Canadian Social Research Links

Early Learning and Child Care in Canada
[Early Childhood Development]
- Non-Governmental Organizations -

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

Apprentissage et garde des jeunes enfants au Canada
[Développement de la petite enfance]
- Organismes non-gouvernementaux -

Updated April 21, 2017
Page révisée le 21 avril 2017

[ Go to Canadian Social Research Links Home Page ]



Related Canadian Social Research Links pages
:

- Early Learning and Child Care in Canada - Canadian Govt. Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian Government Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian NGO Links
- Children, Families and Youth - International Links
- Children's Rights Links page (Canadian/International)
- Unofficial Social Union Links Page (national)
- Unofficial Provincial/Territorial Social Union Links Page
See these related outside sites also...
- The (official) Social Union website
- The National Child Benefit website


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For social researchers:

The state of early childhood education and care in Canada 2012
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/14/06/state-early-childhood-education-and-care-canada-2012
20 Jun 2014 | Canada
Report by CRRU's Carolyn Ferns and Martha Friendly provides a snapshot of Canadian ECEC and outlines key trends, patterns and policy shifts in ECEC's organization and governance. It is the first in a series from Moving Child Care Forward, a SSHRC Connections project intended to synthesize and disseminate policy-relevant data and research about ECEC.

For parents:

Finding quality child care: A guide for parents in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/13/08/finding-quality-child-care-guide-parents-canada
21 Aug 2013 | Canada
New website, available in English and French, for Canadian parents is now publicly available. Parents can find out why it's hard to find good child care, about child care options in each province and territory, general information about child care in Canada, what the best evidence says about quality, and how to improve their chances of accessing high-quality child care.

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)


NEW

A Growing Concern:
2016 Child Care Fees in Canada’s Big Citie
s
(PDF - 828KN, 31 pages)
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National%20Office/2016/12/A_Growing_Concern.pdf
By David Macdonald and Martha Friendly
December 12, 2016

This study, the third in a series beginning in 2014, reveals the most and least expensive cities for child care in Canada. The study provides an annual snapshot of median parental child care fees in Canada’s biggest 28 cities for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. It finds that wait lists are common for regulated child care, which is more expensive than it was two years ago, with fees rising an average of over 8% since 2014—three times faster than inflation.

NOTA : Cette étude est disponbible en français:
https://www.policyalternatives.ca/garde-enfants2015

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

April 21, 2017
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

New parents and child care survey
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/new-parents-and-child-care-survey
20 Jan 2017 | Canada
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is conducting a survey of parents and parents-to-be across Canada who are (or whose partner is) expecting a baby or on paid or unpaid maternity/parental leave. We are studying how parents make plans for child care to help develop strategies for helping families find child care arrangements. This anonymous survey should take no longer than 15 minutes to complete. Please help us to circulate the survey, either by passing it on yourself to appropriate individuals or groups, through social media, by putting a link to it on your website or in a newsletter, or through other means. Please find links to the questionnaire, available in English and French, on this page as well as attached survey logos that can be used in your outreach strategies.

Twelve Flawed Statements of the Fraser Institute on Quebec’s Childcare Program
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/04/twelve-flawed-statements-fraser-institute-quebec%E2%80%99s-childcar
20 Apr 2017 | Canada
This short paper by Quebec economist Pierre Fortin analyzes and corrects arguments raised against Quebec's child care system as the exemplar of a universal approach. He presents data and research to counter what he calls "flawed statements" as published in a Fraser Institute report, covering 12 points including: the province's still-long waiting lists; the program's negative impact on child development; whether fathers' employment fell as mothers' rose; whether the public costs of the program have been "explosive"; and "misleading statements" about low income families' use of the program.

Ten reasons why universality is important in public services
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/04/ten-reasons-why-universality-important-public-services
19 Apr 2017 | Canada
Recent paper explores resistance to the vital principle of universality in social programs by the federal government. Authors note that this approach is at odds with their project's findings and that as broader trends toward targeting and misconceptions about the delivery of public services are advanced, it is important to provide an outline of the true meaning and importance of universality.
The fatherhood bonus and the motherhood penalty: Parenthood and the gender gap in pay 19 Apr 2017 | United States
2014 paper considers the persistence of the wage gap in America through the lens of parenthood. Through analysis of data, the author finds that for most men the fact of fatherhood results in a wage bonus; for most women motherhood results in a wage penalty. She notes that these disparities are not evenly distributed across all income and social class levels.

Who uses early childhood education and care services? Comparing socioeconomic selection across five western policy contexts
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/04/who-uses-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-compar
19 Apr 2017 | International
Recent study integrates data from five cohorts of children living in different western countries to compare participation rates and socioeconomic selection into early childhood education and care (ECEC) across different policy contexts and age groups. Authors found wide variation in ECEC participation that can be linked to policy context, and highlight key policy elements that may reduce socioeconomic disparities in ECEC use.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Advice for employers on helping working mothers who 'suffer a 3 per cent pay penalty'
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/advice-employers-helping-working-mothers-who-suffer-3-cent-pay-penal
19 Apr 2017 | Europe

Theresa May announces general election for 8 June
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/theresa-may-announces-general-election-8-june
19 Apr 2017 | Europe

Commentary: Child care isn’t just a parental issue. It’s a concern for employers, too
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/commentary-child-care-isn%E2%80%99t-just-parental-issue-it%E2%80%99s-concern-employe
19 Apr 2017 | United States

Report calls for 30,000 new child-care spaces in Toronto by 2026
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/report-calls-30000-new-child-care-spaces-toronto-2026
19 Apr 2017 | Ontario

What should American child care look like? Some say: A public good
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/what-should-american-child-care-look-some-say-public-good
19 Apr 2017 | United States

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news


April 9, 2017
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

New parents and child care survey
20 Jan 2017 | Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/new-parents-and-child-care-survey
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is conducting a survey of parents and parents-to-be across Canada who are (or whose partner is) expecting a baby or on paid or unpaid maternity/parental leave. We are studying how parents make plans for child care to help develop strategies for helping families find child care arrangements. This anonymous survey should take no longer than 15 minutes to complete. Please help us to circulate the survey, either by passing it on yourself to appropriate individuals or groups, through social media, by putting a link to it on your website or in a newsletter, or through other means. Please find links to the questionnaire, available in English and French, on this page as well as attached survey logos that can be used in your outreach strategies.

Economic Security of Women in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/04/economic-security-women-canada
5 Apr 2017 | Canada
A number of written briefs and witness statements have recently been published by the House of Commons Standing Committee on the Status of Women as part of their Study on the Economic Security of Women in Canada. The lack of child care is highlighted in most of the briefs as a barrier faced by women in achieving economic stability. One, written by Martha Friendly, examines child care as fundamental to women's economic security and proposes ways to improve it. Other briefs and witness testimonies that focus on child care and parental leave: Pierre Fortin; Kathleen Lahey, Unifor; Andrea Doucet, et al.; Donna S. Lero; Oxfam; Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada; Canadian Labour Congress; and the Public Service Alliance of Canada. Written briefs are still being accepted until May 15th.
At what cost? The 30 hours 'free' childcare promise in London 5 Apr 2017 | Europe
New report from 4in10, an anti-child poverty organization in England, calls on decision makers to support the early years sector through greater funding of the 30 hours 'free' childcare scheme in order to ensure that eligible families in London don't miss out. Authors urge that further support must be given in order to protect the quality of childcare provision and ensure support for providers to maintain and expand childcare spaces.

How do early childhood education and care (ECEC) policies, systems and quality vary across OECD countries?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/04/how-do-early-childhood-education-and-care-ecec-policies-sys
5 Apr 2017 | International
2013 report from the OECD outlines the ways in which ECEC services have expanded in OECD countries as well as how policy reform has been shaped by a shift towards educational outcomes. Authors highlight that improving access without giving due attention to the quality of ECEC services is not sufficient to secure good individual and social outcomes.

Spring into action for decent work
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/04/spring-action-decent-work
5 Apr 2017 | Ontario
New brief provides an update on the Association of Early Childhood Educators of Ontario's Professional Pay & Decent Work campaign. This brief outlines the next major steps of the campaign that will include leadership training to structure local teams of advocates organizing for decent work across Ontario as well as the development of a Decent Work Charter for non-profit early years and child care organizations and policy recommendations for all levels of government.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Why I refuse to feel guilty for sending my kids to childcare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/why-i-refuse-feel-guilty-sending-my-kids-childcare
5 Apr 2017 | Australia and New Zealand

Liberals try to sell child-care budget plan
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/liberals-try-sell-child-care-budget-plan
5 Apr 2017 | Canada

Would a universal childcare system in Canada pay for itself?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/would-universal-childcare-system-canada-pay-itself
5 Apr 2017 | Canada

Blog: The problem with the Trudeau government’s 18-month maternity leave plan
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/blog-problem-trudeau-government%E2%80%99s-18-month-maternity-leave-plan
5 Apr 2017 | Canada

Increased minimum wage means 'large number of families' no longer eligible for childcare subsidy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/04/increased-minimum-wage-means-large-number-families-no-longer-eligibl
5 Apr 2017 | Prince Edward Island

March 5, 2017

What's new online this week:
[ CRRU's online documents database contains thousands of resources relevant to ECEC policy and practice in Canada and internationally.
CRRU's website allows the user to quickly search or browse the database of documents.]

New parents and child care survey
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/new-parents-and-child-care-survey
20 Jan 2017 | Canada
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit is conducting a survey of parents and parents-to-be across Canada who are (or whose partner is) expecting a baby or on paid or unpaid maternity/parental leave. We are studying how parents make plans for child care to help develop strategies for helping families find child care arrangements. This anonymous survey should take no longer than 15 minutes to complete. Please help us to circulate the survey, either by passing it on yourself to appropriate individuals or groups, through social media, by putting a link to it on your website or in a newsletter, or through other means. Please find links to the questionnaire, available in English and French, on this page as well as attached survey logos that can be used in your outreach strategies.

Connecting all children to high-quality early care and education: Promising strategies from the international community
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/03/connecting-all-children-high-quality-early-care-and-educati
1 Mar 2017 | International
In this large international review of early childhood education and care, the authors explored how the United States compares on such measures as quality, access, funding and system integration. In their analysis of factors that coexist with high rates of participation and access of low income families, they found that making early childhood education (ECE) part of the education system from birth onwards was important, as was ensuring adequate and long-term funding, engaging parents and communities in the ECE system and providing preferential access for high priority groups to high quality ECE.

Who benefits from president Trump's child care proposals?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/03/who-benefits-president-trumps-child-care-proposals
1 Mar 2017 | United States
New report unpacks what President Trump’s proposed tax benefits related to child care would mean for families. The three tax benefits reviewed are the refundable tax credit for low-income families for child care, an expansion of a tax-free child care savings account and a deduction based on child care expenses. The authors argue that these favour high income earners, providing them the biggest savings—as both a dollar value and as a percentage of income—while low and middle-income families see minuscule benefits, if any. The authors discuss why low-income families struggle the most to afford child care and how these policies would be ineffective in turning this around. Recommendations are made.

AECEO submission to the Standing Committee on Finance and Economic Affairs’ Pre-budget consultation process
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/03/aeceo-submission-standing-committee-finance-and-economic-af
1 Mar 2017 | Ontario
The Association of Early Childhood Educators of Ontario (AECEO) has released a pre-budget submission in response to the province's announcement to create an additional 100,000 new spaces for children in early childhood education and care. The group asserts the need for attention to the way in which those spaces are supported. Specifically, they recommend that funds be directed towards solutions that would create a child care system rather than perpetuate the current patchwork. They recommend operating (base)funding l to non-profit and public child care centres in tandem with a sliding fee scale for parents.

Supporting professional development needs for early childhood teachers: an exploratory analysis of teacher perceptions of stress and challenging behavior
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/03/supporting-professional-development-needs-early-childhood-t
1 Mar 2017 | International
New US study brings focus to early childhood educators' levels of stress, commitment to the profession, access to professional development and incidence of burnout, specifically in the context of dealing with challenging behaviours. A literature review and a small scale survey-based study identify the relationships between educators' access to professional development in the context of experience, education, stress and turnover rates. Recommendations include increasing opportunities for professional development, especially with the use of positive behavioural support interventions and supports in the environment.---

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

----------------------------------------

Child care in the news
- February 1, 2017
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news
Use the keyword search feature to search child care in the news in the online documents database.

Ottawa should name a children’s advocate: Editorial
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/03/ottawa-should-name-children%E2%80%99s-advocate-editorial
1 Mar 2017 | Canada

Parents fight for higher wages for childcare workers
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/03/parents-fight-higher-wages-childcare-workers
1 Mar 2017 | United States

Bringing Quebec costs to B.C. daycares a key commitment for NDP
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/03/bringing-quebec-costs-bc-daycares-key-commitment-ndp
1 Mar 2017 | British Columbia

Here we go again: City of Toronto 2017 budget
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/03/here-we-go-again-city-toronto-2017-budget

1 Mar 2017 | Ontario

Advocates push for licensing of home daycares
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/03/advocates-push-licensing-home-daycares
1 Mar 2017 | Ontario

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MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-new

February 12, 2017

What's new online this week:
[ CRRU's online documents database contains thousands of resources relevant to ECEC policy and practice in Canada and internationally.
CRRU's website allows the user to quickly search or browse the database of documents.]

AECEO Submission to Ministry of Education, Early Years Division’s Consultation on Early Years and Child Care Strategy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/02/aeceo-submission-ministry-education-early-years-division%E2%80%99s-
8 Feb 2017 | Ontario
This response by the Association of Early Childhood Educators of Ontario (AECEO) recognizes the Ontario government’s current child care commitment. The Association says that the transformative, groundbreaking, visionary change Associate Minister Indira Naidoo-Harris has suggested including a focus on quality, which means a well-educated and well-remunerated workforce. The province's goals are only attainable if the current precarious fee subsidy model shifts to long-term operational funding to services and a sliding-fee scale for families. The AECEO also calls for the outcome of the consultation to be made public.

Tapping economic potential through broader workforce participation
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/02/tapping-economic-potential-through-broader-workforce-partic
8 Feb 2017 | Canada
New report from the federal government's advisory council of economic growth highlights four groups that have the potential to grow the Canadian economy through increased participation in the workforce, one of which is women with young children. The council identifies the main barrier facing these women as finding affordable child care and propose a) increasing the Canada child benefit and b) creating a universal subsidized childcare program. The report shows how Quebec’s increase in affordable child care boosted women’s participation in the workforce.

STEM starts early: Grounding science, technology, engineering, and math education in early childhood
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/02/stem-starts-early-grounding-science-technology-engineering-
8 Feb 2017 | United States
New American report discusses the importance of including science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) learning in early childhood environments. The authors view young children as engaged in and capable of learning STEM in developmentally appropriate ways. This learning is, they say, fundamental to developing skill sets for the 21st century. In conversation with various stakeholders, the authors identify: barriers to incorporating STEM into early learning, why it should be a priority and how we can create stronger connections to STEM at all levels of the ecological system.

Submission by the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) to the Ministry of Education Consultation on Child Care and Early Years Strategy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/02/submission-canadian-union-public-employees-cupe-ministry-ed
8 Feb 2017 | Ontario
Recent response from CUPE to the Ontario Ministry of Education’s consultation on their child care and early years strategy considers the four pillars that have been identified by the government (access, responsiveness, affordability and quality) and how these pillars are interrelated. The response provides recommendations that strengthen and guide each pillar including expansion of spaces through a publicly funded, planned and managed system for all children rather than the current market-based approach.

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MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news - February 1, 2017
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news
Use the keyword search feature to search child care in the news in the online documents database.

Metro Morning: Child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/02/metro-morning-child-care
8 Feb 2017 | Ontario

Kids and parents hold 'play in' protest at city hall over accessible child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/02/kids-and-parents-hold-play-protest-city-hall-over-accessible-child-c
8 Feb 2017 | Ontario

Think big, start early: New effort to close gender gap in science starts in preschool
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/02/think-big-start-early-new-effort-close-gender-gap-science-starts-pre
8 Feb 2017 | United States

Parents cheer mayor’s decision to delay daycare cut
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/02/parents-cheer-mayor%E2%80%99s-decision-delay-daycare-cut
8 Feb 2017 | Ontario

Tory's letter on child care seen as 'pleasant surprise' but issue not 'political football': advocate
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/02/torys-letter-child-care-seen-pleasant-surprise-issue-not-political-f
8 Feb 2017 | Ontario

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MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

January 4, 2017

Finding refuge in Canada: A Syrian resettlement story
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/finding-refuge-canada-syrian-resettlement-story
4 Jan 2017 | Canada
Recent report of the Standing Senate Committee on Human Rights examines the resettlement process and the progress of a Syrian refugee cohort’s integration into Canadian society. The report outlines the existing resettlement programs and what barriers Syrian refugees are facing in their resettlement process. The report states that "...many Syrian refugees have arrived in Canada with young children. As a result...usually the mother stays behind to care for the children while the other attends language classes. Without access to childcare, many refugee women are unable to participate in language training." This is one example outlined in the report of how a lack of child care services is a barrier to successful resettlement in Canada.

Response to the Ontario Ministry of Education’s consultation on child care and early years strategy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/response-ontario-ministry-education%E2%80%99s-consultation-child-ca
4 Jan 2017 | Ontario
New response from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit to the Ontario Ministry of Education’s consultation on their child care and early years strategy. It outlines that "in addition to addressing immediate roadblocks [recruitment and retention of staff, unaffordable existing spaces, limited supply of quality physical facilities] to smooth the expansion initiative, a fuller more robust policy framework is needed over the medium to long-term to ensure the supply of affordable, responsive, high quality child care." Please consider writing your own (short) response and emailing it to CCGE_modernization@ontario.ca (Ontario Ministry of Education) before January 15, 2017.

Manitoba Child Care Association Member Survey: Final report
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/manitoba-child-care-association-member-survey-final-report
4 Jan 2017 | Manitoba
In continuation of the Manitoba Child Care Association's (MCCA) recent initiatives, a new report has been released summarizing the results of the MCCA member survey. The survey sought to determine job satisfaction, experiences and preferences, training and education levels, and views on possible policy changes affecting Manitoba’s child care system. Findings include that 74% of MCCA members have a college diploma in early childhood education or higher, 49% of centres have operated with a conditional license due to staff shortages and that financial related challenges, such as increasing operating costs and paying competitive wages were issues for centre directors.

Breadwinning mothers are increasingly the U.S. norm
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/17/01/breadwinning-mothers-are-increasingly-us-norm
4 Jan 2017 | United States
Recent report updates original analysis of breadwinning and co-breadwinning mothers in the US while providing new analysis that considers the differences in these mothers based on race and place. Findings include that there are significant differences between groups of breadwinning mothers based on their backgrounds and where they live. The author highlights that while differences remain across the country "one overarching fact remains indisputably true: the days of full-time, stay-at-home mothers are long past...Women are crucial economic actors for their families, local communities, and the overall U.S. economy."

A growing concern: 2016 child care fees in Canada’s big cities
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/12/growing-concern-2016-child-care-fees-canada%E2%80%99s-big-cities
14 Dec 2016 | Canada
Recently released study, the third in a series beginning in 2014, reveals the most and least expensive cities for child care in Canada. The study provides an annual snapshot of median parental child care fees in Canada’s biggest 28 cities for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. It finds that wait lists are common for regulated child care, which is more expensive than it was two years ago, with fees rising an average of over 8% since 2014—three times faster than inflation.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

Changes to Early Learning and Child Care Act now in effect
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/01/changes-early-learning-and-child-care-act-now-effect
4 Jan 2017 | Prince Edward Island

Oakwood-Vaughan community is dealing with licensed child care shortage
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/01/oakwood-vaughan-community-dealing-licensed-child-care-shortage
4 Jan 2017 | Ontario

Growth spurt: What skyrocketing child-care fees mean for families
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/01/growth-spurt-what-skyrocketing-child-care-fees-mean-families
4 Jan 2017 | Canada

Syrian refugees face challenges accessing childcare in Kamloops
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/01/syrian-refugees-face-challenges-accessing-childcare-kamloops
4 Jan 2017 | British Columbia

Manitoba government must commit to creating new child care spaces
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/17/01/manitoba-government-must-commit-creating-new-child-care-spaces
4 Jan 2017 | Manitoba

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

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- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

December 11, 2016

Manitoba Child Care Association Parent Survey: Final report
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/12/manitoba-child-care-association-parent-survey-final-report
7 Dec 2016 | Manitoba
New report on a Probe Research poll of 3,100 parents conducted for the Manitoba Child Care Association presents findings on the parental awareness of and views on key child care issues including quality and availability of care and views on policy solutions. Specific findings include that wait times hinder parents ability to work or attend school, with 41% delaying a return to work, 30% turning down a job, and 24% turning down an educational opportunity because they lacked child care.

Alberta Child Care Survey 2016
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/12/alberta-child-care-survey-2016
7 Dec 2016 | Alberta
Public Interest Alberta, in partnership with the Terra Centre for Teen Parents and Early Childhood Development Support Services, has released the results of a province-wide survey of child care operators. Responses highlight concerns related to accessibility, affordability, and quality of early learning and child care in Alberta. Survey results show that the availability of spaces is severely limited for infants and children with special needs and that the quality of care available in many early learning and child care programs is poor.

How does early childhood care and education affect cognitive development? An international review of the effects of early interventions for children from different social backgrounds
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/12/how-does-early-childhood-care-and-education-affect-cognitiv
7 Dec 2016 | International
2010 article reviews a number of studies in order to assess the effects of various preschool programs on cognitive development. Authors consider the extent to which these programs could establish equal educational opportunities for children from different social backgrounds. Findings indicate that the vast majority of recent early education and care programs had considerable positive short-term effects and somewhat smaller long-term effects on cognitive development. Implications for research and policy are discussed.

Childcare practitioners and the process of professionalization
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/12/childcare-practitioners-and-process-professionalization
7 Dec 2016 | International
Previously unavailable 2010 chapter from 'Professionalization, leadership and management in the early years' considers concepts of professionalism in relation to an analysis of the narratives of child care professionals during 30 years of action research. Authors note that professionals who engage with pedagogic guidance can become actors of change and develop new pedagogic practices. They also outline that respect for diversity in child care played an important role in changing practitioners' conceptions of the profession.

A road map to eradicate child & family poverty
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/road-map-eradicate-child-family-poverty
30 Nov 2016 | Canada
Campaign 2000 has released its’ 2016 Annual Report Card on Child and Family Poverty in Canada. The report card highlights reasons why the federal government needs to adopt a child and family poverty reduction lens to apply to all policy, program and spending decisions. It provides multiple policy solutions as a road map to guide eradication including the development of a universal, high quality, comprehensive early childhood education and care program in Canada. More information about this can be found on page 11 of the report.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

---

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

---

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

November 20, 2016

An early learning and child care framework for Canada’s children: #TogetherWeCan
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/early-learning-and-child-care-framework-canada%E2%80%99s-children-t
16 Nov 2016 | Canada
New document from the Canadian Child Care Federation outlines what we need to know and what we can do to make sure that a high quality, affordable, accessible and inclusive child care system for is built for all Canadian families. The document highlights that at it's ITS core, this system must be evidence based and built on the real needs of families.

