymakers who view minimum wage hikes as a way to help single mothers."
Source:
Employment Policies Institute - U.S.

Minimum Wage History, 1938-2008- from Oregon State University
- incl. four charts + some very interesting links at the bottom of the page to many useful resources, e.g., wealth and poverty links

. Characteristics of minimum wage workers : 2006 - U.S., (PDF file - 62K, 16 pages) Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, February 2007.

The Bare Minimum
Op-Ed by Sarah Hamersma
March 8, 2007
BOTH the House of Representatives and the Senate have recently passed bills raising the minimum wage. The Senate bill includes tax breaks for businesses, based on the following logic: While a minimum wage increase is popular, the resulting higher labor costs will translate into fewer jobs, more expensive products or both. The solution, the senators concluded, was to subsidize companies that hire disadvantaged workers, in order to reimburse them for these higher wage costs. Does this reasoning hold up? A look at one of the key pieces of this business tax package — the Work Opportunity Tax Credit, which has been in place since 1996 and would be extended for five years under the proposal — suggests otherwise.
Source:
Minimum wage (U.S.)
- links to over 600 news articles about minimum wage, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times

Minimum Wages, Minimum Labour Costs and the Tax Treatment of Low-wage Employment (PDF file - 256K, 24 pages)
January 16, 2007
By Herwig Immervoll
International comparisons of minimum-wage levels have largely focused on the gross value of minimum wages, ignoring the effects of taxation on both labour costs and the net income of employees. This paper presents estimates of the tax burdens facing minimum-wage workers. These are used as a basis for cross-country comparisons of the net earnings of these workers as well as the cost of employing them. In addition, results show the evolution of net incomes and labour costs during the 2000-2005 period and the relative importance of minimum-wage adjustments and tax reforms in driving these changes.
(...) Statutory minimum wages are in place in 21 OECD countries [including Canada - text and bolding added], ranging between USD 0.7 and USD 10 per hour.
This paper is the working paper version of a chapter to appear in the 2007 edition of Taxing Wages, an annual OECD publication.
Source:
OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers <===links to 45 more papers!
[ Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs ]
[ Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ]

-----------------------------------------------------------

Does a higher minimum wage mean fewer jobs? - Australia
August 21, 2006
The evidence doesn't support this simple equation, writes John Quiggin*.
The creation of the Fair Pay Commission as part of the government’s WorkChoices legislation has led to a debate about the role of minimum wages for Australian workers. Whereas the Industrial Relations Commission set award wages for most workers, the Fair Pay Commission focuses exclusively on minimum wages and conditions. (...) In thinking about minimum wages, it is [also] necessary to look at interactions with the social welfare system. For those with dependent children, minimum wages in Australia are only marginally higher, after tax, than the social welfare benefits paid to unemployed or disabled workers. Hence, a reduction in the minimum wage could create or intensify “poverty traps.” Advocates of substantial reductions in minimum wages have generally favored “reform” (usually unspecified) of the social welfare system. (...) It is important to remember that minimum wages represent only a small part of a coherent labour market policy. The primary focus must be on managing the tax–welfare system to achieve a more equitable distribution of income while generating incentives to work. Minimum wages should be set with the same goal in mind."
--------------------------------------
*Author John Quiggin is an ARC Federation Fellow in Economics and Political Science at the University of Queensland.
His web site is at http://www.uq.edu.au/economics/johnquiggin and his weblog is at http://johnquiggin.com
--------------------------------------
Source:
Australian Policy Online (APO)
With nearly 120 member centres and institutes, Australian Policy Online offers easy access to much of the best Australian social, economic, cultural and political research available online. APO is maintained by a network of university centres and over 120 centres and institutes around Australia.

