Canadian Social Research Links
Federal Government
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Updated May 25, 2017
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An Old Idea is New Again : A Royal Commission on a new amending formula for Canada’s Constitution to fix our fiscal imbalance
By John Stapleton
May 24, 2017

As Canadians commemorate the nation’s 150th anniversary in 2017, few among us are thinking about what happened 100 years ago. When we do think about 1917, it evokes for many Canada’s coming of age in the great World War I victory at Vimy Ridge in April of that year. However, another momentous event affecting all Canadians in deeply personal and financial ways also took place – though it is often forgotten. The government passed a law bringing income taxes to Canada. One hundred years later, there are no events, no stamps, no coins, no conferences and no celebrations – despite its major impact on Canadian history.

Bold Ideas: Policy Beyond Canada 150
As Canada marks its 150th birthday this year, Canadians have a historic opportunity not only to celebrate a century and a half of accomplishments, but also to look forward to what we can achieve in the future. The Mowat Centre is releasing a series of short written pieces and video interviews in the weeks leading up to July 1st that will look ahead and present a variety of bold, potentially transformative policy ideas.

Federal Income Assistance

--- For All Canadians
--- For Families and Children
--- For Newcomers to Canada
--- For People with Disabilities
--- For Seniors
--- For Veterans

Speech from the Throne
December 4, 2015
On December 4, 2015, His Excellency the Right Honourable David Johnston, Governor General of Canada, delivered the Speech from the Throne to open the 42nd session of Parliament and outline the Government’s agenda.

Government of Canada


FULL TEXT of the Throne Speech

Throne Speech Backgrounders
(Click the link above to access any of the articles below):
* Throne Speech Ignored Alberta: Tory MP
* No Sign Of Slower Spending In Liberal Throne Speech
* Ambrose, Mulcair Highlight The Words Left Unsaid
* Liberals Hope For New Era With Indigenous Peoples
* Throne Speech Reiterates Big Liberal Promises

Huffington Post Canada

Canada] Bill tabled to ban refugees from social assistance
A Conservative MP's private member bill is quietly making its way through the legislature and, if passes, could exclude refugees from accessing help.
Bill C-585 [ ], which is before Parliament for second reading later this month, would allow provinces to individually impose residency requirements for eligibility for social assistance benefits and restrict access to those benefits by refugees.
Currently, the Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act, which lays out the terms of the Canada Social Transfer, stipulates that a province may not impose a minimum period of residency to restrict eligibility for social assistance — or it will risk losing some or all of its social transfer payments. The condition is meant to ensure that a national standard is in place to support those in need of help. Embedding such a major change in a private member’s bill has irked antipoverty and refugee advocates because such bills, as opposed to government bills, are less transparent and undergo less scrutiny; they’re usually put forward to address issues of regional significance.

Toronto Star

About those "NDP satellite offices"
in Quebec and Saskatchewan...


From the Board of Internal Economy:
[The Board of Internal Economy is the governing body of the House of Commons.]

Use of House of Commons Resources for Political Offices (small PDF file)
Coming into force April 14, 2014
Ottawa – April 8, 2014 – The Honourable Andrew Scheer, Speaker of the House of Commons and Chair of the Board of Internal Economy, has confirmed that the Board is conducting an investigation into the use of House of Commons resources in offices outside of the Parliamentary Precinct or constituency offices. This investigation is further to allegations of improper use of House resources brought forward to the Board, specifically related to the Members By-law (section 4.3).


Large-Volume Mailings (small PDF file)
Ottawa – March 24, 2014 – Today, the Board of Internal Economy confirmed that it is reviewing a matter related to large-volume mailings in response to complaints regarding the appropriateness of such mailings sent by Members of the House of Commons in ridings not held by their party.

Parliamentary Website

FEDERAL BUDGET 2013 - March 21, 2013

[* formerly known as the federal budget. ]
March 21, 2013
The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, today unveiled the next phase of the Harper Government’s plan for jobs, growth and long-term prosperity, Canada’s Economic Action Plan 2013.

NOTE: For links to all 2013 budget papers and related Finance Canada documents, along with budget analysis and critique from almost two dozen media and NGO sources, go to the 2013 Canadian Government Budgets Links page of this website:

New report lifts fog on government job cuts
May 16, 2012
Due to the opaque reporting methods used by the federal government to detail its spending and employment projections, getting a clear picture of core public service job losses is unnecessarily complicated. However, CCPA Senior Economist David Macdonald has analyzed data from recently released 2012-13 Reports on Plans and Priorities [see below] as well as the 2012 federal budget to assess the impact of several rounds of spending cuts on federal employment.

The report, Clearing Away the Fog: Government Estimates of Job Losses, finds that the total number of federal core public service job losses over the next three years will be 29,600—far more than the 19,200 estimate that is now commonly cited. The Departments of National Defence, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, and Public Works and Government Services Canada will be particularly hard hit. The analysis also notes that a significant number of positions at Crown corporations, non-profit agencies, and private sector firms who do business with the government outside of the core public service will also be lost, although it is difficult to determine just how many.

Read the full report:

Clearing Away the Fog: Government Estimates of Job Losses (PDF - 238K 5 pages)
May 2012

News release:
Federal documents reveal 29,600 job cuts by 2015

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

Related link:

2012–13 Part III - Reports on Plans and Priorities
Click on the name of a federal department or institution for detailed information on plans and priorities for the next three years.
NOTE: The RPPs do **not** include any of the federal civil service job cuts announced in the March 29 (2012)
federal budget:

Reports on Plans and Priorities (RPPs)
RPPs are individual expenditure plans for each federal department and agency (excluding Crown corporations). These reports provide increased levels of detail over a three-year period on an organization’s main priorities by strategic outcome(s), program activity(ies) and planned/expected results, including links to related resource requirements.