Divided city: Life in Canada’s child poverty capital
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/divided-city-life-canada%E2%80%99s-child-poverty-capital
16 Nov 2016 | Ontario
New report: Collaboration among CAS of Toronto, Family Service Toronto, Social Planning Toronto, and Colour of Poverty-Colour of Change describes the level – and unequal distribution – of poverty and deprivation among children and families in Toronto. Key findings include that early learning participation levels of Toronto children are highly dependent on family income. Authors state that "One of the most important paths out of poverty is helping low-income families access full-time employment, which requires access to quality and affordable care arrangements for their children."

Moving forward: A clear vision for ECEC in Ontario
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/moving-forward-clear-vision-ecec-ontario
16 Nov 2016 | Ontario
Martha Friendly's recent presentation at the OMSSA Early Years and Child Care Forum outlines a vision for moving forward with early childhood education and care services in Ontario. The presentation includes the following: how/why a clear long-term vision is important and useful, why is this important now, a shared vision for ECEC, what are the pieces and how to put the pieces together.

European parents’ attitudes towards public childcare provision: The role of current provisions, interests and ideologies
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/european-parents%E2%80%99-attitudes-towards-public-childcare-provis
16 Nov 2016 | Europe
Recent article considers the largely unexplored area of individuals’ attitudes and preferences concerning the role of government in the provision of childcare. The study examines how current policy provision structures, both at the individual and national levels, influence the degree to which parents in European countries support public provision of childcare. Current provision structures, and people’s assessment of it, are consistently related to parents’ support for public childcare. The results of this study provide evidence for a cycle where investment in policies may drive up support while rolling back of policies may further decrease support.

What would make a difference? Modelling policy scenarios for tackling poverty in the UK
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/what-would-make-difference-modelling-policy-scenarios-tackl
16 Nov 2016 | Europe
New report [UK] provides a modelling framework that enables testing of a wide range of anti-poverty policy and contextual scenarios over time. In one modelling scenario it was found that "better quality, more comprehensive, flexible and affordable childcare [is the] most important route to enabling greater economic participation in the workforce by women..." This model also found that "better quality preschool experience, and after-school activities, should help to counter the early disadvantage and risk of alienation and educational failure by children from more disadvantaged backgrounds."

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

Boom time for corporate childcare in Australia
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/boom-time-corporate-childcare-australia
16 Nov 2016 | Australia and New Zealand

Garderies subventionnées : des propriétaires tournent le dos au système public
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/garderies-subventionn%C3%A9es-des-propri%C3%A9taires-tournent-le-dos-au-syst%C3%A8m
16 Nov 2016 | Quebec

Kids suffer most as Toronto clings to title of child poverty capital
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/kids-suffer-most-toronto-clings-title-child-poverty-capital
16 Nov 2016 | Ontario

Premier Rachel Notley unveils funds for new $25/day childcare centres
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/premier-rachel-notley-unveils-funds-new-25day-childcare-centres
16 Nov 2016 | Alberta

Proposed Westmount daycare has residents divided
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/proposed-westmount-daycare-has-residents-divided
16 Nov 2016 | Alberta

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

November 13, 2016

Child care deserts: An analysis of child care centers by ZIP code in 8 states
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/child-care-deserts-analysis-child-care-centers-zip-code-8-s
9 Nov 2016 | United States
New report examines the location of child care centers across eight states uncovering an issue driving the current U.S. child care crisis: 42 percent of children under 5 years of age live in child care deserts. Authors note that this lack of child care supply is a serious national problem that disproportionately impacts rural areas. The Center for American Progress is introducing a working definition of child care deserts, defined as a ZIP code with at least 30 children under the age of 5 and either no child care centers or very few.

A joint letter from community and labour organizations, concerning Federal Consultations on Parental & Caregiving Leaves and E.I.
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/child-care-deserts-analysis-child-care-centers-zip-code-8-s
9 Nov 2016 | Canada
New letter from a coalition of community and labour organizations presents a response to the federal government's recent consultation on parental and caregiving leave. The letter states that "we need more realistic options for working families, with a priority for social equity and anti-poverty measures." Asks include a mat/pat benefit rate of 70%, earmarked father leave, more inclusive eligibility levels and building a universal child care program.

It’s time for an ambitious national investment in America’s children
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/it%E2%80%99s-time-ambitious-national-investment-america%E2%80%99s-children
9 Nov 2016 | United States
April 2016 report considers how national [U.S.] investments in early childhood care and education would provide high societal returns. The report outlines that productivity would improve with a better educated and healthier workforce and that inequality would be reduced as resources to provide quality child care would be progressively made available to families with young children.

Transforming the workforce for children birth through age eight: A unifying foundation
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/transforming-workforce-children-birth-through-age-eight-uni
9 Nov 2016 | United States
2015 brief explores the implications of child development research for the professionals who work with children birth through age eight. Authors find that while much is known about what professionals who provide care and education for children need to understand and be able to do, this knowledge is not fully reflected in the current practices of the workforce as well as policies that set qualifications and government and others who support and oversee these systems. Recommendations for building a competent, well supported workforce are provided.

Proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave: Response to the federal government consultation from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/proposed-changes-canadian-maternity-and-parental-leave-resp
3 Nov 2016 | Canada
New response from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit considers the proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave. In response to online consultation on this issue a number of recommendations are proposed including the introduction of a five week paid earmarked leave for second parents regardless of gender; a more inclusive approach to eligibility based on earnings of $2,000 in the last 52 weeks; inclusion of self employed workers under terms similar to those used in Quebec, and benefit payments calculated at 70% of earnings.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Is 18 months too long?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/18-months-too-long
9 Nov 2016 | Canada

Why Canada needs a universal child care program
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/why-canada-needs-universal-child-care-program
9 Nov 2016 | Canada

Child benefit not to be used for childcare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/child-benefit-not-be-used-childcare
9 Nov 2016 | Canada

Region’s child-care subsidies program on hold and overbudget
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/region%E2%80%99s-child-care-subsidies-program-hold-and-overbudget
9 Nov 2016 | Ontario

Proposal to extend parental leave worries business owners
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/proposal-extend-parental-leave-worries-business-owners
9 Nov 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

November 13, 2016

What's new online this week:
[ CRRU's online documents database contains thousands of resources relevant to ECEC policy and practice in Canada and internationally.
CRRU's website allows the user to quickly search or browse the database of documents.]

Proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave: Response to the federal government consultation from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/proposed-changes-canadian-maternity-and-parental-leave-resp
3 Nov 2016 | Canada
New response from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit considers the proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave. In response to online consultation on this issue a number of recommendations are proposed including the introduction of a five week paid earmarked leave for second parents regardless of gender; a more inclusive approach to eligibility based on earnings of $2,000 in the last 52 weeks; inclusion of self employed workers under terms similar to those used in Quebec, and benefit payments calculated at 70% of earnings.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2016
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/global-gender-gap-report-2016
2 Nov 2016 | International
2016 edition of the Global Gender Gap Report from the World Economic Forum quantifies the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracks their progress over time. The report seeks to measure one important aspect of gender equality — the relative gaps between women and men across four key areas: health, education, economy and politics. The index provides data sets for various countries and methods for tracking gaps on critical indicators such as government support or provision of child care and maternity/parental leave benefits. The Canadian country profile begins on page 134.

Shortchanged: Make work paid, equal & valued for women
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/shortchanged-make-work-paid-equal-valued-women
2 Nov 2016 | Canada
Recent briefing note from Oxfam states that "addressing the unequal economics of women’s work is essential to closing the gap in earnings and opportunities between women and men, and between rich and poor." The brief outlines the precarious and unequal employment issues women face and also provides recommendations to government and policy makers that would help ensure women's work is fairly paid, equal and valued. Of particular interest, authors note that "investing in childcare has a profound impact on gender equality and women’s access to employment."

Early childhood education and care (ECEC) and its long-term effects on educational and labour market outcomes
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/early-childhood-education-and-care-ecec-and-its-long-term-e
2 Nov 2016 | Europe
Recent brief reviews the available evidence on the short and long term outcomes of early childhood education and care (ECEC) within the European context and seeks to understand how existing differences between EU countries in ECEC implementation relate to outcomes. The author finds that better outcomes related to ECEC attendance depend on the successful integration of various policies. As well, availability and access in combination with country-specific cultural norms and parental leave policies are strongly related to ECEC participation.

The cost of work-family policy inaction
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/11/cost-work-family-policy-inaction
2 Nov 2016 | United States
Recent report from the Center for American Progress considers the lack of progressive work-family policies across the U.S. The authors note that many individuals are forced to quit working or must reduce their work hours because they cannot access child care or paid leave, resulting is lost wages. The report quantifies those lost wages to help illustrate that the nation is incurring burdensome costs by not having work-family policies in place.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news
[ Use the keyword search below for searching child care in the news in the online documents database. ]

The 'un' factor
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/un-factor
2 Nov 2016 | Manitoba

Calls for Ontario to improve the child care system
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/calls-ontario-improve-child-care-system
2 Nov 2016 | Ontario

Home daycare providers service ‘vital’ need in community
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/home-daycare-providers-service-%E2%80%98vital%E2%80%99-need-community
2 Nov 2016 | Ontario

Gretzky calls on Wynne to ensure child-care workers earn more money
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/gretzky-calls-wynne-ensure-child-care-workers-earn-more-money
2 Nov 2016 | Ontario

Women are shortchanged, Canada must act, says Oxfam
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/11/women-are-shortchanged-canada-must-act-says-oxfam
2 Nov 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

October 30, 2016

What's new online this week:
[ CRRU's online documents database contains thousands of resources relevant to ECEC policy and practice in Canada and internationally.
CRRU's website allows the user to quickly search or browse the database of documents.]

Proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/proposed-changes-canadian-maternity-and-parental-leave
19 Oct 2016 | Canada
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit has created an Issue File to inform discussion about maternity and parental leave. The Government of Canada has released a discussion paper and online consultation for considering two new options for eligible Canadians on leave from work to care for a newborn or a newly adopted child, in addition to the current possibility option of a combined 12 months of maternity and parental benefits. A new table has been added to the File that provides a comparison between Canadian and Quebec Family Leave Benefits including type, length and payment.

Parental and maternity EI benefits: The position of the Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada with respect to the Government of Canada’s Proposals for Reform
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/parental-and-maternity-ei-benefits-position-child-care-advo
26 Oct 2016 | Canada
New position paper from the CCAAC considers maternity and parental EI benefit reform. The group highlights that limited access to child care for children under 18 months is making parents desperate for solutions that the lower paid longer leave provisions proposed will not fix. Instead the CCAAC urges the federal government to undertake more comprehensive reform, drawing on experience with the ten year old Quebec Parental Insurance Plan,specifically, reducing eligibility requirements so benefits became as accessible as Quebecs, increasing benefit levels from 55% to 70% of wages and introducing a leave earmarked for the second parent in a couple.

Taking care with child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/taking-care-child-care
26 Oct 2016 | Manitoba
Recent Probe Research poll shows that there is significant public support for child care in Manitoba. Three in every four of those surveyed through telephone interview support the idea of a universal child care system. Other findings include that 75% think child care is too expensive for many parents. Probe Research is completing three additional surveys for the Manitoba Child Care Association who will share these results with federal and provincial government and policy makers to ensure they are aware of the need to develop a child care system in the province.

"I'm more than 'just' an ECE": Decent work from the perspective of Ontario's early childhood workforce
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/im-more-just-ece-decent-work-perspective-ontarios-early-chi
26 Oct 2016 | Ontario
New report from the Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario on the planning and implementation of the Professional Pay and Decent Work for All Project has been released. The project, supported through the Atkinson Foundation’s Decent Work Fund and in partnership with the Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care, sought to address and understand the inadequate wages and working conditions experienced by Ontario’s ECEC sector. Through community mobilization forums, professionals working in the ECEC sector shared their experiences and thoughts on the possibilities of a strong and well-supported early childhood workforce in Ontario.

Rhetoric vs. reality: Child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/rhetoric-vs-reality-child-care
26 Oct 2016 | United States
Recent issue brief from the Center for American Progress considers and debunks five common myths about child care including that it is just babysitting, is affordable for the middle class, does not require government standards, is a simple business equation and that is it not something the United States can afford to invest in. In doing this, the authors demonstrate how access to high-quality care is a necessity for working families.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news
[ Use the keyword search below for searching child care in the news in the online documents database. ]

Majority of Manitobans want universal child care, poll says
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/majority-manitobans-want-universal-child-care-poll-says
26 Oct 2016 | Manitoba

It's about time we give parental leave a much-needed facelift
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/its-about-time-we-give-parental-leave-much-needed-facelift
26 Oct 2016 | Canada

Provincial pledge for 100,000 new daycare spots leaves questions unanswered
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/provincial-pledge-100000-new-daycare-spots-leaves-questions-unanswer
26 Oct 2016 | Ontario

Toronto daycare: A system in trouble
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/toronto-daycare-system-trouble
26 Oct 2016 | Ontario

Child-care case rejected
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/child-care-case-rejected
26 Oct 2016 | Ontario

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

---

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

October 23, 201

What's new online this week:
[ CRRU's online documents database contains thousands of resources relevant to ECEC policy and practice in Canada and internationally.
CRRU's website allows the user to quickly search or browse the database of documents.]

Proposed changes to Canadian maternity and parental leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/proposed-changes-canadian-maternity-and-parental-leave
19 Oct 2016 | Canada
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit has created a new Issue File to inform discussion about maternity and parental leave. The Government of Canada has recently released a discussion paper and online consultation materials for considering two new options for eligible Canadians who are off work to care for a newborn or a newly adopted child, in addition to the current possibility option of a combined 12 months of maternity and parental benefits.

City of Toronto Licensed Child Care Demand and Affordability Study
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/city-toronto-licensed-child-care-demand-and-affordability-s
19 Oct 2016 | Ontario
New report summarizes the methods and findings of the Licensed Child Care Demand and Affordability Study commissioned by the City of Toronto. The report concludes that affordability for parents must be tackled together with expansion of licensed spaces. The report uses economic modelling as well as a parent survey and focus groups to help better understand parental decisions regarding licensed child care with particular reference to affordability. The report will help the City of Toronto tackle the challenge of setting targets for growing Toronto's licensed child care system and to determine what policies will best support families.

Child care and health in America
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/child-care-and-health-america
19 Oct 2016 | United States
New poll among parents in the U.S. with children in child care examined parents’ selection of and experiences with child care. The poll sought to answer several questions including how parents rate the quality of their child care and how parents feel about policies that promote health in child care. Findings suggest a gap between parents’ and research experts’ assessments of the quality of child care. These findings amplify concerns that parents may overestimate what experts consider to be the quality of their child’s care.

At-home father families in the United States: Gender ideology, human capital, and unemployment
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/home-father-families-united-states-gender-ideology-human-ca
19 Oct 2016 | United States
New article in the Journal of Marriage and Family aims to better understand the reasons behind the rising population of stay-at-home fathers. Focusing on married couples, researchers examined the influence of three factors: unemployment, the education of both parents and gender ideology. Findings include that families are more likely to have stay-at-home fathers when the mother has a higher education level and that men “with a more egalitarian outlook on gender ideology have a greater likelihood of being a stay-at-home father..."

Consultation on maternity and parental benefits and leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/consultation-maternity-and-parental-benefits-and-leave
12 Oct 2016 | Canada
The Government of Canada has released a discussion paper and consultation materials for considering new options for eligible Canadians who are off work to care for a newborn or a newly adopted child, in addition to the current option of a combined 12 months of maternity and parental benefits and unpaid leave. Between Oct 6 and Nov 4, they are asking for input on a number of proposed new options through a number of discussion groups online which can be found on this webpage.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news
[ Use the keyword search below for searching child care in the news in the online documents database. ]

Vast majority of Toronto parents can’t afford daycare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/vast-majority-toronto-parents-can%E2%80%99t-afford-daycare
18 Oct 2016 | Ontario

U of S childcare spaces reach 200 with new centre
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/u-s-childcare-spaces-reach-200-new-centre
18 Oct 2016 | Saskatchewan

Non-profit daycares struggling given high City of Regina property taxes
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/non-profit-daycares-struggling-given-high-city-regina-property-taxes
18 Oct 2016 | Saskatchewan

What makes for quality child care? It depends whom you ask
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/what-makes-quality-child-care-it-depends-whom-you-ask
18 Oct 2016 | United States

Colleges aren't very kid-friendly
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/colleges-arent-very-kid-friendly
18 Oct 2016 | United States

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

October 17, 2016
What's new online this week:

Consultation on maternity and parental benefits and leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/consultation-maternity-and-parental-benefits-and-leave
12 Oct 2016 | Canada
The Government of Canada has released a discussion paper and consultation materials for considering new options for eligible Canadians who are off work to care for a newborn or a newly adopted child, in addition to the current option of a combined 12 months of maternity and parental benefits and unpaid leave. Between Oct 6 and Nov 4, they are asking for input on a number of proposed new options through a number of discussion groups online which can be found on this webpage.

Shaping our future: Provincial conference 2016 materials
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/shaping-our-future-provincial-conference-2016-materials
12 Oct 2016 | Ontario
The provincial conference, Shaping our future, held last month in Ottawa by the Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care (OCBCC) and the Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario (AECEO) was a huge success. Conference materials including workshop materials and resources, continuing the movement for the ECE workforce video series & discussion guide and panel videos and closing remarks are now available.

Basic income: Rethinking social policy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/basic-income-rethinking-social-policy
12 Oct 2016 | Canada
New report offers a wide range of considerations for government and policy makers on ways to embed a basic income as an objective or mandate. The authors stress that it is time to "rethink welfare and put equality and social justice back at the centre of public policy." See the chapter 'Six principles to guide a basic income' on page 54 by Anita Khanna which notes that "... a basic income should lay the groundwork for improving population health and mental health by complementing needed programs, such as...early learning and child care programs, and parental leave benefits."

Society at a Glance 2016
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/society-glance-2016
12 Oct 2016 | International
The eighth edition of Society at a Glance, the biennial OECD overview of social indicators has been released. The report addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends and updates previous indicators as well as introduces new ones. It includes data for 35 countries including Canada. Child care is highlighted throughout the report. Authors note that a lack of affordable child care keeps young women out of workforce in many countries.

Maternity and paternity at work: Law and practice across the world
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/maternity-and-paternity-work-law-and-practice-across-world
11 Oct 2016 | International
2014 report from the International Labour Organization reviews national legislative provisions on maternity protection at work in 185 countries and territories (including leave, benefits, employment protection, health protection, breastfeeding arrangements at work and childcare), statistical coverage in law and in practice of paid maternity leave as well as statutory provision of paternity, parental and adoption leaves.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

British childcare isn't working
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/british-childcare-isnt-working
12 Oct 2016 | Europe

‘Total gong show’: Parents reveal flaws of child-care subsidy system
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/%E2%80%98total-gong-show%E2%80%99-parents-reveal-flaws-child-care-subsidy-system
12 Oct 2016 | Canada

‘Not enough spaces’: Families share child care wait-list nightmares
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/%E2%80%98not-enough-spaces%E2%80%99-families-share-child-care-wait-list-nightmares
12 Oct 2016 | Ontario

Where childcare is an economic engine
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/where-childcare-economic-engine
12 Oct 2016 | United States

UK childcare is the most expensive in the world: Families now spend a third of their income on nurseries and childminders
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/uk-childcare-most-expensive-world-families-now-spend-third-their-inc
12 Oct 2016 | Europe

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

October 9, 2016
What's new online this week:

Early childhood: Fostering the vitality of francophone minority communities
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/early-childhood-fostering-vitality-francophone-minority-com
5 Oct 2016 | Quebec
New report released by the federal Commissioner of Official Languages highlights a lack of resources, a shortage of early childhood educators and the fragmentation of services as hindering early childhood development in Francophone minority communities. Recommendations include that the Minister of Families, Children and Social Development ensure that Francophone minority communities are consulted as part of the development of the national framework on early learning and child care and that a Francophone component is included in the framework.

Towards a poverty reduction strategy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/towards-poverty-reduction-strategy
5 Oct 2016 | Canada
New discussion/consultation paper considers the multiple dimensions of poverty including income, housing, the workplace, health, mobility; it mentions child care several times. The Government of Canada is releasing this paper as a "starting point for reaching out to its provincial, territorial and municipal partners, Indigenous people, community organizations, poverty experts and academics and those who have a lived experience of poverty to consult with them on their poverty reduction strategy". In the coming months, an online engagement website will be launched where individuals and organizations can provide input.

The New America Care Report
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/new-america-care-report
5 Oct 2016 | United States
Recent report from New America in collaboration with Care.com considers the early care and learning system in the US. A care index that examined the cost, quality, and availability of child care in all 50 states and the District of Columbia is used as a jumping off point to explore the complexity of the fragmented US child care system. The report purposes systemic change to the early care and learning infrastructure including the introduction of universal paid family leave and implementation of high quality universal pre-K programs.

From ‘Cinderella’ to ‘beloved princess’: The evolution of early childhood education policy in China
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/10/%E2%80%98cinderella%E2%80%99-%E2%80%98beloved-princess%E2%80%99-evolution-early-childhood-e
5 Oct 2016 | Asia
Recent paper considers the significant changes to early childhood education in China over the past 35 years. It aims to understand why and how the Chinese government changed its attitude and policies by conducting a critical analysis of this evolution, focusing on post- 2010 development. The authors find that accessibility, affordability and accountability problems will challenge the evolution of ECE reform in China. They note that these challenges provide opportunities for establishing more efficient funding and monitoring reforms.

A guide to early learning and child care in Ontario
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/guide-early-learning-and-child-care-ontario
28 Sep 2016 | Ontario
New guide considers the many changes to governance, financing and pedagogy of early learning and child care in Ontario since 2012 providing a comprehensive update to the previous versions of this guide. The authors aim to provide ECE students and professionals with a thorough overview of the current state of early learning and child care in Ontario including legislation and regulation, financing, curriculum and pedagogy, as well exploring issues of diversity, children’s rights, advocacy and the role of the professional.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

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Child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

How child care costs compare in Canada (hint: they’re way more than tuition)
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/how-child-care-costs-compare-canada-hint-they%E2%80%99re-way-more-tuition
5 Oct 2016 | Canada

Ample Nunavik childcare boosts number of women in labour force
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/ample-nunavik-childcare-boosts-number-women-labour-force
5 Oct 2016 | Nunavut

Lack of childcare services means some Kamloops immigrants can't attend English classes
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/lack-childcare-services-means-some-kamloops-immigrants-cant-attend-e
5 Oct 2016 | British Columbia

When it comes to raising children, be a gardener, not a carpenter
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/when-it-comes-raising-children-be-gardener-not-carpenter
5 Oct 2016 | United States

Cancer patients shouldn’t be fretting about child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/10/cancer-patients-shouldn%E2%80%99t-be-fretting-about-child-care
5 Oct 2016 | Ontario

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

September 19, 2016
What's new online this week:

Speech from the Throne: A balanced plan to build Ontario up for everyone
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/speech-throne-balanced-plan-build-ontario-everyone
14 Sep 2016 | Ontario
New Speech from the Throne in Ontario states plans to increase access to child care for infants, toddlers and pre-schoolers over the next five years by adding 100,000 more licensed spots in schools, workplaces and community settings. The speech outlines between $1 billion and $3 billion in new capital spending and $600 million to $750 million in annual operating costs by 2021.