------------------------------------------------

Economic Policy Institute (US) on Minimum Wage
In a joint statement issued on Wednesday, October 11, five Nobel Prize winners and over 650 other economists endorsed a statement urging a raise in the minimum wage. The statement asserts that a modest raise in the minimum wage (in the range of a $1.00 to $2.50 per hour), with future increases indexed to protect the workers’ purchasing power, “can significantly improve the lives of low-income workers and their families, without the adverse effects that critics have claimed.”
- incl. links to two EPI articles on minimum wages
Posted October 28 by:
Andrew Jackson
Relentlessly Progressive Economics
"Commentary on Canadian economics and public policy"

Nine years of neglect : Federal minimum wage remains unchanged for ninth straight year, falls to lowest level in more than half a century (PDF file - 78K, 6 pages)
(United States), J. Bernstein and I. Shapiro, Washington, August 2006.
Source:
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
Economic Policy Institute

House Adopts Higher Minimum Wage, $310 Billion in Tax Cuts
July 29
"The House voted to boost the minimum wage for the first time since 1997 in Republican-backed legislation that also cuts $310 billion in taxes, largely by reducing a levy on multimillion-dollar estates. The minimum wage increase, and the inclusion of $38 billion in tax cuts that many Democrats support, were described by some Republicans as a bid to attract votes for the estate tax legislation when it reaches the Senate, where it has been rejected twice in the last month."
Source:
Bloomberg
(" Bloomberg is the leading global provider of data, news and analytics.")

NOTE: if passed by the U.S. Senate, the House measure would boost the federal minimum wage, now at $5.15 an hour, to $7.25 by June 1, 2009. Over 80% of the US population supports a minimum wage increase, according to a CBS News/New York Times poll.

Related Link:

COMPARING THE HOUSE MINIMUM WAGE AND ESTATE TAX PROPOSALS:
Who Benefits and By How Much?
July 28
by Joel Friedman and Aviva Aron-Dine
http://www.cbpp.org/7-28-06tax2.htm
http://www.cbpp.org/7-28-06tax2.pdf, 2pp.
Source:
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (Washington)

Google News Search Results:
"US, minimum wage"
Google Web Search Results:
"US, minimum wage"
Source:
Google.ca

-------------------------------------------

U.S. Minimum Wage Resources

UNHAPPY ANNIVERSARY:
Federal Minimum Wage Remains Unchanged for Eighth Straight Year, Falls to 56-Year Low Relative to the Average Wage

"September 1 marks eight years since the last federal minimum wage increase. In that time, its purchasing power has fallen 17 percent. Compared to average private sector wages, the minimum wage has sunk to its lowest point since 1949."

Unhappy Anniversary, a new report by Jared Bernstein, senior economist at the Economic Policy Institute and Isaac Shapiro, associate director of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, examines the shrunken state of the minimum wage.
September 1, 2005

HTML version:
http://www.cbpp.org/9-1-05mw.htm
PDF version:
http://www.cbpp.org/9-1-05mw.pdf, 5pp

Source:
Center on Budget and Policy Priorities

Related Link:

Raising the National Minimum Wage: Information, Opinion, Research - U.S., international
This is the personal web of Brock Haussamen, an English professor at Raritan Valley Community College in North Branch, New Jersey. The site's purpose is "to provide those concerned about the federal minimum wage with an organized guide to the different sides of the issue". Professor Haussamen's position can be found on the Indexing page of his site --- he supports indexing the minimum wage. [
So do I for Canada, applying the same logic to Canadian minimum wages.]
- incl. links to : Basics - The Case For - The Case Against - Indexing - Research - U. S. - Other Countries - Contact Me

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From the US Dept. of Labor:

Minimum Wage Laws in the States - clickable map, current levels

Characteristics of Minimum Wage Workers: 2004
April 5, 2005
- incl. 10 tables with characteristics of minimum wage workers in 2004 ("Employed wage and salary workers paid hourly rates with earnings at or below the prevailing Federal minimum wage, 2004 annual averages: 1. by selected characteristics 2. by census region and division 3. by State 4. by major occupation group 5. by major industry group 6. by educational attainment 7. by age and sex 8. by marital status, age, and sex 9. by usual hours worked per week 10. by sex (1979-2004 annual averages)
Source:
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
[ U.S. Department of Labor ]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

From the Employment Policies Institute *:

Wage Growth Among Minimum Wage Workers (PDF file - 442K, 25 pages)
June 2004
This study shows "that wage growth among minimum wage employees is actually quite robust. Using over two decades of Current Population Survey (CPS) data, these authors dispel the notion that minimum wage employees are dependent on government policies to increase their wages. The authors also examine the factors that lead to wage growth and find that higher education and job training along with a strong labor market are significant contributing factors."