RPPs are part of the
Estimates for the Government of Canada and Other Supporting Documents
Part I and II - Main Estimates
Part III - Reports on Plans and Priorities
RPP Overview
Part III - Departmental Performance Reports
Canada's Performance
Supplementary Estimates
Appropriation Acts (Supply Bills)
Governor General Special Warrants

Department reponsible:
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat

Harper Government Takes Action to Support Jobs and Growth
News Release
November 8, 2011
The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, today announced that the Harper Government is taking targeted action to support jobs and economic growth. The Minister made the announcement as he released an update of the Government’s economic and fiscal projections, which shows Canada remains on track to eliminate the federal deficit over the medium term.

Related Documents:

* Update of Economic and Fiscal Projections
* Speech by the Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, to the Calgary Chamber of Commerce
* Backgrounder: Supporting Jobs and Growth through Employment Insurance Premium Rates
* Backgrounder: Supporting Jobs and Growth through Work-Sharing

Finance Canada

From Finance Canada:

Government of Canada Releases 2010-2011 Annual Financial Report
News Release
October 12, 2011
The Honourable Jim Flaherty, Minister of Finance, today released the Annual Financial Report of the Government of Canada for 2010–11, which shows a 40-per-cent reduction in the deficit from 2009–10. The deficit was also $2.8 billion lower than forecast in the June 2011 budget due to higher revenues and lower program expenses than forecast.

Related Documents:

* Annual Financial Report of the Government of Canada: Fiscal Year 2010–2011
* Fiscal Reference Tables - October 2011

Finance Canada


< Begin rant. .>

WTF? This is Progress?
In the good old days, that is, pre-Harper Government™ days, one could access all federal govt. news releases from a single, convenient page on the federal government website. In the New Order of Things, I accessed the Canada News Centre website earlier today looking for a particular news release from a few months ago.
I f you click the link in the previous sentence, you'll find ONE release (as at 9am on November 13) about a telecommunications agreement with Mexico --- after all, the page *is* entitled "Today's National News and Information". If you're seeking something that predates TODAY, though, toughski shitski.
(HINT : You can find links to earlier releases, but only by typing the name of the desired month into the search box in the top right-hand corner of the page.)
Thanks for the user-friendly interface, Government of Canada web design shmucks.

< /End rant. .>

Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat:

Treasury Board President Clement Lays
Groundwork for Responsible Government Spending

June 3, 2011
Ottawa – The Honourable Tony Clement tabled his first document as President of the Treasury Board today, laying the foundation for responsible government spending with the 2011–12 Main Estimates. (...) The 2011–12 Main Estimates total $250.8 billion in expenditures for transfer payments and operating and capital costs, as well as public debt charges. The Main Estimates provide a listing of the resources required by individual departments and agencies for the upcoming fiscal year.

Backgrounder - the big picture


The Federal Government section of Canadian Social Research Links comprises several separate pages of links : 
- Federal Government Links - sites of general interest (to social researchers), e.g., government information or research sites; also includes links to directories of federal programs and services for specific target groups like youth and seniors 

- Canada's Economic Action Plan - 175+ links to the Plan website, reports and critiques
- Federal Departments and Agencies (two pages) - links to the websites of almost two dozen federal departments and agencies involved with social programs (includes links to selected content on each of those sites) 
*** Page 1. Agriculture and Agri-Food to Finance
*** Page 2 Fisheries and Oceans to Veterans Affairs

- Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) - info about Old Age Security, the Canada Pension Plan, Employment Insurance and other social programs - and where I worked...
- Health Links - Canada/International - info about Health Canada and related stuff from the U.S. and elsewhere in the world
- Employment Insurance in Canada - selected reports and other related links

See these related Canadian Social Research Links pages also:
- Medicare Debate Links page for more links to health care reform information
- Early Learning and Child Care page for Early Childhood Development information
- Unofficial Social Union Links page for National Child Benefit and Social Union info

Canada's Economic Action Plan (this link takes you to a section of the 2011 budgets page of this site)
You'll also find some older and complementary links to the Economic Action Plan in the 2009 federal budget links page.
Here's the direct link to the relevant content from the '09 budget


Political Accountability and
Open Government websites/resources
- this link takes you further down on the page you're now reading.

---------------------------------------- - Keeping tabs on Canada's Parliament

The Canada Site

Government of Canada
Service Canada
"Connecting you to Government Benefits"
Canadian Government Information
Toll-Free Telephone Number:
1 8ØØ O-Canada
(1 800 622-6232)
Federal Budget Links
Canadian Government Budgets 2011
- for earlier years, see the Canadian Social Research Links
Canadian Government Budgets page
Federal Election Links
2011 Federal Election
2008 Federal Election
2006 Federal Election
2004 Federal Election


Jack Layton

"My friends, love is better than anger. Hope is better than fear. Optimism is better than despair. So let us be loving, hopeful and optimistic. And we’ll change the world."
[Jack Layton's letter
(PDF - 118K, 2 pages)]


R.I.P. Jack Layton, 1950-2011
August 22, 2011
Canada will miss you, Jack.

Federal Government Electronic Directory Services

- telephone/organizational directory of all federal public servants.
It works - just type in the surname, given name, telephone number, title or organization of someone in the federal civil service.

Canada News Centre
* News Releases * Media Advisories * Warnings and Advisories * Speeches and Statements * Reports
VIEWS * National News * News by Region * News by Audience * News Centre Archives
RESOURCES * Media Contacts * Government Initiatives * Weather * Canada Gazette * Hansard Index * What's New (Canada Site) * Info Source * Laws in Canada * Population Affiliation Report * Provincial and Territorial News

Government of Canada



Search the Government of Canada Pages


A - Z Index of Government of Canada programs and services


After the Rapture...