Longitudinal research and early years policy development in the UK
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/longitudinal-research-and-early-years-policy-development-uk
14 Sep 2016 | Europe
Recent article discusses how research evidence has contributed to substantial early childhood education and care policy change in the last two decades in the UK.The author notes that the national evaluation of Sure Start and the effective provision of pre-school education projects were important factors in policy change and discusses how the interplay of this research and policy occurred.

Using state early care and education workforce registry data to inform training-related questions: Issues to consider
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/using-state-early-care-and-education-workforce-registry-dat
14 Sep 2016 | United States
New article considers the training requirements of the child care workforce and the use of registries to track such training. It shares results of research on the training focus variables used across these registries and the extent to which such variables are comparable. Results of the study suggest that aggregate registry data have the potential to address questions related to the focus of the training in which the child care workforce participates.

Return of the nanny: Public policy towards in-home childcare in the UK, Canada and Australia
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/return-nanny-public-policy-towards-home-childcare-uk-canada

14 Sep 2016 | International
Recent article examines the position of in-home childcare in Australia, the UK and Canada and the varied nature and extent of public funding and regulation in this work. It also explores how shifts in migration policy in each country have intersected with ECEC funding and regulation to reshape the recruitment and employment of in-home child carers.

Early Learning and Child Care Service Plan 2016 - 2020
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/early-learning-and-child-care-service-plan-2016-2020
7 Sep 2016 | Ontario
The Region of Waterloo Children’s Services has released a new road map to be used to guide early learning services and licensed child care over the next four years. The service plan consolidates feedback from parents as well as child care operators and community partners involved in the delivery of child care services in the region. Actions include improving access to affordable, high quality licensed child care services and capacity building to support inclusion of all children in high-quality programs.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Trump’s child care plan only works if you're rich
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/trump%E2%80%99s-child-care-plan-only-works-if-youre-rich
14 Sep 2016 | United States

Ontario parents welcome new focus on daycare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/ontario-parents-welcome-new-focus-daycare
14 Sep 2016 | Ontario

Child-care crunch prompts survey of Manitoba parents with kids in daycare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/child-care-crunch-prompts-survey-manitoba-parents-kids-daycare
14 Sep 2016 | Manitoba

A social policy theorist faces the trade-off between what's possible and what's ideal
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/social-policy-theorist-faces-trade-between-whats-possible-and-whats-
14 Sep 2016 | Canada

Hillary Clinton’s preschool revolution?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/hillary-clinton%E2%80%99s-preschool-revolution
14 Sep 2016 | United States

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

September 11, 2016
What's new online this week:

Early Learning and Child Care Service Plan 2016 - 2020
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/early-learning-and-child-care-service-plan-2016-2020
7 Sep 2016 | Ontario
The Region of Waterloo Children’s Services has released a new road map to be used to guide early learning services and licensed child care over the next four years. The service plan consolidates feedback from parents as well as child care operators and community partners involved in the delivery of child care services in the region. Actions include improving access to affordable, high quality licensed child care services and capacity building to support inclusion of all children in high-quality programs.

Education for people and planet: Creating sustainable futures for all
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/education-people-and-planet-creating-sustainable-futures-al
7 Sep 2016 | International
New Global Education Monitoring report from UNESCO considers the potential for education at all levels to propel progress towards meeting the global goals outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The report finds that almost half the world’s countries have a three-year pre-primary education age group, with children expected to first enroll at the age of 3. The report includes a chapter on early childhood with emphasis on monitoring and indicators. See target 4.2 on page 205 for more information.

Child care for parents in college: A state-by-state assessment
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/child-care-parents-college-state-state-assessment
7 Sep 2016 | United States
Recent briefing paper from the Institute for Women's Policy Research analyzes data from the U.S. Department of Education on the share of public PSE institutions that provide campus child care. The paper reviews current state child care subsidy rules, to assess state variation in the challenges facing student parents’ access to affordable, quality child care.Despite the growing need for student parent supports, campus child care centers have been closing across the country. In 2015, less than half of four-year public colleges provided campus child care.

The gender wage gap
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/gender-wage-gap
7 Sep 2016 | United States
New briefing note from the Institute for Fiscal Studies [U.K.] seeks to understand the gender wage gap and its relationship to poverty. The report sets out to define the gender wage gap, understand how it differs according to education level and how it has evolved over time and across generations. The authors provide descriptive evidence on how the gender wage gap widens as women start to have children noting that by the time a first child is 12 years old, women’s hourly wages are a third below men’s.

Underpaid and unequal: Racial wage disparities in the early childhood workforce
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/09/underpaid-and-unequal-racial-wage-disparities-early-childho
7 Sep 2016 | United States
Recent report from the Center for American Progress suggests that the poor compensation and benefits that plague much of the early childhood workforce are felt most acutely by African American women. The authors find that the wage gap between African American and white female, full-time educators is reduced to roughly 93 cents on the dollar — a meaningful difference in a workforce that makes on average less than $30,000 per year. Recommendations are provided including better workforce compensation and training.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Full-day kindergarten impacting day care staffing levels: CCCNL
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/full-day-kindergarten-impacting-day-care-staffing-levels-cccnl
7 Sep 2016 | Newfoundland

Our misguided effort to close the achievement gap is creating a new inequality: The ‘play’ gap
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/our-misguided-effort-close-achievement-gap-creating-new-inequality-%E2%80%98
7 Sep 2016 | United States
There is a clear point in a woman's life when the gender pay gap gets worse
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/there-clear-point-womans-life-when-gender-pay-gap-gets-worse
7 Sep 2016 | Europe

Plan aimed at improving access to child care in Waterloo Region
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/plan-aimed-improving-access-child-care-waterloo-region
7 Sep 2016 | Ontario

Gender pay strikes to shut childcare centres
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/09/gender-pay-strikes-shut-childcare-centres
7 Sep 2016 | Australia and New Zealand

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

August 28, 2016
What's new online this week:

Upstream childcare policy change: Lessons from Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/upstream-childcare-policy-change-lessons-canada
24 Aug 2016 | Canada
Recent article published in Australian Educational Leader outlines how a group of Manitoba early childhood educators, allies and activists tackled the province’s childcare policy architecture through an innovative campaign. As a result, the provincial government set up a commission aimed at providing a road map for moving to universal child care. The author reviews the Manitoba campaign, suggesting that Australia may learn lessons from this example as the countries share similarities in their approaches to child care policy.

The OECD’s International Early Learning Study: Opening for debate and contestation
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/oecd%E2%80%99s-international-early-learning-study-opening-debate-an
24 Aug 2016 | International
January 2016 working paper calls on early childhood education communities around the world to consider the impacts of the International Early Learning Study, a OECD cross-national assessment of early learning outcomes involving the testing of five-year-old children in participating countries. The authors outline the assumptions, practices and possible effects this study may have. They call for a more democratic and comparative approach to education that provokes thought rather than regulates performance.

Defining and measuring quality in home-based care settings
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/defining-and-measuring-quality-home-based-care-settings
24 Aug 2016 | United States
2010 report published by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services considers the importance of developing measures that accurately assess quality in home-based child care settings. Authors note that when designing and evaluating quality measures in these settings, the unique characteristics and variability of home-based care including mixed age groups, supports for parents, and different provider characteristics, must be considered.

Nunavik's labour market and educational attainment paradox
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/nunaviks-labour-market-and-educational-attainment-paradox
24 Aug 2016 | Quebec
Recent paper examines the labour force participation in Nunavik, the northern Québec region of Inuit Nunangat. The authors find that public sector job provision and child care availability and cost appear to have the most important impact on Nunavik’s labour market outcomes. They note that both the ample supply of child care and the low cost have contributed to large increases in female labour force participation since 1996.

No time to lose: How to build a world-class education system state by state
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/no-time-lose-how-build-world-class-education-system-state-s
16 Aug 2016 | United States
New report from the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) compares the state of U.S. educational systems with that of other countries. The NCSL find that the U.S. educational systems are falling dangerously behind other developed nations and observes that if they do not make changes, they will struggle to compete economically against developing nations. Suggestions from the NCSL to improve the state of education in the U.S. include building a team and setting priorities, studying and learning from top performing countries and then creating a shared state- wide vision and setting benchmark policies to being reform of the U.S. educational systems.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Wait for child care at 'all-time high': advocate
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/wait-child-care-all-time-high-advocate
24 Aug 2016 | Manitoba

Wynne taps Naidoo-Harris to be early years and child care minister
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/wynne-taps-naidoo-harris-be-early-years-and-child-care-minister
24 Aug 2016 | Ontario

Childcare research
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/childcare-research
24 Aug 2016 | Canada

Looking for daycare in Vancouver? Good luck
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/looking-daycare-vancouver-good-luck
24 Aug 2016 | British Columbia

Child care shortage in Manitoba
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/child-care-shortage-manitoba
24 Aug 2016 | Manitoba

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

August 21, 2016
What's new online this week:

No time to lose: How to build a world-class education system state by state
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/no-time-lose-how-build-world-class-education-system-state-s
16 Aug 2016 | United States
New report from the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL) compares the state of U.S. educational systems with that of other countries. The NCSL find that the U.S. educational systems are falling dangerously behind other developed nations and observes that if they do not make changes, they will struggle to compete economically against developing nations. Suggestions from the NCSL to improve the state of education in the U.S. include building a team and setting priorities, studying and learning from top performing countries and then creating a shared state- wide vision and setting benchmark policies to being reform of the U.S. educational systems.

Are we at the crossroads for Wisconsin child care?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/are-we-crossroads-wisconsin-child-care
16 Aug 2016 | United States
New report from the Wisconsin Council on Children and Families (WCCF) analyzes the pillars of the Wisconsin child care system, the Wisconsin Shares child care subsidy program (WI Shares) and YoungStar quality rating and improvement system. The analysis shows the two systems are not in sync, while both require additional funding in order for the programs to succeed and maintain a sound child care system. The WCCF makes four recommendations for the maintenance of the child care system-- direct support to high quality programs, improved child care payment rates, incentives to maintain a quality child care workforce, and ongoing research.

The road to high-quality early learning: Lessons from the States
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/road-high-quality-early-learning-lessons-states
16 Aug 2016 | United States
Recent report from the Learning Policy Institute considers how policymakers can convert their vision of quality child care into a reality. The authors analyze how four states (Michigan, West Virginia, Washington and North Carolina) have build high-quality education systems. Evidence is gathered from multiple sources including studies, policy documents, and data from each state, observations of programs and interviews with various stakeholders. In conclusion the report suggests these four states are committed to increasing funding to continuously improve quality and access, investment in staff training, aligning preschool with elementary school--all with the involvement of various stakeholders.

Managing the impacts of full day kindergarten on rural childcare centres in Ontario
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/managing-impacts-full-day-kindergarten-rural-childcare-cent
16 Aug 2016 | Ontario
This 2013 MA thesis examines the impact of full day kindergarten (FDK) in rural child care centres and how this was managed at the local level. The exploratory study used semi-structured interviews with seven Consolidated Municipal Service Managers (CMSMs) and nine rural child care centre directors. Findings reveal that the challenges faced by rural child care centres are insufficient funding, fluctuating enrollment and staffing challenges. Most CMSMs interviewed indicated that recent changes had increased the complexity of their work and added to their workload. Centre directors reported strategies used to maintain viability included promotion of the centres, developing business acumen and improving benefits to attract and maintain qualified early childhood educators, and that co-location of child care in schools may pose problems in rural communities.

The underestimation of America’s preschool teachers
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/underestimation-america%E2%80%99s-preschool-teachers
16 Aug 2016 | United States
New article explores New York City’s attempt to professionalize early childhood education and care (ECEC). It considers how New York could be the potential stepping stone for national preschool in the U.S. as preschool classrooms are now held to the quality assessments laid out in the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale (ECERS). The author states that in New York preschool is universally accessible to all 4-year-olds, educators have access to improving their education credentials and learning and care are intertwined. The article concludes that there is no such thing as good cheap child care.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Day care: Canada’s silent crisis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/day-care-canada%E2%80%99s-silent-crisis
16 Aug 2016 | Canada

Alberta Childcare Association committee reviewing childcare regulations
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/alberta-childcare-association-committee-reviewing-childcare-regulati
16 Aug 2016 | Alberta

Pilot Butte, Sask. Early Learning Centre hopes to ease child care wait list issue
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/pilot-butte-sask-early-learning-centre-hopes-ease-child-care-wait-li
16 Aug 2016 | Saskatchewan

Early years council works to address child care crisis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/early-years-council-works-address-child-care-crisis
16 Aug 2016 | British Columbia

Deadly day cares: State doesn’t require home-based day cares to report injury – unless it results in death
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/deadly-day-cares-state-doesn%E2%80%99t-require-home-based-day-cares-report-i
16 Aug 2016 | United States

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

August 6, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

Instrument development and validation of the Infant and Toddler Assessment for Quality Improvement
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/instrument-development-and-validation-infant-and-toddler-as
3 Aug 2016 | Ontario
New article in the Early Education and Development journal outlines the process of development and preliminary validity testing of the Assessment for Quality Improvement (AQI). The article addresses the need for accurate and efficient measures of quality in early childhood education and care (ECEC). Key findings suggest that the AQI is a promising and effective tool for measuring quality in infant and toddler ECEC settings.

To prosperity: Toronto poverty reduction strategy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/prosperity-toronto-poverty-reduction-strategy
3 Aug 2016 | Ontario
Recent City of Toronto poverty reduction strategy considers what the city must do to reduce poverty. Key objectives include addressing basic needs for housing, food, childcare, healthcare and transportation, then taking action and driving systematic change. The strategy outlines 20 recommendations each linked to a set of actions for the 2015-2018 Term Action Plan.

Mapping family change and child well-being outcomes
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/mapping-family-change-and-child-well-being-outcomes
3 Aug 2016 | International
The third edition of World Family Map’s annual report tracks 16 indicators of family socioeconomics, process and culture across multiple countries. In addition to the indicators, a featured essay examines how couples around the globe divide their family and work responsibilities. Key findings include that internationally there is no one way parents divide paid and unpaid work and parents are happier when they have a partner to share the load.

Closing the gender wage gap
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/closing-gender-wage-gap
3 Aug 2016 | Ontario
A recent report from the Human Resource Professionals Association (HRPA) calls on the government and businesses to address the gender wage gap in Ontario. HRPA consider multiple factors contributing to the gender wage gap throughout various stages of a woman’s life. The report outlines 20 recommendations for the government to consider for closing the gender wage gap in Ontario including continued investment and implementation of policies to make child care more affordable.

The state of preschool 2015
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/08/state-preschool-2015
3 Aug 2016 | United States
2015 annual report from NIEER presents US data from 2014-2015 regarding state-funded pre-kindergarten programs. The report profiles 57 state-funded programs in 42 states in addition to the District of Columbia. Key findings include national improvement, increased enrolment, spending and quality standards in pre-K. However, progress has been uneven and unequal among the states, suggesting that further government efforts to improve state-funded pre-K are needed.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Ontario bans 'unfair' wait-list fees for daycare spots
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/ontario-bans-unfair-wait-list-fees-daycare-spots
2 Aug 2016 | Ontario

Early childhood education gets push from $1 billion federal investment
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/early-childhood-education-gets-push-1-billion-federal-investment
2 Aug 2016 | United States

The work-family-childcare-life balance
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/work-family-childcare-life-balance
2 Aug 2016 | International

Jamila Rizvi: The financial worry holding my friends, and our nation back
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/jamila-rizvi-financial-worry-holding-my-friends-and-our-nation-back
2 Aug 2016 | Australia and New Zealand

81.5% of women take childcare leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/08/815-women-take-childcare-leave
2 Aug 2016 | Asia

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

July 31, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

Women's economic, social and cultural rights in Canada: 2006-2015
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/womens-economic-social-and-cultural-rights-canada-2006-2015
26 Jul 2016 | Canada
Recent report from the Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA) reflects on the economic, social and cultural rights of Canadian women in the past decade noting that the Government of Canada, under the Harper administration, often failed to respect, protect and fulfill these rights. FAFIA outlines quality child care as key in improving the working conditions of women and recommends that the current Government of Canada fulfill its election promise to begin building a National Early Learning and Child Care Framework.

Access to quality, affordable early learning and child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/access-quality-affordable-early-learning-and-child-care
26 Jul 2016 | Alberta
2015 brief from The Women’s Centre considers the lack of access to affordable, quality early learning and child care in Calgary. The brief highlights consultation comments from mothers who are struggling with barriers to accessible child care including unaffordable fees, lack of spaces and limited full-day kindergarten programs.

Early childhood policies and systems in eight countries: Findings from IEA’s early childhood education study
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/early-childhood-policies-and-systems-eight-countries-findin
26 Jul 2016 | International
Recent report from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) considers early childhood education provision in eight countries. Information about the wider policy context for ECE was collected with an aim to provide an overview of policy strategies, as well as the systemic and structural results of ECE policy at national and subnational levels. Key findings in the areas of public policy; delivery models and providers; participation and enrollment; supporting quality in ECE; and expectations for child outcomes are explored.

2016-2017 Public Policy Agenda
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/2016-2017-public-policy-agenda
26 Jul 2016 | United States
2015 agenda from Child Care Aware of America considers the documented issues associated with child care in the United States including expensive fees, inadequate child care provider compensation and quality of care that varies widely by state. The agenda outlines recommendations for Congress that can address these issues such as increased public funding and oversight as well as child care that addresses the needs of parents who work non-standard hours.

Beyond baby steps: Planning for a national child care system
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/beyond-baby-steps-planning-national-child-care-system
20 Jul 2016 | Canada
New article published in Policy Options considers the importance of the federal governments role in designing a national child care plan. Authors present what the current system is lacking and ways to improve it. They conclude that "by moving beyond baby steps to planning a national child care system, the Trudeau government can help lead the development of a child care system that works for all of us."

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Canada Child Benefit: Parents sound off
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/canada-child-benefit-parents-sound
26 Jul 2016 | Canada

The kids are still not alright
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/kids-are-still-not-alright
26 Jul 2016 | United States

Cost of child care: Much more than a family matter
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/cost-child-care-much-more-family-matter
26 Jul 2016 | United States

The best thing Hillary Clinton can do for working parents
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/best-thing-hillary-clinton-can-do-working-parents
26 Jul 2016 | United States

Ireland’s huge childcare costs stopping people going to work
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/ireland%E2%80%99s-huge-childcare-costs-stopping-people-going-work
26 Jul 2016 | Europe

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

July 24, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

Beyond baby steps: Planning for a national child care system
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/beyond-baby-steps-planning-national-child-care-system
20 Jul 2016 | Canada
New article published in Policy Options considers the importance of the federal governments role in designing a national child care plan. Authors present what the current system is lacking and ways to improve it. They conclude that "by moving beyond baby steps to planning a national child care system, the Trudeau government can help lead the development of a child care system that works for all of us."

Falling short: The experiences of families below the minimum income standard
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/falling-short-experiences-families-below-minimum-income-sta

20 Jul 2016 | Europe
New report from the Joseph Rowntree Foundation [U.K.]considers how families living below the Minimum Income Standards (MIS) make ends meet after housing and childcare costs are taken into consideration. To gather evidence, the authors interviewed a mix of 30 families who fall below the MIS. Findings include that families need stability, however constantly monitoring budgets is highly stressful and emotional draining. Suggestions offered include policy-makers considering key issues, such as, improved access to childcare to provide families with greater stability.

Access to childcare in Europe: Parents' logistical challenges in cross-national perspective
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/access-childcare-europe-parents-logistical-challenges-cross
20 Jul 2016 | Europe
New article focuses on the child care system, the labour market and the everyday challenges parents face when attempting to navigate them simultaneously.The authors gather evidence by means of interviews with parent- and childcare related organizations in six countries across Europe. Findings from the study provide a richer understanding of childcare availability and the challenges faced by parents even when services are comprehensive and affordable.

Effects of the minimum wage on infant health
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/effects-minimum-wage-infant-health
20 Jul 2016 | United States
Recent paper from the National Bureau of Economic Research [U.S.] investigates the impact of raising the minimum state wage on infant health. Using data on births in the US over 25 years, the authors found that an increase in the minimum wage is associated with an increase in birth weight. Other channels through which minimum wage can affect infant health are explored.

How Does Learning Happen? Inspirational pedagogy in everyday practice depends on a well-supported ECE workforce
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/how-does-learning-happen-inspirational-pedagogy-everyday-pr
13 Jul 2016 | Ontario
New article from the Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario (AECEO) considers the structural supports needed to ensure that ECE professionals have the capacity to successfully implement How Does Learning Happen? Ontario’s Pedagogy for the Early Years (2014). The article describes how this new responsibility will involve a momentous undertaking by registered members of the College of Early Childhood Educators in Ontario. It poses questions that stimulate dialogue and discussion about the need for systemic change so that new policy directives can be implemented successfully.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

New Canada Child Benefit program payments start today
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/new-canada-child-benefit-program-payments-start-today
20 Jul 2016 | Canada

Child care becoming ‘privilege’ only upper-income Canadians can afford: advocate
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/child-care-becoming-%E2%80%98privilege%E2%80%99-only-upper-income-canadians-can-affo
20 Jul 2016 | Alberta

Do minimum-wage hikes mean healthier babies?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/do-minimum-wage-hikes-mean-healthier-babies
20 Jul 2016 | United States

Striking child care workers return to work at the Y
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/striking-child-care-workers-return-work-y
20 Jul 2016 | Ontario

Why is the cost of childcare rising while workers' wages are dropping?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/why-cost-childcare-rising-while-workers-wages-are-dropping
20 Jul 2016 | United States

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) focuses on research and policy resources in the context of a high quality system of early childhood education and child care in Canada.

July 17, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

How Does Learning Happen? Inspirational pedagogy in everyday practice depends on a well-supported ECE workforce
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/how-does-learning-happen-inspirational-pedagogy-everyday-pr
13 Jul 2016 | Ontario
New article from the Association of Early Childhood Educators Ontario (AECEO) considers the structural supports needed to ensure that ECE professionals have the capacity to successfully implement How Does Learning Happen? Ontario’s Pedagogy for the Early Years (2014). The article describes how this new responsibility will involve a momentous undertaking by registered members of the College of Early Childhood Educators in Ontario. It poses questions that stimulate dialogue and discussion about the need for systemic change so that new policy directives can be implemented successfully.

