Canadian Social Research Links

The Canada Social Report

June 2015
Juin 2015

[ Go to Canadian Social Research Links Home Page ]

NOTE (by Gilles) - June 23, 2018:

The Canada Social Report was the end result of the Harper Government Budget of 2012, which saw the demise of the National Council of Welfare and its reports and studies. Starting in June 2015, Maytree gradually took over the maintenance of the Council`s more popular reports on social assistance, poverty and other topics that were deemed to be useful by the social research community. You'll notice that for the most part, the links below will take you to the Policy Monitors, which I highly recommend among the little treasures that you'll find as you explore the Maytree website content. I spent a number of hours selecting some relevant site content, which you'll see below this text box. Maytree is now responsible for the policy monitors, and their website URL appears below. The site is a work in progress; I'll guarantee that you'll find some interesting tidbits here...

Quick Links:

Maytree :
Welfare in Canada :
Social Assistance Summaries :
A tribute to the Caledon Institute :
Canadian Social Research Links :
(NOTE : the link in the previous line points to the home page of my website of the same name)


Click here to see INTRO and KUDOS to Caledon in the
text box near the bottom of the page you're now reading.


Canada Social Report
By Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman


The Canada Social Report : UPDATE
November 16, 2015
The Canada Social Report continues to evolve and to include new collaborators and partners.
Here are some additions since its launch in June 2015.

* On the recommendation of colleagues at the Canadian Council of the Blind, we added the descriptor “A Compendium of Social Information” to make clear the initiative’s purpose.

* A new section on Indigenous Peoples [ ] includes data that focus on the well-being of indigenous and northern communities.

* Quality-of-Life Indicators [ ] include measures developed by leading Canadian organizations to assess the quality of life in this country.

* The Canadian Tax and Credit Simulator (CTaCS) [ ] – was developed by Economics Professor Kevin Milligan at the University of British Columbia. It is an open software package that simulates the Canadian personal income tax and transfer system.

* Composite reports of the Provincial/Territorial Social Assistance Summaries [ ] and Poverty Reduction Strategies [ ] (May 2015, updated to October 2015)

Check out the new tool for searching information in the Policy Monitors [ ] .

New report: “Minimum Wage Rates in Canada: 1965-2015” [ ]

Help us continue to build the Canada Social Report!
Use the Canada Social Report site’s response boxes or contact with ideas, reports and links you want to share.
Bookmark the site!


Canada Social Report
By Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman
June 16, 2015
The Canada Social Report is a new initiative being undertaken by the Caledon Institute of Social Policy along with our partners and colleagues.
Partners with Caledon in this project include the Maytree Foundation, the J.W. McConnell Foundation, the Metcalf Foundation and the Government of Ontario.

The Caledon Institute of Social Policy :
The Maytree Foundation :
The J.W. McConnell Foundation :
The Metcalf Foundation :
The Government of Ontario :

The recent loss of data in Canada - especially the troubling dismantling of the long-form Census - inspired us to launch this effort.
Some content in the report takes the form of statistical data that paint a portrait of social Canada – who we are, how many participate in the paid labour market, our average levels of income, and the extent and depth of poverty in the country. The statistical data also include profiles of selected social programs, annual caseloads and designated benefits.

Other components of the Canada Social Report are descriptive. There is a section, for example, that explains the major social programs in the country. Two additional sections present the social policy record. They comprise both an historic tracking of federal social programs in key policy domains and new measures announced each month by the federal, provincial/territorial and municipal orders of government.

Read more about the Canada Social Report:


* Social Policy Record, 2015 Child Benefits :
--- chronicle of key changes in children's benefits from their beginnings in 1918 to the present day
* Policy Monitors :
--- Monitoring the daily policy announcements of Canadian federal and provincial/territorial governments, provides both a searchable record of action and a dynamic view of the country's social policy priorities. Also includes monitoring of six of Canada's largest cities.
* Key Indicators (Currently under development)
* Poverty Reduction Strategies :
--- This series summarizes the poverty reduction strategies now in place or in development in provinces and territories across Canada.
Related Canadian Social Research L
--- Provincial-territorial poverty reduction
--- Ontario poverty reduction :
--- National & international :
* Welfare in Canada :
--- 2012 and 2013 editions of the National Council of Welfare's Welfare Incomes series of reports, using the same methodology
* Social Assistance Summaries :
--- Sequel to the Social Assistance Statistical Report series [ PDF - ]
--- the updated SA summaries contain program descriptions and data on the number of social assistance cases and recipients from 1997 to the present, in most jurisdictions.
* Minimum Wages - Report forthcoming
* Poverty Profile (Currently under development)
* Working Poor : Two Toronto/Hamilton reports:

1) The Working Poor in the Toronto Region : Mapping working poverty in Canada’s richest city (PDF)
By John Stapleton with Jasmine Kay
April 2015

2)The Precarity Penalty
May 2015
Poverty and Employment Precarity in Southern Ontario, McMaster University Social Sciences, United Way Toronto
The Precarity Penalty looks at the impact of rising precarious, or insecure, employment in the Greater Toronto Area and Hamilton.


Selected content (from the Social Policy Record section of the site):
Canada’s social policies continue to evolve as they respond to changes in the social, economic and political landscape. These reports chronicle key social policy areas from their beginnings to the present day. We are starting with Child Benefits (immediately below) and will be adding other social policy areas.

Canada Social Report:
Social Policy Record, Child Benefits
May 2015
Child Benefits
(PDF - 60KB, 5 pages)
May 2015
By Gilles : Social program historians will be pleased to find this brief but comprehensive timeline of federal children's tax benefits, starting with the first income tax reduction for families with children in 1918. This overview traces the evolution of children's benefits from 1918 right up to the 2015 federal budget.

Related link from the
Caledon Institute of Social Policy:

Child Benefits in Canada: Politics Versus Policy (PDF - 841KB, 28 pages)
Ken Battle, June 2015
Child benefits are social programs that can be powerful tools to combat poverty and inequality. They not only help low-income families but also the middle class. The federal and provincial/territorial governments over the years have achieved considerable progress in strengthening the architecture of child benefits in Canada.

Unfortunately, the current federal government took an about-face on child benefits when it came to power in 2006. It imposed a series of programs intended to help not only low- and middle-income families — the traditional target of child benefits — but also affluent households that do not need help from government.

INTRO by Gilles:

KUDOS and special thanks to our friends at the Caledon Institute of Social Policy!

When the Harper Government™ tabled its 2012 federal budget, one of the myriad measures buried in the Budget Omnibus Bill was the defunding of the National Council of Welfare (NCW), an arm's length advisory body whose role it was to keep the federal policy-making machine accountable to Parliament and to the citizens of Canada in matters relating to welfare and social development. The bad news is that when the Council closed its doors in the fall of 2012, there was no other organization waiting in the wings to take over the maintenance and updating of the valuable collection of qualitative and quantitative information on Canadian social programs. The good news is that Caledon and its partners have stepped up and done what had to be done to re-launch the most valuable segments of that collection *outside* of government, without input nor interference from the Harper Government™ .
Booooooo, Harper Government™.

For more info on the
National Council of Welfare and its demise, see:




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