New Ministry to govern for all Canadians
Economy remains number one priority
18 May 2011
Prime Minister Stephen Harper today announced the appointment of a new federal Ministry that will lead the way in keeping Canada moving toward greater security and stability.

The Harper Government ™Ministry in 2011
- click on Ministers' names for biographical notes.

Cabinet Committee Mandates and Memberships (PDF - 21K, 9 pages)

Office of the Prime Minister

February 2011 Task Force on Financial Literacy in Canada
- this link takes you to a section of the Federal Government Department Links page of this website

Prorogation of Parliament - January 2010

Jennefer Laidley of the Income Security Advocacy Centre (ISAC) has collated
a large number of links to media coverage of the prorogation of Parliament in Canada in January 2010.

(June 1, 2009)

Federal government websites are presently being updated to implement the "Common Look and Feel Standards for the Internet (CLF 2.0)."
You'll find many broken links on this site (but not on the page you're reading now, which is updated), and some federal department websites haven't even been updated to reflect the new standards yet.

Until the re-jigging of federal content links is completed, p
lease use the search engine of the relevant department or's search engine to find the new location of the content .

===> [ more info on "CLF 2.0" (Actually, it's more rant than info...) ]<===

Canadian Information by Subject
- Library and Archives Canada

Thousands of links to Canadian websites (government and other), classified according to the Dewey Decimal System.
 Easy to navigate, not cluttered with graphics, overall a good guide to Canadian surfing...
See, for example...
Section 30 - Social sciences in general
Section 36 - Social problems, social service (incl. clubs, insurance)
- Be sure to start on the main page to see the entire list of subjects
- Go to the Library and Archives Canada Home Page


Canadian Government Information on the Internet
by Anita Cannon, the Depository Services Program and Contributors

Effective September 1, 2001, the DSP has become part of Communication Canada
- incl. links to : Major Sites - Federal Information (By subject) - Provincial Information (By province) - Municipal information - Distribution / Discussion Lists - Library Catalogues - Electronic journals.

Guides to Government Information
Help Sheets:
- incl. links to government collections, overviews of how the Canada Gazette works, finding and using Canadian parliamentary information, a guide to Canadian federal bills, statutes & regulations, how a Government bill becomes law, Canadian Information by Subject (National Library of Canada), provincial government publishing authorities and much more...

Depository Services Program (Govt. of Canada)


Policy Monitor Canada
Policy Monitor Canada is a government relations monitoring service that provides timely updates on legislative, regulatory and public affairs issues in Canada. Policy Monitor Canada tracks the government of Canada as well as all 10 Canadian provinces and 3 territorial governments. We constantly research a wide range of government information sources to keep up-to-date on developments that may influence public policy discussion in Canada.

Policy Monitor Canada is provided as a free service to anyone interested in public policy and political issues in Canada. Our philosophy is that public policy announcements, consultations and opportunities for participation should be easily accessible to interested people in one place. In addition, it is good to know what legislative, regulatory and political events are happening in other parts of the country.

List of issues covered:
* Aboriginal Affairs * Arts/Culture/Sport * Consumer Affairs * Economy * Education * Energy * Environment * Foreign Affairs * Government * Health Care * Immigration * Justice (incl. human rights) * Local Government * Natural Resources * Social Policy (incl. women) * Transportation

Consultation on Canada's Digital Economy
The Government of Canada invites your views on the goals of a Canadian digital economy strategy, the concrete steps needed to reach these goals and how governments, the private and not-for-profit sectors can best collaborate to create a strategy for future success. The consultation paper proposes a set of key challenges to meet, describes what has been done to date and poses questions on what needs to be done in the future.
Online submissions or comments can be posted at

The deadline for responses was July 9, 2010

The consultation paper:

Improving Canada’s Digital Advantage Strategies for Sustainable Prosperity
Consultation Paper on a Digital Economy Strategy for Canada

Undated document (PDF file created April 30, 2010)
HTML version - table of contents + links to individual sections (all in HTML)
PDF version
(1.8MB, 40 pages)

* Consultation Questions
* Related online resources

Federal Government Departments involved (how and why)
- Industry Canada
- Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC)
- Canadian Heritage

See also:

Proposals to Modernize the Copyright Act
June 2, 2010


NOTE: If the expression "digital economy" makes your eyes glaze over, you're not alone. There are, however, a number of important linkages between digital technology and social policy, such as:

- Net neutrality (Submission by Steve Anderson)
- the view that democratization and empowerment should be supported via Open Access to Canada's Public Sector Information and Data (Submission by Tracey Lauriault), or
- a suggestion to use a rights-based approach (Submission by Azim Lila) to managing information communication technology - to declare information technology as a public good available to all,
like water or electricity. For the poor and the disadvantaged, the potential for further exclusion is increased by issues of accessibility and affordability of access.

The Gomery Enquiry
- anyone still interested in the Sponsorship Scandal? this link takes you to some Gomery links further down on the page you're now reading...

Social/Income Assistance for Immigrants

Different rules apply depending on whether someone wishes to come to Canada as an immigrant (i.e., permanently), a visitor, a worker (temporarily), a student or a refugee.
Select a link below for more information on eligibility and benefit levels for each program.

If you want to immigrate to Canada, there are a few different ways to apply. You will need to decide which immigration program will work best for you and your family.

Every year, more than 5million people visit Canada. Depending on where you live, and the reason for your visit, you will need to meet certain entry requirements. In some cases, if you plan to stay in Canada for a certain period of time, you will need a Temporary Resident Visa.

Work temporarily
Every year, over 90,000 foreign workers enter Canada to work temporarily in jobs that help Canadian employers address skill shortages, or as live-in caregivers.
A work permit is needed for most temporary jobs in Canada, though for some positions and business people it is not necessary.

More than 130,000 students come to study in Canada every year and even more come to Canada to learn English or French.