High stakes: The impacts of child care on the human rights of women and children
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/high-stakes-impacts-child-care-human-rights-women-and-child
13 Jul 2016 | British Columbia
New report from the West Coast Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF) analyzes the legal implications of the inadequate child care system in British Columbia that is undermining the safety, well-being and human rights of women and children. The authors conclude that BC has a responsibility to implement a coordinated, comprehensive solution to the inadequacies of the current system in order to end these human rights violations.

The Early Childhood Workforce Index
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/early-childhood-workforce-index
13 Jul 2016 | United States
Newly released biennial index from the Center for the Study of Child Care Employment [U.S.] considers the employment conditions and policies in each state that impact the early childhood workforce. Highlights of the 2016 index include low wages and earnings gaps across the sector and limited early childhood workforce policy at the state and national level. Previous and subsequent iterations of this index will provide the opportunity to identify trends and track progress in the states over time.

What are the benefits from early childhood education?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/what-are-benefits-early-childhood-education
13 Jul 2016 | International
New brief from the OECD considers the expansion of early childhood education and care programs in recent years. Authors consider enrollment rates as well as positive educational outcomes at the age of 15 for children who attended pre-primary education. They note that pre-primary education can play a strong role in promoting equality at an early age. Suggestions offered include monitoring of ECEC programs so that quality is assured.

What we ask of parents: Unequal expectations for parental contributions to early childhood and post-secondary education in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/what-we-ask-parents-unequal-expectations-parental-contribut
13 Jul 2016 | Canada
Recent paper compares the different expectations governments have with respect to parental contributions to their children’s education at the early childhood (ECE) and post secondary (PSE) levels. The authors consider costs, subsidy policies, and the intersection between the two by income level in ECE and then PSE. They find that parents of children in ECE are generally required to contribute more than parents of children in PSE.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Childcare shortages, costs a ‘human rights violation’: law report
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/childcare-shortages-costs-%E2%80%98human-rights-violation%E2%80%99-law-report
13 Jul 2016 | British Columbia

YMCA daycare workers strike at 3 Ottawa locations
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/ymca-daycare-workers-strike-3-ottawa-locations
13 Jul 2016 | Ontario

No child care forces Iqaluit mom to leave town
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/no-child-care-forces-iqaluit-mom-leave-town
13 Jul 2016 | Nunavut

New Canada Child Benefit rolls out with a more subtle pitch
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/new-canada-child-benefit-rolls-out-more-subtle-pitch

Why does America invest so little in its children?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/why-does-america-invest-so-little-its-children
13 Jul 2016 | United States

July 9, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

OnPolicy: Ontario's working poor
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/onpolicy-ontarios-working-poor
6 Jul 2016 | Ontario
New summer 2016 issue of OnPolicy considers the working poor across nine Ontario cities. Different chapters outline the problems associated with working poverty, including a lack of affordable child care in cities like Toronto. Solutions are offered such as improving food security, raising the minimum wage, tackling precarity in the workplace and improving working conditions for low-wage work.

Working it out: Balancing work and care after the birth of a first child
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/working-it-out-balancing-work-and-care-after-birth-first-ch
6 Jul 2016 | Australia and New Zealand
New eBook chapter outlines the pressures to combine work with family responsibilities in the early years of motherhood for women in western societies. The chapter examines how these options are exercised as women make decisions about re-entry to the workforce following the birth of their first child. Presenting an analysis of data from a cohort of Australian women, the authors find that less provision for maternity leave and availability of familiar trustworthy childcare impacts how and when mothers return to work.

Calculating the hidden cost of interrupting a career for child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/calculating-hidden-cost-interrupting-career-child-care
6 Jul 2016 | United States
New report from the Center for American Progress considers the child care affordability crisis in the United States that is leaving families with the choice of spending most of their paycheque on child care or leaving the workforce to become a full-time caregiver. The report explores the financial toll that the latter decision places on families while also providing parents with a tool that calculates the hidden costs of staying home such as the potential loss of salary growth and missed retirement saving contributions.

Equal but inequitable: Who benefits from gender-neutral tenure clock stopping policies?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/equal-inequitable-who-benefits-gender-neutral-tenure-clock-
6 Jul 2016 | United States
Recent article published by the Institute for the Study of Labor considers the high female exit rate from the professional workforce and whether adopted gender-neutral family policies "level the playing field." Using a data set of assistant professor hires at universities, the authors find that the adoption of gender-neutral tenure clock stopping policies substantially reduced female tenure rates while increasing those of men. They suggest the need for more nuanced policy that recognizes the differences in how women experience life after child birth.

Early-life exposure to income inequality and adolescent health and well-being
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/07/early-life-exposure-income-inequality-and-adolescent-health
6 Jul 2016 | Europe
Recent report from UNICEF considers the association between national income inequality and well-being during adolescence in both Europe and North America. The authors find that income inequality during early childhood impacts health symptoms and life satisfaction in adolescents. They highlight that the period of development for income inequality exposure coincides with the early years when social relationships extend from the family to school and community settings. The authors infer that inequality may shape child developmental trajectories in ways that later manifest in reduced health and well-being.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Affordable child care can help curb food insecurity
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/affordable-child-care-can-help-curb-food-insecurity
6 Jul 2016 | Ontario

Ottawa commits $382 million to begin raising services for on-reserve kids
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/ottawa-commits-382-million-begin-raising-services-reserve-kids
6 Jul 2016 | Canada

Child care wanted
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/child-care-wanted
6 Jul 2016 | British Columbia

Erin Chalmers: A 13-month-old with a skull fracture and no one can explain why?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/erin-chalmers-13-month-old-skull-fracture-and-no-one-can-explain-why
6 Jul 2016 | Alberta

Nova Scotia's child care subsidy program boosts rates
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/07/nova-scotias-child-care-subsidy-program-boosts-rates
6 Jul 2016 | Nova Scotia

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

June 29, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

Making connections: Reflections on over three decades of EU initiatives in early childhood education and care (ECEC)
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/making-connections-reflections-over-three-decades-eu-initia
29 Jun 2016 | Europe
New article looks back on three decades of EU ECEC policy initiatives and suggests that whilst key early childhood reviews have advocated integrated systems for member states, the European Commission’s own fragmented approach has impeded the development of an effective framework at an EU level. The authors argue that a tougher approach to improving ECEC requires an integrated policy framework, unified targets and a strong single lead able to initiate actions at an EU level.

Employment transitions, child care conflict, and the mental health of low-income urban women with children
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/employment-transitions-child-care-conflict-and-mental-healt
29 Jun 2016 | United States
Recent paper considers the experiences of low-income urban women with children and whether becoming employed reduces symptoms of psychological distress among them. Results indicate that employment is associated with lower levels of distress among women who have no trouble with child care and higher levels of distress among women who struggle with child care. The results suggest that valuing the benefits of paid work over unpaid work is an oversimplification and that the emphasis on placing poor women with children into paid work could be misguided if they do not have access to quality child care.

Social policy change: Work–family tensions in Sweden, Australia and Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/social-policy-change-work%E2%80%93family-tensions-sweden-australia-
29 Jun 2016 | International
Recent journal article considers the rise of the adult worker family norm in countries across the OECD. The authors argue that this rise has created challenges for reconciling work and family life as the unpaid work of the female caregiver can no longer be assumed. The article compares childcare arrangements and maternity/parental leave programmes in Sweden, Australia and Canada. Authors explore the role of institutions, actors and ideas in accounting for distinct developments in each country that attempt to address these challenges.

Describing the preparation and ongoing professional development of the infant/toddler workforce
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/describing-preparation-and-ongoing-professional-development
29 Jun 2016 | United States
Recent analysis from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services describes the professional development activities of the nation’s infant/ toddler (I/T) workforce, based on nationally-representative data. Results indicate that I/T teachers and caregivers tend to have low levels of education and also that participation in professional development activities is most common among teachers and caregivers with higher levels of education. Implications for professional development systems are discussed.

The 2016 Kids Count Data Book
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/2016-kids-count-data-book
29 Jun 2016 | United States
2016 Kids Count Data Book from the Annie E. Casey Foundation finds that youth in the U.S. are healthier and completing secondary education despite mounting economic inequality. The annual report focuses on key trends in child well-being in the post-recession years and offers recommendations for how policymakers can ensure all children are prepared for the future, including through the expansion of access to high-quality pre-K and early childhood services.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

‘Leaning in’ hurts poor women when childcare is scarce
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/%E2%80%98leaning-in%E2%80%99-hurts-poor-women-when-childcare-scarce
29 Jun 2016 | United States

French daycares struggling to recruit staff
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/french-daycares-struggling-recruit-staff
29 Jun 2016 | Prince Edward Island

Breaking down the numbers: Can parents afford summertime care costs?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/breaking-down-numbers-can-parents-afford-summertime-care-costs
29 Jun 2016 | Ontario, British Columbia

Ontario backs off controversial autism changes, boosts services after parents protest
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/ontario-backs-controversial-autism-changes-boosts-services-after-par
29 Jun 2016 | Ontario

Downtown Yellowknife daycare to double its child-care spaces after move
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/downtown-yellowknife-daycare-double-its-child-care-spaces-after-move
29 Jun 2016 | Northwest Territories

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

June 19, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

Response to the Early Years Division, Ministry of Education regarding proposed introduction of regulation eliminating child care wait list fees
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/response-early-years-division-ministry-education-regarding-
15 Jun 2016 | Ontario
New response from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit to the ON government's proposed regulation banning child care wait list fees in Ontario. It supports the elements of the proposal while suggesting several additions. It also notes that wait list fees are a symptom of Ontario's weak child care situation and calls on the government to "to begin a full policy process to develop a robust, comprehensive policy framework that lays out the province's intentions, rationales, short and long-term plans, and funding and evaluation mechanisms."

Timeline: Fifty years of men, work and family in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/timeline-fifty-years-men-work-and-family-canada
15 Jun 2016 | Canada
New 50-year timeline from the Vanier Institute explores trends and social, economic, cultural and environmental contexts that shape fatherhood and family relationships. Highlights include that fathers with a flexible schedule are more satisfied with their work-life balance and that the number of stay-at-home dads is on the rise. The authors note that this bilingual resource is a perpetual publication, and will be updated periodically as new data emerges.

It's time to act: Report of the Special Committee on pay equity
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/its-time-act-report-special-committee-pay-equity
15 Jun 2016 | Canada
Drafted by a Special Committee tasked by the Commons, a new pay equity report has been released that considers why men in Canada are making more than women for work of equal value. The report urges the government to take action to close the unacceptable gap in pay between men and women that contributes to income inequality and discriminates against women.

High-quality early learning settings depend on a high-quality workforce: Low compensation undermines quality
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/high-quality-early-learning-settings-depend-high-quality-wo
15 Jun 2016 | United States
Recent report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services discusses the importance of supporting the early learning and child care workforce – nearly all of whom are women – not only to improve the quality of early learning programs, but also to ensure fair pay so that they can support their own families. The authors stress that the quality of any early learning setting is directly related to the quality of its staff.

The Fatherhood Institute 2016 Fairness in Families Index
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/06/fatherhood-institute-2016-fairness-families-index
15 Jun 2016 | International
New Fatherhood Institute’s Fairness in Families Index ranks Canada seventh out of 22 countries in shared child care responsibilities between mothers and fathers. Rankings are based on a number of factors such as parental leave, the gender wage gap, and ratios of men and women caring for children and doing housework. The authors note that benefits are found for women, men, and children when fathers provide competent care beyond the role of breadwinner, and mothers participate substantially in the paid workforce.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Canadian dads are more involved than ever, study says
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/canadian-dads-are-more-involved-ever-study-says
15 Jun 2016 | Canada

Child care, housing key priorities for families minister
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/child-care-housing-key-priorities-families-minister
15 Jun 2016 | Canada

OCDSB scrambles to shore up $200K daycare funding gap left by city
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/ocdsb-scrambles-shore-200k-daycare-funding-gap-left-city
15 Jun 2016 | Ontario

Additional funding for licensed child care ‘just a drop in the bucket’: parent advocate
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/additional-funding-licensed-child-care-%E2%80%98just-drop-bucket%E2%80%99-parent-adv
15 Jun 2016 | Alberta

Whitewashed world: Why has it taken so long to add colour to our leadership?
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/06/whitewashed-world-why-has-it-taken-so-long-add-colour-our-leadership
15 Jun 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

---

- Go to the Non-Governmental Early Learning and Child Care Links page:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/ecd2.htm

May 29, 2016
What's new online this week:

What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):
http://www.childcarecanada.org

Parental-leave rich and parental-leave poor: Inequality in Canadian labour market based leave policies
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/parental-leave-rich-and-parental-leave-poor-inequality-cana
25 May 2016 | Canada
Recent article published in the Journal of Industrial Relations compares access to parental-leave benefits between Québec and the rest of Canada. Analysis reveals that maternal access to leave benefits has improved dramatically over the past decade in Québec, especially for low-income households. However on average 40% of employed mothers in the rest of Canada are consistently excluded from maternity or parental benefits under the federal program. The authors draw attention to the need for greater public and scholarly scrutiny of the social class inequality effects of parental leave policy.

Child care assistance in the United States and nonstandard work schedules
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/child-care-assistance-united-states-and-nonstandard-work-sc
25 May 2016 | United States
2015 report from the American Enterprise Institute considers work schedule as a major limit in accessing child care assistance particularly for families with low incomes. Using data from a cohort of urban mothers, this study explores the direct and indirect relationship between work schedule and receipt of child care assistance. Findings suggest that nonstandard work schedules reduce the odds of receiving child care assistance; a relationship mediated entirely by less day care center use among nonstandard schedule workers.

Half of under-threes cared for by their parents only in the EU in 2014
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/half-under-threes-cared-their-parents-only-eu-2014
25 May 2016 | Europe
Recent data from Eurostat provides new figures on arrangements for early child care in EU member states. Researchers found that fewer than a third (28%) of children under the age of three attended formal childcare and that the average formal child care coverage for EU member states has been the same since 2012. However the biggest deficiencies are found for the youngest age group in the member states with the highest rates of child poverty, making the case for greater public investment in these areas.

Hypothetical modelling of childcare costs for families
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/hypothetical-modelling-childcare-costs-families
25 May 2016 | Australia and New Zealand
Recent research from the ANU Centre for Social Research and Methods [AU] attempts to calculate the financial impact on families of women returning to work after having a child. A number of hypothetical families were developed as sample users of formal long day care in Australia. Simulating tax payments and transfer subsidies for family tax benefits and child care payments for each family, researchers found that many women are actually losing money by returning to work and that those who earn the least are often hit the hardest.

Shameful neglect: Indigenous child poverty in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/shameful-neglect-indigenous-child-poverty-canada
18 May 2016 | Canada
New report from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives calculates child poverty rates in Canada including the rates on reserves and in territories. The report disaggregates the statistics and identifies three tiers of poverty for children in Canada, finding the worst poverty experienced by status First Nation children. The authors call for immediate action to resolve the ongoing crisis affecting Indigenous people across the country, and recommend a poverty reduction plan that includes strategies such as improving child-related income support and social infrastructure.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

A much-needed pre-k primer
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/much-needed-pre-k-primer
25 May 2016 | United States

Ending child-care wait-list fees is a break for parents: Editorial
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/ending-child-care-wait-list-fees-break-parents-editorial
25 May 2016 | Ontario

Parental leave study shows rich-poor divide
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/parental-leave-study-shows-rich-poor-divide
25 May 2016 | Quebec

Ottawa daycare could close due to government rent increase
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/ottawa-daycare-could-close-due-government-rent-increase
25 May 2016 | Ontario

Daycare funding boost means wage increases, more opportunity for low-income families
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/daycare-funding-boost-means-wage-increases-more-opportunity-low-inco
25 May 2016 | Nova Scotia

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

May 15, 2016
What's new online this week:

Early childhood education and care reform in Canadian provinces: Understanding the role of experts and evidence in policy change
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/early-childhood-education-and-care-reform-canadian-province
11 May 2016 | Canada
New journal article considers the recent reforms to implement full-day kindergarten in many provincial ECEC systems. The authors analyze the commission processes that led to these reforms to investigate the relationship between experts, policy makers, and policy outcomes. Analysis of provinces reveals that governments rarely fully implement the programs supported by the evidence base and instead make changes based on a highly selective and path-dependent approach to the complex issue of early childhood care and education.

Understanding the Manitoba election 2016
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/understanding-manitoba-election-2016
11 May 2016 | Manitoba
New e-book from Manitoba University Press brings together 27 experts to offer analysis of the 2016 Manitoba election and insights into the decision that Manitoba voters made on April 19. Chapters consider political parties, social, economic, and cultural organizations, public institutions, and key policy areas that shaped the election. Chapter 15 written by Susan Prentice provides a topical analysis of child care in the 2016 Manitoba election.

Framing the new inequality: The politics of income redistribution in Canada
11 May 2016 | Canada
Recent chapter from 'Income inequality: The Canadian story' published by the Institute for Research on Public Policy analyzes the politics of framing the new inequality. The authors examine three frames for addressing inequality concluding that a move to stronger income redistribution would confront constraints in the form of established policy norms and the unequal representation of economic interests in our political system.

Starting Strong IV: Monitoring quality in early childhood education and care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/starting-strong-iv-monitoring-quality-early-childhood-educa
11 May 2016 | International
Starting Strong IV from the OECD explores how countries can develop and use monitoring systems to ensure quality and accountability in early childhood education and care programs. The report offers an international perspective and concrete examples to help policy makers, monitoring experts and practitioners in the field develop their own monitoring policies and practices.

Saskatchewan's early years plan 2016 - 2020
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/saskatchewans-early-years-plan-2016-2020
11 May 2016 | Saskatchewan
Recently released plan from the Government of Saskatchewan sets out goals and actions to improve early years programs and supports over the next five years. The province outlines how it will attempt to improve existing programs through re-focusing resources and eliminating gaps in services.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

NDP MPP introduces bill prohibiting daycare wait list fees
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/ndp-mpp-introduces-bill-prohibiting-daycare-wait-list-fees
11 May 2016 | Ontario

Universal child care the perfect Mother’s Day gift
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/universal-child-care-perfect-mother%E2%80%99s-day-gift
11 May 2016 | Ontario

Ontario tweaks controversial daycare regulations
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/ontario-tweaks-controversial-daycare-regulations
11 May 2016 | Ontario

Ontario revises daycare regulations after criticism from parents
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/ontario-revises-daycare-regulations-after-criticism-parents
11 May 2016 | Ontario

Vancouver hopes to turn downtown parking stalls into daycare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/vancouver-hopes-turn-downtown-parking-stalls-daycare
11 May 2016 | British Columbia

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

May 7, 2016
What's new online this week:

Les services de garde au Québec: Champ libre au privé
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/les-services-de-garde-au-qu%C3%A9bec-champ-libre-au-priv%C3%A9
3 May 2016 | Quebec
New report from the Institut de recherche et d'informations socio-économiques (L’IRIS) in Québec considers the current child care climate in the province including the recent budget cuts to CPEs that are forcing more parents to turn to private child care to meet their needs. The authors note that the quality of services in non-subsidized private daycares is often lacking and that any increase in costs associated with these services can have negative impacts on the participation of women in the labour market.

Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/social-determinants-health-canadian-perspectives
3 May 2016 | Canada
Edited collection from Canadian Scholars' Press offers a comprehensive discussion of the primary factors that influence the health of Canada’s population. Taking a public policy approach, the authors analyze structural inequalities in our society and the socio-economic factors that affect health. Updates to this third edition include a greater focus on the political mechanisms that explain the distribution of the social determinants of health and additional material on public policy, early childhood education in Canada, and the determinants of Indigenous peoples’ health.

Interaction: The forest preschool movement in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/interaction-forest-preschool-movement-canada
3 May 2016 | Canada
The Spring 2016 issue of Interaction, the Canadian Child Care Federation's publication, highlights nature-based child care and early learning programs that emphasize all day outdoor play. In focus articles feature information about the forest school movement in Canada, early childhood educators who have taken nature-based training and are applying this to their programs and the implication of nature and outdoor programs in fostering child social development and inclusion.

Pregnancy and maternity discrimination report
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/pregnancy-and-maternity-discrimination-report
3 May 2016 | Europe
New research investigates the prevalence and nature of pregnancy discrimination and disadvantage in workplaces across Britain. Results are based on interviews with 3,034 employers and 3,254 mothers. Surveys aimed to cover the views and experiences of employers and mothers on issues related to managing pregnancy, maternity leave and returning to work.

First-year daycare and incidence of acute gastroenteritis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/05/first-year-daycare-and-incidence-acute-gastroenteritis
3 May 2016 | Europe
Recent study from the Netherlands investigates the effects of first-year daycare attendance on acute gastroenteritis (AGE) incidence and primary care contact rate up to age six. The researchers conclude that first-year daycare attendance advances the timing of AGE infections, resulting in increased AGE disease burden in the first year and relative protection thereafter until at least the age of six. This suggests that early daycare attendance may provide some health immunity for children.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice
Research, policy & practice materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports.

Child care in the news

Petite enfance: Québec favorise les garderies privées, soutient l'IRIS
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/petite-enfance-qu%C3%A9bec-favorise-les-garderies-priv%C3%A9es-soutient-liris
3 May 2016 | Quebec

The cruel and pointless push to get preschoolers 'college and career ready'
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/cruel-and-pointless-push-get-preschoolers-college-and-career-ready
3 May 2016 | United States

Services de garde privés: concurrence déloyale
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/services-de-garde-priv%C3%A9s-concurrence-d%C3%A9loyale
2 May 2016 | Quebec

Vancouver living wage improves, but child care still a huge strain
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/vancouver-living-wage-improves-child-care-still-huge-strain
2 May 2016 | British Columbia

Toddler calls now to put her future offspring on daycare waiting list
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/05/toddler-calls-now-put-her-future-offspring-daycare-waiting-list
2 May 2016 | Ontario

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

It's time to rip the band-aid off Canada's daycare crisis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/its-time-rip-band-aid-canadas-daycare-crisis
27 Apr 2016 | Canada

Beausoleil daycare may not reopen under city management, councillors told
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/beausoleil-daycare-may-not-reopen-under-city-management-councillors-
27 Apr 2016 | Quebec

Ottawa braces for $2.2M childcare subsidy shortfall
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/ottawa-braces-22m-childcare-subsidy-shortfall
27 Apr 2016 | Ontario

P.E.I. childcare subsidy program cut again
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/pei-childcare-subsidy-program-cut-again
27 Apr 2016 | Prince Edward Island

Paternity leave in Canada might get much needed revamp
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/paternity-leave-canada-might-get-much-needed-revamp
27 Apr 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

May 1, 2016
What's new online this week:

Finland’s social climbers: How they’re fighting inequality with education, and winning
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/finland%E2%80%99s-social-climbers-how-they%E2%80%99re-fighting-inequality-e
27 Apr 2016 | International
Recent Globe and Mail series, Unstuck, considers the stalling world economy and a frustrating lack of advancement in human progress and equality. This article explores Finland where national policy has been used to build a better pathway out of poverty and into a productive life through a re-engineered school and early education system that fills the gap between the rural poor and better-off urbanites.