Helping low-wage Americans : Wage-based tax credits.
A new solution to an age-old problem
(PDF file - 570K, 30 pages)
May 2004
Washington
"(...) The near-universal conclusion of decades of economic research is that minimum wage increases diminish total employment and destroy opportunities for entry-level employees. Moreover, most of the benefits associated with minimum wage hikes accrue to non-poor families. The EITC, in contrast, increases poor Americans’ income and work-effort, without destroying job opportunities.(...)"
[NOTE: for the complete summary of the wage-based tax credits paper, click the Bulletin N°52 link]

*
-----------------------------------------
BUT WAIT A SECOND...
----------------------------------------

Here's an excerpt from what SourceWatch* has to say about the Employment Policies Institute:

The Employment Policies Institute (EPI) is one of several front groups created by Berman & Co., a Washington, DC public affairs firm owned by Rick Berman, who lobbies for the restaurant, hotel, alcoholic beverage and tobacco industries [bolding added]. (...) EPI has has been widely quoted in news stories regarding minimum wage issues, and although a few of those stories have correctly described it as a "think tank financed by business," most stories fail to provide any identification that would enable readers to identify the vested interests behind its pronouncements. Instead, it is usually described exactly the way it describes itself, as a "non-profit research organization dedicated to studying public policy issues surrounding employment growth" that "focuses on issues that affect entry-level employment." In reality, EPI's mission is to keep the minimum wage low so Berman's clients can continue to pay their workers as little as possible [more bolding added]."
Source:
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Employment_Policies_Institute

[ *SourceWatch is a collaborative project of the Center for Media and Democracy to produce a directory of the people, organizations and issues shaping the public agenda. A primary purpose of SourceWatch is documenting the PR and propaganda activities of public relations firms and public relations professionals engaged in managing and manipulating public perception, opinion and policy. SourceWatch also includes profiles on think tanks, industry-funded organizations and industry-friendly experts that work to influence public opinion and public policy on behalf of corporations, governments and special interests. Over time, SourceWatch has broadened to include others involved in public debates including media outlets, journalists and government agencies." ]

CAVEAT:


The "About..." page of any website should *always* include clear statements concerning who is 'behind' the site, whether they're called sponsors, funders partners, supporters or whatever, and what the site hopes to accomplish. In the case of the EPI, there's no mention on their About Us page of the vested interests of the industries that stand most to gain from the information that EPI disseminates. To say that "EPI sponsors nonpartisan research..." is a blatant falsehood.

The Bottom Line:

Beware of websites that misrepresent themselves.
Use SearchWatch

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Minimum wages, labor market institutions and youth employment : a cross-national analysis (PDF file - 1100K, 38 pages)
June 2003
Washington
Finance and economics discussion series, n° 2003-23
"
We estimate the employment effects of changes in national minimum wages using a pooled cross-section time-series data set comprising 17 OECD countries for the period 1975-2000, focusing on the impact of cross-country differences in minimum wage systems and in other labor market institutions and policies that may either offset or amplify the effects of minimum wages."
- Canada is included among the 17 countries studied.
Source : Federal Reserve Board

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Effects of Higher Minimum Wages on Welfare Recipiency: Another Look - U.S.
Mark D. Turner, Alena Bicakova
February 2003

"This paper analyzes the effect of an increase in the minimum wage on welfare participation. (...) Consistent with some earlier research, we found that higher minimum wages reduce welfare spell lengths. In contrast to our initial hypothesis, we found consistent empirical evidence that long-term welfare recipients were more likely to leave the welfare following a minimum wage increase than otherwise similar short-term recipients."
Download full paper (PDF file - 90K, 25 pages)
Source : Joint Center for Policy Research (Illinois)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Minimum Wage
- from the Almanac of Policy Issues

Canadian Living Wage links

Living wage is a term used to describe the minimum hourly wage necessary for shelter (housing and incidentals such as clothing and other basic needs) and nutrition for a person for an extended period of time (lifetime).
Source:
Living Wage - from Wikipedia