Refugees and people needing protection are people in or outside Canada who fear returning to their home country. Groups and individuals can sponsor refugees from abroad who qualify to come to Canada.

Canada International (Government of Canada)


Canada at a Glance, 2013
April 30, 2013
HTML version
- incl. links (in the left margin) to sections on:
* Population * Health * Education * Crime * Housing * Income, spending * Government * International comparisons * Labour * Economy * International trade * Energy * Manufacturing * Agriculture * Environment * Travel, transport
PDF version (7.3MB, 27 pages) - complete report in one file

Canada at a Glance - Product main page*
* Click View for the latest edition of the publication; click Chronological index for earlier editions (back to 2000).

Canada at a Glance presents current Canadian demographic, education, health and aging, justice, housing, income, labour market, household, economic, travel, financial, agricultural, foreign trade and environmental statistics. This booklet also includes important international comparisons, so that readers can see how Canada stacks up against its neighbours. Updated yearly, Canada at a Glance is a very useful reference for those who want quick access to current Canadian statistics.

[ Earlier editions of this report ]

Canada at a Glance - main product page
[ Statistics Canada ]


Summary tables


* Statistics by subject

Lest we forget...
Federal Government Cuts to Women's Programs in September 2006 and since then
- this link takes you to a special section of
the Canadian Women's NGO Links page of this site

Links to Canadian Government and
Other Government Information and Accountability Sites on the Internet

40+ links organized under the following categories:
* General Canadian Government Websites * Finding Canadian Laws, Bills, Budgets and Policies * Canadian Police and Prosecutors * Canadian Courts, Tribunals and Commissions * Laws from Countries Around the World * Canadian Governments' General Democratic Reform / Accountability Websites * Canadian Government Public Consultation Websites * Canadian Election Laws and Election System Reform * Donations to Canadian and U.S. Political Parties / Candidates * Ethics Laws, Rules and Enforcement Systems * Canadian Federal Government Cabinet Appointments * Canadian and U.S. Lobbying Laws and Registries * Canadian Government Access to Information Websites * Canadian Federal Government Spending Websites * Canadian Federal Political Parties * Other General Websites for Canadian Governments and Politics
Democracy Watch
Democracy Watch is Canada's leading citizen group advocating democratic reform, government accountability and corporate responsibility, and the most successful national citizen advocacy group in Canada over the past 13 years in winning systemic changes to key laws.


Political Accountability : Recommended new resource!
April 13, 2010 - Keeping tabs on Canada's Parliament
Info on what your representatives are doing in Ottawa can be hard to find and use. Browse MPs, or find someone quickly by entering a name or postal code in the search box on the home page. See what your representatives are saying, and what laws they're proposing.

Members of Parliament (including MPs back to 1994)

Bills & Votes
Most votes in the House are related to a particular bill, and clicking a bill below will show you the relevant votes. But some votes aren't tied to a bill. The vote list for this session includes all votes.

Debates of the House of Commons
When Parliament is in session, every word spoken by a member is faithfully transcribed, and published in a document called a Hansard. We have the Hansards of the House of Commons dating back to 1994. Browse or search for a specific topic.
NOTE: this is the most comprehensive index to Hansard that I've ever seen.
Never mind the fact that it's the only index of Hansard that I've ever seen..
After you've explored this vast and interesting resource for awhile, you may wonder, as I did, why the Hansard website itself doesn't have such an index.
Now I guess they don't need one - maybe the Parliamentary website folks could use this as a model for an index of House and Senate Committee reports and evidence presented at Committee meetings...
Highly recommended!

Related link:

How'd They Vote?
Have you ever wondered how your member of parliament has been voting? We've made it easy for you to find out! Contained herein are many of the pivotal votes in the House of Commons, complete with voting history, dissension, attendance and speaking habits.
- incl. links to : * Find your MP * MP Statistics * Voting History * List of Bills * Downloads * About Us
[ Last database update 2010-04-11 ]


R.I.P. (2000-2011)
Maple Leaf Web is a non-profit, non-partisan Canadian political education web-site that aims to provide educators, students and the attentive public with a credible source for political education and information. Located at the University of Lethbridge, in Lethbridge, Alberta (Canada), Maple Leaf Web publishes original articles and features on Canadian political events and institutions and provides important links to a wide range of external resources.

NOTE : As of Jan. 17, 2011, after 11 years of publishing Canadian political educational materials on the Internet, will no longer be actively maintained.

Selected site content:

* Federalism in Canada: Basic Framework and Operation

* Fiscal Imbalance Debate: Origins and Perspectives

* Canada's Electoral System: Introduction to Federal and Provincial Elections

* Local Government in Canada: Organization & Basic Institutions


Non-Governmental Links About Government - A Selection - Canada
" focuses on associations, coalitions, corporations, and non-profit organizations and the values, facts and arguments they bring to the major issues of the day. gives political decision-makers, the media, and people interested in public policy developments a reliable way to find out who is lobbying on what -- and what these groups are saying. is a resource center that provides people with an easy way to find the public policy content useful to them."
Links to Think Tanks
A directory of Canadian and International Think Tanks
PoliticsWatch - Canada's Political Portal
- incl. Political News - Voter Resources - Research Base - Political Jobs

The Canada Site
- Government of Canada Home Page

About Canada
- incl. links to the following content:
Society --- Aboriginal - Archives and Libraries - Arts - Culture - Events - Genealogy - Health - Historic Sites - History - Human Rights - Languages - Learning Resources - Multiculturalism - Multimedia - Museums - People - Society - Statistics - Sports and Recreation
Government --- About Government - Awards and Honours - Ceremonial and Canadian Symbols - Promotion - Elections and Voting - Going to Canada - Government History - Government Resources - Government Structure - Government Statistics - Justice - Safety
Land --- Climate - Environment - Geography - Land Statistics - Maps -Natural Resources - Sustainable Development - Transportation - Travel - Weather
Economy --- About Economy - Business/Industries - Economic Statistics - Families - Government and the Economy - International - Money