Confronting the contradictions: A case study of early childhood teacher development in neo-liberal times
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/confronting-contradictions-case-study-early-childhood-teach
27 Apr 2016 | United States
2009 article presents a case study examining the impact of neo-liberal education reforms on a sample of early education teacher candidates. Analysis of how these pre-service educators are taught provides the opportunity to consider the practical and critical steps training programs might take to better prepare their candidates for confronting neo-liberal polices and market-based principles in the field of early childhood education and care. The author also considers that in doing so, teacher candidates can develop early learning experiences for their children that teach them to become engaged democratic citizens rather than compliant consumers within the neo-liberal state.

Quality early education for all: Fostering creative, entrepreneurial, resilient and capable learners
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/quality-early-education-all-fostering-creative-entrepreneur
27 Apr 2016 | Australia and New Zealand
New report from the Mitchell Institute considers the mismatch between investment and opportunity in early childhood policy in Australia. The authors assert that current policy settings are not meeting the needs of the children who stand to benefit most. The report aims to inform priorities for action for the next five years.

Closing the pension gap: Understanding women’s attitudes to pension saving
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/gender-wage-gap-strategy-consultation
27 Apr 2016 | Europe
New research report from Fawcett [U.K.] examines why women often save less than men. The study reveals that women in their twenties and thirties are under saving for their pensions and may be at risk of poverty in retirement because they put their own needs last and take full responsibility for childcare costs. Researchers found that many women had cut their own pensions contributions to cover the costs of childcare or as a result of taking time out of work to look after children. Recommendations include ensuring the true cost of having a family is shared between the couple and does not fall primarily on the main carer who is usually a woman.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

It's time to rip the band-aid off Canada's daycare crisis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/its-time-rip-band-aid-canadas-daycare-crisis

27 Apr 2016 | Canada

Beausoleil daycare may not reopen under city management, councillors told
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/beausoleil-daycare-may-not-reopen-under-city-management-councillors-
27 Apr 2016 | Quebec

Ottawa braces for $2.2M childcare subsidy shortfall
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/ottawa-braces-22m-childcare-subsidy-shortfall
27 Apr 2016 | Ontario

P.E.I. childcare subsidy program cut again
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/pei-childcare-subsidy-program-cut-again
27 Apr 2016 | Prince Edward Island

Paternity leave in Canada might get much needed revamp
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/paternity-leave-canada-might-get-much-needed-revamp
27 Apr 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

April 24, 2016
What's new online this week:

Gender wage gap strategy consultation
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/gender-wage-gap-strategy-consultation
20 Apr 2016 | Ontario
New report summarizes Ontario government's public consultations on the gender wage gap, which the government has committed to close. Ontarians identified the causes of the gender wage gap and proposed solutions. The report notes that "child care was the number one issue everywhere. Clear statements were made about the need for a public system of early childhood education and care that is universal, high quality and comprehensive. Participants called for public funding and support that provides for both adequate wages and affordable fees".

Every step you take: Ontario’s gender pay gap ladder
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/every-step-you-take-ontario%E2%80%99s-gender-pay-gap-ladder
20 Apr 2016 | Ontario
Recent study from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives draws upon a decile analysis to examine the distribution of men’s and women’s earnings. Analysis reveals that the average pay gap between men and women stands at 29.4 per cent in Ontario — a gap that shadows women every step of the way up the income ladder. The study concludes that Ontario’s labour market system must be transformed to produce economic equality for women; this includes social and economic policies that do not impose a gender penalty.

Fairness for children: A league table of inequality in child well-being in rich countries
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/fairness-children-league-table-inequality-child-well-being-
20 Apr 2016 | International
New UNICEF report card presents an overview of inequalities in child well-being in 41 countries of the European Union (EU) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The report focuses on ‘bottom-end inequality’ – the gap between children at the bottom and those in the middle – and addresses the question ‘how far behind are children being allowed to fall?’ in income, education, health and life satisfaction. Authors suggest that for Canadian children, early child care programs can improve the incomes of the households they live in and better their overall health and well-being.

Job satisfaction of early childhood educators in Nova Scotia and their perceptions of the current daycare system in our province
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/job-satisfaction-early-childhood-educators-nova-scotia-and-
20 Apr 2016 | Nova Scotia
2009 graduate thesis investigates the job satisfaction of early childhood educators in Nova Scotia and their perceptions of the current daycare system within the province. Findings indicated significant differences in the experience and education level of survey participants from not-for-profit and for-profit child care centers with participants from not-for-profit centers being more experienced and having a higher level of education. Participants also indicated that they felt the governments’ actions were not supportive in creating quality childcare spaces.

Alternative policy designs and the socio-political construction of childcare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/alternative-policy-designs-and-socio-political-construction
20 Apr 2016 | United States
2007 article considers child care policy design choices, such as providing childcare assistance through a government program or via a voucher for use in the private market, and how these value-laden choices shape the nature of young children’s experiences in care settings. The author documents the socio-political effects of differing policy through comparison of five common childcare policy designs.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Sheila Block breaks down the gender wage gap
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/sheila-block-breaks-down-gender-wage-gap
20 Apr 2016 | Ontario

Paternity leave is great, but childcare policy still needed: experts
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/paternity-leave-great-childcare-policy-still-needed-experts
20 Apr 2016 | Canada

Manitoba Tories' disappointing plan for child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/tories-disappointing-plan-child-care
20 Apr 2016 | Manitoba

Daycare workers and parents stage another protest against funding cuts
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/daycare-workers-and-parents-stage-another-protest-against-funding-cu
20 Apr 2016 | Quebec

Child-care department feels province shorted city $2.2M, wants to dip into reserves
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/child-care-department-feels-province-shorted-city-22m-wants-dip-rese
20 Apr 2016 | Ontario

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

April 17, 2016
What's new online this week:

The power of parity: Advancing women's equality in the United States
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/power-parity-advancing-womens-equality-united-states
13 Apr 2016 | United States
New report from the McKinsey Global Institute finds that every U.S. state and city can add at least five percent to their GDP by 2025 by advancing the economic potential of women. The report also notes that half of U.S. states have the potential to add more than 10 percent, and the country’s 50 largest cities can increase GDP by 6 to 13 percent. They highlight higher female labor-force participation and narrowing the gap between men and women who work part time and full time as ways for this boost to be secured.

It’s time for an ambitious national investment in America’s children
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/it%E2%80%99s-time-ambitious-national-investment-america%E2%80%99s-children
13 Apr 2016 | United States
New report from the Economic Policy Institute [U.S.] reviews the evidence on why a major investment in America’s children is such a promising economic strategy that can provide substantial social benefits—and that would more than pay for itself over time. It highlights four particular tranches of benefits including the benefits that stem from having more resources invested in the care and education of children in their early years.

Early social-emotional functioning and public health: The relationship between kindergarten social competence and future wellness
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/early-social-emotional-functioning-and-public-health-relati
13 Apr 2016 | United States
2015 research examines whether kindergarten teachers' ratings of children’s pro-social skills predict key adolescent and adult outcomes. The researchers found statistically significant associations between measured social-emotional skills in kindergarten and key young adult outcomes across multiple domains of education, employment and mental health. They conclude that kindergarten measure of social-emotional skills may be useful for assessing whether children are at risk for deficits in non-cognitive skills later in life and and thus help identify those in need of early intervention.

Supporting the child care and workforce development needs of TANF families
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/supporting-child-care-and-workforce-development-needs-tanf-
13 Apr 2016 | United States
Recent report considers the needs of low-income families receiving cash assistance through Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) in the U.S. The authors recognize that workforce development and child care are paramount to these families receiving the support they need. The report outlines the opportunities offered by workforce development and child care subsidy systems but also highlights the challenges of meeting the complex needs of these highly disadvantaged families. Implications for federal and state policy improvements are identified.

City of Toronto response to proposed regulations under the Child Care and Early Years Act and Education Act
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/city-toronto-response-proposed-regulations-under-child-care
7 Apr 2016 | Ontario
In response to the newly proposed regulations under the Child Care and Early Years Act and Education Act, Toronto Children's Services and Parks, Forestry & Recreation conducted broad consultation with service providers, parents and others to produce a well-informed response. The City of Toronto is concerned with a number of the proposed changes including new licensing standards, reconfigured age groups and ratios, and the changing of community-based recreation programs. They note that the early learning and care and recreation communities must work together to find regulatory solutions that improve quality and access without wholesale changes that have unintended consequences.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Beaches-East York MPP Potts presents petition to ban non-refundable waiting list fees for daycare
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/beaches-east-york-mpp-potts-presents-petition-ban-non-refundable-wai
13 Apr 2016 | Ontario

Ontario backs down from proposed daycare changes
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/ontario-backs-down-proposed-daycare-changes
13 Apr 2016 | Ontario

Petition pushes PM to fulfill promise of extended parental leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/petition-pushes-pm-fulfill-promise-extended-parental-leave
13 Apr 2016 | Canada

Ontario plan puts more than 2,000 Toronto daycare spots at risk
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/ontario-plan-puts-more-2000-toronto-daycare-spots-risk
13 Apr 2016 | Ontario

Child care advocates fear consequences if Liberal funding promise falls through
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/child-care-advocates-fear-consequences-if-liberal-funding-promise-fa
13 Apr 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

April 10, 2016
What's new online this week:

City of Toronto response to proposed regulations under the Child Care and Early Years Act and Education Act
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/city-toronto-response-proposed-regulations-under-child-care
7 Apr 2016 | Ontario
In response to the newly proposed regulations under the Child Care and Early Years Act and Education Act, Toronto Children's Services and Parks, Forestry & Recreation conducted broad consultation with service providers, parents and others to produce a well-informed response. The City of Toronto is concerned with a number of the proposed changes including new licensing standards, reconfigured age groups and ratios, and the changing of community-based recreation programs. They note that the early learning and care and recreation communities must work together to find regulatory solutions that improve quality and access without wholesale changes that have unintended consequences.

OCBCC response to regulatory registry posting related to the Child Care and Early Years Act, 2014 and the Education Act: Phase 2 regulations.
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/ocbcc-response-regulatory-registry-posting-related-child-ca
6 Apr 2016 | Ontario
In response to the Regulatory Posting of February 1, 2016, the Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care began a process to inform, consult and engage its members on all the proposals contained in the posting. The areas in which there was broad consensus and those of deepest concern to the community are highlighted in this response. The OCBCC urges the government of Ontario to undertake a comprehensive policy process with the explicit goal of developing, over time, a quality, universal early childhood education and care system.

Policy legacies and child care politics in Australia and Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/policy-legacies-and-child-care-politics-australia-and-canad
6 Apr 2016 | International
2015 article explores the puzzle of why Australia and Canada have followed significantly different paths in national-level child care policy despite their otherwise similar welfare state structures. The author suggests that the differences in the intended goals of the child care policies in each country affected the subsequent patterns of child care politics and policy development, leading to the divergent outcomes observed today.

Nova Scotia review of regulated child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/nova-scotia-review-regulated-child-care
6 Apr 2016 | Nova Scotia
Recent report on a review of child care services in Nova Scotia has been released. The review focused on five key areas: accessibility of child care for families, affordability of child care programs, quality of the programming, support and development of the workforce, structure and governance of the system. The report highlights the need for better compensation of the child care workforce in the province.

Child care services, socioeconomic inequalities, and academic performance
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/04/child-care-services-socioeconomic-inequalities-and-academic
6 Apr 2016 | Quebec
2015 study aims to determine whether child care services at a population level can reduce social inequalities in academic performance until early adolescence. The researchers found that children from low socioeconomic status families who received high-intensity child care services compared with those who received low-intensity child care services had significantly better reading, writing and mathematics scores. The researchers conclude that early participation in centre-based child care services is strongly encouraged for children growing up in families with low socio-economic status.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

'Paying for nothing': A lawyer's crusade to end money for daycare wait lists
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/paying-nothing-lawyers-crusade-end-money-daycare-wait-lists
6 Apr 2016 | Ontario

Nova Scotia Premier McNeil: Keynote address - NSLP AGM 2016
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/nova-scotia-premier-mcneil-keynote-address-nslp-agm-2016
6 Apr 2016 | Nova Scotia

Parents urge province to ban daycare wait list fees
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/parents-urge-province-ban-daycare-wait-list-fees
6 Apr 2016 | Ontario

Anti-poverty policy needs protection
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/anti-poverty-policy-needs-protection
6 Apr 2016 | Canada

Gretzky presents petitions against changes to child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/04/gretzky-presents-petitions-against-changes-child-care
6 Apr 2016 | Ontario

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

March 20, 2016
What's new online this week:

Open letter to Premier Kathleen Wynne about proposed changes to staff: child ratios and group sizes in Ontario child care centres
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/open-letter-premier-kathleen-wynne-about-proposed-changes-s
16 Mar 2016 | Ontario
Today the Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care has launched an open letter to Premier Kathleen Wynne expressing concern about the Ontario Ministry of Education's proposed regulatory changes to age ranges, ratios and group sizes. The OCBCC is asking individuals to sign on to this letter and circulate it to colleagues, Facebook groups, family and friends so that these regulatory changes can be stopped. Please sign and share!

National surveys find lax standards for child care oversight, inspection
|http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/national-surveys-find-lax-standards-child-care-oversight-in
16 Mar 2016 | United States
Recent investigative article from The Hechinger Report [U.S.] (a journalism platform that uses research, data and stories from classrooms and campuses to investigate education matters)considers how child care oversight rules vary across the nation — and that states with strict rules governing child care are the exception not the rule. The authors compile data from a number of sources finding that the safety of children using child care centres across the U.S. is often compromised by a lack of penalties, fines or inspections.

What we ask of parents: Unequal expectations for parental contributions to early childhood and post-secondary education in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/what-we-ask-parents-unequal-expectations-parental-contribut
16 Mar 2016 | Canada
New paper compares the different expectations governments have with respect to parental contributions to their children’s education at the early childhood education (ECE) and post-secondary (PSE) levels. The researchers consider the costs, subsidy policies, and intersection between the two by income level finding that parents of children in ECE are generally required to contribute more than parents of children in PSE.

Parents’ non-standard work schedules make adequate childrearing difficult
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/parents%E2%80%99-non-standard-work-schedules-make-adequate-childrea
16 Mar 2016 | United States
2015 Economic Policy Institute issue brief examines evidence on the prevalence of unpredictable and non-standard work schedules in the United States, and on how such schedules impair children’s development. The authors suggest that policy changes should create disincentives to schedule work in ways that impede employees’ ability to care for their children.

Creating better economic opportunities for women in Nairobi slums through improved childcare options
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/creating-better-economic-opportunities-women-nairobi-slums-
16 Mar 2016 | Africa
2014 project aims to assess the impact of childcare constraints on the economic empowerment of poor, urban women in Kenya in order to develop effective policies. The researchers focus is on testing the effectiveness of reducing the cost and improving the quality of daycare services on women’s labor force participation and income in a slum in Nairobi. The project began October 31st 2014 and will be completed October 30th 2017.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Women’s opportunities hindered by lack of national childcare policy
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/women%E2%80%99s-opportunities-hindered-lack-national-childcare-policy
16 Mar 2016 | Canada

Former daycare owner convicted of manslaughter: ‘What am I going to say to my children?’
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/former-daycare-owner-convicted-manslaughter-%E2%80%98what-am-i-going-say-my-
16 Mar 2016 | Ontario

Liberals promise no-wait public child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/liberals-promise-no-wait-public-child-care
16 Mar 2016 | Canada

Child-care proposals come up short
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/child-care-proposals-come-short
15 Mar 2016 | Ontario

International Women's Day adds momentum to the call for universal child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/international-womens-day-adds-momentum-call-universal-child-care
15 Mar 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

March 13, 2016
What's new online this week:

Alternative Federal Budget 2016: It's time to move on
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/alternative-federal-budget-2016-its-time-move
10 Mar 2016 | Canada
Alternative Federal Budget 2016 delivers a plan that would lift 1.1 million Canadians out of poverty, reduce income inequality, boost economic growth, and, at its peak, result in 520,000 new jobs. The chapter on child care and early education highlights how the current market-driven approach is not working and provides an alternative budget that would commit $600 million in federal funding in 2016/17 through a dedicated and sustained social infrastructure stream.

Proposed changes to child care regulations - Ontario 2016
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/proposed-changes-child-care-regulations-ontario-2016
8 Mar 2016 | Ontario
New CRRU BRIEFing NOTE updates a previous document, Proposed changes to child care regulations - Ontario 2014, while providing new information on 2016 proposed changes to Ontario's child care regulations. It explains the context, compares current, proposed and previous regulations, and briefly summarizes points from the research literature on staff:child ratios, group size and their links to quality. It also explores the proposed elimination of home visitors’ caseloads in regulated home child care.

Women’s work: Mothers, children and the global childcare crisis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/women%E2%80%99s-work-mothers-children-and-global-childcare-crisis
8 Mar 2016 | International
New report indicates that there is an urgent need to solve the global care crisis to improve the lives of both women and children and to grow economies. The report and summary explores the current childcare policy failures and successes across a range of case-study countries, including Vietnam, Gaza, Mexico, India and Ethiopia. The authors provide six key policy recommendations to extend and improve care-related labour market policies; promote more integrated approaches to social protection; and to invest in better data.

Making women count: The unequal economics of women’s work
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/making-women-count-unequal-economics-women%E2%80%99s-work
8 Mar 2016 | Canada
Recent study co-published by CCPA and Oxfam Canada looks at how women in Canada and around the world are affected by rising inequality, including the burden of unpaid work, the undervaluing of work in predominantly female fields, and the social norms that see men offered higher wages than women. The study offers a number of solutions to help make women count, including a shift towards policies that support better wages and access to employment for women such as child care.

Equal worth: Designing effective pay equity laws for Alberta
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/equal-worth-designing-effective-pay-equity-laws-alberta
8 Mar 2016 | Alberta
New report explores the best practices in pay equity within Canada and internationally finding that the most effective pay equity laws are compulsory, comprehensive, and feature enforcement and ongoing oversight. The author focuses on the province of Alberta noting that it has the largest gender income gap in the country. She also emphasizes that a lack of effectively subsidized childcare options often limits women to part-time or poorly paid occupations thus exacerbating gender pay inequalities.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

After school: the other Vancouver child care crisis
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/after-school-other-vancouver-child-care-crisis
9 Mar 2016 | British Columbia

On International Women’s Day, the need for national child care is more pressing than ever: Editorial
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/international-women%E2%80%99s-day-need-national-child-care-more-pressing-eve
8 Mar 2016 | Canada

Daycare nightmare forces mom to take unpaid leave
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/daycare-nightmare-forces-mom-take-unpaid-leave
8 Mar 2016 | Ontario

Ontario considers changing daycare ages and staff-child ratio
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/ontario-considers-changing-daycare-ages-and-staff-child-ratio
8 Mar 2016 | Ontario

Women's wage gap getting wider in Canada, new report indicates
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/womens-wage-gap-getting-wider-canada-new-report-indicates
8 Mar 2016 | Canada

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

March 6, 2016
What's new online this week:

Staffed support networks and quality in family child care: The family child care network impact study
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/staffed%C2%A0support%C2%A0networks-and%C2%A0quality%C2%A0in%C2%A0family%C2%A0child%C2%A0care%C2%A0t
2 Mar 2016 | United States
2009 study examines the relationship between affiliation with a family child care staffed network and quality of family child care as well as a comparison of staffed networks and provider-led associations. The authors consider how training and support such as home visiting impacts the quality of these child care settings.

Lone parents, health, wellbeing and welfare to work: A systematic review of qualitative studies
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/lone-parents-health-wellbeing-and-welfare-work-systematic-r
2 Mar 2016 | International
New systematic review of qualitative studies considers the attempt of many high income countries to address high poverty rates by introducing employment requirements for lone parents in receipt of welfare benefits. Five high income countries, USA, Canada, UK, Australia, and New Zealand, covering a variety of welfare regimes were considered. Synthesis found that 'welfare to work' requirements often conflicted with child care responsibilities and that available employment was often poorly paid and precarious.

Early years #GE16 - Affordable, quality, accessible
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/early-years-ge16-affordable-quality-accessible
2 Mar 2016 | Europe
Recent brief from Start Strong outlines some of the big themes of the 2016 general election in Ireland – paid parental leave and childcare. This brief summarizes what the next government should do in regards to these issues and how the political parties manifestos measure up against one another.

Inquiry into the provisions of the Family Assistance Legislation amendment (Jobs for Families Child Care Package) Bill 2015
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/03/inquiry-provisions-family-assistance-legislation-amendment-
2 Mar 2016 | Australia and New Zealand
Recent report outlines concerns over the Jobs for Families Child Care Package being introduced in Australia. The authors note that the new package may lead to significantly reduced participation in quality early learning of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children experiencing vulnerability while also placing the viability of services supporting these children under threat.

CCAAC 2016 federal budget submission
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/16/02/ccaac-2016-federal-budget-submission
24 Feb 2016 | Canada
The CCAAC 2016 federal budget submission calls on the federal government to prioritize child care infrastructure investments in Budget 2016 to deliver affordable, high-quality, flexible, and fully inclusive child care for Canadian families. In the short term two dedicated streams of federal public investment are required: $100 million in annual funding to begin to empower and resource Indigenous communities to design, deliver and govern services that meet their needs and $500 million in federal transfers to provinces and territories.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Ontario budget leaves Ontario’s poorest children behind: Editorial
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/ontario-budget-leaves-ontario%E2%80%99s-poorest-children-behind-editorial
2 Mar 2016 | Ontario

N.W.T. MLAs unite against cabinet to push childcare, reduced tax, highway shelters
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/nwt-mlas-unite-against-cabinet-push-childcare-reduced-tax-highway-sh
2 Mar 2016 | Northwest Territories

A look at Toronto’s childcare needs
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/look-toronto%E2%80%99s-childcare-needs
2 Mar 2016 | Ontario

Manitoba parents concerned about school-aged child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/manitoba-parents-concerned-about-school-aged-child-care
2 Mar 2016 | Manitoba

The daycare industry, exposed
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/16/03/daycare-industry-exposed
2 Mar 2016 | United States

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news


New study from the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives
reveals the most and least expensive Canadian cities for child care

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/newsroom/news-releases/new-study-reveals-most-and-least-expensive-canadian-cities-child-care
News Release
December 10, 2015
OTTAWA—A new study released today by the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives (CCPA) reveals the most and least expensive cities for child care in Canada. The study examines median unsubsidized child care fees in Canada's biggest 27 cities for infants, toddlers, and preschoolers, as well as the different subsidization regimes that reduce costs for low-income families. It finds Canada's child care systems can vary dramatically from province to province and city to city, but two things hold true in nearly all places: child care is expensive and regulated spaces are hard to find.