Skip down directly to
International Living Wage resources

(further down on the page you're now reading)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The links below are more or less in reverse chronological order.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Whitehorse, Yukon

Living Wage in Whitehorse, Yukon: 2016 (PDF - 620K, 20 pages)
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net//Living_Wage_in_Whitehorse.pdf
Prepared by Kendall Hammond of the
Yukon Anti-Poverty Coalition
http://yapc.ca/
(...)
The living wage is a call to find ways of reducing living costs and raising income in Whitehorse to eliminate the gap between wages and the cost of basic necessities. Research suggests that paying workers a living wage produces health, social, and economic benefits that improve the well-being of communities.

Nelson, British Columbia

COLUMN: Poverty reduction and the Living Wage
http://www.nelsonstar.com/opinion/380575641.html
The so-called Living Wage for our regional district has been figured to be a little under $20 per hour, Nelson city councillor Anna Purcell writes.
May 24, 2016

Related stories:
To access any of the seven articles below, click the link above, then scroll down to the end of the article to click on the item you wish to read.
--- COLUMN: Poverty reduction plan needed
--- COLUMN: Poverty reduction plan needed
--- COLUMN: 2016 a year for poverty reduction
--- MLA calls for poverty reduction plan
--- Mungall introduces poverty reduction bill
--- SPAN aims to create poverty reduction plan for Nelson
--- School board asks government for poverty reduction plan

Source:
Nelson Star
http://www.nelsonstar.com/

Making Ends Meet : Toronto’s 2015 Living Wage (PDF - 2MB, 38 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/Ontario%20Office/2015/04/CCPA-ON_Making_Ends_Meet.pdf
By Kaylie Tiessen
April 10, 2015
Two working parents with two children need to each earn a minimum of $18.52 an hour just to make ends meet in Toronto. In a new report, CCPA-Ontario Economist Kaylie Tiessen calculates the living wage in Toronto by drawing on a national living wage methodological framework.

Related news release:
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/newsroom/news-releases/it-takes-1852-hour-make-ends-meet-toronto-study

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

From PovNet (BC):

Living Wage momentum growing
http://www.povnet.org/node/5595
October 7, 2014
Communities, workers, and places of work are all starting to see the benefits of paying a living wage. A living wage is not the same as the minimum wage, which is the legal minimum all employers must pay.

Source:
PovNet

http://www.povnet.org/
PovNet provides online tools that facilitate communication, community and access to information around poverty-related issues in British Columbia and Canada. We work to collect relevant news and resources of use to advocates, community workers, marginalized communities and the general public.

Related links:

Living Wage Canada [ http://livingwagecanada.ca/ ] says a living wage needs to reflect what earners in a family need to bring home based on the actual costs of living in a specific community.

Canadian Living Wage Framework (small PDF file - 5 pages)
http://livingwagecanada.ca/files/3913/8382/4524/Living_Wage_Full_Document_Nov.pdf

---

The Living Wage for Families Campaign [ http://www.livingwageforfamilies.ca/ ] has been going strong in BC for several years, and its website contains an extensive collection of related resource material.

Living Wage for Families Campaign Blog
http://www.livingwageforfamilies.ca/blog/category/general/blog-category-01/

The Living Wage for Families Campaign is hosted by
First Call: BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition
http://www.firstcallbc.org/
First Call supports BC's children and youth through three strategies:
- Public Education
- Community Mobilization
- Public Policy Advocacy

---

From rabble.ca:
http://rabble.ca

A living wage lifts workers and the economy
http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/policyfix/2014/10/living-wage-lifts-workers-and-economy
October 6, 2014
As of October 1, minimum-wage earners in Manitoba will earn $10.70 per hour -- just over $20,800 annually. This leaves a family of four, with both parents working, with an income that is more than $1,500 below the poverty line.

---

From the Globe and Mail:
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

The quest for a 'living wage' gathers steam
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/top-business-stories/the-quest-for-a-living-wage-gathers-steam/article20910670/
October 3, 2014
(...) The living wage is calculated as the hourly rate at which a household can meet its basic needs, once government transfers have been added to the family's income and deductions have been subtracted.

