Canadian Social Research Links

- 2016 Canadian Government Budgets -

Sites de recherche sociale au Canada

- Budgets des gouvernements canadiens pour 2016 -

Updated May 4, 2016
Page révisée le 4 mai 2016

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For U.S. Budget information, go to the
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Use the links immediately below to jump down on the page you're presently reading:
(NOTE : Budgets appear in reverse chronological order, with the latest budget at the top of the list.)

Alberta - April 14, 2016

Newfoundland and Labrador - April 14, 2016

Federal - March 22, 2016

Québec - March 17, 2016

Ontario - February 25, 2016

British Columbia - February 16, 2016


Provincial budgets for 2016:


The Budget - April 14
April 14, 2016

- includes links to all budget documents

Budget highlights - Alberta Govt.

The Alberta budget will polarize the political system - Calgary - CBC News

Ten things to know about the 2016-17 Alberta budget
May 3, 2016
By Nick Falvo, PhD

On April 14, the Alberta government tabled its 2016-17 budget: Alberta Jobs Plan.
Here are 10 things to know about it:

1. A new carbon tax (known as a “carbon levy”) was announced.
2. Two-thirds of the revenue generated from the carbon tax will finance climate-related initiatives.
3. A major feature of the budget is the new Alberta Child Benefit.
4. The days of 6% year-over-year growth of health spending may be over.
5. On an annual basis, provincial spending on housing will nearly double.
6. The homelessness sector saw a 2% increase in funding.
7. Many social assistance recipients will see a decrease in the real value of their benefits.
8. Alberta remains the only Canadian province without a sales tax.
9. Alberta’s debt-to-GDP ratio remains the lowest in Canada.
10. More details on the budget will be released over the next several weeks.

Calgary Homeless Foundation

Newfoundland and Labrador

Budget 2016 - Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
April 14, 2016 - includes links to all budget documents

Budget Highlights

Dwight Ball defends tough budget, broken promises

Federal Budget 2016 : Growing the Middle Class
March 22, 2016

From the
Department of Finance
[ :

Federal Finance Minister Morneau’s First Budget Restores Hope for the Middle Class
News Release
March 22, 2016
The Minister of Finance, Bill Morneau, today tabled the new Government of Canada’s first federal budget, Growing the Middle Class, a plan that takes important steps to revitalize the Canadian economy, and delivers real change for the middle class and those working hard to join it.

The Budget Plan
PDF Version
(5.9MB, 271 pages) :
HTML Version :
- both the HTML and PDF versions include a detailed table of contents of the budget plan.

Budget Speech

Fact sheets
[Click the link above to access any of the following five fact sheets.
1. Strengthening the Middle Class
2. An Innovative and Clean Economy
3. An Inclusive and Fair Canada
4. Canada in the World
5. Open Transparent Government

Tax Measures : Supplementary Information (PDF - 1.9MB, 160 pages)

The Fiscal Monitor for January 2016
January 2016: budgetary surplus of $1.1 billion
April 2015 to January 2016: budgetary surplus of $4.3 billion

Department of Finance

Related followup and analysis

Minister Morneau Tables a Motion to Support the Middle Class and Help Grow the Economy
April 18, 2016
Minister of Finance Bill Morneau today tabled in the House of Commons a Notice of Ways and Means Motion to implement the new Canada Child Benefit and certain tax measures announced or confirmed in Budget 2016, Growing the Middle Class. The Ways and Means Motion is a significant step forward for the Government’s plan to build an economy that works for Canadians and their families and offer immediate help to those who need it most. As an immediate first step, the Ways and Means Motion will introduce the Canada Child Benefit. The Canada Child Benefit will be simple, tax-free, generous, and targeted to those who need it most. It will put more money in the pockets of nine out of ten Canadian families, representing the most significant social policy innovation in a generation.

Related links:

Notice of Ways and Means Motion to implement certain provisions of the budget
tabled in Parliament on March 22, 2016 and other measures and Explanatory Notes
April 2016

Explanatory Notes Relating to the Income Tax Act, Excise Tax Act, Excise Act, 2001,
Universal Child Care Benefit Act, Children's Special Allowances Act and Related Legislation
- (PDF - 706 KB)
April 2016

Canada Child Benefit Calculator
NOTE : amounts calculated using this tool include federal child benefit amounts ONLY.
This does not include any provincial/territorial child benefits to which you may also be entitled.