Office of the Prime Minister of Canada - The Honourable Stephen Harper
February 6, 2006
- incl. links to : The Prime Minister - The Ministry - mission - Priorities - Media Centre

Speech from the Throne (SFT)
- this link takes you to the latest SFT and related resources

Frequently Asked Questions

Complete Text of the Speech from the Throne - also includes * What is a Speech from the Throne (SFT) * Frequently Asked Questions * Previous SFTs available on the Web Web Search Results: "Canada, throne speech" News Search Results: "Canada, throne speech"


Speech from the Throne
3 March 2010
Ottawa, Ontario
HTML version - includes links to two previous Speeches from the Throne and FAQs
PDF version (1.7MB, 26 pages)
Government of Canada


Speech from the Throne
January 26, 2009
In these uncertain times, when the world is threatened by a struggling economy, it is imperative that we work together, that we stand beside one another and that we strive for greater solidarity.

Frequently Asked Questions Web Search Results:
"Canada, throne speech" News Search Results:
"Canada, throne speech"

Related link:

Canadians could face 'several difficult years': throne speech
Tories 'will spend what is necessary' to boost economy, Jean says
January 26, 2009
The Conservative government is presenting a six-point economic stimulus plan in this week's budget and "will spend what is necessary" to rescue Canada's sagging economy during the global financial crisis, says the throne speech delivered Monday.
- incl. links to related sites and multimedia coverage (see the right-hand margin of the page)

Government of Canada Publications
Provides a reference to over 100,000 Government of Canada publications. Services for Canadian Business

Services for non-Canadians

Consulting Canadians - Government of Canada
"(...) Pre-publication in Part I of the Canada Gazette gives various interested groups and individuals, and Canadians in general, a final opportunity to review and comment on a regulatory proposal at the last stages of the regulation-making process and before it is enacted and published in Part II of the Canada Gazette. Pre-publication also gives interested parties, those stakeholders previously consulted in the beginning of the process, the opportunity to see how the final draft proposal is in keeping with previous consultation drafts."

Current Consultations by Title
You can also view the list of consultations by Department and Subject.

Government of Canada

First Among Equals:
The Prime Minister in Canadian Life and Politics
"Drawing on a wide variety of documents and artifacts, this site explores five main themes [Alone at the Top - The Path to Power - Leading Canada - Private Life - Afterwards] relating to Canada's prime ministers. The site examines our leaders' political careers as well as their private lives. It also sheds light on Canadians' perceptions of our prime ministers.
Source: National Library of Canada

Canada Benefits
"Information about federal, provincial and territorial programs that involve payments to individuals can be found on the site
. More specifically you can find out about: government student loans - public pension plans - employment insurance - housing assistance - social assistance - payments or financial assistance to parents, immigrants, refugees, disabled individuals, veterans, athletes and artists.
You can navigate the site to find information that's relevant to you by self-identification ("I Am..."), by life event, by keyword search, by using the A-Z Benefits Index, or by using the Benefits Finder."
The Canada Site

Service Canada
Service Canada was created in 2005 to improve the delivery of government programs and services to Canadians, by making access to them faster, easier, and more convenient. Service Canada offers single-window access to a wide range of Government of Canada programs and services for citizens through more than 600 points of service located across the country, call centres, and the Internet.

A to Z Services Index - federal government services.

NOTE: If you're looking for information on provincial and territorial welfare programs, click the Financial Benefits link on the Service Canada page, because that link includes both federal AND provincial/territorial programs. Once you're on the Financial Benefits page, click on "In need of social assistance...", and then, on the Canadian map that appears in the next screen, click the name of any province or territory. The next screen (finally!) offers links to needs-tested welfare program(s) in the selected jurisdiction.

OR you can find wayyyy more welfare information by using the Canadian Social Research Links Key Welfare Links page:

Persons with Disabilities Online
"Persons with Disabilities Online is an Internet site, where persons with disabilities, their family, their caregivers, and others with an interest in disabilities can access a broad range of information concerning disabilities."
This is the Government of Canada portal to hundreds of links to federal government programs and services for people with disabilities.
The site currently covers the following areas : Links to Federal Government Information (10 categories) - Access To Travel - Mapping for the Visually Impaired - Assistive Technology Links.

Seniors Canada Online
Government of Canada
Great site for seniors - includes links to info about : HEALTH (Alternative Medicine,  Nutrition, Women's Health) - MONEY (Pensions,  Taxes,  RRSP) - EMPLOYMENT (Education,  Programs,  Volunteer) - HOME AND HOUSING (Adaptation,  Long-Term Care, Residences) - FAMILY (Injury,  Medical History, Medication) - LEGAL (Advice for Seniors, Consumer Protection,  Travel) - EDUCATION (Courses) - SAFETY AND SECURITY - TRAVEL

Public Works and Government Services Canada:

Public Accounts of Canada (all editions, from the latest right back to 1995)
The Public Accounts of Canada, which include the Financial Statements of the Government of Canada (see Volume I, Section 1), are tabled in the House of Commons annually.

General Information on the Public Accounts of Canada

Public Accounts of Canada, 2007-2008
The Public Accounts of Canada for 2007, which include the Financial Statements of the Government of Canada (see Volume I, Section 2), were tabled in the House of Commons on October 17, 2007.


From Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat:

Supplementary Estimates, 2007-2008 (All depts.)