The Intersection Between Living Wage and Minimum Wage:
Podcast with Trish Hennessy and Adam Vasey
(Podcast, duration 53 minutes)
http://vibrantcanada.ca/content/intersection-between-living-wage-and-minimum-wage-0
The minimum wage is the hourly rate legislated for all workers, the bare minimum a worker can earn. And it often gets confused in public discussions around living wage, a wage that reflects what earners need to bring home based on the actual costs of living in a specific community. In this podcast, Trish Hennessy, of CCPA-Ontario, and Adam Vasey, of Pathway to Potential, discuss the intersection between the living wage and the minimum wage.

Trish Hennessy is the founding director of the new Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives' (CCPA) Ontario office [ https://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/ontario ].
Adam Vasey has been Director of Pathway to Potential [ http://pathwaytopotential.ca/ ] since 2009; he is responsible for the development of a collaborative, multi-sector strategy for the prevention and reduction of poverty in Windsor-Essex County

NOTE : On the same page as the podcast, you'll find links to the following additional resources:
* Living Wage Canada Canadian
* Living Wage Framework
* Tools and Resources for Employers
* Tools and Resources for Communities
* Developing and Launching a Living Wage Campaign

Source:
Vibrant Communities Canada
http://vibrantcanada.ca/

Ontario

The Case for a Stronger Fair Wage Policy in Ontario
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/publications/reports/case-stronger-fair-wage-policy-ontario
By Josh Mandryk
May 8, 2014
Abstract
This report analyzes Ontario’s fair wage policy, which has not been modernized since it was introduced in 1995. It draws from a broad range of examples to show how a modernized fair wage policy can be a critical link to bring construction tendering policy in line with government policy objectives pertaining to skills training and apprenticeships, improved health and safety outcomes, and tackling the underground economy in construction.

Complete report:

The Case for a Stronger Fair Wage Policy in Ontario (PDF - 71K, 47 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/2014/05/Fair_Wage_FINAL.pdf
(...)
This report also examines the cost impact of fair wage policies, the main argument of those seeking the repeal of such policies. A review of the extant research comes to a surprising finding: fair wage policies do not significantly increase overall construction costs, contrary to the claims of critics.

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

British Columbia

"The 2014 living wage for Metro Vancouver : now $20.10/hour"

Working for a Living Wage 2014
Making Paid Work Meet Basic Family Needs in Metro Vancouver
(PDF - 1.5MB, 8 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2014/04/CCPA-BC_Living_Wage_Update_2014.pdf
By Iglika Ivanova and Seth Klein
April 29, 2014
In 2008, the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, First Call: BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition and Victoria’s Community Social Planning Council published the inaugural report Working for a Living Wage. That report calculated that the living wage for families was $16.74/hour in Metro Vancouver, and $16.39/hour in Metro Victoria. That full report, detailing the principles, rationale, methodology, data sources, and business case for the living wage calculation can be found at policyalternatives.ca/livingwage2014. Since then, however, daily living costs for families have continued to rise and changes have occurred to government taxes and transfers. And so this short report updates our calculation, providing the 2014 living wage for Metro Vancouver –– now $20.10/hour.

Partners:

First Call: BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition
http://www.firstcallbc.org/

Victoria Community Social Planning Council
http://www.communitycouncil.ca/

Source:
Working for a Living

http://www.ccpaontario.ca/working-for-a-living.html
If you work for a living, you should get a living wage.
Listen to any of the 30 arguments for better pay.
Share this promotional video and spread the word. The CCPA -Ontario is proud to release a new microsite dedicated to the Living Wage campaign. Here you'll find thirty arguments in favour of a living wage, articulated by many of the campaign's strongest supporters. Please spread the word and share the arguments that appeal to you most.

About Working For A Living:
http://www.ccpaontario.ca/about-the-living-wage-project.html
The CCPA-Ontario's Working For A Living website is a storytelling project to convey the value of a decent minimum wage and a living wage. As part of her summer 2013 student internship with the CCPA-Ontario, Ryerson University student Ellie Gordon-Moershel came up with the idea of an interactive website that combines one-minute audio clips with compelling photography to tell the story.