Complete study:

They Go Up So Fast:
2015 Child Care Fees in Canadian Cities
(PDF - 832KB, 40 pages)
https://goo.gl/o07Y1m
David Macdonald and Thea Klinger

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

https://www.policyalternatives.ca/

Better daycare for $7/day: One province's solution for Canada
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/parenting/the-one-province-that-gets-daycare-right-in-canada-think-7-a-day/article14933862/
By Erin Anderssen andf Kim Mackrael
October 18, 2013
(...)
The kids [in Quebec's publicly subsidized daycare centres] come from a range of backgrounds. Some spots have been reserved for low-income families, others are used by professional parents who live in high-end condos popping up in the area or more affluent neighbourhoods nearby.

All of them pay the same rate for full-time care: $7 a day.
That’s the envy of parents just about everywhere else in Canada, who shell out as much as $2,000 a month... for care that amounts to babysitting in somebody’s basement.

More related to this story:
(Click the link above, then scroll down a few paragraphs for the links to the articles below)
* Your daycare stories: Nightmare costs, conflicting schedules, and inventive solutions
* Video: Lessons the rest of Canada should learn from PEI's daycare overhaul
* Raising children costs less than people believe, Fraser study says

Join the conversation on Twitter: follow @globelife and use the hashtag #globedaycare

178 comments about this article:
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/life/parenting/the-one-province-that-gets-daycare-right-in-canada-think-7-a-day/article14933862/comments/

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTE : This is the first in a Globe six-part series about building a better daycare system in Canada.
We’ll examine just who is watching the kids, across the country and around the world.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Vote: Should Canada have a universal daycare system?
http://m.theglobeandmail.com/life/parenting/vote-are-you-happy-with-the-state-of-childcare-in-canada/article14926139/

Source:
Globe and Mail
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/

Time for Ontario to go public with child care
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/newsroom/updates/time-ontario-go-public-child-care
September 17, 2012
The Ontario government is in a consultation phase over how to modernize the province's child care system. Child care expert Martha Friendly and CCPA Ontario Director Trish Hennessy have co-authored a primer on child care in Ontario, making the case for the government to take leadership and commit to public, non-profit, affordable, regulated child care.

The Child Care Primer:

The Path to Better Child Care in Ontario (PDF - 2.9MB, 8 pages)
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/Ontario%20Office/2012/09/Path_Better_ChildCareON.pdf
By Martha Friendly and Trish Hennessy
September 2012

Source:
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives - CCPA
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/
CCPA Ontario Office:
http://www.policyalternatives.ca/offices/ontario




Related Web/News/Blog links:

Google Search Results Links - always current results!
Using the following search terms (without the quote marks):
"child care, Canada" or click below for results:
- Web search results page
- News search results page
- Blog Search Results page
Source:
Google.ca



Early childhood education and care in Canada 2008

By Jane Beach, Martha Friendly, Carolyn Ferns, Nina Prabhu, Barry Forer
8th edition, June 2009
This comprehensive report, the 8th edition since 1992, provides key data on child care and kindergarten across Canada. It tracks spaces, finances, quality issues and public policy developments at the provincial/ territorial and federal levels, includes demographic information such as mothers' labour force participation, and identifies trends over time.

* Use the Table of contents to download
or view sections of the publication in PDF format.

* Thirty Quick Facts about Canadian ECEC (PDF - 912K, 4 pages)

* Highlights (media release) (PDF - 22K, 1 page)
September 15, 2009

CRRU Publications order form - to order paper copies of the report ($44)

Earlier editions:

Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada, 2006
Early childhood education and care in Canada 2004
Early childhood education and care in Canada 2001
Early childhood education and care in Canada 1998

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)



Canada's New Government Celebrates Giving Parents Greater Choice in Child Care
July 10, 2007
Canada's New Government made a commitment to support Canadian families and give them real choice in child care, and it is delivering on that promise. Since launching the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) in July 2006, the Government has provided 1.5 million Canadian families with monthly UCCB cheques of $100 for every child under six years old.
Source:
Human Resources and Social Development Canada

Related links:

Canada's Universal Child Care Plan - "Provides Choice, Support and Spaces."

A new $1,200 Choice in Child Care Allowance for pre-school kids
And capital assistance for building new childcare spaces
December 05, 2005
- from the website of the Conservative Party of Canada

-------------------------------------------------------------
Happy Anniversary from the Party Poopers!
-------------------------------------------------------------

One year later, Canadian families still have no child care solution
Harper Conservatives celebrate first anniversary of failed plan
July 10, 2007
Monte Solberg, minister of Human Resources and Social Development, is in Winnipeg today, holding a celebration of the so-called “Universal Child Care Benefit”.“I’m not sure what there is to celebrate,” said CUPE National President Paul Moist. “This plan hasn’t delivered a single child care space.”
NOTE: check the right-hand margin for 14 links to related websites and articles
Source:
Canadian Union of Public Employees

Also from CUPE:

Early learning and child care - It's time
July 13, 2007
The Canadian Union of public Employees (CUPE) has published a new booklet that makes the case for a universal, high quality, not-for-profit child care system. The booklet outlines the major issues facing child care workers, and promotes CUPE's plan to help build a stronger system through organizing, advocacy and collective bargaining.

Complete report:

Early learning and child care - It's time (PDF file - 2.5MB, 24 pages)
"(...) The Canadian Union of Public Employees believes Canada urgently needs a high-quality early learning and child care (ELCC) system. Many CUPE members are parents with young children. They need quality child care so they can work with peace of mind. More than half of CUPE members are women, and women still bear the major responsibility for child-rearing."



Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC) Agreements - 2005

I'm leaving this box as is for historical purposes...

From the spring to the fall of 2005, the governments of Canada and the provinces negotiated and signed agreements-in-principle and individual bilateral agreements on early learning and child care. As soon as the new Conservative government took office early in 2006, it revoked all early learning and child care agreements. I haven't changed the content in this box to reflect the new government's Child Care Allowance starting in the summer of 2006.

Dryden achieves 10 child care agreements
25 Nov 05
Globe and Mail
"Social Development Minister Ken Dryden achieved his goal of obtaining early-learning and child care deals with all 10 provinces as his Liberal government counts down its final days in office. Agreements yesterday with New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island leaves just the three territories to sign on to Mr. Dryden's plan to create a national system of child care for Canada -- a promise the Liberals have been making for more than a decade."

The most current and comprehensive ELCC website:

Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC) Agreements:
Towards a national system of early learning and child care

The link above is from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU). It's where you'll find the largest and most timely collection of reports, press releases, news articles and other pertinent documents related to the Canadian ELCC policy developments. The file is categorized into government documents, responses, and news articles.

Quality by Design Project - Early Learning and Child Care
"The Quality by Design project is intended to facilitate dialogue, debate and knowledge development regarding conceptions of and approaches to high quality early learning and child care (ELCC) programs that both enhance children’s development and support families. Quality by Design is a project of the Childcare Resource and Research Unit, and it is funded by Social Development Canada. It has a duration of three years (2004-2007). The project leaders are Martha Friendly and Jane Beach.(...) The Quality by Design Project is intended to contribute to quality as Canada's new national ELCC program - framed by the "QUAD" principles of Quality, Universality, Accessibility and Developmental [ness] - develops."
- incl. * An ELCC system * Ideas * Governance * Infrastructure * Planning and policy development * Financing * Human resources * Physical environment * Data, research and evaluation



Symposium on Early Child Development - A Priority For Sustained Economic Growth & Equity

September 27-30, 2005
World Bank – Washington, DC
"The Symposium brought together 150 participants from about 30 countries from the Latin and Central America and the Caribbean, East Asia Pacific, the Middle East and North Africa, Eastern and Central Asia, and Sub Saharan Africa, with the largest representation coming from LAC. (...) The symposium objectives were to: (i) Continue to build awareness of ECD as an important investment that nations can make to inform policymakers about the returns on ECD; (2) Highlight progress in the implementation of policy and program responses; (3) Identify and explore alternative mechanisms to finance effective early child development interventions that reach the beneficiaries, and (4) Learn from existing evaluations so that in the future, better-designed evaluations will respond to questions posed by policy makers and project managers to continue funding ECD."
- includes a detailed agenda and links to other symposium materials (audio/video presentations, speeches, etc.)

The three links below are to Canadian presentations made at the symposium.
Clicking a link downloads a video file and a Powerpoint presentation in each case.
If the video doesn't work, it's likely because you're trying to access the file from an office or university network that has a high level of security, or else the network admin just doesn't like people watching videos on company time. Try watching the video from home if that's the case...

Science of ECD: Biological Embeddings of ECD
Video and Powerpoint presentation, approx. 46 min.
by Fraser Mustard (Canadian Institute for Advanced Research)

Measuring ECD Longitudinal Research in Canada
Video and Powerpoint presentation, approx. 19 min
by Jane Bertrand (Council for Early Child Development and Parenting, Canada)
- incl. info about the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth

Investment in Early Childhood Development : The Economic Argument
Video and Powerpoint presentation, approx. 19 min
by Charles Coffey (Executive VP, Royal Bank of Canada)
[ Text version of this presentation - from the RBC Financial Group website]

Source:
Early Child Development (ECD)
"This site is a knowledge source designed to assist policy makers, program managers, and practitioners in their efforts to promote the healthy growth and integral development of young children."
[ The World Bank ]


Early Childhood Development and Child Care: What Do We Know?
Conference
March 27, 2006 (Vancouver)
- co-organized by the Human Early Learning Partnership of the University of British Columbia
Conference program (PDF file - 55K, 1 page)
Presentations:
NOTE: "The presentations below are the original versions as presented by the authors at the conference, and are not to be cited or quoted without the author's permission."

* Understanding Recent Research on Quebec’s Childcare Programme (PDF file - 124K, 24 pages)
by Kevin Milligan
* Child Care Services: A Major Missing Piece of the Family Benefit Package (PDF file - 992K, 23 pages)
by Paul Kershaw
* How can the latest research contribute to early learning and child care policy? What do we know – and what do we think? (PDF file - 163K, 31 pages)
by Martha Friendly
* At the Crossroads:Child Care Policy and Funding in BC and Canada (PDF file - 188K, 12 pages)
by Lynell Anderson


 

Early Learning and Child Care in Canada
Non-Governmental Organizations


Beverley Smith's Page
In May 1997 a Canadian homemaker, Beverley Smith, laid an official complaint at the United Nations that Canada discriminates against homemakers in its tax, divorce and childcare laws and in Statistics Canada studies.
"Beverley Smith is a long-time researcher and activist promoting equality for all roles for men and women, paid and unpaid, and for the state to value the family side of the career family balance. (...) working to get a fairer tax climate to all kids, and all ways to raise them, addressing child poverty in a way that shows no favoritism for lifestyle or career choice"

Kids First Parent Association of Canada
"We are a communications network of people working to better the lives of children. Through our efforts we endeavour to raise the social status of time devoted to caregiving and the anchor it provides, though unpaid, to a healthy society."
- incl. links to : About Us | History/Background | Caregiving Research | Health of Children and Parents | Finances of Families and Nations | Career Trends and Feminism | Unpaid but Meaningful Labor | Contact Us | Laws and Politics

Recent Developments in Caregiving
- free weekly newsletter by Beverley Smith of Calgary, available via e-mail by subscription [ bevgsmith@hotmail.com ]
Each issue includes recent news and information on a wide range of topics, such as the positive effects of good care, the negative effects of bad care, caregiving research, the characteristics of caregivers, child and parent health, career trends, family finances, legal and political, and much more...

Related Links:
(these links appear in each issue of the newsletter)

http://members.tripod.com/beverley_smith__1

http://unitednatcomplaint.tripod.com

http://dataforuse.tripod.com

http://kidsfirst1.tripod.com

http://vuthruotherseyes.tripod.com

http://worldkidquilt.tripod.com

NOTE:
Ms Smith's view is that parents who stay at home to provide care for their children should receive better support from government, like enhanced tax breaks, instead of money going only to public day care. However, many organizations supporting a national universal public day care system disagree. See Fact and fantasy: Eight myths about early childhood education and care (July 2003) by the Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)

Broadbent Institute
http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/

The Broadbent Institute seeks to equip the next generation of progressive thinkers and activists with the ideas and tools they need to build a more progressive Canada.

The ideological roots of Harper's opposition to child care
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/15/01/ideological-roots-harpers-opposition-child-care
7 Jan 2015 | Canada
Blog from the Broadbent Institute written by Donald Gutstein warns that, "income-splitting will benefit only the smallest sliver of families, mostly of the high-income, single-earner variety. Nonetheless it removes close to another $3 billion a year from potential use in a national child care program."

----------------------------------

The wealth gap: Perceptions and misconceptions in Canada
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/14/12/wealth-gap-perceptions-and-misconceptions-canada
16 Dec 2014 | Canada
Report from the Broadbent Institute reports on findings from a nationwide survey among 3,000 Canadians that asked about their perceptions of inequality and the distribution of wealth in Canada. "On social policy, a publicly funded national child care program to address inequality has the support of seven out of 10 Canadians (69%), as does increasing funding for social assistance to low-income Canadians (68%)".

----------------------------------

Andrew Coyne, income splitting, and the child care blindspot
http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/en/blog/andrew-coyne-income-splitting-and-child-care-blindspot
November 10, 2014
By Angella MacEwen
Columnist Andrew Coyne is a huge fan [ http://goo.gl/wAQ4dF ] of the Conservative government's new income splitting proposal. It's in the interest of fairness, you see. Single-earner couples, so his logic goes, aren't getting a fair shake in being taxed more than their dual-earner couple counterparts with the same total income. By now, however, we are familiar with some of the patently unfair aspects of the Conservative scheme. There's the fact that the tax giveaway stands to exclude single parent families that need the most help. Or that even with the $2,000 cap, benefits from income splitting will accrue disproportionately to wealthy single-earner families.
(...)
Coyne believes the current system is skewed in favour of dual earner spouses and proposes that if there were some mechanism that made it thousands of dollars more expensive for women to work than to stay home, then addressing that inequity would top our priority list. Apparently Coyne hasn't been paying attention to the thousands of women calling for affordable child care solutions over the past 40 years [ http://goo.gl/jCuk1b ]. Or doesn't realize that child care costs thousands of dollars per year, and that parents need child care to return to work.
(...)
Not frequently mentioned in the income splitting debate is that the Canadian tax code already has a slight benefit for couples where one spouse chooses to stay home. A non-earning spouse may transfer their basic personal credit, which will be $11,351 for 2015, to the higher earning spouse. This results in a maximum tax savings of $1,703 for couples with a stay at home spouse. When the non-earning spouse is considering returning to the labour market, they have to consider that every dollar they earn reduces this spousal credit.
(...)
Maybe instead of redistributing income between different types of rich families, we could provide the types of universal public services that we all need and value.

[ Angella MacEwen is a senior economist at the Canadian Labour Congress and a Broadbent Fellow. ]

----------------------------------

Why high-quality universal child care is part of a more equal Canada for all of us
http://www.broadbentinstitute.ca/en/blog/martha-friendly-why-high-quality-universal-child-care-part-more-equal-canada-all-us
January 16, 2013
By Martha Friendly
If anything positive has emerged from Canada's rising inequality, it is that a bona fide discussion about "the Canada we want" is becoming a mainstream staple of political dialogue. Not only politicians and pundits but also ordinary Canadians have begun to make the connections between health and wealth, public services and social justice, economics and the social sphere, democracy, taxation and fairness. These issues, occupying public attention since the recession began in 2008 gained strength when the Occupy Movement shone a global spotlight on inequality last year.

Caledon Institute of Social Policy

More Than a Name Change: The Universal Child Care Benefit (PDF file - 69K, 10 pages)
Ken Battle, Sherri Torjman and Michael Mendelson
May 2006
The federal government’s new Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB) - formerly known as the Choice in Child Care Allowance - contains two serious flaws. First, the UCCB will be taxable in the hands of the lower-earner parent in the case of couples or the parent in one-parent families. As a result, different types of family with the same income will pay different amounts of federal and provincial/territorial income taxes on their $1,200 annual payment and so will receive different after-tax benefits. Single-parent families typically will end up with the smallest after-tax benefits from the new program. Second, to help pay for the new scheme, the Canada Child Tax Benefit’s $249 annual young child care supplement - used mainly by low- and modest-income families - will be axed. The resulting distribution of net benefits (i.e., after the loss of the young child supplement and income tax increases) will be irrational, confusing and unfair. No family will end up with $1,200. The largest net benefit - $971 - will go to upper-income one-earner couples, while those on welfare will get $20 less. Working poor families will get less than those on welfare, so the Universal Child Care Benefit will raise the welfare wall. The paper compares the UCCB with Caledon’s proposal to deliver the $1,200 through the Canada Child Tax Benefit, and finds the latter option superior on a range of criteria.

Related Links:

The Incredible Shrinking $1,200 Child Care Allowance: How to Fix It (PDF file - 121K, 26 pages)
Ken Battle, April 2006
As proposed to date, the new $1,200 Child Care Allowance will be a flawed scheme creating deep inequities. Working poor and modest-income families will end up with low net benefits, and one-earner couples will get more than single parents and two-earner couples. For example, an Ontario two-earner couple with net family income of $30,000 would end up with just $199, while a $200,000 one-earner couple would get a net benefit of $1,076. The paper explores several options to fix the flaws in the Child Care Allowance. First, Ottawa should not go ahead with its plan to eliminate the $249 young child supplement, which is part of the Canada Child Tax Benefit. Second, the Allowance could be exempt from the calculation of net family income. Third, it could be designed as a universal non-taxable benefit. Fourth, it could be delivered through the existing Canada Child Tax Benefit. Caledon favours the first and fourth of these options.

Finding Common Ground on Child Care (PDF file - 15K, 3 pages)
Ken Battle, Sherri Torjman and Michael Mendelson
February 2006
The proposed $1,200 Choice in Child Care Allowance is a stealth program that will in fact deliver smaller benefits than advertised. Caledon proposes that the federal government instead deliver the $1,200 through the tried and true Canada Child Tax Benefit.

The Choice in Child Care Allowance:
What you See Is Not What You Get
(PDF file - 63K, 7 pages)
Ken Battle
January 2006

Architecture for National Child Care
Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman
November 2002
The case for investing in high quality child care is compelling and unequivocal. The current challenge is to develop an architecture that will help guide the construction of a Canadian child care system open to all families that want to use it. This paper discusses four possible implementation mechanisms: a codicil to the Early Childhood Development Agreement, a new national child care strategy, bilateral agreements on child care and federal-municipal agreements on child care. These implementation mechanisms were developed in collaboration with the National Liberal Caucus Social Policy Committee, Chair, John Godfrey, MP.

A Proposed Model Framework for Early Childhood Development Services Within the National Children's Agenda (Abstract)
Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman

September 2000

Complete report (PDF file, 7 pages, 31K)

 

Campaign 2000

Issue Papers on Child Care Policy and Programs in Canada

Diversity or Disparity?
Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada (ECEC)

Second Report, Community Indicators Project
October 2003

For the first time, the number of child care spaces declines in Canada
News Alert
October 28, 2003
Release of Diversity or Disparity? Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada (ECEC), Second Report, Community Indicators Project
"...cuts to child care budgets in the three richest provinces - British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario - resulted in an overall loss of spaces"

Media Kit: contains media release, Q&A. (PDF file - 178K, 3 pages)
Full Report - HTML (NOTE: the table of contents is in the left-hand margin of the report page)
Full Report - PDF - 288K, 16 pages

About the Community Indicators project
Project reports
- links to HTML and PDF versions of this year's report and last year's (released in October 2002), as well as French versions of reports for both years

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Multilateral Agreement of Early Learning and Care :
An Open Letter to John Manley, Finance Minister of Canada
cc. • The Right Honourable Jean Chrétien, Prime Minister of Canada
cc. • The Honourable Jane Stewart, Minister of Human Resources Development Canada
May 22, 2003
- endorsed by over 50 local, provincial/territorial and national family and children's groups, from the Association of Early Childhood Educators of Newfoundland and Labrador to YWCA Vancouver
- supportive of the new prominence of child care in the federal budget and of the Multilateral Agreement of Early Learning and Care, but critical of the lack of financial commitment of the federal government over the next five years.
"... it is useful to reflect on the fact that the anticipated fifth year transfer to provinces/ territories of $350 million is approximately what your government was spending for child care through the Canada Assistance Plan when it was abolished in 1996 ($320 million in 1996 dollars) (...) The $25 million in the first year and $75 million in the second year scarcely reflect the importance of child care both for early learning and support for parents as highlighted in the Throne Speech and budget."
Source : Campaign 2000

Campaign 2000 Critique of the 2003 federal budget:
Deferred Investments Leave Children Behind (Feb. 19/03)
Budget 2003 - Child Poverty Backgrounder (Feb. 12/03)

Diversity or Disparity? Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada (ECEC)
ECEC Community Indicators Project Report

October 2002
Complete report (HTML)
Complete report (PDF file - 145K, 8 pages)
Additional references (PDF file - 33K, 1 page)

The Early Childhood Development Initiative: A Vision for Early Childhood Development Services in Ontario
April 9, 2001

PDF file - 10 pages, 229KB

This Ontario Campaign 2000 paper developed in consultation with representatives from: Campaign 2000, Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care, Ontario Association of Family Resource Programs, Toronto Public Health, Metro Association of Family Resource Programs and Toronto Coalition for Better Child Care.

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation - CBC

Day Care in Canada - CBC News Indepth
February 24, 2006
It was first proposed in 1970 – a program that would provide affordable day care across the country. It was promised when Brian Mulroney and the Conservatives swept to power in 1984. And again four years later. By the time Jean Chrétien's Liberals did some political sweeping of their own in 1993, promises of a national day-care strategy had fallen victim to the realities of a government wallowing in debt. With budgetary knives sharpened and drawn, day care would have to wait..."
- be sure to check out the links down the right side of the page for interesting info* on day care and for links to five reports (under "External Links").
*for example:
Day care: cost to parents (Feb/05) - median cost per month to parents for full-time centre-based child care (and these have gone up since Feb/05 when the analysis was done.)
- according to the table, the median paid for full-time day care of a preschooler 3-5 yrs of age in Ontario is $541 - almost five-and-a-half times the amount of the Conservative Child Care Allowance.
Source:
CBC News Indepth
[ CBC.CA ]

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives-BC

Our Schools/Our Selves: Spring 2009
Beyond Child's Play: Caring for and educating young children in Canada
Editor: Erika Shaker
April 2009
Our Schools/Our Selves is a regular report of the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Sadly, the complete report isn't available online, but I'd recommend a quick perusal of the
Table of Contents (PDF - 285K, 5 pages) for anyone who is interested in early childhood programs.

Sample content from this issue:

Can Canada Walk and Chew Gum? The state of child care in Canada in 2009 (PDF - 1.0MB, 17 pages)
By Martha Friendly*
"(...) although this has been an era in which evidence about the benefits of quality early childhood programs for young children has gained public acceptance, and participation in the paid labour force has become the norm for mothers of young children, Canada has failed to make progress in early childhood education and care.

[* Martha Friendly founded and is Executive Director
of the Child Care Resource and Research Unit in Toronto.]