Supplementary Estimates, 2007-2008 - HRSDC

Supplementary Estimates, 2007-2008 - Finance Canada

Other Reports of the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat


Sample content from Public Accounts:

2005 Public Accounts of Canada
September 29, 2005
"The Public Accounts of Canada for 2005, which include the Financial Statements of the Government of Canada were tabled in the House of Commons on September 29, 2005. The three volumes can be obtained in print from the Government of Canada Publications."
Click the link above to access the complete report in individual PDF files:
* Volume I - Summary Report and Financial Statements (PDF 2.0Mb)
* Volume II - Details of Expenses and Revenues (PDF 2.8Mb)
* Volume III - Additional Information and Analyses (PDF 3.7Mb)
Unpublished detailed information relating to Sections 4, 5 and 7 of Volume III of the Public Accounts of Canada 2005 are as follows:
* Section 4 (Professional and Special Services) (PDF 882kb)
* Section 5 (Acquisition of Land, Buildings and Works) (PDF 348kb)
* Section 7 (Transfer Payments) (PDF file - 2.1MB, 251 pages)

Section 7 includes detailed info about:
- $31 Billion in 2004-2005 in Payments under the Canada Health Transfer (CHT), the Canada Health and Social Transfer (CHST), the Health Reform Transfer (HRT) and other targeted federal transfers in support of health
- $14.5 Billion in 2004-2005 in Payments under the Canada Social Transfer (CST) in support of post-secondary education, social assistance and social services, including early childhood development and early learning and childcare
In 2004-2005, Finance Canada made payments of $45.7 billion through the Canada Health Transfer, the Canada Social Transfer, the Health Reform Transfer, and other targeted federal transfers in support of health and social services, including both cash and tax transfers. The amount of these cash and tax transfers in 2004-2005 is shown in the above table. In April 2004 the Canada Health and Social Transfer (CHST) was split into the Canada Health Transfer (CHT) and the Canada Social Transfer (CST). The CHT is a block-fund transfer to provinces and territories to provide financial support for the provision of health. The CST is a block-fund transfer to provinces and territories in support of post-secondary education, social assistance and social services, including early childhood development and early learning and childcare. Both transfers are a combination of tax point and cash transfers.
[Extract from Section 7, page 248]

Public Works and Government Services Canada

Rural and Remote Canada Online
"...a single window to knowledge, information, programs and services for and about rural and remote Canada."
Browse by Category
"Within each category we are providing information on programs and services, publications, organizations and associations, events, research. We are gradually building the information resources on our site. Please send us an e-mail with your suggestions."
- categories include : Community Economic Development - Community Life - Employment - Health - International Organizations - Internet - Natural Resources - Reference / Directories - Small Business - Tourism - Women - Youth
Government of Canada

Canadian Rural Partnership
- incl. links to : Funding Programs - Rural Dialogue - Rural Teams - Research - Rural Lens - Canadian Rural Information Service - Information Pathfinders - Publications - Calendar of Events - News Releases - Key Rural Initiatives - Site Map

Tabling of Canada's Performance Reports 2006-2007

NOTE: Along with the Public Accounts of Canada (see the link below, under "Related links), Departmental performance reports are a valuable resource for government watchdogs and for students of federal government programs and policies --- these departmental reports include descriptive info on the programs administered by the federal government, along with targets and achievements for each federal government institution. Because the main focus of the Canadian Social Research Links website is information about welfare and financial assistance from governments to individuals, I've presented (below) links to departmental reports only for Human Resources and Social Development Canada and the Department of Finance Canada, the two main federal departments in the social program field. And yes, I *know* that there are many more federal departments and agencies (like the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, the Canada Revenue Agency and Status of Women Canada, to name but a few) that are involved in the social program field. The content below is presented as a sample only of the impressive amount of information that you can find for each federal institution in these performance reports.

Tabling of Canada's Performance 2006-2007
News Release
November 23, 2007
Ottawa - Pierre Poilievre, Parliamentary Secretary to the Honourable Vic Toews, President of the Treasury Board, today tabled in the House of Commons Canada's Performance 2006-2007 on behalf of the Government of Canada.
- includes a backgrounder defining indicators and outcome areas (economic, social and international)

Complete report:

Canada's Performance:
The Government of Canada's Contribution
2006-07 Annual Report to Parliament of the
President of the Treasury Board of Canada
HTML version
PDF version
(1MB, 92 pages)
This is the general report.

Departmental Performance Reports (DPRs) - Part III Estimates
List of Institutions

- links to individual DPRs for 90 departments, boards, agencies, commissssions, etc.

Select a federal institution from the above list to see detailed information about the programs it administers, and how well it is administering those programs. For example, Human Resources and Social Development Canada expenditures on programs and services in 2006-2007 exceeded $79 billion. Follow the (HTML or PDF) link below to see how they spent it.

2006-2007 Departmental Performance Report:
Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC)

HTML version
PDF version
(3.3MB, 214 pages)
This document reports on the performance of Human Resources and Social Development Canada for the period from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007. It reports on the Department's achievements related to the commitments set out in the 2006-2007 Report on Plans and Priorities. Section I provides a departmental overview, including a brief description of the socio-economic environment, and a summary of departmental performance. Section II includes detailed performance results information by strategic outcome. The financial tables and information concerning the specified purpose accounts are in Section III, and Section IV provides more details on programs supporting activities and the consolidated financial statements.

HRSDC: Details on Transfer Payment Programs
- includes (among others) :
* Canada Study Grant / Canada Access Grant * Canada Student Loans Program * Canada Education Savings Grant *
Canada Learning Bond * Social Development Partnerships Program * Guaranteed Income Supplement * Labour Market Agreements for Persons with Disabilities * New Horizons for Seniors Program * Old Age Security * Opportunities Fund for Persons with Disabilities * The Allowance * EarlyLearning and Child Care * Universal Child Care Benefit * National Homelessness Initiative

2006-2007 Departmental Performance Report:
Department of Finance Canada
HTML version
PDF version
(726K, 182 pages)
"...provides an overview of the Department's strategic outcome, a listing of its ongoing priorities, and the associated financial resources for the 2006-07 fiscal year."