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) - Ontario Office
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/ontario

---

More BC living wage reports:

2014 living wage calculation: Parents need two minimum wage jobs each to support a family in Metro Vancouver
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/newsroom/news-releases/2014-living-wage-calculation-parents-need-two-minimum-wage-jobs-each-support

Living Wage 2014 calculated for Vancouver, Victoria and the Fraser Valley
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/newsroom/updates/living-wage-2014-calculated-vancouver-victoria-and-fraser-valley

Living Wage Calculation Guide 2014 (PDF - 1MB, 26 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2014/04/CCPA-BC_Living_Wage_Guide_2014.pdf

Living Wage Calculation Spreadsheet - April 2014 (Excel file - 78KB, 2 pages): https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2014/04/LW%20Calculation%20Spreadsheet_Apr%202014_Vancouver.xls

Working for a Living Wage 2008 - Original Full Report (PDF - 2.9MB, 52 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/BC%20Office/2014/04/ccpa_bc_living_wage_2008.pdf

---

Related links:

Metro Vancouver Living Wage for Families:
http://www.livingwageforfamilies.ca/

30 Arguments for Better Pay (video, duration 00:55)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFDEd1-fK8c
The CCPA-Ontario's Working For A Living website is a storytelling project to convey the value of a decent minimum wage and a living wage.

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) - BC Office
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/bc

CCPA National Office (Ottawa)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

New from
PressProgress:

Surprise! Fraser Institute comes out against living wage
http://www.pressprogress.ca/en/post/surprise-fraser-institute-comes-out-against-living-wage
January 16, 2014

The Fraser Institute says that paying workers a living wage actually hurts low-paid workers. In a report released Tuesday, the right-wing think tank cites "the best available research" to argue that any gains for some workers come "at the expense of others who lose as a result of fewer employment opportunities," said Charles Lamman, the study's author.

That's not what others have found - and likely the reason why the campaign to pay the working poor a living wage is taking off in the United Kingdom. There, companies in London are signing on to the voluntary measure because they've figured out that paying employees a living wage boosts productivity and reduces training costs that come with high turn-over rates.

Source:
PressProgress

http://www.pressprogress.ca/

---

The Fraser Institute report:

The Economic Effects of Living Wage Laws

Living wage laws can hurt the most vulnerable workers
http://www.fraserinstitute.org/research-news/display.aspx?id=20755
News Release
January 14, 2014
VANCOUVER, BC—As more Canadian municipalities consider adopting so-called living wage laws, a new report published today by the Fraser Institute, an independent, non-partisan Canadian public policy think-tank, concludes these laws can actually hurt low-paid workers.

Complete report (PDF - 412K, 44 pages):
http://goo.gl/Yc9cBb

Source:
The Fraser Institute

http://www.fraserinstitute.org/

---

Related links from
The Globe and Mail (G&M):

Why paying a living wage makes good business sense
http://goo.gl/snk1YU
By Andrew Johnson
November 9, 2012
When it comes to setting minimum wages, Canadians can pretty much count on there being an acrimonious debate between private sector employers on the one hand, and unions and anti-poverty activists on the other. But some businesses, especially in the United Kingdom, are starting to recognize the social and economic case for higher wages for the working poor.

[ Author Andrew Jackson is Senior Policy Adviser to the Broadbent Institute and the Packer Professor of Social Justice at York University. ]

Earlier G&M article by
Andrew Jackson on minimum wage hikes:

Minimum wage hikes: Benefits offset the costs
http://goo.gl/VAHzH3
March 7, 2013
...
the best economic evidence seems to show that modest minimum-wage increases have very limited macroeconomic impacts in terms of overall growth and employment. They can, however, have positive impacts for both workers and their employers in low-wage sectors of the economy.

Source:
The Globe and Mail

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

The Minimum Wage:
January 17 (2014) media scan by Jennefer Laidley of the
Income Security Advocacy Centre:
http://goo.gl/Dn3Jgv
Click this link to access all articles below.