Editorial (PDF - 295K, 7 pages)
By Erika Shaker

The Fight for a Publicly-Funded Child Care System in Canada (PDF - 348K, 13 pages)
By Jody Dallaire and Lynell Anderson

Old Dollars, New Sense: Recent Evidence and Arguments about Child Care Spending (PDF - 290K, 9 pages)
By Susan Prentice

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Purchase a copy of
Our Schools/Our Selves: Spring 2009 issue
(256 pages, $12 + tax & shipping)
This issue of Our Schools/Our Selves takes a broad, comprehensive view of child care and early childhood education and examines it through a variety of different lenses to offer readers a number of points of entry into this nuanced and multifaceted topic.

[ Earlier issues of Our Schools Our Selves ]

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Making Early Childhood Development a Priority: Lessons from Vancouver
May 2004
By Clyde Hertzman
"Canadians have become increasingly aware of the benefits of early childhood development. Traditional voices demanding increased access to child care and the prevention of childhood poverty were joined by those who, from a scientific perspective, recognized that the experiences of early childhood can have a profound impact on health, well-being, and coping skills across the entire life course. Governments too have recognized the value of funding these programs, and have implemented agreements that have brought modest levels of federal-provincial transfer payments. While this is a good start, it is only a start. Funding for children from birth to age 5 remains only a fraction of that spent on children in the K-12 system, despite mounting evidence that programs and services are needed earlier. This paper draws on findings from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, which suggests that as many as one-quarter of Canada's young children may be developmentally vulnerable at school entry. It also summarizes findings of a Vancouver initiative, the Early Development Instrument, which measured readiness for school across Vancouver's 23 neighbourhoods."
(Excerpt from the summary)

Complete report (PDF file - 564K, 13 pages)

Canadian Child Care Federation
http://www.cccf-fcsge.ca/

Our organization is about the value of children. We value children. In order to protect and enhance our children, to promote their safety and their healthy growth and development, we are committed to providing Canadians with the very best in early learning and child care knowledge and best practices. Our tools are research and knowledge dissemination, the creation and nurturing of active networks.

Canadian Child Care Federation (CCCF) Launches New Website
Offering Early Childhood Education and Care Sector Direct
Access to Resources and Community Dialogue

http://goo.gl/8S9CC
November 14, 2012
OTTAWA – The Canadian Child Care Federation has launched its new website [ http://www.cccf-fcsge.ca/ ] offering a single online point of reference for all of Canada’s early learning and child care sector. New and experienced practitioners, students, educators and parents will have direct access to our research, best practices, resources, publications, events and relevant news easily and quickly.
(...)
The new design includes:
* enhanced social networking capability
* simpler and secure online purchasing of our evidence based resources
* a new cross referenced child care topics menu
* expanded professional development section
* a new parent section
* CCCF’s flagship publication, Interaction, accessed in an online format for registered members of the CCCF
* Members section for online membership registration and access to discounted or expanded resources

Canadian Council on Social Development

Child Care for a Change!Shaping the 21st Century
Childcare & Early Learning Conference

November 12-14, 2004
Winnipeg Convention Centre
"The Canadian Council on Social Development (CCSD) is the host of the conference “Child Care For A Change! Shaping the 21st Century." The conference will take place at the Winnipeg Convention Centre, in Winnipeg, from November 12th to 14th, 2004. This exciting pan-Canadian conference will feature inspiring speakers such as UN Special Envoy Stephen Lewis and Quebec Education Critic Pauline Marois. It will provide ample time for a rich dialogue and debate during sessions like the special Town Hall Meeting on Child Care. It is expected that the ideas generated from the conference will influence public policy and public perception about early learning and child care and help set the agenda for the next decade."
General Info - Program (incl. list of 15 workshops)- Speakers - Papers - Registration - Accommodation

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Perception Magazine (November 4, 2004)
"A double issue of CCSD's magazine, Perception, was just published. This is a special theme edition, focusing on child care and early learning.
Four articles are available online to the general public.

Child Care for a Change (by Marcel Lauzière)
Fast Facts on Child Care in Canada
Count business in... (by Charley Coffey)
Saying Yes to Inclusion

CCSD commissioned three papers to enhance and promote discussion at the Child Care For A Change conference (Nov. 12/04, Winnipeg).

Financing Early Learning and Child Care in Canada (PDF file - 121K, 10 pages)
by Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky

Early Child Learning and Care in Canada: Who Rules? Who Should Rule? (PDF file - 137K, 17 pages)
by Rianne Mahon

Who Benefits from Educational and Child Care Services and What Purpose do they Serve? (PDF file - 124K, 14 pages)
by Jocelyne Tougas

Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action (FAFIA)

Child care


Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE)

Child Care Act passes second vote
November 23, 2007
Opposition parties united Nov. 21 to adopt Bill C-303, an NDP-sponsored bill that would create a national child care system. The second reading vote is an important step on the way to become law. The bill need to pass a third vote, be approved by the Senate and then be proclaimed into law. C-303, the Early Learning and Child Care Act, would ensure that federal investments in child care would be made only in high quality, affordable, accessible, and non-profit early learning and child care services. The Bill would also require accountability from provinces on how the money is spent. C-303 will return to Parliament for a third reading vote in February 2008.

Big box buying spree adds urgency to national child care debate
November 15, 2007
VANCOUVER – With the Campbell Liberals refusing to stop the spread of big box child care across British Columbia, parents and child care activists are looking for action. Australian multinational child care corporation ABC Learning is seeking to expand into Canada by purchasing child care centres, starting in British Columbia, Ontario and Alberta.
[TIP: there are 13 links to related resources and websites in the right-hand margin of the page.]

The $1 billion child care cut: province-by-province
April 2, 2007
Prime Minister Stephen Harper has cancelled the federal-provincial agreements that laid the foundation for a system of high-quality, regulated, non-profit early learning and care. As of April 1st 2007, the funding has ended. We are losing $1 billion to establish quality early learning and child care services. Here's how Harper’s $1 billion cut to child care breaks down by province.

Comparison_of_Federal_Transfers_Child_Care_Spaces.pdf
(PDF file - 69K, 1 page)

Also from CUPE:

BuildChildCare.ca
"Public Child Care --- Build it Right, From the Start"
- incl. links to : Action centre * Spread the word * Join the network * Background * Downloads * Links * Contacts

www.buildchildcare.ca pushes ministers to get the new system right
News Release
December 21, 2004
"OTTAWA – A new online action centre is upping the pressure on Social Development Minister Ken Dryden to lay the best groundwork for a new child care system. Visitors to www.buildchildcare.ca will be able to send a message to Dryden, their provincial minister responsible for child care and other decision-makers. The site, run by the Canadian Union of Public Employees, joins other advocacy campaigns promoting the four building blocks of quality child care. 'This online campaign will add new voices to the call for Minister Dryden to make sure that Canada’s new child care system is publicly funded and publicly delivered,' said CUPE National President Paul Moist."

BuildChildCare.ca Links:

Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
Child Care Human Resources Sector Council
Ontario Coalition for Better Childcare
Coalition of Child Care Advocates of British Columbia

Child care: public program or big box boondoggle?
November 12, 2004
"OTTAWA – Social Development Minister Ken Dryden must make Canada’s new child care system public and not-for-profit or he will run the eventual risk of trade challenges, warns a legal opinion commissioned by the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE). 'The trade implications make it imperative that our long-awaited child care program be public from the beginning,'said CUPE National President Paul Moist. 'The faster we make child care a public program, the better protected we will be from trade challenges by massive US big box chains like Kindercare.'"

From patchwork to excellence in child care
November 2, 2004
"OTTAWA – Canada will go from patchwork to excellence if all levels of government work together to create the public, not-for-profit child care system that Canadians deserve and need, said Paul Moist, CUPE national president. Moist made the remarks as he joined with child care workers, parents and children to greet Minister Dryden Tuesday morning as Dryden began his day-long meeting with provincial social development ministers to discuss the child care program."
- incl. links to the following related articles:
* Wages for child care workers: the link with quality
* URGENT: Tell Ken Dryden to make child care history
* CUPE’s analysis of the federal speech from the throne
* CUPE blasts throne speech as blueprint for weak federalism
* Rapid response wins reprieve for BC college child care centre

Citizens for Public Justice (CPJ)
CPJ is committed to seek human flourishing and the integrity of creation as our faithful response to God’s call for love, justice and stewardship. We envision a world in which individuals, communities, societal institutions and governments all contribute to and benefit from the common good.

CPJ's Early Childhood Education and Care Policy
November 24, 2010
Childcare in Canada is currently a hodgepodge of formal and informal care, characterized by high demand, low accessibility, high cost and varying levels of quality. This has lead to barriers of accessibility for low and middle income families, especially unattached mothers, as well as childcare that fails to engage the developmental potential of young children.

Former public justice intern Mariel Angus explores these issues in CPJ's backgrounder on childcare (PDF - 522K, 28 pages - undated).

From a public justice framework (PDF - 178K, 7 pages - 2007), CPJ believes that every person has a rightful claim to live in dignity, be respected by others, and have access to the resources needed to live out God’s calling. In order to fulfill their responsibility to their children parents need adequate income and access to sufficient resources such as shelter, food, clothing, community, education and health services. Consequently, the government has a unique ability to promote justice through resource redistribution and service provision, including supporting families in their many diverse forms.

CPJ’s position paper on childcare (PDF - 442K, 16 pages- May 2010) argues that an important manifestation of this government responsibility is the creation and provision of a national childcare program. This would be guided by the principles of the best interests of children as the primary consideration, but also affordability, accessibility, high level of quality, and promotion of child development and learning.

Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada
"The Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada (CCAAC) arose from the second Canadian conference on Child Care held in Winnipeg in 1982. Over 700 delegates from all Provinces and Territories called for an effective voice to pursue child care issues at the federal level and to promote a broad consensus of support within all regions of Canada. We are an incorporated, non-profit, bilingual Association."

What's New at the CCACC - links to a large collection of recent reports, alerts, and articles on child care in Canada

Sample content:

Making the Connections: Using Public Reporting
to Track the Progress on Child Care Services in Canada
November 16, 2007
* Full Report (PDF file - 559K, 67 pages)
* Executive Summary (PDF file - 49K, 3 pages)
"(...) Our project findings show that few governments have clear public reporting that allows the public to easily track progress throughout the required reporting period (2000/01 through 2005/06). None meet all of the performance and reporting requirements outlined in the FPT Agreements. (...) [Therefore] in order to promote clear public reporting that supports the public in tracking the ongoing progress in child care services, we have one overarching recommendation: FPT governments should expedite the implementation of key public performance reporting guidelines"

NOTE Clicking on the title of the report opens a page that includes links to the complete study and executive summary, to the individual sections of the report and its two appendices, and to information about child care expenditures in each province and territory and by the Government of Canada.

A guide to the Conservative government’s child care doublespeak (PDF file - 58K, 4 pages)
June 15, 2006
The Conservatives claim child care is one of their priorities, but everything they’ve said and done indicates they don’t believe in quality early learning and child care. Words such as 'choice', 'universal' and 'institutional' take on peculiar meanings when Stephen Harper and his ministers use them. It’s time to deconstruct the Conservative spin on child care..."
Source:
Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada
Found on the website of the
Canadian Union of Public Employees

Open Letter to Honourable Ken Dryden and the Provincial and Territorial Ministers Responsible for Child Care /
Lettre ouverte à l’honorable Ken Dryden et aux ministres provinciaux et territoriaux responsables des services de garde à l’enfance

October 27, 2004

Provincial budgets 2004-2005 and Child Care
April 2, 2004
- brief analysis of child care components of each provincial-territorial budget for 2004-2005

Child Care Coalition of Manitoba
"The Child Care Coalition of Manitoba (est. 1993) is a broadly-based and unincorporated coalition of groups and individuals. The Coalition currently has nearly 50 group memberships. Our members include parents, the labour movement, women's groups, the childcare community, educators and researchers and organizations committed to social justice, among others."

Child Care Human Resources Sector Council
The CCHRSC is a pan-Canadian, non-profit organization that addresses pressing human resources issues in the child care sector. Our projects develop research, strategies, and tools to meet the needs of the child care workforce and achieve related goals.

Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
The Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU) focuses on research and policy resources in the context of a high quality system of early childhood education and child care in Canada.

Child Care in the News - hundreds of media articles from January 2000 to the present

Links to child care sites in Canada and elsewhere- links (provincial/territorial, federal/national, and international) organized under the following headings: - Government - Child care organizations - Social policy/child organizations - Research centres - Clearinghouses - Periodicals

CRRU Publications
http://www.childcarecanada.org/pubs/
- briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications

ISSUE files
http://www.childcarecanada.org/resources/issue-files
- theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

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What's new from the
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU):

January 17, 2015
What's new online this week:

1. Research, policy & practice
- materials include: scholarly research, policy studies and briefs, government and NGO reports

Cut the tax cut
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/15/01/cut-tax-cut
13 Jan 2015 | Canada
Commentary from the Caledon Institute argues that the Conservative party's Family Tax package "are the most regressive form of tax cut because they provide the greatest tax savings to taxpayers in the highest tax bracket."

State's failure to guarantee child care safety places children at risk
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/15/01/states-failure-guarantee-child-care-safety-places-children-
14 Jan 2015 | United States
Brief from the Michigan League for Public Policy (MLPP) reports that the state has a ratio of about 153 child care centers for each inspector. Michigan employed 68 child care licensing inspectors as of May 2014, and they were responsible for 10,397 child care facilities. MLPP is urging the state of Michigan to hire more inspectors for child care centres to meet the national standard of 50 centres for each inspector.

Austerity or Prosperity? Canada's $626 Billion Question
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/15/01/austerity-or-prosperity-canadas-626-billion-question
14 Jan 2015 | Canada
Murray Dobbin draws from a recent study on Norway, Sweden and Denmark, titled "How Can Scandinavians Tax So Much?" to address misconceptions about taxation, government stimulus, and the subsidization of public goods.

Shared parental leave: public attitudes
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/15/01/shared-parental-leave-public-attitudes
14 Jan 2015 | Europe
Survey of 2000 Britons for the department of Business Innovation and Skills [UK] showed that 53% of people believe that childcare should be shared equally between both parents. The new research was carried out ahead of the introduction of Shared Parental Leave, which will apply to parents of babies born or adopted from 5 April 2015. The new rules mean that parents can split 50 weeks of leave and 37 weeks of pay between them in the baby’s first year.

High childcare costs mean one in five parents are considering reducing hours or giving up work altogether in 2015
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice/15/01/high-childcare-costs-mean-one-five-parents-are-considering-
13 Jan 2015 | Europe
Survey commissioned by 4Children [UK] reveals that of the 1,000 parents questioned, one in five are considering reducing their working hours or giving up work altogether due to the financial strain associated with paying for child care.

MORE research, policy & practice
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/research-policy-practice

2. Child care in the news:
- archive of news articles about early childhood education and child care (ECEC) in Canada and abroad

Shared parental leave: Dads believe childcare should be shared equally between parents
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/15/01/shared-parental-leave-dads-believe-childcare-should-be-shared-equall
14 Jan 2015 | Europe

The year having kids became a frivolous luxury
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/15/01/year-having-kids-became-frivolous-luxury
13 Jan 2015 | Canada

Start Strong welcomes government action on ‘childcare’
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/15/01/start-strong-welcomes-government-action-%E2%80%98childcare%E2%80%99
13 Jan 2015 | Europe

Saint John dad fights for child care for autistic son
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/15/01/saint-john-dad-fights-child-care-autistic-son
13 Jan 2015 | New Brunswick

Tax breaks and subsidies to help fund childcare cost
http://www.childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news/15/01/tax-breaks-and-subsidies-help-fund-childcare-cost
13 Jan 2015 | Europe

MORE child care in the news
http://childcarecanada.org/documents/child-care-news

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Archive of
What's New from the Childcare Resource and Research Unit:
(January 2013 to January 2015)
http://canadiansocialresearch.net/crru_archive.htm

---
NOTE : For links to earlier issues of this weekly alert going back to June 2009,
check out the CRRU Links Archive on this site:
http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/crru_links_archive.htm

**********************

Subscribe to the CRRU email notices and updates
http://www.childcarecanada.org/res/enews/index.html
Sign up to receive email notices of updates and new postings on the CRRU website which will inform you of policy developments in early childhood care and education, new research and resources for policy, newly released CRRU publications, and upcoming events of interest to the child care and broader community.

Links to child care
sites in Canada and elsewhere
http://www.childcarecanada.org/links/index.html

CRRU Publications
http://www.childcarecanada.org/pubs/
- briefing notes, factsheets, occasional papers and other publications

ISSUE files
http://www.childcarecanada.org/resources/issue-files
- theme pages, each filled with contextual information and links to further info

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)

http://www.childcarecanada.org
CRRU is a policy and research oriented facility that focuses on early childhood education and child care (ECEC) and family policy in Canada and internationally.

New Issue File:
ELCC and the federal budget 2006
May 2006
On May 2, 2006 the Conservative government presented its first budget since the election of January 23rd. This ISSUE file provides links to budget documents pertaining to child care, as well as responses from opposition parties, child care and other civil society organizations, and a selection of media coverage.

Early childhood education and care in Canada 2008
By Jane Beach, Martha Friendly, Carolyn Ferns, Nina Prabhu, Barry Forer
8th edition, June 2009
This comprehensive report, the 8th edition since 1992, provides key data on child care and kindergarten across Canada. It tracks spaces, finances, quality issues and public policy developments at the provincial/ territorial and federal levels, includes demographic information such as mothers' labour force participation, and identifies trends over time.

* Use the Table of contents to download
or view sections of the publication in PDF format.

* Thirty Quick Facts about Canadian ECEC (PDF - 912K, 4 pages)

* Highlights (media release) (PDF - 22K, 1 page)

CRRU Publications order form - to order paper copies of the report ($44)

Earlier editions:

Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada, 2006
Early childhood education and care in Canada 2004
Early childhood education and care in Canada 2001
Early childhood education and care in Canada 1998

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)



Current developments in ECEC: Provinces and territories

Regularly updated
"This resource is a collection of useful online readings about current early childhood education and care policy and program delivery issues in each province and territory. Within each jurisdiction, information is organized into three sections: news articles, online documents and useful websites."


Towards a national system of early learning and child care - 2005
- includes a broad (and growing) collection of government and non-governmental reports, press releases, news articles and other documents dealing with the new federal-provincial-territorial arrangements for early learning and childcare in Canada.

OECD Thematic Review of ECEC: Canada Reports
"This policy analysis within an international framework is perhaps the most important that Canada has had in early learning and child care. The OECD Country Note and the Background Report on Canada were released today by Social Development Canada. The content and sprit of this work is likely to inform and shape how the federal election commitment to early learning and child care is actualized. For the release of this report, CRRU has prepared an ISSUE file that provides resources related to this landmark study.

The ISSUE file consists of:
- an overview of the OECD Thematic Review of ECEC
- links to the Country Note and Canada’s Background Report
- highlights from the Country Note recommendations
- other important reports from the Thematic Review of ECEC and related readings
- relevant news articles
- responses to the Canada reports

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Canada's child care is failing, OECD says
October 25, 2004
By Margaret Philp
"(...) The review of Canada, one of 20 nations whose early-learning policies have come under OECD scrutiny, paints a picture of a child-care system adrift, with no overarching vision. It is underfunded, with pitiful staff salaries and subsidies inequitably doled out to a small number of the poorest families. The premises of child-care centres are often shabby, workers are poorly trained and frequently quit. Many centres catering to aboriginal families are low-quality with "tokenistic concessions to indigenous language." And waiting lists are long, with more than half of Canadian children stuck in unregulated care."
Source:
Globe and Mail

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Quality highest in non-profit child care: Economists
Press Release
January 10, 2005
"Non-profit child care centres outscore their commercial counterparts in all aspects of early learning and care, says a new Canada-wide study released today. The study, by two University of Toronto economists, is the first to statistically analyze ratings for observed quality in child care centres, finding that non-profit centres do better on every measure. Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky of U of T’s Division of Management authored The quality gap: A study of non-profit and commercial child care centres in Canada."

Complete report:

The quality gap: A study of non-profit and
commercial child care centres in Canada
(PDF file - 353K, 20 pages)
By Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky

Related Link:

Non-profit child care centres rate better, study shows
Margaret Philp
January 10, 2005
Globe and Mail
"(...)In a report to be released Monday, two University of Toronto economists wade into the debate with a finding that it's more than just government funding that sets non-profit child care apart — even correcting for higher levels of government support, the not-for-profit sector provides better care. In their study of quality ratings from 325 daycare classrooms across Canada, economists Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky found that non-profit child care centres scored, overall, 10 per cent higher than their for-profit counterparts. While the bulk of child care centres falls into the mediocre range of the scale, most of the top-ranked centres were non-profits and a disproportionate number at the bottom were commercial."

Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit

Early Learning and Child Care (ELCC) and Canadian women
"This Issue File collects selected readings that recognize the importance of accessible and affordable ELCC to women’s economic equality and to fully engaging in society.
This Issue File is organized into five sections:
- online contextual information about the conditions facing women in Canada;
- online documents about Canada’s international commitments and ELCC;
- online documents that feature the importance of ELCC for women’s equality;
- print resources; and
- useful websites for additional readings.

IT WAS TWENTY YEARS AGO TODAY...MARCH 8, 1986
by Martha Friendly
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
March 2006
International Women’s Day 2006 is the twentieth anniversary of the Report of the federal government’s first and only Task Force on Child Care. The key recommendation of the "Katie Cooke Task Force" was a universal system of child care – co-funded by federal and provincial governments. It would have affordable parent fees, would be designed and managed by the provinces under national standards and would be built through a gradual increase in the supply of regulated child care until the year 2001 when it would serve all children and families. The cost at that time, the Task Force calculated, would be $11.3 billion.

Also by Martha Friendly:

Child Care and Canadian Federalism in the 1990s:
Canary in a Coal Mine
(PDF file - 275K, 49 pages)
Martha Friendly
Childcare Resource and Research Unit
August 2000

Related Links:

Indepth: Day care in Canada
Source:
CBC

Un Québec fou de ses garderies - [français]
Source:
Archives Radio-Canada

Towards a national system of early learning and child care
Regularly updated
"(...) On April 29, 2005 the governments of Canada and Manitoba struck an historic Agreement-in-Principle on early learning and child care. This was followed by a similar agreement between the federal government and the province of Saskatchewan. These agreements are the beginning of what is hoped to be a series of strong bilateral agreements between the federal government and the provinces/territories. These historic agreements build on a meeting of the Federal-Provincial-Territorial Ministers Responsible for Social Services in November 2004 and a subsequent meeting in February 2005. They (with the exception of Quebec) agreed to shared principles to guide the development of a new national system of early learning and child care."

Current developments in Early Childhood Education and Care: Provinces and territories
Regularly updated
"This resource is a collection of useful online readings about current early childhood education and care policy and program delivery issues in each province and territory. Within each jurisdiction, information is organized into three sections: news articles, online documents and useful websites."

Canadians favour Liberal child-care plan: poll
June 20, 2006
"An Environics Research poll suggests 50 per cent of Canadians prefer the national day-care program proposed by the former government. In comparison, 35 per cent said they favour the Conservative government's plan to give parents of children under the age of six $1,200 a year. The poll was commissioned by the Child Care Advocacy Association of Canada. (...)"