Department of Finance


Media coverage:

From the Saskatoon Star Phoenix:
[ ]

A primer on child benefits
April 18, 2016

From CBC News:

Federal budget 2016: Highlights of Bill Morneau's first budget
Big deficits to fund spending on families, infrastructure and Indigenous peoples
March 22, 2016
Finance Minister Bill Morneau has tabled a budget that forecasts big deficits over the next five years and beyond to finance a new tax-free monthly child benefit, more money for First Nations, infrastructure spending and extended employment insurance benefits to hard-hit regions.
- click above to access links to the following articles:
*** Liberals push deficit to spend big on families, cities
*** Ottawa forecasts $29.4B deficit – with lots more red ink to come
*** Federal budget revamps child and family tax benefits
*** Liberals keep most of their green election promises
*** Budget includes billions for Aboriginal Peoples
*** More coverage of the 2016 federal budget
*** Live block Recp --- Experts answer your questions about the Liberal's budget


From the Toronto Star:

Winners and losers of the 2016 federal budget
Small businesses are among some of the losers in the 2016 federal budget.

Highlights of the 2016 federal budget:
$290-billion spending plan rises to $323 billion five years out.
And its lofty goal is to give a ‘bold transformative’ kickstart to a sluggish Canadian economy.


From the
Globe and Mail:

Parents, students and seniors: what Trudeau's first federal budget means for you (video, duration 3:06)

How Trudeau and his Liberal cabinet built their first budget

Budget offers $2.3B boost for affordable housing measures


Non-governmental organizations:

From the
Income Security Advocacy Centre:

[ ]

The 2016 Federal Budget and Income Security
March 24, 2016

The government of Canada has made a number of significant investments in improvements to federal income security programs in Budget 2016. After ten years of erosion of government’s commitment in these areas, Budget 2016 reverses the trend of reduction in access and benefit levels, and makes improvements in programs for children, seniors, and unemployed workers. While there is more work to do to fulfill all of the government’s commitments and make substantial progress on poverty, this first Budget represents a sea change in approach to income security in Canada.

Includes more detailed analysis of the following budget components:
*** Child Benefits[See NOTE below.]
*** Benefits for Low-Income Seniors
*** Employment Insurance
*** Income Security for Indigenous Peoples
*** Next Steps on Income Security
We also look forward to government announcing that it will repeal provisions introduced by the previous government that would allow the provinces and territories to institute residency requirements for social assistance eligibility for refugee claimants and others without immigration status in Canada. Government should also consider how to return to robust national standards on income security for all.
[ NOTE: See the Canada Child Benefit Calculator:


From the
Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives:

[ ]

18 Commentaries and 24 Organizational Responses
From the Assembly of First Nations (AFN) to United Steelworkers (USW)

Alternative Federal Budget 2016: It's time to move on (PDF - 1.3MB, 158 pages)


2016 Federal Budget
23 Mar 2016 | Canada
On March 22, 2016 the new Liberal federal government tabled their first budget. CRRU has gathered links to the federal budget documents, a selection of responses from child care and social policy groups, as well as media coverage analyzing the budget. The Liberal Government has proposed to invest $500 million in 2017-18 to support the establishment of a National Framework on Early Learning and Child Care.


From the Alliance to End Homelessness Ottawa:
[ ]

Federal Budget 2016: Housing and Homelessness

The federal government tabled its 2016 Budget yesterday. There were positive announcements for housing and homelessness! These enhancements follow announcements from the province in its budget and housing strategy last month. The Alliance will continue to monitor and encourage quick action and implementation, while now also working with members and partners across the country to offer input on the development of a longer-term national housing strategy.

You'll find housing and homelessness-related responses to the Budget, and commentary, below:

Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness: Budget 2016 invests $2.3 billion over two years on housing and homelessness

Canadian Housing and Renewal Association: CHRA Welcomes Affordable Housing "Down Payment" in 2016 Federal Budget (with link to a more detailed overview of housing and homelessness investments)

Co-operative Housing Federation of Canada: Housing co-ops welcome federal re-engagement in affordable housing

Ottawa Community Housing (OCH): OCH commends the Government of Canada commitment to housing infrastructure funding in the 2016 Federal Budget

Habitat for Humanity: Habitat Canada applauds federal government's commitment to affordable housing

National Post: Federal Budget 2016 boosts affordable housing by $2.3 billion, but foreign ownership mystery gets short shrift

The Tyee: Budget the 'Re-engagement We've Been Calling For:' Housing Advocates

Québec Budget 2016 - February 25

[NOTE : Links to the English budget documents are immediately below the French links.]

Budget du Québec 2016

Le 17 mars 2016, à 16 h, le ministre des Finances, monsieur Carlos Leitão, a prononcé son discours sur le budget du Québec 2016-2017, à l’Assemblée nationale.

Le Plan économique du Québec (page principale du budget)

Documents budgétaires:

Discours sur le budget 2016-2017 (PDF - 448 Ko )

Le Plan économique du Québec (PDF - 7,10 Mo)

Renseignements additionnels ( PDF - (2,93 Mo)

Le Plan économique en bref (PDF - 674 Ko)

Finances Québec


Analyse du budget et réactions

Cinq choses à surveiller dans le budget du Québec
(Ici Radio-Canada)


Points saillants du budget 2016-2017
(Huffington Post Québec)


Budget 2016-2017: pas de déficit ni baisse marquée du fardeau fiscal
(La Presse)


Budget du Québec 2016 : analyse
(Le Devoir)


Links to English budget documents:

Québec Budget 2016-2017 (Main budget page)

Québec, March 17, 2016 – Minister of Finance Carlos Leitão tabled in the National Assembly today a second consecutive balanced budget and an economic plan Québec Economic Plan.