A huge push was made for a $14 minimum wage in Ontario on Jan 14.
The campaign reflects on the success of the day
The Current’s special programming on the minimum wage included:
----- A day in the life of a minimum wage worker
----- Debating a minimum wage increase – Trish Hennessy at CCPA Ontario vs Charles Lammam at Fraser Institute
----- Earning below the poverty line
----- Walmart Canada
----- Ralph Nader on increasing the US minimum wage
----- Time for a global minimum wage?
----- How an increase can hurt small business
----- Poll: Should the minimum wage be increased?
----- Commentary from Wellesley’s Jo Snyder on the CBC debate
----- Health Providers Against Poverty held a press conference on raising the minimum wage
********* Press release
********* Star coverage
********* Doctor’s Orders: Raise the minimum wage
- Wellesley report of Oct 2013 shows who is making the minimum wage
- Ottawa restaurant owner says minimum wage increase would hit him hard
- Hepburn: “Ontario’s working poor need the government’s help now”
- Guest post at CCPA debunks arguments against minimum wage increase

(Manitoba) The Living Wage: An Idea Whose Time Has Come
http://policyfix.ca/2013/11/27/the-living-wage-an-idea-whose-time-has-come/
November 27, 2013
(...)
A living wage is different from the minimum wage, being the legal minimum employers must pay. A living wage is based on the principle that fulltime work should provide families with a basic level of economic security. It allows a family of four with two parents working fulltime to pay for necessities, support the healthy development of their children, escape financial stress, and participate in the social, civic and cultural lives of their communities. We have estimated the family living wage for 2013 in Winnipeg at $14.07/hour.

---

A Living Wage for Manitoba Families : 2013 Update
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/newsroom/news-releases/living-wage-manitoba-families
November 27, 2013
News Release
The report explains how a combination of government policy and employer benefits can lower the minimum wage; in fact since 2009, government tax and Rent Aid policy has lowered the living wage for 1-parent families. It’s time for public and private sector employers to do their part: A Family Living Wage for Manitoba 2013 Update explains why and how.

Complete report:

A Living Wage for Manitoba Families : 2013 Update (PDF - 684K, 12 pages)
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/news/docs/Manitoba%20Living%20Wage%202013.pdf

Source:
Policy Fix
http://policyfix.ca/
Policy Fix is a blog for progressive Canadians by the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives Manitoba Office
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/manitoba

Working for a Living Wage 2013:
Making Paid Work Meet Basic Family Needs in Metro Vancouver
(PDF - 1MB, 8 pages)
http://goo.gl/qX81n
By Iglika Ivanova, Seth Klein
May 2, 2013
In 2008, the CCPA, First Call and Victoria’s Community Council published the inaugural report Working for a Living Wage. That report calculated that the living wage for families was $16.74/hour in Metro Vancouver, and $16.39/hour in Metro Victoria. That full report, detailing the principles, rationale, methodology, data sources, and business case for the living wage calculation can be found at policyalternatives.ca/livingwage2013. Since then, however, family costs have continued to rise and changes have occurred to government taxes and transfers. And so this short report updates our calculation, providing the 2013 living wage for Metro Vancouver––now $19.62/hour.

For more on the Metro Vancouver Living Wage for Families campaign, including for those
wanting to become living wage employers, visit A Living Wage for Families [ http://livingwageforfamilies.ca/ ]

Source:
BC Office
[ http://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/bc ]
of the
Canadien Centre for Policy Alternatives
[ http://www.policyalternatives.ca/ ]

Why paying a living wage makes good business sense
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/economy/economy-lab/why-paying-a-living-wage-makes-good-business-sense/article5152175/
By Andrew Jackson
November 9, 2012
When it comes to setting minimum wages, Canadians can pretty much count on there being an acrimonious debate between private sector employers on the one hand, and unions and anti-poverty activists on the other. But some businesses, especially in the United Kingdom, are starting to recognize the social and economic case for higher wages for the working poor.

Recent years have seen the rise of a living wage movement in the U.K., the United States and Canada. All three countries have a low-wage problem in the sense that a significant proportion of even full-time workers earn significantly less than a middle-class wage, and struggle to make ends meet.