-----------------------------------

Martha Friendly interview on CTV's Canada AM [requires Windows Media Player]

[Martha is coordinator of the Childcare Resource and Research Unit]

*******************************************************************************


Fact and fantasy: Eight myths about early childhood education and care

by Gordon Cleveland and Michael Krashinsky
Economics, Division of Management,
University of Toronto at Scarborough
July 2003
Fact and Fantasy - complete report (PDF file - 765K, 79pages)
Table of Contents - download individual chapters (in small PDF files).

The myths are:
1. Young children need full-time care from their mothers.
2. Child care harms children.
3. Families should pay for their own child care.
4. Parents always know best.
5. Stay-at-home mothers are discriminated against in public policy.
6. Mothers would prefer to stay home.
7. Child care erodes family values.
8.We can't afford early childhood education and care.

A BRIEFing NOTE summary of this paper is available:
Fact and Fantasy: Summary (PDF file - 149K, 6 pages)
"This paper examines eight myths often used to argue against public support for early childhood education and care. Its main objective is to respond to these eight myths, to subject them and associated research to critical scrutiny, and to respond in a popular fashion. Research evidence and logic are combined to provide a readable, economically-oriented critique to these frequently heard assertions.

Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC (CCCABC)
The Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC is a registered society, incorporated under the Society Act on November 2, 1995. The original child care advocacy organization, the BC Daycare Action Coalition, was formed in 1982. The purposes of the Society are to promote and support quality community-based child care services that benefit children, families and the public and in the best interests of society.
- incl. links to: * About Us * What's New * CCCABC Materials * Take Action * Advocacy resources * Calendar

Selected site content:

Letter from the CCCABC to Honourable Mary McNeil,
BC Minister of Children and Family Development
(PDF - 68K, 2 pages)
http://www.cccabc.bc.ca/cccabcdocs/pdf/CCCABC_Moratorium_CCOF_May12.pdf
May 3, 2012
Dear Minister McNeil,
The purpose of this letter is to request that the Ministry of Children and Families immediately implement a moratorium on new approvals of Child Care Operating Funds (CCOF) for commercial child care chains operating in BC. This moratorium is required in order to put "families at the forefront" of decision-making, as committed under your government's "Families First Agenda for Change".
[Click the link above to read the complete letter.]

Backgrounder (PDF - 124K, 3 pages)
http://www.cccabc.bc.ca/cccabcdocs/pdf/CCCABC_Moratorium_CCOF_backgrounder.pdf

Media Release (PDF - 76K, 1 page)
http://www.cccabc.bc.ca/cccabcdocs/pdf/CCCABC_Moratorium_CCOF_MediaRel.pdf

Source:
Coalition of Child Care Advocates of British Columbia
http://www.cccabc.bc.ca/

---

Community Plan for a Public System of Integrated Early Care and Learning
April 2011
The Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC and the Early Childhood Educators of BC are pleased to share our Community Plan for a Public System of Integrated Early Care and Learning. Our Plan offers a concrete, innovative and ambitious way forward and provides a framework for significant and lasting system change in British Columbia.

Download the Plan (PDF - 2.2MB, 23 pages)
(...) Good early childhood education (ECE) practice recognizes that to support a child, one needs to understand the environment in which children live: their families, communities, cultures, and broader society. Children do best when they are supported by strong and healthy relationships, first in their families and then in their communities and beyond. The same is true for systems like this proposed Community Plan for a Public System of Integrated Early Care and Learning. To grow and thrive, this system needs a strong and supportive environment. This Plan includes four conditions to support a system of early care and learning: strong family policy, commitment from federal and provincial governments, First Nations and Aboriginal community control, and adequate and stable funding.

Endorse the Plan!

Frequently-Asked Questions (FAQ)

Partners:

Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC (CCCABC)
CCCABC ia a voluntary organization of interested citizens – parents, child care providers, community organizations, and unions - whose purpose is to promote and support quality community-based child care services that benefit children, families and the public and in the best interests of society.
[ CCCABC Advocacy Resources ]
[ Child Care Links (BC/Canada/International) ]

Early Childhood Educators of BC
Early Childhood Educators of British Columbia (ECEBC) educates early childhood educators and the broader community about the importance of early childhood education and care. We provide professional development opportunities to early childhood educators across the province.

---

CCCABC Materials
- links to materials published by the Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC:
* Position & Policy Papers
* Briefs
* Letters
* Newsletters

Advocacy Resources
* News articles
* Publications
* Advocate's quick facts
* Timeline of child care in BC
* Advocacy Tools
* Links

BC CHILD CARE - NOT FOR SALE
October 23, 2007
On October 1, 2007, the BC government announced that, for the first time, private companies could receive major capital child care grants. The Coalition of Child Care Advocates of BC predicted that this change in public policy would make BC attractive to large foreign owned child care corporations. Our worst fears have now been confirmed. We have learned that a foreign-based corporation is actively trying to take over community-based child care providers across BC. If they succeed - the face of child care in BC will be dramatically changed now and for a long time to come.
This is not the solution to child care in BC.

Hindsight from Australia - Foresight for BC (PDF file - 200K, 4 pages)
October 23, 2007
"(...)Analysis from Australia suggests that the domination of corporate child care has decreased accountability, quality, affordability and accessibility. Increased public spending on child care has not produced child care services in the public domain ñ in other words an infrastructure for the long term."

Related Links:

- BC Association of Child Care Services
- School Age Child Care Association of BC
- Westcoast Child Care Resource Centre
- Western Canada Family Child Care Association of BC
- Child Care Choices - BC Child Care Resource & Referral Network
- Child Care Options - Resource and Referral Program
- First Call

Related Links:
- Go to the 2006 Federal Election and General Political Links page: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/politics.htm

First Call: BC Child and Youth Advocacy
"The First Call: BC Child & Youth Advocacy Coalition is a cross-sectoral, non-partisan coalition in BC. Our coalition is made up of over 60 provincial organizations and 25 mobilizing communities. In addition, we have a network of thousands of community groups and individuals. Our partners work together on public education, community mobilization, and policy advocacy to ensure that all children and youth have the opportunities and resources required to achieve their full potential and to participate in the challenges of creating a better society."

Early Childhood Development Resources

First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada (FNCFCS)
"The purpose of the Caring Society is to promote the well being of all First Nations children, youth, families and communities with a particular focus on the prevention of, and response to, child maltreatment."

NOTE:
For links to content from the FNCFCS website, please see the First Nations Links page of this website: http://www.canadiansocialresearch.net/1stbkmrk.htm


Founders' Network
"The Founders' Network links a diverse group of individuals from across Canada and in other countries. We are an international collection of people interested in promoting the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIAR), science and technology, early childhood, economic issues, determinants of health and human development."

Reversing the Brain Drain : The Early Years Study - Final Report (PDF file - 1.1MB, 207 pages)
February 1999 (Modified 06/2002, according to the Adobe file info)
Co-Chairs : Margaret McCain and J. Fraser Mustard

Papers - links to several other papers in the Early Years study

Related Link:
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIAR)

GoDaycare.com
"...an independent resource for Canadian parents who are looking for daycare centres for their kids. GoDaycare.com's reviews, ratings and comments provide a realistic perspective of childcare providers in Canada because they are written by parents for parents"

National Children's Alliance
The National Children's Alliance is a group of more than 30 national organizations with an interest in the well-being of children and youth. National Children's Alliance organizations are working to promote the implementation of the National Children's Agenda.

List of NCA Member Organizations
-
Links - to almost 50 related websites

National Symposium : “Building Momentum” (PDF file - 108K, 38 pages)
March 22-24, 2002
Symposium proceedings, posted May 2002
"The National Children’s Alliance invited its members across the country to participate in three days of strategy development around the Alliance priorities for the next two years. Sixty-five plus representatives of the membership came to Ottawa to share their best ideas and thoughts in the discussions."
Reports and Papers
- links to over 20 symposium papers, discussion papers, position papers and summary reports from the National Children's Alliance
National Children's Alliance
April 23, 2002
Response from the National Children’s Alliance to Knowledge Matters (PDF file - 11K, 3 pages)
"...a working group of the National Children’s Alliance met to review the paper and provide feedback to HRDC. (...) As a starting point, the working group highlighted some key areas that were not clearly identified in the paper that need be addressed in the consultation process."
Related Link: Knowledge Matters (Human Resources Development Canada)
Source :
National Children's Alliance
The National Children's Alliance is a group of more than 30 national organizations with an interest in the well-being of children and youth. National Children's Alliance organizations are working to promote the implementation of the National Children's Agenda.

December 2001 National Children's Alliance Bulletin (PDF file - 50K, 10 pages)
By Dianne Bascombe – National Children’s Alliance
- incl. Challenges for a National Children’s Agenda - Early Childhood Development Agreement Update - ECD Accord Update - National Children’s Alliance Regional Contacts - Provincial/Territorial Government Contacts - ECD Announcements made by Provincial and Territorial Governments
Source : National Children’s Alliance

Brief to the Standing Committee on Finance
October 30, 2001
National Children's Alliance
"...the voluntary / NGO sector’s participation in the monitoring of the ECD is vital to establish guidelines and partnerships in monitoring and research and to develop working relationships."

First Baby Steps Taken Towards a National Children's Agenda
Press Release
April 4, 2001
After many years of planning, advocacy work and policy development, members of the National Children's Alliance - a coalition of voluntary and NGO organizations dedicated to children's issues - are finally seeing results. The federal government's $2.2 billion dollar investment in early childhood development came into force on April 1st with the start of five
years of funding going to the provinces and territories.

Simon Says "Take a Giant Step Forward": Advancing the National Children’s Agenda - Summer 2000
Regional Forum Responses: Input into the Principles and Essential Services of a National Children’s Agenda - September 2000

Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care (OCBCC)
The Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care was founded in 1981 with a mandate to advocate for the development of high quality, non-profit child care services in the province of Ontario. The organization includes representatives from: education, health care, labour, child-welfare, injury prevention, rural, First Nation, Francophone, social policy, anti poverty, professional, student and women’s organizations. In addition, we serve community based child care programs and 15 local coalitions across the province.

OCBCC Critique of the 2003 federal budget
Federal Budget: A bitter disappointment for child care!
February 18, 2003

The Myth of Child Care Spending in Ontario (PDF file- 63K, 3 pages)
October 2002


The Early Childhood Development Initiative: A Vision for Early Childhood Development Services in Ontario
Ontario Campaign 2000 Consultation Paper
PDF file - 10 pages, 229KB
April 9, 2001
Developed in consultation with representatives from: Campaign 2000, Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care, Ontario Association of Family Resource Programs, Toronto Public Health, Metro Association of Family Resource Programs and Toronto Coalition for Better Child Care.
Source:
Campaign 2000


The Early Childhood Development Initiative : Challenges for the voluntary sector
Perception: Volume 24, No. 3 - December 2000
"...the level of funding is clearly insufficient, and there is a lack of clarity about exactly how the funds will be spent and how governments will report back to Canadians"
Source:
Canadian Council on Social Development

Also from the CCSD:

The Progress of Canada's Children 2001
Canadian Council on Social Development

March 27, 2001

Communiqué
Backgrounder
Highlights
Section 1: Table of Contents, Intro, Highlights (Acrobat Reader required)

We need to build on the National Children's Agenda and take it beyond early childhood development, to create a national, coherent approach to providing supports for children of all age groups.

Recommended resource:

When Mom Must Work : Family Day Care as a Welfare-to-Work Option
April 2000
By Colin Hughes and Kerry McCuaig
Published by the Ontario Coalition for Better Child Care
Hosted by the Childcare Resource and Research Unit

Attention welfare reform researchers: excellent overview of American and Canadian welfare reforms - I highly recommend it!

Executive Summary
"This study examines the potential of family day care as an employment option for people on social assistance [bolding added]. It responds to the new era of welfare reform with its emphasis on labour market participation and corresponding efforts by policy makers to simultaneously address several important social and economic needs: welfare 'dependency', and the lack of jobs and child care. The project begins with the premise that employing social assistance recipients in family day care is inherently neither a good nor a bad idea. (...) the study undertook: a national and international review of literature pertaining to family day care, social assistance and community development; a review of U.S. welfare-to-work evaluation studies; a survey of provincial/territorial/municipal officials and community key informants to determine welfare-to-work policies, practices, pilots and training programs in their respective jurisdictions designed to encourage social assistance recipients to become family caregivers. The study also sought to determine what impediments or supports exist for the practice."

Content List - table of contents with links to all sections of the report
- incl. links to : Introduction - Changes in Federal Guidelines and Funding for Social Assistance - International Trends and Perspectives - Welfare and Low-Income Dynamics - Themes and Approaches in OECD and Europe - Family Day Care As an Employment Option in Europe - Welfare-to-Work in North America - U.S. Welfare Reform and Child Care - Welfare-to-Work in Canada - Child Care Quality, the Status of Providers and the Market for Care - The Community Status of Home Child Care and Key-Informant Perspectives - The Canadian Potential: The Case Studies - Policy/Program Options - Bibliography - Appendix (Provincial Regulations in Family Day Care

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development


Recommended reading:

Improved childcare policies needed to achieve better work/life balance, says OECD
News Release
November 29, 2007
Getting family-friendly policies right will help reduce poverty, promote child development, enhance equity between men and women and stem the fall in birth-rates, according to a new OECD report. Babies and Bosses, Reconciling Work and Family Life compares the different approaches that the 30 OECD countries take to help parents balance their work and family commitments.

Babies and Bosses - Reconciling Work and Family Life:
A Synthesis of Findings for OECD Countries

Babies and Bosses (Vol. 4): Canada, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom
Finding a suitable work/family life balance is a challenge that all parents face. Many parents and children in Canada, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom are happy with their existing work and care outcomes. However, many others feel seriously constrained in one way or another, and their personal well-being suffers as a consequence.

Key Outcomes of Canada compared to OECD average

Selected Tables and Charts (Excel format) from Babies and Bosses (Vol. 4): Canada, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom

--------------

This book is part of the Babies and Bosses series, consisting of comparative studies of work and family reconciliation policies.
To get a more comprehensive picture of reconciliation policies, you can consult the first three volumes:
- Australia, Denmark and the Netherlands (volume 1) , which was published in 2002
- Austria, Ireland and Japan (volume 2), which was published in 2003
- New Zealand, Portugal and Switzerland (volume 3), which was released in 2004

Main OECD Social Policy Activities in 2006-2007
- click the link above for info about the activities listed below (incl. links to many key documents), or click a link below
* Family Policies (employment-oriented)
* Making Work Pay (ongoing)
* Policies to support and integrate the disabled of working age
* Pension system monitoring (ongoing)
* Development of social indicators
* Income Distribution and Poverty

Social Research and Demonstration Corporation

Child Care Pilot Project
"...a research project that will evaluate the impacts of a preschool program on the children’s linguistic and cultural development, and their readiness to learn"


SpeciaLink

Inclusion: The Next Generation in Child Care in Canada
"...provides a snapshot of current inclusion practices in child care in Canada. This book investigates what makes inclusion work, what makes quality child care for children with special needs a reality. As we enter the third generation, Inclusion: The Next Generation focuses on critical roles and resources that sustain existing inclusive programs and that encourage more centres to enroll children with special needs.
By Sharon Hope Irwin, Donna S. Lero and Kathleen Brophy
August 2004
Complete report (PDF file - 1MB, 282 pages)
Highlights (PDF file - 670K, 32 pages)

Source:
SpeciaLink
"SpeciaLink puts researchers, policy makers, parents, early childhood educators and directors in touch with the best inclusive practices on the frontlines of Canadian child care. SpeciaLink's goal is to expand the quality and quantity of inclusion in child care for children with special needs. Our findings are available to EVERYONE."

TD Economics
http://www.td.com/economics/analysis/economics-index.jsp

TD Economics says child care should be a top spending priority for governments after deficits eliminated
http://www.thestar.com/business/article/1293463
November 26, 2012
By Laurie Monsebraaten
Public investment in child care should be a top priority when Canada’s fiscal books are balanced, says one of the country’s top bank economists. The “widespread and long-lasting” economic, social and health benefits for children, families and society far outweigh the costs, says TD Bank Chief Economist Craig Alexander in the first-ever analysis of the issue by a Canadian bank. (...) Alexander prefaces his TD Economics Special Report, released Tuesday, by noting that early childhood education is a “very complex sector” that requires more in-depth analysis before making more detailed recommendations.

Source:
Toronto Star
http://www.thestar.com/

Complete report:

Early Childhood Education Has
Widespread and Long-Lasting Benefits
(PDF - 228K, 9 pages)
http://www.td.com/document/PDF/economics/special/di1112_EarlyChildhoodEducation.pdf
November 27, 2012
There is a great deal of literature showing compelling evidence of the benefits of early learning. Not only do high-quality early childhood education programs benefit children, they also have positive impacts on parents and the economy as a whole.

Today's Parent (magazine)

Child Care (archive)
- links to over 40 articles from the Today's Parent magazine archive with a parent/consumer focus (vs research or policy) on a wide range of child care issues.
NOTE: Most of the articles in this archive are 2-4 years old, but a few are quite old - going back to 2000 or earlier. Before reading any article, scroll down the page to see its date at the bottom of the page. This is not to say that old articles are bad or incorrect - only that the reader should know the time frame of the information and the views presented therein.

Here's a short selection of the articles from the list you'll find
by clicking the Child Care archive link above:

- Child Care: What Canadian Parents Need Now
- The Great Divide: When Parenting Styles Differ
- Generation Gaffes: Grandparents Looking After Kids
- Daycare Decisions
- DIY Daycare
- The Quebec Solution
- The No-Nonsense Guide to Nannies
- The Right Stuff
- Child Care Report Card
- Daycare Debutantes
- Checking Out Child Care
- Finding the best child-care arrangement for your family – and keeping it
- A Child-care Primer
- Sit For Tat
- After Hours
- Why Do We Keep Knocking Informal Child Care?
- Changing Child Care
- Neighbour as Nanny
- much more...

The Toronto Star

'Big-box' daycare coming to Canada
Industry worried as Aussie 'Fast Eddy' looking to expand his $2.2 billion empire
Oct 20, 2007
Robert Cribb, staff reporters and Dale Brazao
The largest daycare corporation in the world – often criticized for cutting care to raise profits – is bringing its controversial form of big-box privatized child care to Canada.
Nicknamed "Fast Eddy," Australian-based entrepreneur Edmund Groves, who holds Canadian citizenship, is behind a move to purchase daycares in Ontario, Alberta and B.C.

Selected International ECD Links

United Kingdom

No more baby steps: A strategy for revolutionising childcare
http://www.ippr.org/publications/no-more-baby-steps-a-strategy-for-revolutionising-childcare
By Dalia Ben-Galim
29 June 2014
In this report, we set out plans for how the UK can move towards a universal, high-quality and affordable system of childcare and early-years provision, complemented by reforms to parental leave and rights to flexible employment.

Source:
Institute for Public Policy Research
http://www.ippr.org/
IPPR, the Institute for Public Policy Research, is the UK's leading progressive thinktank

From the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre:

The child care transition: A league table of
early childhood education and care in economically advanced countries

[including Canada]
Innocenti Report Card #8
By Peter Adamson drawing on research by John Bennett
Publication date 11 Dec 08

* The child care transition 1(report) - (PDF - 602K, 40 pages)
* The child care transition (summary) - (PDF - this link was not working on Dec. 11)
* Canada's status at a glance
"(...) Canada invests about 0.2 per cent GDP in early child care and education (for 0-6 years) according to the OECD Canada Review (2006). Investing in quality services available to all children who need them would cost about 1 per cent of GDP."

Background information:
* Early childhood services in the OECD countries
* Benchmarks for early childhood services in OECD countries

Related resources:
* Press releases - UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre (incl. summary, other press material, background papers, etc.)

--------------------------------------------

Response from UNICEF Canada:

UNICEF Canada calls for measurable standards,
guidelines, appropriate funding for child care, and solutions by 2009

UNICEF Canada press release
Publication date 11 Dec 08

--------------------------------------------

Opposition parties respond to UNICEF report card
*
New Democrat Olivia Chow to send UNICEF card to Harper to highlight report of Canada missing the mark in childcare. 11 Dec 08
* UN report shows Conservatives’ failed childcare strategy: Canada ranks last among OECD countries. Liberal Party of Canada, 11 Dec 08
Source:
Childcare Resource and Research Unit (CRRU)
CRRU focuses on research and policy resources in the context of a high quality system of early childhood education and child care in Canada
NOTE: the links above are from the CRRU website, the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre website and the UNICEF CAnada website

--------------------------------------------

From CTV.ca :

Canada tied for last in UNICEF child care ranking
December 11 2008
Canada is tied for last place in a UNICEF ranking of the early child-care services offered by 25 developed countries. Canada failed to meet nine out of 10 of the proposed benchmarks UNICEF used to rank the countries. The 10 proposed benchmarks included parental leave of one year at 50 per cent or more of salary, a national plan with priority for the disadvantaged, and child poverty rates of less than 10 per cent.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)

OECD Early Childhood Education and Care Home Page
- OECD reviews of national early childhood policies and organisation in 18 countries: Australia, Belgium (two communities), Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States. Two countries remain to be reviewed in 2004: Austria and Germany.
- incl. links to : Update and Coming Events - History and Context of the Reviews - Documents from the OECD Thematic Review - Thematic Workshops and Documents - Background Reports - Country Notes - Country Profiles - Contacts - Useful Links

International Report on Early Childhood Education and Care in Canada
News Release
October 25, 2004
"OTTAWA, ONTARIO – Together with the governments of British Columbia , Saskatchewan , Manitoba , and Prince Edward Island , the Government of Canada welcomes the release of an important report on early childhood education and care in Canada . The Early Childhood Education and Care Policy: Canada Country Note was prepared by an international review team of early childhood education experts appointed by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as part of the second round of the OECD’s Thematic Review of Early Childhood Education and Care Policy. The report presents observations and recommendations on a range of programs and services including kindergarten, pre-kindergarten, child care, and family services."
Source:
Social Development Canada

Complete Report:

Early Childhood Education and Care Policy
Canada Country Note

October 2004
PDF version (965K, 97 pages)
Source:
OECD Directorate for Education

NIH Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development

World Bank Early Child Development Website

The ABC's of ECD
- from the Early Childhood Development website of the World Bank
This site is a knowledge source designed to assist policy makers, program managers and practitioners in their efforts to promote the healthy growth and integral development of young children.
Links to excellent and extensive collection of resources to ECD information from around the world


Related Canadian Social Research Links pages
- Early Learning and Child Care in Canada - Canadian Government Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian Government Links
- Children, Families and Youth - Canadian Non-Governmental Links
- International Children, Families and Youth Links
- Children's Rights Links page
- Unofficial Social Union Links Page (national)
- Unofficial Provincial/Territorial Social Union Links Page
See these related outside sites also...
- The (official) Social Union website
- The National Child Benefit website


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