Departmenf of Finance Canada : Transfer Payment Programs
- the Department of Finance Canada departmental performance report is where you'll find information on (among other program areas) Fiscal Equalization (Part l, Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act), the Canada Health Transfer (Part V.1, Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act) and the Canada Social Transfer (Part V.1, Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act)


Making Sense Out Of Dollars, 2007-2008
"This Financial Information Overview has been prepared by the Director Budget, Defence Economics Research and Analysis. The aim is to provide you with finance-related details that you may find informative and useful to incorporate in presentations, internal and external to your organization. The booklet includes financial and economic information on the Federal Government and National Defence, including comparisons with other countries."
- includes charts showing the following:
* Federal Government Revenues, Expenditures, Deficits and Surpluses from 1994-1995 to 2007-2008
* Trend in Share of Federal Government Revenues from 1994-1995 to 2007-2008
* Trend in Share of Federal Government Expenditures from 1994-1995 to 2007-2008
* Federal Government Spending as a Percentage of GDP from 1994-1995 to 2007-2008
* Federal Government Budgetary Expenditures as a Percentage of Total Expenditures for 1994-1995 and 2007-2008
* Comparison of Federal Government Revenues with Federal Program Expenditures Plus Debt Charges, 2007-2008
* Trend in Annual Federal Deficit and Federal debt (Accumulated Deficit) from 1994-1995 to 2007-2008
* Trend in Federal Government Debt (Accumulated Deficit) from 1994-1995 to 2007-2008
* Trend in Government Spending by Level of Government, 1977 to 2007

[ earlier editions of this resource - 2003-2004 to 2007-2008 ]

Financial Publications
[ Assistant Deputy Minister (Finance and Corporate Services) ]
[ National Defence and the Canadian Forces ]

Related link:

Estimates of the Government of Canada
- The Estimates and Supplementary Estimates contain information on the spending plans of the Government of Canada. Though primarily intended for members of Parliament, these documents are useful to anyone interested in federal government programs or concerned with financial management and accountability within the government.
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat


Parliamentary Internet - House of Commons, Senate of Canada

Chamber Business
- links to the latest debates and the latest journals in both the Senate and the House of Commons

Committee Business
- links to committee Mandates, Membership, Lists of Studies and Committee Meetings as well as Schedules of Meetings, Minutes of Proceedings and Evidence and Press Releases are available for both the Senate and the House of Commons.

About Parliament
- incl. People - The Parliamentary Process - The Parliament Buildings - Education - Youth Programs - Photos - Related Information (government departments, the courts, political parties, etc) - A to Z Index - Partners for a Green Hill

Visitor Information
- helpful information for tourists and visitors as well as for individuals doing business with Parliament --- maps, special events, guided tours, tourism/transit links, etc.

A to Z Index
- arranges information provided on the site by subject for easy searching

About Governors General of Canada
- information about the current Governor-General (Her Excellency Michaëlle Jean) and her predecessors

Virtual Library
- links to the reports of the Information and Documentation Branch (7 reports) and the Parliamentary Information and Research Service (250+ reports)

Parliamentary Information and Research Service
The Library of Parliament offers a wide range of research publications that provide analysis to parliamentarians, parliamentary committees and parliamentary associations on current and emerging key issues, legislation and major public policy topics. The publications provide non-partisan, reliable and timely information on subjects that are relevant to parliamentary and constituency work.

Search or browse the research publications
by type of document and by category:

Publications by type:
* Current Publications:
* Legislative Summaries:
* HillNotes:
* Trade and Investment Series:
* Occasional and Commissioned Papers:

Publications by Category:
The Parliamentary Information and Research Service (PIRS) provides a consulting service for individual parliamentarians, responding to questions that require research and analysis on legal, economic, scientific, or social science matters. Researchers obtain and analyze material, and write letters, short notes and longer research papers at the request of Senators and Members of the House of Commons. In some cases, responses are provided to clients by telephone briefings or by meetings with individual parliamentarians and/or their staff.
Publication Categories:
* Aboriginal affairs
* Agriculture, environment and natural resources
* Arts, culture and entertainment
* Business, industry and trade
* Economics and finance
* Education and training
* Employment and labour
* Government, Parliament and politics
* Health
* Information and communications
* International affairs and defence
* Law, justice and rights
* Science and technology
* Social affairs and population

Sample reports:

How Canadians Govern Themselves - 6th Edition
September 23, 2005
Library of Parliament
A good primer on Canadian Government; highly recommended!
- info is organized under the following headings: Introduction - Parliamentary Government - A Federal State - Powers of the National and Provincial Governments - Canadian and American Government - The Rule of Law and the Courts - The Institutions of Our Federal Government - What Goes On in Parliament - Provinces and Municipalities - Living Government- Governors General of Canada since Confederation - Canadian Prime Ministers since 1867.

Guide to the Canadian House of Commons
HTML version
PDF version
(407K, 16 pages)
Revised August 2005
Table of Contents:
* Introduction * The Canadian Parliament * Who’s Who in the House * A Working Day in the Commons Chamber * Notices of Motion for the Production of Papers * Parliamentary Highlights * Making Canada’s Laws * The Role of a Member of Parliament * Being Part of Parliament * Finding Out More

Inside Canada's Parliament (PDF file - 1.14MB, 41 pages)
June 17, 2002
"Inside Canada's Parliament is a publication that provides an introduction to how the Canadian Parliament works; it was commissioned by the Senate, the House of Commons and the Library of Parliament to provide those interested in Parliament - including members of the public, teachers, business people and parliamentarians from both here and abroad - with an understanding of the Canadian system. The information in this guide is intended to provide key facts about Parliament and, at the same time, capture its spirit and give readers some insight into how the work of Parliament actually gets done, and by whom."
Online version (HTML)