The first week of November was Living Wage Week in the United Kingdom [ http://www.livingwage.org.uk/ ], where a very broad coalition has come together in support of a decent wage.

Source:
Globe and Mail

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

What if the minimum wage was a living wage?
http://rabble.ca/blogs/bloggers/trish-hennessy/2012/11/what-if-minimum-wage-was-living-wage
By Trish Hennessy*
November 5, 2012
Increasingly, leadership for policy change comes from outside of government, not from within. It's why many Ontarians who are focused on reducing and eliminating poverty in this province have engaged in a broadening conversation about how to end working poverty through decent jobs, a better minimum wage, and a concept that's gathering force: a living wage.
NOTE : This article contains links to 10 related articles and studies.

[ * Former journalist Trish Hennessy is director of strategic issues
at the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives - www.policyalternatives.ca ]

Source:
rabble.ca
http://rabble.ca/

Related links:

A Living Wage: Why It Matters : A toolkit of resources
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/ontario/livingwageON
What’s a living wage and why does it matter?
We’ve pulled together nine helpful resources on the subject.
Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/

International Minimum Wage Resources

The First Congress of the U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network: Fundamental Insecurity or Basic Income Guarantee?
March 8-9, 2002, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York
- incl.links to 35 papers on guaranteed annual income ("basic income") presented at this Congress
Source:
U.S. Basic Income Guarantee Network (USBIG)

Related links:
Go to the Guaranteed Annual Income Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/gai.htm

---

Advocates for Self-Government - the website of the American Libertarianism movement. This organization would privatize welfare and repeal all permits, licensing, zoning and labor laws because "they all stop people who want to work, especially minorities. (...) Private charity is more compassionate and delivers the goods better than the government welfare plantation."



United Kingdom

November 11, 2012
Living Wage
- A special collection of links in The Guardian (U.K.)
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/living-wage

Selected content:

Living wage campaigners insist: it's not just about the money
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/nov/11/living-wage-not-about-the-money
11 Nov 2012: Family values and a strong civic society are key values for low-pay protesters

---

Living Wage: Whitehall show the way in this right and decent campaign
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/nov/11/observer-editorial-bring-on-living-wage
11 Nov 2012: Observer editorial: A voluntary living wage carries a moral and an economic imperative

---

He cleaned Nick Clegg's office – and was punished for wanting a living wage
http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/nov/10/living-wage-cleaner-clegg
10 Nov 2012: The idea of a living wage is still not popular with many companies, as Valdemar Ventura's story makes clear

---

A living wage is in everyone's interests
http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/nov/03/miliband-prentis-living-wage
3 Nov 2012: David Miliband and Dave Prentis: It's not just the poor who benefit from fair pay.

Source:
The Guardian (U.K.)

http://www.guardian.co.uk/

Other related link collections in The Guardian:

* Minimum wage - http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/minimum-wage
* Poverty - http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/poverty
* Social Exclusion - http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/socialexclusion

Source:
Living Wage Foundation U.K.
http://www.livingwage.org.uk/
The Living Wage Foundation supports, recognises and celebrates the leadership shown by Living Wage Employers in the UK. We believe that work should be the surest way out of poverty.

--------------------------------------------------------------------

The Poverty Site
THE
UK site for statistics on poverty and social exclusion
- incl. indicators for ther UK, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, rural England and the European Union

Source:
Joseph Rowntree Foundation

--------------------------------------------------------------------

Fighting "low equilibria" by doubling the minimum wage ? Hungary’s experiment (PDF file, 44 pages)
December 2003
Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn
"
Summary : In January 2001 the Hungarian government increased the minimum wage from Ft 25,500 to Ft 40,000. One year later the wage floor rose further to Ft 50,000. The paper looks at the short-run impact of the first hike on small-firm employment and flows between employment and unemployment. It finds that the hike significantly increased labor costs and reduced employment in the small firm sector; and adversely affected the job retention and job finding probabilities of low-wage workers. While the conditions for a positive employment effect were mostly met in depressed regions spatial inequalities were amplified rather than reduced."


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