Press Release (PDF)
Québec Economic Plan – March 2016

Budget 2016-2017:
The Québec Income Support Program
(PDF - 1.2MB, 84 pages)
March 17, 2016
This document provides an overview of the Québec income support program and its objectives and presents the program’s key outcomes from the standpoint of changes in poverty and income distribution.
Québec’s income support program sets it apart from the standpoint of fairness and social justice. Investments in this respect have borne fruit and the results obtained show a significant improvement in the situation of low-income individuals and a reduction in income inequality.

Budget publications
- includes links to a dozen press releases, the budget speech and economic plan, Québec's Budgetary Statistics, tables and charts and much more...

Finances Québec

Budget analysis/reaction

Children the focus of Quebec budget
(Montreal Gazette)

Quebec Budget 2016: What it means for Montreal
Montreal Mayor Denis Coderre says the new provincial budget is ‘bang on’


Quebec Budget 2016: $2B Surplus To Go Toward Reducing Province's Debt
(Huffington Post Canada)

More news for Québec Budget 2016-2017

Ontario Budget 2016 - February 25

Ontario Budget 2016 (February 25, 2016)

Ontario's Investments Creating Jobs for Today and Tomorrow
Government Continues with its Plan to Grow the Economy, Create Jobs and Balance the Budget in 2017–18
News Release
February 25, 2016


From the
Ontario Ministry of Finance:
( )

2016 Ontario Budget:
Jobs for Today and Tomorrow
- includes links to all budget documents

2016 Budget Highlights


Ontario Budget 2016: Key Highlights From Liberals' Spending Plan
February 25, 2016

Huffington Post


Ontario budget 2016: Low-income seniors, students get relief
Cost of some everyday items expected to go up
By Andrea Janus
February 25, 2016

CBC News


Highlights of the 2016 Ontario budget
A $133.9-billion spending plan with a $4.3 billion deficit – the provincial debt is $296.1 billion.

Toronto Star


John Stapleton:

A ‘Robin Hood’ Budget for 2016 in Ontario
February 26, 2016
Here are John's "idiosyncratic" top ten observations on Ontario’s Robin Hood Budget of 2016 read from back to front but delivered in no particular order:
1. A Basic Income experiment
2. The Ontario Retirement Pension Plan (ORPP)
3. Child Activity Tax Credit demolition
4. A Portable Housing Benefit
5. Re-announcing the municipal upload
6. The ominous sounding ‘Digital by Default’ policy
7. OSAP changes to help low income students
8. Social Assistance Reform
9. A child support exemption on social assistance
10. Employment programs for adults with disabilities

British Columbia Budget 2016 - February 16

Government of British Columbia:
[ ]


February 16, 2016

Balanced Budget 2016
British Columbia’s continued fiscal discipline and steady economic growth are providing the means for new and increased funding for services, helping families with the cost of living, and taking new steps to help promote home ownership, Finance Minister Michael de Jong announced today.

Budget Highlights (small PDF file, 8 pages)

News Release (small PDF file, 3 pages)

Budget backgrounders (small PDF files):
--- New Measures Aim to Improve Housing Affordability

--- B.C. Families Will See Savings with New MSP Premium Rate Structure

--- Fiscal Plan 2016-17 – 2018-19

Budget documents:
Everything from the budget speech to backgrounders, Ministry service plans, fiscal plans and more...


Related links:

B.C. announces funding boost for children in government care
The Globe and Mail
February 16, 2016


BC Best Province for Low Taxes? Uh, Not for Poor Families
Despite finance minister claim, low-earners with kids better off in Alberta or Quebec.
By Andrew MacLeod, 18 Feb 2016


Christy Clark's Inequality Budget
Unfairness grows in BC's tax system, with families paying more and businesses less.
By Paul Willcocks
16 Feb 2016
There is a pervasive myth that growing inequality is the inevitable result of some economic force, as immutable as gravity. In reality, inequality is growing in large part as a result of government policy. When a government decides to rely less on progressive taxes to raise money it increases inequality
(...) What British Columbians really need is a commission on tax fairness to look broadly at the way taxes are collected, who is paying and how we can build a more equitable, transparent and sustainable system to raise the revenue government needs.


Highlights of British Columbia Budget 2016-2017 (small PDF file, 3 pages)
Budget highlights include:
--- Creation of the BC Prosperity Fund
--- Changes to MSP Premiums
--- Improving Housing Affordability
--- Affordable Housing Initiatives
--- Home Ownership Data Collection
--- Investing in BC’s Future Workforce
--- Infrastructure Spending
--- BC Economy Initiatives
--- Taxation Policy



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