The Laws of Canada - Department of Justice

Elections Canada Online

Federal Royal Commissions

Government Decision-Making in Canada

Players, Processes, Institutions: Central Agencies in Decision-Making
January 2001
PDF file - 235K, 41 pages
Although the program was designed to acquaint colleagues from Ukraine with the inner workings of the Canadian system of government, we believe it is a very useful resource for those interested in how government works. It is a concise window on the institutions, processes and players involved in decision-making in Canada.
Source : Institute on Governance

Canadian Intergovernmental Conference Secretariat

Policy Research Initiative (PRI)
"The federal government requires the development of a strong knowledge base and policy capacity in order to respond to the increasingly complex policy issues facing Canada. The Policy Research Initiative's core mandate is to advance research on emerging horizontal issues that are highly relevant to the federal government's medium-term policy agenda, and to ensure the effective transfer of this knowledge to policy-makers.
- incl. links to : About The PRI - Research Projects - Capacity Building - Community Infrastructure - Events


Public Policy Forum - "Striving for Excellence in Government"
Founded in 1987, the Public Policy Forum provides a neutral venue where the public sector can meet and exchange ideas with representatives from all sectors of society - business, labour, academe, government, the voluntary sector, and the media. (150 participating organizations).
- incl. links to : About the Forum - Strategic themes - Events - Publications - Speeches - Testimonial Dinner - E-Forum

Government Information in Canada
(University of Saskatchewan)

Portal to Canadian government programs and services for youth
"YouthPath is your single access point to government related youth programs, services and information. Forget about surfing forever to find the info you need! With the help of hundreds of youth volunteers from coast to coast, the Government of Canada developed this site to help meet your needs. YouthPath is the realization of the hard work of each Team Leader and Virtual Youth Canada member who came together to share their expertise and skills in order to create this unique site."
- incl links to : Jobs - Education - Money - Health - Canada - Arts and Culture - Neighbourhood - Sports - Science - International - Travel - Environment - Message Board

CanLearn Interactive- an Internet site designed to help Canadians access information on learning

Metropolis Canada
- Immigration and Integration in the Metropolis
"An international forum for comparative research and public policy development about population migration, cultural diversity and the challenges of immigrant integration in cities in Canada and around the world. An international forum for comparative research and public policy development about population migration, cultural diversity and the challenges of immigrant integration in cities in Canada and around the world. (...)
In Canada, the Metropolis Project is built upon partnerships between all levels of government, academic researchers and community organizations in four Centres of Excellence."
Canadian Centres of Excellence

Yahoo - Canadian Government
Launchpad to links to and about the federal government. 
What you see below is the range of choices presented to visitors in this section of the Yahoo Canada site. 

(The numbers in parentheses indicate the number of links in each category early in January 2008)

Top Categories

* Federal (456)
* Provincial (14)

Additional Categories

* Budget (1)
* Chats and Forums (2)
* Civic Participation (12)
* Conventions and Conferences (1)
* Documents (9)
* Embassies and Consulates (84)
* Employment@
* Government Officials (4)
* Intelligence (2)
* International Organizations (9)
* Judicial Branch (2)
* Law (185)

* Local Government (17)
* Military (117)
* National Symbols and Songs (17)
* News and Media (16)
* Politics (188)
* Public and Civil Service (36)
* Research Labs (6)
* Statistics (10)
* Student Government@
* Taxes (17)
* Web Directories (5)

The Gomery Inquiry

NOTE (October 8, 2008):
The Gomery links below are all redirecting visitors to a commercial site; the Gomery Inquiry links are dead.
Thanks, Open Government of Canada!


See the Internet Archive's latest version of the Gomery Inquiry pages:
Click the link and go to a cached version of the website.
How does this Internet Archive work, you ask?
Find out more on the Reference Links page of this website
Go to the Internet Archive home page


Commission of Inquiry into the Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities:
Gomery Commission Phase I ("Who is Responsible?") Report

November 1, 2005
- includes links to : Summary - Fact Finding Report - Forensic Audit

Related Links:

Commission of Enquiry into
the Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities
("The Gomery Inquiry")

Statement by the Right Honourable Paul Martin, Prime Minister of Canada
November 1, 2005

The Right Honourable Paul Martin, Prime Minister of Canada, Reacts to the Release of Justice Gomery's First Report
November 1, 2005

Google Web Search Results : "gomery report, sponsorship scandal"
Google News search Results : "gomery report, sponsorship scandal

Related Links:

Justice John H. Gomery to Consult Canadians
Press Release
25 August 2005
"Ottawa: Mr. Justice John H. Gomery today officially launched the consultation part of his mandate. In Phase II: the Recommendations, Canadians are invited to share their views with the Commissioner through the Commission's website or through written submissions. (...) Those without website access can write to the Commission at: P.O. Box 1388, Station "B", Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5R4 or telephone (613) 992-1834. Any individual, group or organization, including any government organization, wishing to make a written submission is invited to do so by October 28, 2005."

Consultation Paper : Public Input
- not a paper as such, but rather a "short discussion of the issues and five consultation questions to encourage Canadians to voice their views on management and accountability in government programs."

Commission of Inquiry into the Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities
- Justice John H. Gomery, Commissioner
"...the Commission has been given a double mandate. The first requires the Commission to investigate and report on questions raised by (...) the November 2003 Report of the Auditor General of Canada. The second mandate calls upon the Commission to make recommendations to the Government of Canada, based upon its factual findings, to prevent mismanagement of sponsorship programs and advertising activities in the future."
- incl. links to : Terms of Reference - Opening Statement - Rules of Procedure and Practice - Funding Guidelines - Tentative Schedule - Schedule of Standing Hearings - Parties and Intervenors - Schedule of Witnesses - Schedule of Oral Submissions - Transcripts - Applications - Rulings - Invitation for Public Input

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